%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141128124547+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141128124547+00'00') /Title (Tudorism: Historical Imagination and the Appropriation of the Sixteenth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4127 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Tudorism: Historical Imagination and the Appropriation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sixteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Passing under a tessellated ply-wood portcullis to enter ?Revel Grove? and attend the Maryland Renaissance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Festival, held in the Baltimore suburb of Crownsville, crowds of eager 21st?century revelers are greeted by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(none other than a faux Henry VIII, six feet plus in height, twenty stone, fists at his hips, legs akimbo in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colossus fashion, and dressed in as authentic Holbein garb as a theater costumier can supply. Surrounded by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar and as lavishly-bedecked courtiers, amidst Tudor-style potemkin buildings housing shops and food )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stands, he welcomes the assorted collection of tourists \(in shorts, jeans, t-shirts, sunglasses\), and fantasists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(in tights, monks habits, chainmail, fairy wings and push-up bodices just waiting to be ripped\), to a day of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(juggling, jousting, sword-swallowing, wench-drenching, lute playing, madrigal singing, Shakespeare )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectating and presumably time-travelling entertainment, not to mention the inevitable turkey leg mauling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ale drinking that makes all the rest so much more interesting. Harking back to the Eglinton tournament )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(held in Scotland in 1839, the American renaissance fair phenomena blossomed initially in California \(where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(else?\) in the 1960s. Now dozens are held throughout the year throughout the United States. Though actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an eclectic mix of medieval, renaissance, fantasy, sci-fi and pantomime, these events, their settings, and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participants are all part of the ongoing phenomena of ?Tudorism? that has developed in Britain, Europe and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1322)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 19 September, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tatiana C. String)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marcus Bull)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780197264942)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(350pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rodney McCaslin)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8492 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the world since the time those five monarchs of England \(Henry, Henry, Edward, Mary, and Elizabeth\), who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it seems never referred to their dynasty as ?the Tudors?, reigned in the late 15th and 16th centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One assumes that would be the claim made by the authors included in this anthology of essays, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprisingly no scholarly piece examining the modern renaissance fair experience appears in the book. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, this eclectic and/or interdisciplinary collection includes discussions of Victorian horror stories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in penny magazines, musical influences on Ralph Vaughan-Williams and Benjamin Britten, religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sectarianism, George IV, architecture, French historical painting, Charles Laughton, a type of homoerotic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fan-fiction called ?slashing? and the )] TJ ET BT 210.308 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tudors)] TJ ET BT 265.316 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( television series. There isn?t much about the actual Tudors, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though, except a transcript of the lecture given by David Starkey as part of the Colston Research Symposium )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarding ?Tudorism? held in 2008, which provided the basis for the book, in which he states that in the case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Henry VIII, at least, ?we are dealing not simply with image, not simply with myth, not simply with soap, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we are dealing with reality? \(p. 268\). However, as with the modern renaissance festivals, the subject of most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this book is, indeed, the images, myths and soaps inspired by the personalities and events of the 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, and the way contemporary culture ever since has co-opted them as an exotic setting for presentist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressions and concerns.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, the Tudors have been a particular subject of popular fascination from their own time to the present. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shakespeare?s )] TJ ET BT 106.988 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eight )] TJ ET BT 357.656 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(burned down the Globe, and one could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easily burn a weekend by watching the multitude of Tudor-based films produced since the 1960s, from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oscar winning )] TJ ET BT 107.336 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Man For All Seasons)] TJ ET BT 219.332 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, to the less successful )] TJ ET BT 328.652 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lady Jane)] TJ ET BT 378.308 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, to )] TJ ET BT 396.644 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mary, Queen of Scots, )] TJ ET BT 506.624 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(followed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by more than six hours of Keith Michel in the )] TJ ET BT 256.664 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Six Wives of Henry VIII )] TJ ET BT 373.628 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and another marathon with Glenda )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson as )] TJ ET BT 88.004 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth R)] TJ ET BT 143.672 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, then round off the whole eye-wearying experience watching Cate Blanchett in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth)] TJ ET BT 79.352 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 102.680 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth: The Golden Age)] TJ ET BT 233.000 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. One could also add Helen Mirren?s turn into the mix, and Anne-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marie Duff \()] TJ ET BT 95.324 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth: The Virgin Queen)] TJ ET BT 233.648 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) and Ray Winstone?s )] TJ ET BT 342.296 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII)] TJ ET BT 394.604 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for Granada if it was a long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weekend. Two versions of the Boleyn girls and three seasons of )] TJ ET BT 343.292 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tudors)] TJ ET BT 398.300 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( could immolate a summer. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amazon lists over 13000 book hits when querying ?Tudor Dynasty?. Google registers over 3 million results, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though outnumbered by the Stuarts, with more than twice as many at 7,830,000. The Saxe-Coburgs only get )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around 200,000. Starkey?s lecture, which acts as the conclusion to the volume, credits this perpetual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascination to various factors: thanks to developments in royal portraiture we know to some extent what the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tudors looked like; their lives were intrinsically interesting and apt for story-telling; and the period was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed, with a nod to his mentor G. R. Elton, a revolution in government \(though he argues that Elton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doesn?t quite understand why or how this revolution happened\). There?s not much on the Tudor Revolution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the preceding essays but there is plenty on the art and the storytelling.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(String and Bull have organized the essays in pairs on either side of two free-standing pieces on perceptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of sectarianism in the Tudor church and the influence of Tudorism on the Regency period. The paired essays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include discussions of Victorian Tudorism, Tudorsim in music, architecture both in Britain and outside of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain, painting in England and France, and two discussions of the Tudors in film. In his essay, ?Revisiting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the olden time: popular Tudorism in the time of Victoria,? Peter Mandler turns the Whig version of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?olden time? and the legacy of the Tudors as a top-down political movement that moved the English polity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progressively forward with its distancing from the Catholic Church and its experimentation in expanded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliamentary authority on its head. He argues that Tudorism in the 19th century actually portrayed the 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century as a time of popular unity where social divisions were narrow and economic prosperity was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widespread. Victorian Tudorism allowed the many \(perhaps 99 per cent\) to occupy the English national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story. Mandler states that this view manifested a Tory counter to Whig individualism ,comparing it head-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spinningly to ?the spirit of E. P. Thompson in the 1960s ?? \(p. 33\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Billie Melman continues this revisionist turn in ?The pleasures of Tudor horror: popular histories, modernity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and sensationalism in the long nineteenth century?. Broadening the perspective and setting a pattern for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(juxtapositions of the following chapters, she starts with Japanese author Natsume Soseki?s recollections of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visit to the Tower of London in 1900, referring to the walls where, he writes, ?The blood of the sixteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century has, I think, oozed out. From inside the walls even the groans are audible? \(p. 36\). Focusing on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations of Tudor London and its Tower, Melman asserts that horror became a motif of Tudorism in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7728 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 19th century, emphasizing a continuing discourse between urbanization and modernity and England?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?sensational? past. Though, like Mandler, this conflicts with a Whig version of rural Arcadia in the 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, it does not dismiss it. Rather, Melman argues for a more complex understanding of the perception )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of multiple Tudor universes existing as parts of the milieu of Victorian culture. As such, she portrays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tudorism as a multi-faceted cultural phenomenon whose ?images, attitudes and sensations? shift )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kaleidoscopically within and over time and place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Banfield and Suzanne Cole each provide essays on English music in the 19th and 20th centuries that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looked to the Tudor era for inspiration and definition. Banfield?s ?Tudorism in English music, 1837?1953?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines the early music revival in Britain from its beginnings with Robert Pearsall?s piece for four voices, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?My bonny lass she smileth,? \(1836\) to Ralph Vaughan Williams )] TJ ET BT 350.996 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(?the zenith of Tudorism in English music?\) at the turn of the 20th century to the failure \(according to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Banfield\) of the opera )] TJ ET BT 142.652 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gloriana)] TJ ET BT 186.656 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1953\) composed by Benjamin Britten. Banfield concludes that the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(music revival in both high and low forms of music represented an expression of British nationalism by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promoting the Tudor era in music, at least, as a golden age of Englishness. This essay should be read near a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(piano as Banfield includes illustrations of sheet music to enhance his argument. Cole?s focus, while on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical music, nevertheless continues the theme of Tudorism as national expression ,as is self-apparent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the title of her contribution, ? ?A Great National Heritage?: the early twentieth-century Tudor church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(music revival?. This adds to Banfield?s work by discussing the publication of the multi-volume edition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tudor Church Music)] TJ ET BT 134.684 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the 1920s, initially edited by the controversial Richard Runciman Terry, organist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and choirmaster of Westminster Cathedral, exposing the unfortunate dark side of sectarianism in national )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity formation even amongst the ranks of English musicologists.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sectarianism is the explicit subject of the late Patrick Collinson?s ?Through several glasses darkly: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical and sectarian perceptions of the Tudor Church?. Like Melman, Collinson suggests a more complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of English 16th?century Christian practice than that of a simple reading of the Elizabethan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Settlement. It has become a commonplace, however, to read historians as slaves to their own contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewpoints and interests in terms of the subjects they chose and the interpretive judgments they bring. From )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. F. Pollard?s pre-First World War portrayal of Henry VIII as a Bismarckian/Nietzchean )] TJ ET BT 468.908 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 477.572 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(bermensch)] TJ ET BT 529.556 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grasped the hem of the zeitgeist?s garment and led it in the right direction, to J. J. Scarisbrick?s 1960s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evaluation of the iconic monarch as a destructive failure who wasted money on wars rather than more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(productive and beneficial social programs, historians have found the Tudors amenable to contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretative biases. Collinson?s assessment \(which comes from a dean of Elizabethan Reformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Studies\) that historians of the Tudor church also suffered from such presentist biases is a bit disappointing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as is Steven Parissien?s piece on George IV?s Tudorist fantasies about himself and Henry VIII. Not that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information Parissien provides isn?t amusing, or that it fails to contribute some interesting information on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the nature of Tudorism during the regency period, but the eccentricities of George IV and his uses and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abuses of history have been fairly well chronicled by Scottish historians writing about his coronation in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edinburgh and the key stage management role played by Sir Walter Scott in royal image-making. Perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is why the editors buried the piece in the middle of the book rather than choosing a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronologically apt placement for it ahead of the Victorian essays at the beginning.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The creation of national identity continues to be the focus as the book turns to two works on Tudorism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(architecture. Jonathan M. Woodham makes a strong case that mock Tudor architecture in the 20th?century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued the Victorian principle that ?form follows meaning? rather than form following function. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodham attempts no revision in regard to the meaning of the Tudor era invoked by the tableware and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(buildings he uses to illustrate his essay. Here is a conscious and explicit rejection of the urban and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrial modern by a turn to the England of rural vistas and Stratford-on-Avon-like towns used as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriate ?heritage? style, even in the manufacture of dolls houses. More fascinating is how this style )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expanded across the globe in a Tudorist diaspora from its use in low-cost townhomes in Maryland, United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States, to high rise apartments in Manhattan, to shop fronts on the Mall Road in Shimla, to Ye Olde )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Smokehouse, Tana Rata, Malaysia. Around the world, Tudoresque architecture, according to Andrew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ballantyne and Andrew Law in ?Architecture: the Tudoresque diaspora?, ?has become emblematic of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7840 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britishness and it is to be found around the world wherever that quality is valued? \(p. 179\). The authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide plenty of examples to prove their point.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The editors decided, when presenting the two essays dealing with Tudor representation in painting, to start )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the borders of the Tudor state with Stephen Bann?s ?The Tudors viewed by French romantic artists.? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But Bann?s essay goes well beyond Tudorism as well. Generally, his subject is that of )] TJ ET BT 450.308 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(historicisme)] TJ ET BT 508.976 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first half of the 19th century, though he does particularly use Tudor subjects, most famously Delaroche?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Execution of Lady Jane Grey.)] TJ ET BT 176.984 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In fact, this essay, and the choice of paintings cited, including Richard?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Valentine de Milan, Grieving for her Husband, Assassinated in 1403 by John, Duke of Burgundy, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Delaroche?s )] TJ ET BT 96.320 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Death of Elizabeth)] TJ ET BT 186.320 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 209.648 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cromwell)] TJ ET BT 256.988 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(peeking at the beheaded Charles I?s corpse in his coffin\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(along with the disembodied )] TJ ET BT 170.012 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Head of a Queen)] TJ ET BT 251.660 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by an unknown French artist makes a perfect complement to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Billie Melman?s Tudor horrors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Which brings us back to Henry VIII. Tatiana C. String?s own contribution to )] TJ ET BT 406.304 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tudorism )] TJ ET BT 455.312 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uniformity in representation of Henry since the young Holbein included the middle aged monarch?s portrait )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(along with that of his parents and his third wife in the Whitehall mural \(1537\). She writes,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holbein?s crystallization of Henry?s physicality in the Whitehall Mural portrait has activated )] TJ ET BT 64.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generations of artistic imaginings about Henry. In effect, his body is made to read like a passage )] TJ ET BT 64.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of thick description: royal power and thrusting masculinity are unequivocally reified by Henry?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheer size, the aggressiveness of the legs astride posture, and, undeniably, by the voluminous )] TJ ET BT 64.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(codpiece set at the meeting of two triangular forms that define Henry?s body. \(p. 205\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So, it seems, in the case of Henry VIII, String doesn?t complement but rather contradicts Melman?s shifting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?images? thesis. String provides a series of examples, in the best empirical manner, of various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations of Henry \(and even Edward VI\) in the same Holbein pose. Despite the setting and/or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation artists, advertisers, actors or Renaissance fair mannequins have placed him from the 16th century to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the present as proclaiming the same message across time- the construction of ?an appealing past? \(p. 221\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sex appeal? Excluding David Starkey?s lecture, )] TJ ET BT 267.632 370.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tudorism )] TJ ET BT 316.640 370.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effectively ends with a bang. The last two essays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigate Henry VIII?s role as sex symbol. The first is a revised reading of Charles Laughton?s iconic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portrayal of Henry in Alexander Korda?s 1933 classic, )] TJ ET BT 299.612 341.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Private Life of Henry VIII, )] TJ ET BT 451.256 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the second, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(course, examines the recent critical failure yet popular success of the Showtime television production, )] TJ ET BT 526.592 327.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tudors)] TJ ET BT 68.024 313.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2007?10\). When Greg Walker, the author of ??A Great Guy with His Chopper??: the sex life of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry VIII on screen and in the flesh?, watches Charles Laughton?s Henry VIII he doesn?t see the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voraciously predatory, woman-eating alpha male popularly associated with this not-so-merry monarch. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rather, Walker contends that Korda and Laughton, for the sake of humour rather than historical revisionism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpret Henry as an everyman befuddled by the feminine, bemused by his own masculinity and frustrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by his inability to score when everyone else in the court seems to be hitting home runs. Walker also sees the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same Henry in Richard Burton?s portrayal in )] TJ ET BT 252.980 227.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anne of a Thousand Days)] TJ ET BT 376.976 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1969\). Even Ray Winstone has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry come across as vulnerable man-child, despite \(as appearing in the BBC television production of 2003\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his violent outbursts, reign of terror policy, and presumed rape of Anne Boleyn on their marriage bed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 172.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both String and Jerome de Groot, the contributor of ?Slashing history: )] TJ ET BT 375.332 172.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tudors)] TJ ET BT 430.340 172.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?, agree with most of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Showtime series? critics that the three season mini-series not only revises our view of Henry VIII but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(completely removes him from much historical fact. Short, slim, fit, sexy and vulnerable rather than big, fat, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diseased, vulnerable and sexy \(if you like that sort of thing\), Henry cavorts and cuts through his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cosmopolitan cover wives in a court as obsessed with sexual conquest and depravity as that of Nero?s. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(de Groot points out, this isn?t revisionism but deconstruction. While historians turn up their noses in disgust )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Starkey refers to the series as ?vile?\), de Groot thinks this is all good stuff. )] TJ ET BT 398.960 87.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tudors)] TJ ET BT 453.968 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is Tudorism in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(21st century, a cultural de-construct that, like historical novels, is ?conscious about [its] status as fabrication )] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? [it] reconciles a desire to know the past with a self-consciousness about the unknowability of the past? \(p. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 3701 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(249\). Hayden White should be proud. )] TJ ET BT 217.988 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Tudors)] TJ ET BT 272.996 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, then is the unrepentant product of post-modernist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes regarding historians? attempts to reconstruct the past. Unfortunately, just when things are getting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fun, de Groot loses focus when he leaves Tudorism behind and ends up with an expose on ?slashing?, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(esoteric by-product of fan fiction where women, mostly, imagine characters, from the Tudors to )] TJ ET BT 497.588 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Twilight,)] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hooking up in homosexual \(for the most part\) attachments ? Henry slash Charles Brandon, George )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boleyn/Francis Weston. Get it? Slashing? de Groot takes the reader from Tudorism to queer theory in a mere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(14 pages.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Exploring the uses and abuses of history is nothing new. The editors point out in their justificatory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction that ?medievalism?, the study of the way the Middle Ages has been interpreted and portrayed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the moderns, has been the focus of several studies since the 1970s. The historical conundrum involves the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(placing of the Tudors in the appropriate period ? are they medieval, or are they modern? When ?merrye )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England? is invoked by Lucky Jim, does he include Henry VIII in his lecture? When describing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence and effects of medievalism on later eras does this include later imaginings of the Tudor past and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present application? String and Bull argue that the term ?Tudorism? answers these questions of periodization )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by ?carving out a new discursive space? \(p. 1\) which liberates the 16th century from the appellation of early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern while recognizing its uniqueness from the medieval but not as its opposite. Of course, this leads to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the question of where this Balkanization of periodic ?isms? based on royal dynasties might end. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, should we continue the process with Plantagenetism, Stuartism, Hanoverism, Victorianism \(already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on board\), or perhaps more accurately Saxe-Coburg-Gothaism? But why stop there? Why not Bourbonism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Napoleonism, Hohenzollernism, Hitlerism? Zhouism, Qinism, Tokugawaism, Mauryanism, Guptaism, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mughulism?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margaret Thatcher/Bloody Mary, anyone?)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 456.367 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 438.587 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 438.587 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1322)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 437.193 m 328.316 437.193 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 412.216 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 397.816 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/33320)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 437.5075 328.3157 449.3875 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1322) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000589 00000 n 0000000671 00000 n 0000004850 00000 n 0000004959 00000 n 0000005069 00000 n 0000005178 00000 n 0000008739 00000 n 0000008867 00000 n 0000008951 00000 n 0000009016 00000 n 0000017561 00000 n 0000017626 00000 n 0000025407 00000 n 0000025472 00000 n 0000033365 00000 n 0000033449 00000 n 0000037203 00000 n 0000037331 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37427 %%EOF