%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722185058+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722185058+01'00') /Title (Wales since 1939) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4527 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Wales since 1939)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Johnes is an industrious historian of 20th?century Wales, and has published extensively on topics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as sport, national identity, the 1966 Aberfan disaster and the civic history of Cardiff.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 464.288 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 464.288 257.673 m 478.280 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 481.280 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wales since )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1939)] TJ ET BT 58.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a fusion of several of these endeavours \(and more\), and one which has produced an integrated and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fresh perspective on modern Wales.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This rigorous overview of the post-war decades should appeal to academics, students and the wider public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested in delineating modern Welsh history. It should fill a gap for a core-text on several post-1939 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Welsh history undergraduate modules, and provides food for thought for postgraduate researchers as well. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact, there is a role for this book on courses marketed as ?British? history: not only in terms of providing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Welsh? perspective, but as a contribution to the debate on the nature of ?Britishness?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Traditionally, historians of 20th?century Wales have turned to Kenneth O. Morgan?s excellent tome )] TJ ET BT 518.264 121.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rebirth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of a Nation: Wales 1880-1980)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 182.348 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 182.348 105.369 m 196.340 105.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 196.340 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to provide a foundation for their work. )] TJ ET BT 387.308 106.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wales since 1939)] TJ ET BT 471.296 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valuable addition to the literature as it reflects more recent developments in historiography, historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought and chronology. Whilst )] TJ ET BT 189.680 78.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rebirth of a Nation)] TJ ET BT 282.692 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( focused solidly \(although not exclusively\) on political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events, Johnes?s book elaborates in greater depth on the social and cultural context.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1323)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 20 September, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Johnes)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719086670)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(496pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mari Elin Wiliam)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 464.2877 257.9875 478.2797 269.8675 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 182.3477 105.6835 196.3397 117.5635 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7240 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the ?Introduction? the author stresses the rationale for writing )] TJ ET BT 345.956 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wales since 1939)] TJ ET BT 429.944 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Firstly, since the history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of modern Wales has only been of peripheral interest \(if that even\) to the British history and historians of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, there is a need to expand understanding of the Welsh perspective. Secondly \(and almost conversely\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a narrative on Wales that focuses solely on the Welsh experience is a false one. A rounded projection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wales after 1939 entails looking at shared aspects of social and cultural history: ones that had no specifically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Welsh? origins or intentions. Therefore, the book topically contributes to the discourse on ?Britishness? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its implications for nationhood and identity. Thirdly, the author seeks a greater understanding of both the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical continuum and modernisation in post-1939 Wales. To comprehend 21st?century Wales ?? we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should appreciate how far the nation has come, both materially and as something that exists as more than an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea? \(p. 5\). This is reflected in the conclusion, where Johnes argues that, although in the first decade of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new millennium political devolution was in existence in Wales, that didn?t necessarily mean that the Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nation had been forged anew after 1939. ?The people of Wales ... continued to live their lives, worrying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more about their families, social lives, bank balances, bodies and prospects than about their nationality or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how they were governed? \(p. 447\). Whilst the author pinpoints the work as primarily a social history, it is in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the amalgamation of the social with the cultural, political and economic that this book?s main strength lies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wales since 1939)] TJ ET BT 118.004 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is structured into 14 chapters and adopts a combination of a chronological and a thematic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure. For example, the period 1951?70 is discussed specifically in five different chapters, and, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there could have been the potential for some dissonance and overlapping between sections \(-for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between chapter seven, ??A cottonwool fuzz at the back of the mind?. Language and nationhoods, 1951?70?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and chapter eight, ?Nationalists of many varieties 1951-70?-\), this is not the case. The author takes great care )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in differentiating grassroots nationhood and identity \(chapter seven\) from more organized forms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalist protests \(chapter eight\), and hence the book?s argument flows effectively. As is to be expected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from a sports historian, the cultural impact of various sporting events is considered in terms of issues such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class and nationhood, and is interspersed throughout the work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each chapter begins with two standalone quotations from sources relevant to that particular chapter: often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought-provoking and contradictory ones. For example, in chapter five, which discusses ?The Tory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Remaking of Wales, 1979?1997?, Margaret Thatcher is quoted as saying ?It is we who bring the new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industries to the Valleys?, whilst alongside it a comment from the journal )] TJ ET BT 389.660 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Wales)] TJ ET BT 459.320 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is included asking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how Wales under the Conservatives could be so ?untalented? as to be ?unable to produce one person capable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of performing the function of Principal Minister in the Welsh Office? \(p. 311\). The latter raises the issues of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accountability and representativeness which would increasingly dog the Conservatives and their relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Wales up to 1997. This is an effective format, which succinctly encapsulates contentious topics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enhances the book?s readability.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As might be expected, the first chapter deals with the Second World War. On the one hand, it utilizes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual anecdotes and reports to bring the impact of the war to life e.g. complaints from Carmarthen that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?English? evacuees and war workers were ?teaching local women to drink? \(p. 12\). However, this is done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alongside an interpretation of the war?s ?Britishness?, and an application of some of Angus Calder?s ?myth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Blitz? concepts to Wales. This blended approach is adopted throughout much of the book, making it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both engaging and informative. The two subsequent chapters deal specifically with ?austerity? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?affluence? and their manifestation in Wales during the post-war decades. The growth of the welfare state is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed and is laced with some entertaining observations, such as the quotation from a local resident in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 1950s that NHS facilities in north Wales were so deficient as to make it ?much safer in Korea than in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rhyl on a Sunday afternoon? \(p. 40\). Although this book is not strongly historiographical, it does challenge )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some established historical attitudes ? for example:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historian Kenneth Morgan has argued that the general tone of the decade from 1951 to 1961 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was buoyance. But the fragility and limited reach of affluence meant that, although people?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expectations were raised and they were aware of how much life had changed, there was never a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7091 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general sense of security in this period \(p. 86\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 758.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The implications of economic and social modernisation are considered, and in chapter four the concept of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(permissiveness is approached. Welsh history is desperately lacking in publications discussing the impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the cultural changes of the 1950s and 1960s, and so it is constructive to see this chapter laying the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundations for this. The Anglo-centric youth sub-cultures of these decades and the Americanisation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular musicare conveyed, as are attempts at ?Welshifying? aspects of the liberalising culture e.g. the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication of, and scandal surrounding sexual descriptions in, the 1965 Welsh language novel )] TJ ET BT 491.624 686.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ienctid yw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?Mhechod)] TJ ET BT 84.668 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(?Youth is my Sin?\). The tensions between traditionalist aspects of Welsh society and the fast-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paced changes of modern morality are exposed here, and the long-standing effects of this on post-1970 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wales are discussed further in chapter 12.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Johnes is unafraid to tackle the question of social class, and in chapter five rejects the notion that a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?classless? society emerged in Wales during the 1950s and 1960s. Instead, he views the aspiration for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(progress and materialism of urban Welsh society between 1951 and 1970 as one that meant ?? that class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became more not less important in affluent Wales? \(p. 137\). However, he concedes that industrial decline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and modernisation did lead to a weakening of the communitarian Welsh way of life; a factor that is duly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflected in his interpretation of post-war rural Wales in chapter six. The pronounced tensions relating to in-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration, modernisation, religious decline and the erosion of the Welsh language in rural parts are pursued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further, in a post-1970s context, in chapter 13, )] TJ ET BT 258.980 518.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 264.980 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(They don?t belong here?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author treads delicately around issues to do with language, national identity and nationalism, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the nuances of such issues effectively in several chapters. The mostly harmonious co-existence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Britishness and Welshness felt by the majority of Welsh people is enunciated, with the pro-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy deference of post-war society clearly projected. The populist nature of the latter is conveyed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples such as a child?s memory of having her Brownie badges publicly shorn from her clothing by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brown Owl for refusing to pledge allegiance to the Queen in the late 1950s \(p. 199\). Johnes also ventures to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question the ?national mythology? surrounding the drowning of the Tryweryn valley to provide water for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Liverpool, by stating ?Nor was opposition in Wales either as widespread or as sustained as is often made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out? \(p. 215\). The perceived dominance of ?Tryweryn? on both the national and nationalist psyche in Wales )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has yet to receive a rigorous academic assessment, and Johnes certainly provides a tantalising glimpse of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibilities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The political impotence of Wales as exposed by Tryweryn and the decline of the Welsh language fed into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the narrative on devolution and regionalism, and was central to the post-war Plaid Cymru agenda. Language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became increasingly contentious, with Welsh Language Society protests from the 1960s onwards and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fractious devolution referendum campaign of the late 1970s turning it into a political football. Johnes utilizes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opinion polls on devolution and national identity tohighlight the turnaround in the fortunes of devolution )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the 1979 referendum rejection and 1997 wafer-thin majority in favour of an elected assembly. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the fact that Labour voters who identified themselves as ?Welsh? seemed more willing to support )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devolution after the experiences of the Thatcherite era than in the 1979 referendum. However, as with most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the post-1997 content this will merit more historical contextualisation in future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wales since 1939)] TJ ET BT 118.004 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( acknowledges the myth of a monolithic ?Labour Wales? \(chapter nine especially\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reflecting the groundbreaking work by Duncan Tanner and other Welsh Labour historians over the past )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decade or so. It is particularly pleasing to see aspects of the history of the Conservative Party in Wales being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminated. The latter forms a tangible gap in the historiography of 19th? and particularly 20th?century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wales, and has been neglected in the rush to focus on socialism and minority nationalism. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conservatives are only tentatively explored here, as is to be expected in a book that covers half a century of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Welsh history, but this should surely prompt others to move to plug this gap in the historical writing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another interesting angle pursued by the author is in regard to the Welsh responses to international events )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as the Cold War, decolonization of the British Empire and the Falklands conflict. This is a further )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 6635 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emergent strand in Welsh historiography )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 232.988 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 232.988 795.075 m 246.980 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 246.980 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and is certainly one ripe for development. A more critical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engagement with issues such as ?banal nationalism? and the ?three-Wales model? could have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conducted, but, \(as before\), this is not necessarily expected in a general overview.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author incorporates a good cross-section of sources, giving voice to the diversity of the post-1939 Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience. Extensive use is made of British-wide and Welsh-based newspapers. It is also constructive that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regional newspapers have been consulted: we not only see references to the morewidespread )] TJ ET BT 484.556 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Western Mail)] TJ ET BT 549.548 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also evidence from the )] TJ ET BT 164.324 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Carmarthen Journal)] TJ ET BT 263.324 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the )] TJ ET BT 304.316 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wrexham Leader)] TJ ET BT 387.296 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Social anthropological studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the 1940s onwards are presented, such as Alwyn D. Rees?s pioneering study of the rural parish of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Llanfihangel-yng-Ngwynfa, )] TJ ET BT 171.980 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Life in a Welsh Countryside)] TJ ET BT 305.984 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 308.984 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 308.984 669.027 m 322.976 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 322.976 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The use of the latter \(along with others, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Isabel Emmett?s work on Llanfrothen and Ffestiniog\) is to be applauded, particularly since they exhibit the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges confronting many communities in the midst of social and cultural modernisation. Recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publications, such as Rhys Evans?s substantial biography of the Plaid Cymru leader Gwynfor Evans are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(referenced, and audio-visual material \(particularly from the National Library of Wales?s National Screen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Sound Archive\) reinforces the argument in the section on Wales in the 1980s. The use of sources written )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in both English and Welsh is a clear strength of this book, a factor which enhances the breadth of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation and allows a rounded view of some of the controversies in modern Wales to be presented. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary source content is similarly effective, with reference to Gerallt Lloyd Owen?s anti-investiture poetry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compilation, )] TJ ET BT 97.352 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cerddi?r Cywilydd)] TJ ET BT 189.692 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Poems of Humiliation/Shame\) \(p. 237\), contrasting with the inventive use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a misogynistic joke from a 1978 )] TJ ET BT 205.004 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Welsh Jokes)] TJ ET BT 263.984 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( publication \(p. 349\). The latter was used to demonstrate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often halting progress of feminism in many patriarchal parts of Wales during the 1970s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some archival research is included here, both from The National Archives in London and Welsh archives; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, correspondence portraying the dialogue between the Welsh Language Society and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government during the 1960s \(pp. 226?7\). On the whole, however, the book is mostly dependent on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published primary and secondary sources. Whilst it would have beengood to see more use of individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscript collections and the Welsh Political Archive, the chronological breadth of the book again explains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these omissions. Similarly, the Mass Observation archive has strengthened the sections on the Second World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War and reconstruction in Wales, but some of the later chapters could have benefited from the use of oral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history interviews. Overall, considering that this is an overview of a period, a very good cross-section of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials has been integrated, which highlights the largely untapped potential of post-1939 Welsh history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and its sources.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Modern Welsh history is not conveniently ?boxed? into categories in )] TJ ET BT 367.976 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wales since 1939)] TJ ET BT 451.964 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but instead its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(multifarious shades of grey of are articulated. Johnes has succeed in portraying the diversity of Wales in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second half of the 20th?century and has remedied the long-standing neglect of several topics under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(microscope here. In many ways, this book does for Wales what Peter Clarke?s )] TJ ET BT 413.600 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Hope and Glory)] TJ ET BT 491.588 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or Dominic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sandbrook?s post-war histories do for Britain: providing an approachable history that does not forget its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic roots. In the light of this, it would be interesting to know where the author sees post-1939 Welsh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history heading in future, and which avenues of research he feels should be prioritised.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 212.355 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 232.9877 795.3895 246.9797 807.2695 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 308.9837 669.3415 322.9757 681.2215 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 3101 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 48.816 784.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book integrates arguments expanded upon in other recent articles by Johnes e.g. 'A prince, a king )] TJ ET BT 64.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and a referendum: rugby, politics and nationhood in Wales, 1969-1979', )] TJ ET BT 412.460 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of British Studies)] TJ ET BT 535.472 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 47 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2008\), 129?148; ?For class and nation: dominant trends in the historiography of twentieth-century )] TJ ET BT 64.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wales?, )] TJ ET BT 105.332 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History Compass)] TJ ET BT 188.336 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 8, 11 \(2010\), 1257?74; ?Wales, history and Britishness?, )] TJ ET BT 469.640 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Welsh History )] TJ ET BT 64.016 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Review)] TJ ET BT 98.672 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 25, 4 \(2011\), 596-661.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 212.660 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 212.660 726.051 m 266.648 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 713.194 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kenneth O. Morgan, )] TJ ET BT 166.328 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rebirth of a Nation: Wales 1880?1980)] TJ ET BT 352.664 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1981\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 431.312 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 431.312 711.795 m 485.300 711.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 698.938 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Martin Johnes, ?Wales and the Cold War?, )] TJ ET BT 272.972 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Llafur)] TJ ET BT 302.984 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 10, 4 \(2010\), 5?15. This was a special edition of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journal focusing on Welsh responses to the Cold War, from social, political and literary perspectives.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 669.027 m 118.004 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 656.170 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alwyn D. Rees, )] TJ ET BT 143.672 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Life in a Welsh Countryside)] TJ ET BT 277.676 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cardiff, 1950\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 356.324 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 356.324 654.771 m 410.312 654.771 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 639.439 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 621.659 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 621.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1323)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 620.265 m 328.316 620.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 595.288 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 580.888 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/33324)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 212.6597 726.3655 266.6477 738.2455 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 431.3117 712.1095 485.2997 723.9895 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 669.3415 118.0037 681.2215 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 356.3237 655.0855 410.3117 666.9655 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 620.5795 328.3157 632.4595 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1323) >> endobj xref 0 44 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000526 00000 n 0000000622 00000 n 0000005201 00000 n 0000005310 00000 n 0000005420 00000 n 0000005529 00000 n 0000009090 00000 n 0000009218 00000 n 0000009302 00000 n 0000009331 00000 n 0000009459 00000 n 0000009495 00000 n 0000009524 00000 n 0000009652 00000 n 0000009688 00000 n 0000009753 00000 n 0000017046 00000 n 0000017111 00000 n 0000024255 00000 n 0000024346 00000 n 0000031034 00000 n 0000031064 00000 n 0000031192 00000 n 0000031228 00000 n 0000031258 00000 n 0000031386 00000 n 0000031422 00000 n 0000031534 00000 n 0000034688 00000 n 0000034816 00000 n 0000034871 00000 n 0000034999 00000 n 0000035054 00000 n 0000035181 00000 n 0000035236 00000 n 0000035364 00000 n 0000035419 00000 n 0000035547 00000 n trailer << /Size 44 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35643 %%EOF