%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 20 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416015624+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416015624+01'00') /Title (The Churchill Archive) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4857 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Churchill Archive)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anybody remotely involved in ?Churchill Studies? or even interested in the great man to the extent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading books by him or on him must have encountered references in the footnotes to the considerable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amount of written material which he left. A large part is now deposited at the Churchill Archives Centre at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill College, Cambridge ? and available to the public. But of course one has to go there ? hence the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brilliant idea behind the website under review \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 260.972 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.churchillarchive.com/index)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 260.972 314.697 m 450.284 314.697 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 453.284 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 467.276 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), which gives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(access to scans of the actual documents to the subscriber from any computer. Nothing can replace the feel of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the real thing, but facsimiles are the next best option. The system is already well tried with newpaper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections, among others.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Besides the documents themselves, the site offers a number of sideshows whose value will be rated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differently by different users. One may imagine that the )] TJ ET BT 304.628 232.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Action this Day )] TJ ET BT 382.292 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(box on the home page was modelled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the Life of the Day offered free to non-subscribers by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(every day, clicking on the box leads to a different document originally written on the same date. A section is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specifically devoted to informationintended forlibrarians, and why and how the Archive can be of use to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their public.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The home page also invites the visitor to use )] TJ ET BT 251.000 149.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Teaching Resources)] TJ ET BT 347.984 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, divided into two sections: ?For lecturers? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ?For teachers?. As of August 2012, ?For lecturers? is comprised of two essays, ?Churchill: the young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statesman, 1901?1914? by David Thackeray, Lecturer in History at the University of Exeter; and ?Churchill )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and empire? by Richard Toye, Professor of Modern History, also at the University of Exeter, and a familiar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(name associated with ?Churchill Studies?. A unique feature of these essays is that practically all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footnotes refer to documents in the Archive ? with of course a hyperlink to the photostat.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet some irksome navigation is required to access the precise passage quoted in the essays. If we take the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1327)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 27 September, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eela Devani)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bloomsbury Publishing)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antoine Capet)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 260.9717 315.0115 450.2837 326.8915 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.churchillarchive.com/index) >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7358 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example of Churchill?s famous phrase, ?I have not become the King?s First Minister in order to preside over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the liquidation of the British Empire?, Professor Toye gives in the footnote: ?Speech of 10 November 1942, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CHAR 9/158/56-68?, with ?CHAR 9/158/56-68? being ?hot?. Clicking on it does not lead one directly to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheet in Churchill?s preparatory notes in which the phrase appears, but to the whole of the sheets, fourteen in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all, covering the entire speech; and one has to use the tiny ?filmstrip? discussed below to access the page ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after clicking and looking for the phrase eight times in vain -to findthe passage on the ninth sheet. If a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passage is on page 99 of a document with 100 sheets, one has to use this tedious procedure all the way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through ? a very crude method of access. Of course the reward is enormous: the scans show whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill hit the right phrasing first time or deleted the original version \(dictated to and typed by one of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ubiquitous secretaries\), scribbling the definitive text next to it \(which he very often did\). In the case of ?I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have not become the King?s First Minister in order to preside over the liquidation of the British Empire?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one can see that it was a ?first hit?: the original typed text remained intact after he read it over.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ?For teachers? section currently includes four ?Lesson plans? : \(1\) The ?Iron Curtain? speech; \(2\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Defence of Freedom and Peace? speech \(16 October 1938 ? broadcast to America from London\); \(3\) ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Truth About Hitler? article \()] TJ ET BT 169.988 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Strand Magazine)] TJ ET BT 273.320 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, November 1935\); \(4\) Winston Churchill?s rhetorical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devices \(based on Churchill?s essay of 1897, ?The Scaffolding of Rhetoric?\). The first three appeared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excellent to me, but I was particularly impressed by the fourth. If I understand ?AP? correctly, this lesson is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended for high-flying American pupils leaving high school to enter college. The level of critical analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems amazingly high for students that age ? I am sure many European postgraduates would benefit from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this highly sophisticated de-construction of the mechanism of rhetoric.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The home page also has a tab leading to material on the )] TJ ET BT 303.968 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Churchill: The Power of Words)] TJ ET BT 455.972 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Exhibition held at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Morgan Library & Museum, New York, from June 8 to September 23, 2012, with a link to the Morgan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(website which provides full details. This is of course not surprising, since the Churchill Archives Centre was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a major partner in mounting the Exhibition, loaning many original documents. Specialistsin ?Churchill )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Studies? would evidently have already been made aware that this exhibition was on by other channels ? but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested laypeople may find this kind of ?current Churchill events? column useful.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But all this is only peripheral to the online archive's main reason for being ? providing access to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill papers located at the Churchill Archives Centre from one's armchair. The proof of the pudding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being in the eating, I tested the archive from references and topics that I had seen in various circumstances.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Churchill Chat facility run by the \(international\) Churchill Centre recently included a fascinating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exchange on how the wartime authorities suspected that gifts of cigars and chocolate might be poisoned, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Allen Packwood, who is in charge of the Churchill Archives Centre, contributed an excellent short article, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Protecting the premier?, in which he indicated in a final note: ?The original correspondence cited in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(article is reconstructed from file CHAR 2/434 in the Churchill Papers collection and can be viewed at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill Archives Centre, Churchill College, Cambridge?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here was an excellentreason forusing the electronic archive. I found CHAR 2/434 all right in the ?Explore? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heading. But then the only information I got came from a box on the right which appeared when I clicked on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an unknown symbol, which read as ?Show details? when I passed the mouse over it. The box included a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(short passage on my particular field of interest in this vast array of ?149 folios, Dec 1940?Aug 1942?: ?It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes some correspondence on gifts made or offered to WSC, although there was also a series know \(sic\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Gifts which dealt with this topic and has been preserved?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another unknown \(and equally unexplained on the Home page\) symbol, next to the one which opened the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(box, read as ?View in image browser?. I duly clicked on it, expecting to have a list of letters and other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(papers from which to choose. It is here that things started to go hopelessly wrong for me. The page which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opened was overwhelmingly full of boxes \(called ?panes? in the ?Help - how to use the image browser? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section ? which I did not find helpful at all\) and headings, horizontal and vertical \(whose function and use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are not explained in that section\), with a wide band at the bottom showing tiny, illegible photographs of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents, all with hyperlinks to the actual full-size reproductions, which is called the ?filmstrip?. A )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 8477 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hopeful heading on the top left corner read ?Public and political: general: correspondence on gifts to WSC, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A-C, especially cigars?. When I clicked on it, it duly led to a box which repeated the heading in slightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different form: ?CHAR 2/434. 1 bound file \(149 folios\). Public and political: general: correspondence on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gifts to WSC, A-C, especially cigars?. Then came a text, however indigestible, which confirmed that I was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed on the right track:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Correspondents include: [3rd] Lord Rothschild of MI5 \(8\), Sir Norman Kendal [Assistant )] TJ ET BT 64.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commissioner], New Scotland Yard \(2\), Senior Official Analyst to the Home Office Roche )] TJ ET BT 64.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lynch \(2\), Sir George Ogilvie-Forbes, British Minister at Havana, Cuba \(4\), [John] Balfour \(3\) )] TJ ET BT 64.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and [Cecil] King of the Foreign Office, and [1st] Lord Cherwell [earlier F A Lindemann, Prime )] TJ ET BT 64.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Minister's Personal Assistant] on cigars and the possibility of them being poisoned; Sir Henry )] TJ ET BT 64.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French, [Secretary] Ministry of Food, on a gift of tea from the Dutch East Indies [later )] TJ ET BT 64.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indonesia]; [Henry] Tai Mitchell sending a ceremonial staff and Maori greetings \(2\); [Saville] )] TJ ET BT 64.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Garner [Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for the Dominions]; Major-General John )] TJ ET BT 64.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kennedy [Director of Military Operations] \(War Office\) sending on a box of snuff from Colonel )] TJ ET BT 64.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([Richard] Stapleton-Cotton. Also includes notes and copies of correspondence from Prime )] TJ ET BT 64.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Minister's Private Secretaries John Colville, [Francis] Brown, [John] Martin, [Edith] Watson, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Peck, [Leslie] Rowan, and [Eric] Seal, Major [Desmond] Morton [Personal Assistant to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WSC], [Walter] Thompson [WSC's detective], WSC's secretaries [Kathleen] Hill and [Sheila] )] TJ ET BT 64.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Minto, and [Nevile] Butler [Head of North American Department in Foreign Office]; and from )] TJ ET BT 64.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WSC to some of those mentioned above and to Cuban Ambassador to Britain Don Guillermo de )] TJ ET BT 64.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Blanck and Cuban Minister of Agriculture Dr Andres Rivero Aguero.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other subjects include: other gifts including a cigar box from Auckland [New Zealand] and a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painting from Brazil.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Also includes: MI5 report on cigars presented to WSC by the National Tobacco Commission of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cuba; extracts from New Zealand papers; photographs of the presentation of a cabinet and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cigars for WSC to Ogilvie-Forbes in Cuba.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All tantalisingly tempting stuff, of course ? but how was one to access it? This text is not ?hot?: it is no use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clicking on ?photographs of the presentation of a cabinet and cigars for WSC to Ogilvie-Forbes in Cuba?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hoping to see the first ever photograph of the famous cabinet \(now in Chartwell?s Studio\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the other hand, it is followed by a list which has links to \(charging\) outside resources \(the Oxford )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of National Biography [ODNB] and Who?s Who [WWW]\) and internal index links :)] TJ ET BT 64.016 246.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Places)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 87.816 223.382 m 87.816 223.932 87.589 224.478 87.201 224.867 c 86.812 225.256 86.266 225.482 85.716 225.482 c 85.166 225.482 84.620 225.256 84.231 224.867 c 83.842 224.478 83.616 223.932 83.616 223.382 c 83.616 222.832 83.842 222.286 84.231 221.897 c 84.620 221.509 85.166 221.282 85.716 221.282 c 86.266 221.282 86.812 221.509 87.201 221.897 c 87.589 222.286 87.816 222.832 87.816 223.382 c f BT 94.016 220.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Cuba)] TJ ET 87.816 209.126 m 87.816 209.676 87.589 210.222 87.201 210.611 c 86.812 211.000 86.266 211.226 85.716 211.226 c 85.166 211.226 84.620 211.000 84.231 210.611 c 83.842 210.222 83.616 209.676 83.616 209.126 c 83.616 208.576 83.842 208.030 84.231 207.641 c 84.620 207.253 85.166 207.026 85.716 207.026 c 86.266 207.026 86.812 207.253 87.201 207.641 c 87.589 208.030 87.816 208.576 87.816 209.126 c f BT 94.016 206.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Indonesia)] TJ ET 87.816 194.870 m 87.816 195.420 87.589 195.966 87.201 196.355 c 86.812 196.744 86.266 196.970 85.716 196.970 c 85.166 196.970 84.620 196.744 84.231 196.355 c 83.842 195.966 83.616 195.420 83.616 194.870 c 83.616 194.320 83.842 193.774 84.231 193.385 c 84.620 192.997 85.166 192.770 85.716 192.770 c 86.266 192.770 86.812 192.997 87.201 193.385 c 87.589 193.774 87.816 194.320 87.816 194.870 c f BT 94.016 191.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Brazil)] TJ ET 87.816 180.614 m 87.816 181.164 87.589 181.710 87.201 182.099 c 86.812 182.488 86.266 182.714 85.716 182.714 c 85.166 182.714 84.620 182.488 84.231 182.099 c 83.842 181.710 83.616 181.164 83.616 180.614 c 83.616 180.064 83.842 179.518 84.231 179.129 c 84.620 178.741 85.166 178.514 85.716 178.514 c 86.266 178.514 86.812 178.741 87.201 179.129 c 87.589 179.518 87.816 180.064 87.816 180.614 c f BT 94.016 177.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( New Zealand)] TJ ET BT 64.016 151.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(People)] TJ ET 87.816 128.102 m 87.816 128.652 87.589 129.198 87.201 129.587 c 86.812 129.976 86.266 130.202 85.716 130.202 c 85.166 130.202 84.620 129.976 84.231 129.587 c 83.842 129.198 83.616 128.652 83.616 128.102 c 83.616 127.552 83.842 127.006 84.231 126.617 c 84.620 126.229 85.166 126.002 85.716 126.002 c 86.266 126.002 86.812 126.229 87.201 126.617 c 87.589 127.006 87.816 127.552 87.816 128.102 c f BT 94.016 124.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Lindemann, Frederick Alexander, Viscount Cherwell ODNB WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 113.846 m 87.816 114.396 87.589 114.942 87.201 115.331 c 86.812 115.720 86.266 115.946 85.716 115.946 c 85.166 115.946 84.620 115.720 84.231 115.331 c 83.842 114.942 83.616 114.396 83.616 113.846 c 83.616 113.296 83.842 112.750 84.231 112.361 c 84.620 111.973 85.166 111.746 85.716 111.746 c 86.266 111.746 86.812 111.973 87.201 112.361 c 87.589 112.750 87.816 113.296 87.816 113.846 c f BT 94.016 110.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Watson, Edith Margaret WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 99.590 m 87.816 100.140 87.589 100.686 87.201 101.075 c 86.812 101.464 86.266 101.690 85.716 101.690 c 85.166 101.690 84.620 101.464 84.231 101.075 c 83.842 100.686 83.616 100.140 83.616 99.590 c 83.616 99.040 83.842 98.494 84.231 98.105 c 84.620 97.717 85.166 97.490 85.716 97.490 c 86.266 97.490 86.812 97.717 87.201 98.105 c 87.589 98.494 87.816 99.040 87.816 99.590 c f BT 94.016 96.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Garner, \(Joseph John\) Saville [Joe], Baron Garner ODNB WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 85.334 m 87.816 85.884 87.589 86.430 87.201 86.819 c 86.812 87.208 86.266 87.434 85.716 87.434 c 85.166 87.434 84.620 87.208 84.231 86.819 c 83.842 86.430 83.616 85.884 83.616 85.334 c 83.616 84.784 83.842 84.238 84.231 83.849 c 84.620 83.461 85.166 83.234 85.716 83.234 c 86.266 83.234 86.812 83.461 87.201 83.849 c 87.589 84.238 87.816 84.784 87.816 85.334 c f BT 94.016 82.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( King, Cecil Harmsworth ODNB WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 71.078 m 87.816 71.628 87.589 72.174 87.201 72.563 c 86.812 72.952 86.266 73.178 85.716 73.178 c 85.166 73.178 84.620 72.952 84.231 72.563 c 83.842 72.174 83.616 71.628 83.616 71.078 c 83.616 70.528 83.842 69.982 84.231 69.593 c 84.620 69.205 85.166 68.978 85.716 68.978 c 86.266 68.978 86.812 69.205 87.201 69.593 c 87.589 69.982 87.816 70.528 87.816 71.078 c f BT 94.016 67.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Martin, Sir John \(Miller\) WWW)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 12411 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.000 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 87.816 799.574 m 87.816 800.124 87.589 800.670 87.201 801.059 c 86.812 801.448 86.266 801.674 85.716 801.674 c 85.166 801.674 84.620 801.448 84.231 801.059 c 83.842 800.670 83.616 800.124 83.616 799.574 c 83.616 799.024 83.842 798.478 84.231 798.089 c 84.620 797.701 85.166 797.474 85.716 797.474 c 86.266 797.474 86.812 797.701 87.201 798.089 c 87.589 798.478 87.816 799.024 87.816 799.574 c f BT 94.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Morton, Sir Desmond John Falkiner ODNB WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 785.318 m 87.816 785.868 87.589 786.414 87.201 786.803 c 86.812 787.192 86.266 787.418 85.716 787.418 c 85.166 787.418 84.620 787.192 84.231 786.803 c 83.842 786.414 83.616 785.868 83.616 785.318 c 83.616 784.768 83.842 784.222 84.231 783.833 c 84.620 783.445 85.166 783.218 85.716 783.218 c 86.266 783.218 86.812 783.445 87.201 783.833 c 87.589 784.222 87.816 784.768 87.816 785.318 c f BT 94.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Seal, Sir Eric WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 771.062 m 87.816 771.612 87.589 772.158 87.201 772.547 c 86.812 772.936 86.266 773.162 85.716 773.162 c 85.166 773.162 84.620 772.936 84.231 772.547 c 83.842 772.158 83.616 771.612 83.616 771.062 c 83.616 770.512 83.842 769.966 84.231 769.577 c 84.620 769.189 85.166 768.962 85.716 768.962 c 86.266 768.962 86.812 769.189 87.201 769.577 c 87.589 769.966 87.816 770.512 87.816 771.062 c f BT 94.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Rowan, Sir \(Thomas\) Leslie ODNB WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 756.806 m 87.816 757.356 87.589 757.902 87.201 758.291 c 86.812 758.680 86.266 758.906 85.716 758.906 c 85.166 758.906 84.620 758.680 84.231 758.291 c 83.842 757.902 83.616 757.356 83.616 756.806 c 83.616 756.256 83.842 755.710 84.231 755.321 c 84.620 754.933 85.166 754.706 85.716 754.706 c 86.266 754.706 86.812 754.933 87.201 755.321 c 87.589 755.710 87.816 756.256 87.816 756.806 c f BT 94.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer ODNB WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 742.550 m 87.816 743.100 87.589 743.646 87.201 744.035 c 86.812 744.424 86.266 744.650 85.716 744.650 c 85.166 744.650 84.620 744.424 84.231 744.035 c 83.842 743.646 83.616 743.100 83.616 742.550 c 83.616 742.000 83.842 741.454 84.231 741.065 c 84.620 740.677 85.166 740.450 85.716 740.450 c 86.266 740.450 86.812 740.677 87.201 741.065 c 87.589 741.454 87.816 742.000 87.816 742.550 c f BT 94.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Colville, Sir John Rupert ODNB WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 728.294 m 87.816 728.844 87.589 729.390 87.201 729.779 c 86.812 730.168 86.266 730.394 85.716 730.394 c 85.166 730.394 84.620 730.168 84.231 729.779 c 83.842 729.390 83.616 728.844 83.616 728.294 c 83.616 727.744 83.842 727.198 84.231 726.809 c 84.620 726.421 85.166 726.194 85.716 726.194 c 86.266 726.194 86.812 726.421 87.201 726.809 c 87.589 727.198 87.816 727.744 87.816 728.294 c f BT 94.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Peck, Sir John \(Howard\) WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 714.038 m 87.816 714.588 87.589 715.134 87.201 715.523 c 86.812 715.912 86.266 716.138 85.716 716.138 c 85.166 716.138 84.620 715.912 84.231 715.523 c 83.842 715.134 83.616 714.588 83.616 714.038 c 83.616 713.488 83.842 712.942 84.231 712.553 c 84.620 712.165 85.166 711.938 85.716 711.938 c 86.266 711.938 86.812 712.165 87.201 712.553 c 87.589 712.942 87.816 713.488 87.816 714.038 c f BT 94.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Brown, Francis David Wynyard WWW)] TJ ET 87.816 699.782 m 87.816 700.332 87.589 700.878 87.201 701.267 c 86.812 701.656 86.266 701.882 85.716 701.882 c 85.166 701.882 84.620 701.656 84.231 701.267 c 83.842 700.878 83.616 700.332 83.616 699.782 c 83.616 699.232 83.842 698.686 84.231 698.297 c 84.620 697.909 85.166 697.682 85.716 697.682 c 86.266 697.682 86.812 697.909 87.201 698.297 c 87.589 698.686 87.816 699.232 87.816 699.782 c f BT 94.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Hill, Kathleen)] TJ ET 87.816 685.526 m 87.816 686.076 87.589 686.622 87.201 687.011 c 86.812 687.400 86.266 687.626 85.716 687.626 c 85.166 687.626 84.620 687.400 84.231 687.011 c 83.842 686.622 83.616 686.076 83.616 685.526 c 83.616 684.976 83.842 684.430 84.231 684.041 c 84.620 683.653 85.166 683.426 85.716 683.426 c 86.266 683.426 86.812 683.653 87.201 684.041 c 87.589 684.430 87.816 684.976 87.816 685.526 c f BT 94.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Thompson, Charles Ralfe WWW)] TJ ET BT 64.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Periods)] TJ ET 87.816 633.014 m 87.816 633.564 87.589 634.110 87.201 634.499 c 86.812 634.888 86.266 635.114 85.716 635.114 c 85.166 635.114 84.620 634.888 84.231 634.499 c 83.842 634.110 83.616 633.564 83.616 633.014 c 83.616 632.464 83.842 631.918 84.231 631.529 c 84.620 631.141 85.166 630.914 85.716 630.914 c 86.266 630.914 86.812 631.141 87.201 631.529 c 87.589 631.918 87.816 632.464 87.816 633.014 c f BT 94.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1941)] TJ ET 87.816 618.758 m 87.816 619.308 87.589 619.854 87.201 620.243 c 86.812 620.632 86.266 620.858 85.716 620.858 c 85.166 620.858 84.620 620.632 84.231 620.243 c 83.842 619.854 83.616 619.308 83.616 618.758 c 83.616 618.208 83.842 617.662 84.231 617.273 c 84.620 616.885 85.166 616.658 85.716 616.658 c 86.266 616.658 86.812 616.885 87.201 617.273 c 87.589 617.662 87.816 618.208 87.816 618.758 c f BT 94.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1942)] TJ ET 87.816 604.502 m 87.816 605.052 87.589 605.598 87.201 605.987 c 86.812 606.376 86.266 606.602 85.716 606.602 c 85.166 606.602 84.620 606.376 84.231 605.987 c 83.842 605.598 83.616 605.052 83.616 604.502 c 83.616 603.952 83.842 603.406 84.231 603.017 c 84.620 602.629 85.166 602.402 85.716 602.402 c 86.266 602.402 86.812 602.629 87.201 603.017 c 87.589 603.406 87.816 603.952 87.816 604.502 c f BT 94.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( 1940)] TJ ET BT 64.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Topics)] TJ ET 87.816 551.990 m 87.816 552.540 87.589 553.086 87.201 553.475 c 86.812 553.864 86.266 554.090 85.716 554.090 c 85.166 554.090 84.620 553.864 84.231 553.475 c 83.842 553.086 83.616 552.540 83.616 551.990 c 83.616 551.440 83.842 550.894 84.231 550.505 c 84.620 550.117 85.166 549.890 85.716 549.890 c 86.266 549.890 86.812 550.117 87.201 550.505 c 87.589 550.894 87.816 551.440 87.816 551.990 c f BT 94.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Gifts)] TJ ET 87.816 537.734 m 87.816 538.284 87.589 538.830 87.201 539.219 c 86.812 539.608 86.266 539.834 85.716 539.834 c 85.166 539.834 84.620 539.608 84.231 539.219 c 83.842 538.830 83.616 538.284 83.616 537.734 c 83.616 537.184 83.842 536.638 84.231 536.249 c 84.620 535.861 85.166 535.634 85.716 535.634 c 86.266 535.634 86.812 535.861 87.201 536.249 c 87.589 536.638 87.816 537.184 87.816 537.734 c f BT 94.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( War Office)] TJ ET 87.816 523.478 m 87.816 524.028 87.589 524.574 87.201 524.963 c 86.812 525.352 86.266 525.578 85.716 525.578 c 85.166 525.578 84.620 525.352 84.231 524.963 c 83.842 524.574 83.616 524.028 83.616 523.478 c 83.616 522.928 83.842 522.382 84.231 521.993 c 84.620 521.605 85.166 521.378 85.716 521.378 c 86.266 521.378 86.812 521.605 87.201 521.993 c 87.589 522.382 87.816 522.928 87.816 523.478 c f BT 94.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Food and Drink)] TJ ET 87.816 509.222 m 87.816 509.772 87.589 510.318 87.201 510.707 c 86.812 511.096 86.266 511.322 85.716 511.322 c 85.166 511.322 84.620 511.096 84.231 510.707 c 83.842 510.318 83.616 509.772 83.616 509.222 c 83.616 508.672 83.842 508.126 84.231 507.737 c 84.620 507.349 85.166 507.122 85.716 507.122 c 86.266 507.122 86.812 507.349 87.201 507.737 c 87.589 508.126 87.816 508.672 87.816 509.222 c f BT 94.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Foreign Office)] TJ ET 87.816 494.966 m 87.816 495.516 87.589 496.062 87.201 496.451 c 86.812 496.840 86.266 497.066 85.716 497.066 c 85.166 497.066 84.620 496.840 84.231 496.451 c 83.842 496.062 83.616 495.516 83.616 494.966 c 83.616 494.416 83.842 493.870 84.231 493.481 c 84.620 493.093 85.166 492.866 85.716 492.866 c 86.266 492.866 86.812 493.093 87.201 493.481 c 87.589 493.870 87.816 494.416 87.816 494.966 c f BT 94.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Police)] TJ ET 87.816 480.710 m 87.816 481.260 87.589 481.806 87.201 482.195 c 86.812 482.584 86.266 482.810 85.716 482.810 c 85.166 482.810 84.620 482.584 84.231 482.195 c 83.842 481.806 83.616 481.260 83.616 480.710 c 83.616 480.160 83.842 479.614 84.231 479.225 c 84.620 478.837 85.166 478.610 85.716 478.610 c 86.266 478.610 86.812 478.837 87.201 479.225 c 87.589 479.614 87.816 480.160 87.816 480.710 c f BT 94.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Smoking)] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Going back to the left-hand ?pane?, it had three tabs; ?File?, ?Item? and ?Transcript?. The text had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(automatically come under ?File?. I tried ?Item?: nothing appeared ? only a blank space. Then ?Transcript?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which gave a disappointing ?Files in the archive consist of collections of document items, sometimes quite a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of documents. If you would like us to prioritise any particular documents in our transcription )] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(programme please )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 125.324 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contact us)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 125.324 380.931 m 173.648 380.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 176.648 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 190.640 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?. No use to me in that particular quest, of course.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A vertical tab on the side of the box, ?Current selection?, only led me back to the ?Explore? page, from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which it took forever \(it seemed\) to go back to ?Public and political: general: correspondence on gifts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(WSC, A-C, especially cigars?. I then tried the vertical tab in the middle of the page, ?Image?. It only gave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(me a poor photograph / scan of the title page, ?CHAR 2/434?, of the actual file, and I did not understand )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the zoom facility worked ? I was never able to master its capricious will from when I first accessed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(site \(with Internet Explorer 9 ? more on this below\). The only possibility left of seeing the coveted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents was using the lower band / ?filmstrip? at random, a tiresome task in perspective since ?CHAR )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2/434?, the title page, was marked as ?1 of 180?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Try as I might with this trial-and-error method ? the opposite of a rational, scholarly approach, of course, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 215.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a drowning man will catch at a straw ? I was never able to see the famous cabinet. As it was mentioned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 201.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards the end of the text, I tried the postage-stamp images around the end of the band, but to no avail. All )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I got was partial glimpses of letters, in various degrees of reduced scale, totally illegible when handwritten, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 172.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some with relevance to cigars, some with none.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 146.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A few days later, a friend having told me about the conference which he is organising next May at King?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(College, London on the Battle of the Atlantic, I thought this theme would provide another excellent test. I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duly followed the steps indicated under ?Explore by topic?: ?War and conflict?, then ?Named conflicts?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 103.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?World War, Second \(1939?1945\)? and finally ?Battle of the Atlantic \(1939?1945\)?. With increasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 89.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frustration, I clicked and clicked on this ? to no avail. It is only after extensive brain-searching that I realised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one should then \(1\) Tick the adjacent box \(2\) Click on the ?View selected results? tab at the top of the table. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Then a full list of the files deemed relevant by the machine or the designers of the software appeared, 129 in )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 125.3237 381.2455 173.6477 393.1255 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (mailto:churchillarchive@bloomsbury.com) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 6665 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all. The first, ?CHAR 19/3/1 \(04 Sep 1939-30 Sep 1939\): First Lord of the Admiralty's printed minutes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(September 1939. Includes texts of minutes from WSC \(sometimes annotated with additional printed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information\) to: various naval directors; the Sea Lords, particularly?, with again the useless ?filmstrip?, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the name indicates a photostat of a \(31-page\) pamphlet, with material of variable relevance and interest ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but of course this would be the case with the ?real? archive: nothing to do with the online version. Things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(started to go really wrong, however, when my curiosity was aroused by the sixth file offered on the list:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CHAR 20/15/9 \(03 Nov 1939\). Printed paper by WSC for the War Cabinet entitled ?Statement )] TJ ET BT 64.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the First Lord to the French Admiralty?; discusses the uses of ?asdics? [anti-submarine )] TJ ET BT 64.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(detection indicator], the necessity of defeating... Official: Prime Minister: copy of a letter from )] TJ ET BT 64.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, British Ambassador to the United States], War Cabinet )] TJ ET BT 64.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(papers by WSC, and printed telegrams and letters exchanged between WSC and President )] TJ ET BT 64.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([Franklin] Roosevelt.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I found three pages connected with the French all right ? but none of the promised material on Roosevelt. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Not to be deterred by this inexplicable mishap, I tried the next one:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 524.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CHAR 20/15/13 \(Sep 1939-May 1940\). Printed copies of telegrams and letters exchanged )] TJ ET BT 64.016 510.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between ?the Naval Person \(WSC\) and President \(Franklin\) Roosevelt?: 11 Sept 1939 Letter )] TJ ET BT 64.016 496.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Roosevelt to WSC congratulating him on his return to the... 1 5, [1]p Official: Prime )] TJ ET BT 64.016 482.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Minister: copy of a letter from [11th] Lord Lothian [earlier Philip Kerr, British Ambassador to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 467.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the United States], War Cabinet papers by WSC, and printed telegrams and letters exchanged )] TJ ET BT 64.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between WSC and President [Franklin] Roosevelt.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 415.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Then I got the first exchanges between the ?formal Naval Person? and President Roosevelt ? from the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating ?My dear Churchill? letter of 11 September 1939 to the ?My dear Mr President? letter of 7 May )] TJ ET BT 34.016 386.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1940 promising him a copy of the official report on the Battle of the River Plate. The great disappointment, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 372.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of course, is that this is third-hand material, if one accepts that the first hand would be the handwritten MS )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which probably never existed in ?hard copy? as both leaders dictated their letters to an aide\) and the second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand the actual typewritten letters. My conclusion was that if one was prepared to spend the necessary time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 329.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(much more than it takes to browse through actual archive boxes\) and accept the often hit-or-miss process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 315.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which comes with lack of familiarity with the logic behind the software, one would necessarily find plenty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of useful material on the Battle of the Atlantic.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(My third and final test ? a short one because it immediately aborted ? was also connected with a lead which I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 260.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(got from the Churchill Chat list. Members were discussing whether ?OMG? \(Oh, My God!\) originated in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 246.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill correspondence ? with the editor of )] TJ ET BT 254.972 246.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Finest Hour)] TJ ET BT 313.304 246.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Richard Langworth, tracing the occurrence to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letter from Lord Fisher to Churchill dated 9 September 1917 and Elizabeth Courtney, Archives Assistant at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Churchill College, Cambridge giving the precise reference: FISR 1/25/40?41. On the strength of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 203.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indications from the most reliable authorities possible, I went to the site again, and entered ?FISR )] TJ ET BT 34.016 189.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1/25/40?41? in the search window provided on the top right-hand corner of the home page, hoping to see the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letter, or at least the file where I could find it. All I got was ?Sorry, but your search has returned no results. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 160.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Please try again or alternatively go to Explore via the navigation bar at the top of the page to browse using )] TJ ET BT 34.016 146.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(either our dedicated taxonomy or the Churchill Archive catalogue?. Is it because ?FISR 1/25/40?41? is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 132.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(corpus)] TJ ET BT 96.680 132.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or is it because I did not follow the correct procedure? I still wonder.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No doubt the professional computer science specialists who designed the site would easily and laughingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 91.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point to the gross mistakes which I must have repeatedly made at all stages in my clumsy, amateurish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 77.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(navigation efforts. In fact, after hours of despairing of mastering the whole thing when I looked at CHAR )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2/434, I tried another browser \(I first used Internet Explorer 9\), Mozilla Firefox. Then the zoom facility )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worked, and I was able to see large-scale images of the scans, though I still had to play the hit-and-miss )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 4826 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(game to try to see the cabinet photograph which by then had become the legendary inaccessible Holy Grail )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in my eyes.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But this is beside the point. Their site is not intended for fans of highly sophisticated computer games, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even people who know the name of their browser \(incidentally, Internet Explorer 9 is not an ?obsolete? or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?exotic? version: it must be one of the most common browsers on earth\). It may be that a present-day child )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of five \(say, twelve, to be honest\) would immediately and ?intuitively? understand the ?architecture? of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive, and that he would have accessed the cabinet photograph in less than two minutes. But these highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?computer-literate? schoolboys are not the potential users of the core functions of the site. Most will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mature teachers and staid academics with no special competence in computers except the bare minimum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed for their professional requirements. For them, the online archive would only be a means to an end: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easy access to easily legible scans of the documents in the Churchill Archives Centre at Churchill College, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For this reviewer, this end was unfortunately never achieved when a precise search was undertaken in file )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CHAR 2/434, and a verdict of ?please try harder ? this is not good enough? can only emerge from this very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disappointing experiment ? all the more frustrating as one senses that there are nuggets to be dug up if only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one knew how. To paraphrase Churchill?s jocular mannerisms, I would say that I found access and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(navigation tiresome, irksome and therefore not awesome. Fortunately, we are told that this was only a ?beta? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(trial\) version: no doubt all these irritating teething troubles will be overcome and a ?user-friendly? version )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allowing trouble-free navigation even for the ?computer-illiterate? with common browsers in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outstandingly rich archive will be fully developed before subscriptions are offered to the public. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present state of the facilities proposed, though, I would not take one, however cheap \(I understand anyway )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the service will only be available to institutions, not to private individuals, which is a pity for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent scholars and keen members of Churchill societies\). Unfortunately I would not recommend the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(service to my Chief Librarian, either, the more so as I have absolutely no clue as to the likely cost, since by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(curious post-modern reversion to practices which take us back to pre-modern village markets where prices )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were determined by fierce haggling between buyer and seller, there is no advertised standard charge. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Evaluating any service relies, I believe, on a careful examination of exact cost and likely benefit ? but the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first factor in the equation has become so opaque that this has now become impossible for online facilities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this type.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 356.575 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 338.795 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 338.795 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1327)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 337.401 m 328.316 337.401 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 312.424 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 298.024 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/34201)] TJ ET BT 34.016 283.624 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.churchillarchive.com/index)] TJ ET BT 34.016 269.224 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] mailto:churchillarchive@bloomsbury.com)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 337.7155 328.3157 349.5955 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1327) >> endobj xref 0 30 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000538 00000 n 0000000627 00000 n 0000005536 00000 n 0000005645 00000 n 0000005755 00000 n 0000005864 00000 n 0000009425 00000 n 0000009553 00000 n 0000009637 00000 n 0000009765 00000 n 0000009854 00000 n 0000009919 00000 n 0000017330 00000 n 0000017395 00000 n 0000025925 00000 n 0000026009 00000 n 0000038474 00000 n 0000038602 00000 n 0000038692 00000 n 0000038757 00000 n 0000045475 00000 n 0000045559 00000 n 0000050438 00000 n 0000050566 00000 n trailer << /Size 30 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 50662 %%EOF