%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 25 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140728024713+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140728024713+01'00') /Title (The Stomach for Fighting: Food and the Soldiers of the Great War) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4112 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Stomach for Fighting: Food and the Soldiers of the Great War)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rachel Duffett has written a fine social history of British rank and file soldiers, or rankers, and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences of food during the Great War. She states, ?The ranker?s relationship with food was a constant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thread, woven throughout his army experience ? every day, wherever he was, a man needed to eat? \(p. 229\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since rankers were overwhelmingly from working class and lower-middle-class backgrounds, Duffett argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that food and eating for these soldiers carried particular meanings and associations and evoked feelings and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reactions that were different from those of the officers, who were typically from the middle and upper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classes. Further, social class was a strong determining factor in perceptions of army food and in the ways in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which rankers used talk of food to express their emotions about the war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffett draws on rankers? letters, diaries, memoirs, and other papers gleaned from six different archives plus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private collections, printed primary sources from the Imperial War Museum and the National Army )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Museum, as well as published diaries, letters, and memoirs. The number of individual soldiers represented in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this research is impressive and appears ample enough to allow good generalizations. The sources, as Duffett )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uses them, also demonstrate that while these men belonged to the same social class, they did not experience )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conditions of army life uniformly. Of course, as she points out, not all working- and lower-middle-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families lived in exactly the same conditions in prewar Britain, but many generally held values and common )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1333)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 18 October, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rachel Duffett)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719084584)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kyri Claflin)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8061 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences in civilian life undeniably affected how large numbers of rankers responded to the conditions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their new lives.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the introductory chapter, ?Food and war?, Duffett rehearses the principal theories of the big-name food )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars in disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, and history: Claude Lvi-Strauss, Mary Douglas, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jack Goody, Sidney Mintz and Marvin Harris, to name a few. Along with studies of British social history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and leading work on Britain in the Great War, Duffett lays the groundwork for her argument that food both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides physical sustenance and allows emotional connection and expression.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter two, Duffett provides the background story of British army food provisioning during the 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, depicting it as pitifully inadequate. The army was, in fact, the employer of next-to-last resort, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slightly preferable to the workhouse. The men who did enlist in this low status job were already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(malnourished and physically underdeveloped; the army conceded this when it lowered the height )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(requirement, first by three inches \(to 5 ft. 3 in.\) and later by another two inches, in order to let enough men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into the ranks. Army rations did little to improve the health of rankers. Officers, most from the middle and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upper classes, were rarely subjected to army rations, and certainly not regularly. While rations had improved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the start of the First World War, eating in the army still replicated the entrenched British class system. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffett demonstrates the ways in which class, rank, and diet, by and large, remained related throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two also gives us a comprehensive review of the literature on working-class eating habits and family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamics around meal preparation and consumption in the pre-war era. Dietary conservatism as well as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hierarchy of food entitlement within the family structure would affect how rankers adjusted to army life. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, husbands and older sons received the choice morsels, often the only cooked hot food; wives and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other children ate what was left. Sometimes calories were adequate, but not in every family. In the army, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while calories might well be ample, all soldiers were men. Preferential treatment was no longer accorded to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men who had grown up knowing only that dynamic. Thus they faced the humiliating prospect of assuming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the role that represented the woman?s subaltern status. As a result, mealtime could become a free-for-all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with fellow soldiers behaving aggressively to secure their shares. Duffett also argues that working-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(families did not eat with neighbors or other families, unlike the dinner-party-giving middle and upper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classes, and therefore taking meals in the mess hall with large numbers of men would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unappetizing and unsettling on a cultural level. Many rankers from lower-middle-class homes would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been raised to value the outward appearances that signified their families? aspirations to middle-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectability, such as a properly set table and appropriate manners. Being forced to eat unfamiliar foods in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rough and dirty army mess served up daily reminders of what these men had lost: the comforting rituals of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic meals, whatever their inadequacies, and even their freedom.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The British, like the French, believed that the best food for the fighting man was meat, preferably red, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lots of it. The early rations in both armies were over a pound per man per day. When Marcel Proust?s butler, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monsieur Albaret, was mobilized in the early weeks of August 1914, his first assignment was to drive a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vehicle filled with freshly-slaughtered meat every morning from Paris to the front.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 429.284 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 429.284 233.859 m 443.276 233.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 443.276 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In the Christmas 1915 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issue of the culinary journal )] TJ ET BT 170.996 220.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Art Culinaire)] TJ ET BT 248.012 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the great French chef Auguste Escoffier referred to ?recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complaints by the troops about the overuse of meat in their rations?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 360.644 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 360.644 205.347 m 374.636 205.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 374.636 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(After the army medical corps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blamed a variety of health problems among soldiers on their meat-heavy diet, a French parliamentarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposed a law that required the army to provide at least 200 to 300 grams ? or about 7 to 10 ounces ? of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fruits and vegetables for each soldier every two days.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 289.616 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 289.616 162.579 m 303.608 162.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 303.608 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This is approximately the weight of two good sized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apples.\) Duffett gives us insights into the toll on British soldiers? bodies of endless meals of tinned beef and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too few fruits and vegetables: indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, as well as tooth decay and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stage scurvy. Even the dubiously named army recipe for ?Sea pie? contained tinned beef, not fish. Duffett )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writes that, by spring 1917, vegetable gardens had been planted behind the lines in the British sector in order )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to help meet the target of eight ounces of veg per day, but adds that the soldiers? accounts do not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(substantiate the official record that this was met. ?Vegetables?, Duffett writes, pretty much meant potatoes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Official ration tables indicate that soldiers were to receive over a pound of bread per day, but often what they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really got was hard biscuits. Duffett tells us that the pre-war working classes could not have afforded any )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 429.2837 234.1735 443.2757 246.0535 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 360.6437 205.6615 374.6357 217.5415 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 289.6157 162.8935 303.6077 174.7735 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 5714 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kind of meat with regularity and were unused to eating so much of it )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 365.972 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 365.972 795.075 m 379.964 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 379.964 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, were suspicious of tinned foods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(with the exception of milk\), and used vegetables for flavoring rather than for stand-alone dishes. Calorie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intake was highly reliant on bread and jam, which was the primary form in which the working classes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumed fruit. This diet, supplemented by tasty fried fish and chips plus other highly-flavored foods such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as pickles, herring, and cheese, was far from what the army served up.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As Duffett turns to food in the home camps followed by food on the Western Front in chapter three, she digs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into much of what the book is meant to convey, which is perhaps not so much about army food itself as it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about how food served as a vehicle for self-expression, particularly of emotion. A soldier might write of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wretched and insufficient rations compared to the fineries of officers? meals. Upper-class officers received )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(baskets of foods from the up-market London emporium Fortnum and Mason and pheasants shot on their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country estates. Many rankers? families had to sacrifice food from the family table to be able to send even a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humble homemade cake. Putting together a package became even more of a burden as prices on the home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(front skyrocketed. Duffett writes, ?Food became a metaphor for wider injustices in an environment where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ranker?s life, not just his diet, lay in the hands of others? \(p. 180\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While eating is a physical act, food is charged with memories and feelings. Food represented caring: poor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quality food, monotonous meals, and rations that sometimes did not even make it through to the fighting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men at the front constituted evidence that the army did not care about them. Every meal, Duffett argues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reminded the ranker of better times. Complaints about the food, too, may have been ways to express feelings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of boredom, discomfort, and fear. It is not clear how much army provisioning was botched from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incompetence or whether this was simply a very complex operation responding in real time to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unforeseen. Duffett remarks on the absence of official army accounts of provisioning logistics and the food )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself. Her research turned up little more than ideal goals in terms of supply line operations, calories, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foodstuffs rather than information based on the reality of how the army handled troop provisions between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914 and 1918. However, based on other evidence, the author argues that ?the widely held opinion amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of the war that the men were far better fed than in their civilian lives, and therefore pleased with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(army provisioning, is a belief that has only a limited basis in reality? \(pp. 232?3\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Stomach for Fighting )] TJ ET BT 160.688 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is quite specific in its focus. The author exhausts one particular set of source )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials. As a result we now have a comprehensive view of the typical rank and file British soldier?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience of the war seen through the lens of food and the meanings attached to the upheaval in eating that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he experienced every day of the war. This is also a significant story about class and war. Much of the well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known writing that came out of the Great War provides an educated middle- and upper-class perspective and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with different concerns. )] TJ ET BT 178.976 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Stomach for Fighting)] TJ ET BT 302.648 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( gives expression to the voices of many ordinary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conscripts. This is an important addition to Great War history, but by the fifth chapter out of six the narrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(becomes repetitive on a number of points, perhaps owing to its thematic rather than chronological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organization. Chapter five \(?Eating: the men and their rations?\) continues to explore feelings, food ?as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional litmus paper? \(p. 147\), and we start to feel like we?ve been here before.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 365.9717 795.3895 379.9637 807.2695 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 6265 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The abundance of statements of food theory occasionally feels like the exercise is a bit forced. In discussing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rankers? dislike of chaotic mess hall dining, noted above, the anthropological theory that Duffett )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(references ? that this preference may be linked to feelings of vulnerability sensed by our prehistoric hominid )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forebears that still linger in the subconscious mind of modern humans ? seems superfluous, particularly after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her thorough discussion of domestic meals in working-class culture. Presumably the middle and upper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classes came from the same hominid stock but they did not have such inhibitions. In at least in one instance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author?s theorizing on the meaning of a specific food seems to go off the rails. When rankers at the front )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had the opportunity to take meals in local French villages, home cooked by French women in their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kitchens or impromptu eateries, the most popular dish was eggs and chips. Duffett spends the next two pages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parsing why rankers would have considered eggs good to eat. Besides the practical reasons \(including her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own statement on page 52 that eggs were central to the working class diet\), which in this instance would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have sufficed, eggs provided ?childlike solace?, they were ?a taste of maternal care?, their ?natural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(packaging? was assurance of their safety and goodness, and there was ?the reassuring femininity of the egg? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 216?17\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That said, we are convinced that even if army provisioning had been better, rankers? dissatisfaction with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(army food would have persisted becuase it often reflected more deeply held class-based notions of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex meanings associated with food and eating formed during their pre-war lives. Moreover, we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand how men who had little or no experience of writing about their emotions could use ?the language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of food? to talk of war to their families. )] TJ ET BT 226.652 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Stomach for Fighting)] TJ ET BT 350.324 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers other researchers a rich resource to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(begin to make transnational social and cultural comparisons of army provisioning and the food of soldiers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different combatant nations on the Western Front. Being published so close to the centenary of the outbreak )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Great War, this book could also have a wider appeal, particularly in Britain, but the high price will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likely discourage many potential readers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 423.939 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 393.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cleste Albaret, )] TJ ET BT 144.332 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Monsieur Proust: Souvenirs Rcueillis par Georges Belmont)] TJ ET BT 436.304 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1973\), p. 39.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 377.667 m 118.004 377.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 364.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auguste Escoffier, ?De l?alimentation conomique et hyginique des classes laborieuses et du soldat?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Art Culinaire)] TJ ET BT 141.032 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, December 1915, xv.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 244.340 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 244.340 349.155 m 298.328 349.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 336.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Proposition de loi tendant ravitailler les troupes en lgumes et fruits prpars?, )] TJ ET BT 452.624 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chambre des Dputs)] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1022, 17 June 1915.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 167.012 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 167.012 320.643 m 221.000 320.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 307.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There was clearly a spectrum of working-class experiences in terms of meat in the diet. John Burnett )] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writes that the large amount of frozen and chilled beef that Britain was importing had, by 1902, made )] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cheap and good meat much more available to the working population. )] TJ ET BT 405.632 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Plenty and Want: A Social )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Diet in England from 1815 to the Present Day)] TJ ET BT 337.340 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Harmondsworth, 1966\), p. 135.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 495.320 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 495.320 263.619 m 549.308 263.619 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 248.287 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 230.507 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 230.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1333)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 229.113 m 328.316 229.113 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 204.136 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 189.736 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/36843)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 377.9815 118.0037 389.8615 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 244.3397 349.4695 298.3277 361.3495 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 167.0117 320.9575 220.9997 332.8375 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 495.3197 263.9335 549.3077 275.8135 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 229.4275 328.3157 241.3075 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1333) >> endobj xref 0 42 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000567 00000 n 0000000649 00000 n 0000004813 00000 n 0000004922 00000 n 0000005032 00000 n 0000005141 00000 n 0000008702 00000 n 0000008830 00000 n 0000008914 00000 n 0000009012 00000 n 0000017126 00000 n 0000017156 00000 n 0000017284 00000 n 0000017320 00000 n 0000017350 00000 n 0000017478 00000 n 0000017514 00000 n 0000017544 00000 n 0000017672 00000 n 0000017708 00000 n 0000017792 00000 n 0000023559 00000 n 0000023589 00000 n 0000023717 00000 n 0000023753 00000 n 0000023865 00000 n 0000030183 00000 n 0000030310 00000 n 0000030365 00000 n 0000030493 00000 n 0000030548 00000 n 0000030676 00000 n 0000030731 00000 n 0000030859 00000 n 0000030914 00000 n 0000031042 00000 n trailer << /Size 42 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31138 %%EOF