%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 25 0 R 30 0 R 54 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721131820+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721131820+01'00') /Title (The Making of New Zealanders) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4494 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Making of New Zealanders)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ron Palenski has long been recognised in New Zealand as one of this country?s more astute sporting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journalists. )] TJ ET BT 90.020 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of New Zealanders)] TJ ET BT 241.352 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is based on his recent doctoral thesis, and it is pleasing to see )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that large topics can be dealt with in the context of a PhD. Nor is Dr Palenski afraid to nail his colours to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mast; against a new anti-nationalist orthodoxy within New Zealand historiography ? an orthodoxy which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaped the )] TJ ET BT 88.004 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Oxford History of New Zealand)] TJ ET BT 264.344 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( even if it was not shared by all the contributors to that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume ? Palenski argues at length that the nation, and national identity, mean something and have done so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in New Zealand since well before 1900.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 225.632 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 225.632 200.649 m 239.624 200.649 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 239.624 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Whereas previous studies have, he says, argued that episodes like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(military participation in the South African War \(1899?1902\) and the All Blacks tour of the British Isles in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1905 established a New Zealand identity, Palenski?s argument is that they simply reflected an identity that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was already well defined.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What, then, does Palenski suggest shaped a national identity? Four chapters deal with key \(the key?\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influences. They are the adoption of a New Zealand standard time in 1868, the rapid improvement in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communications which made a national news media possible, the proliferation of symbols both tangible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(particularly landscape, flora and fauna\) and intangible \(particularly Thomas Bracken?s hymn ?God Defend )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Zealand?, which is now a national anthem\), and distinctive political arrangements. By the 1890s, then, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a distinctive New Zealand identity meant that there was never any likelihood this colony would join the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1334)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 18 October, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ron Palenski)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auckland University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auckland)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim McAloon)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 225.6317 200.9635 239.6237 212.8435 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 6726 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commonwealth of Australia, and the young nation expressed its identity in sporting and martial endeavour. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Because Palenski holds that the national identity was clearly established by 1900 he, mercifully, avoids any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exposition of the clichs \(still reliably trotted out every April 25\) about a nation being born at Gallipoli.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Summarised thus, I find Palenski?s argument persuasive. My criticisms of his book are not of the core )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument but of much of the detail in it ? and I think it unfortunate that he has spent a good deal of space )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussing sport, particularly rugby, and the South African War in chapters that traverse too much already )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familiar ground. The opportunity to explore in real depth what national identity meant for women, for Maori, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for workers is therefore often missed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The importance of a single time-zone is something I need to think about a bit more. A uniform time-zone, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Zealand as elsewhere, became necessary because of the technological developments of the mid-19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, particularly rail and telegraph. The importance of trains running on an agreed clock is evident, but is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it more than a matter of convenience? Australia, after all, has more than one time zone and that did not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevent federation and the recitation of themes of national identity there. It?s plausible to suggest that being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the first jurisdiction to do it conveyed a sense of modernity which is a component of the stories New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealanders like to tell about themselves but what is not pointed out is the circumstance of these islands lying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(north-south \(what would be the consequence of an east-west orientation?\) Perhaps a more modest argument, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a time zone was part of the communications revolution, would be as plausible.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palenski?s arguments about the development of a national news media during the 1870s are much better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made. The telegraph made it easy to circulate news about New Zealand within New Zealand, so that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspapers ceased to concentrate on the parochial and the British. High degrees of literacy were also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important, and newspapers \(particularly weeklies\) were a vehicle for an emerging national literature until )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914, for all that much of what was printed was derivative and trod well-worn themes \(themes, too, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would not always have been foreign to the Sydney literati who mythologised the Australian Bush in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bulletin)] TJ ET BT 72.020 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The symbols of nationhood, as Palenski reminds us, are important in making people a nation when they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identify with common symbols. The common symbols of identity which Palenski identifies as important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include Bracken?s aforementioned ?God Defend New Zealand?, around which a consensus developed fairly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rapidly. As anthems go, it?s not too bad in its sentiments, although it was not until 1977 that it became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officially recognised as a national anthem \(God Save The Queen is still the other one\) so perhaps the case for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a subordinate nationalism could still be made ? as it could around flags as well. Palenski suggests that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early enthusiasm for a flag like the current one demonstrates a healthy sense of national identity; it could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(equally be argued that the persistence of the Union Jack in the corner demonstrates the reverse. Other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unofficial symbolism emphasised landscape, flora and fauna, and a number of environmental historians like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Dunlap have demonstrated how shaping national identity around the indigenous biogeography is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common ground to a number of settler societies.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 265.988 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 265.988 262.371 m 279.980 262.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 279.980 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Adopting Maori symbols and motifs was also commonly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(done before 1900, and postcolonial scholars like Gibbons have been severely critical of the cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriation inherent, as they say, both in identifying with the landscape and in adopting indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbols.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 77.024 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 77.024 219.603 m 91.016 219.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 91.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( I regard Gibbons? arguments as well overdone but there is some merit in the point. Indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbolism could be thoughtlessly and carelessly adopted. Palenski might sensibly have distinguished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between landscape/flora/fauna and indigenous images or artefacts. Tourism promotion was of course closely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(related to this symbolism in the natural and cultural \(i.e. Maori\) landscape. Domestic tourism is perhaps the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underrated bit of the story, for domestic tourists, one imagines, reinforced their sense of themselves as New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealanders through gazing on well-known scenes.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 265.9877 262.6855 279.9797 274.5655 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 77.0237 219.9175 91.0157 231.7975 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 6844 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The discussion of New Zealand exceptionalism is also wide-ranging. Much of the discussion deals with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political arrangements; from 1876 a strong central state supplanted provincial governments and was often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded as the result of a New Zealand identity which had supplanted provincial or old-world identities. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the first acts of the new central state was to legislate for a national system of education, ?free, secular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and compulsory? at primary level. If this inculcated national identity, as Palenski argues, what were the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(component parts of that? What was the national identity inculcated in schoolchildren?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While I?m readily persuaded that the idea of New Zealand as a reformist state was significant in New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealanders? views of themselves, we must remember that Pember Reeves, Albert Metin, and others who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extolled the virtues of antipodean reformism usually emphasised the Australasian story, not the New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealand alone. Palenski is right to emphasise the often-forgotten insistence of the early 1890s Liberal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(premier, John Ballance, that the appointed Governor must act on ministerial advice as a key moment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national independence ? and it is also significant that the Colonial Office in London upheld Ballance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The connection with progressive reform is not just in the rather complacent representations of Pember )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reeves, which became a conservative orthodoxy. Sometimes a radical edge was evident, as when John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ballance declared that)] TJ ET BT 64.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our policy should be formed and matured to suit the interests of the people in New Zealand and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the people who will not leave New Zealand ? we should make New Zealand a place for New )] TJ ET BT 64.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Zealanders to live in ... I care little for the mere capitalist. I care not if dozens of large land-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(owners leave the country ? the prosperity of the colony does not depend upon those classes. It )] TJ ET BT 64.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depends upon ourselves, upon the rise of our industries, and upon markets being secured in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other countries.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 138.668 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 138.668 449.955 m 152.660 449.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 413.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If settler ideology did and does too easily become self-congratulatory about the alleged excellence of ?race )] TJ ET BT 34.016 398.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations? in New Zealand, Palenski is correct to emphasise the significance of guaranteed Maori )] TJ ET BT 34.016 384.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation in the settler parliament from 1867 \(albeit in numbers less than the population would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justified\). His discussion of the South African war highlights the strongly expressed desire of some Maori to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take part \(a suggestion vetoed by the Colonial Office\). The New Zealand government?s desire to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accommodate these wishes, says Palenski, indicated the extent to which Maori were ?absorbed and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embraced? in the national identity. This of course was very selective and partial; Maori were ?absorbed and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embraced? if they did what settlers wanted them to do, and were denigrated as backward, superstitious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obstacles to progress if they expressed a continuing desire for autonomy. The same Premier Seddon who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(championed Maori participation in that war sent gunboats to enforce a dog tax against northern Maori )] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities. Further, of course, while Maori were ?absorbed and embraced? at least on certain conditions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it?s at least arguable that the odious anti-Chinese rhetoric deployed by many good Liberals was, as has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forcefully been argued in the Australian context, a key component of the emerging New Zealand identity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(National identity may be inclusive, but it may define by exclusion. Damon Salesa has recently gone further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and argued that Pacific imperialism ? annexing the Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and, in 1914, Western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samoa ? was also integral to the New Zealand national story, and cannot be relegated to a footnote.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 172.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Palenski?s argument is that national identity was only reflected, not created, in the South African )] TJ ET BT 34.016 158.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war and in sporting endeavours like the 1887 Natives and the 1905 All Blacks, three chapters are devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what are largely familiar accounts of these matters. This is unfortunate for an inattentive reader could think )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Palenski has little new to say. It is the more unfortunate because there is a great deal more on which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some new thinking is urgently required. Rugby and war are, as Jock Phillips argued long ago, key elements )] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a New Zealand masculinity and if national identity is to be thought of in fresh ways then we need to move )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond those old standards. Although Palenski gives some attention to New Zealand nurses in South Africa, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it is largely in terms of the expressed desire of New Zealand soldiers to be cared for by ?their own?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palenski?s national identity is a male affair, and it is not sufficient to note that men, and white men at that, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 138.6677 450.2695 152.6597 462.1495 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 9320 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominated the society. I?m afraid that this masculinized identity is quite explicit, as when Palenski observes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the war ?consolidated a feeling of national identity for New Zealanders. It showed in their ability as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soldiers...? Moreover, the ?distinctive New Zealand identity that had been coalescing for thirty or more years )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was given full rein on the veld of South Africa? \(p. 237\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How then did women identify with ?New Zealand?? Did universal suffrage, won in 1893, mean that women, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as men, celebrated progressive reform as part of their New Zealand identity? Women were far from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(invisible in the labour agitations of the late 1880s; male trade unionists appealed to a rhetoric of avoiding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?old world evils? in their fight for better working conditions. So did female activists. How did this relate to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing national identity? It is often and plausibly suggested that some middle-class women found the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rigors of colonial farm life liberating, for women became economically useful in a way they could not have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been in English circumstances.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 182.660 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 182.660 640.515 m 196.652 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 196.652 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Did this mean that usefulness contributed to women?s sense of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves as New Zealanders? Most of Palenski?s discussion of sport is of male sport; it is clear that girls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and women involved themselves in sport to a considerable extent and I would have wished for some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(innovative thinking on the relationship between sport and identity for women.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is easy enough to identify ?loyalist? Maori rhetoric of adherence to crown and empire ? particularly among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the parliamentarians and leaders of certain tribes ? but that is far from the whole story. Other Maori leaders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were far from enthusiastic about the settler state and actively resisted involvement in the First World War. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much depended on the experience of particular tribal groups. Apirana Ngata was a leading exponent of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crown and empire, and Te Puea Herangi was at best suspicious of the settler state. When Ngata encouraged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maori to volunteer in the First World War, Te Puea actively advocated resistance to conscription; the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire?s confiscation of her people?s land was within living memory.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 373.304 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 373.304 485.955 m 387.296 485.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 387.296 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Te Puea?s perspective is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective of too many Maori for me to feel confident that Palenski?s national identity was widely shared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by Maori. Even among white settlers and their native-born children, the meanings of ?New Zealand? were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contested, and increasingly so after 1900. In 1909?10 the Liberal government became considerably more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(militaristic, donating a Dreadnought to the Royal Navy and then imposing peacetime conscription. For the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supporters of such measures, and there were many, this reflected an understanding of New Zealand in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire; the increasingly vocal anti-militarist movement, which was based in the radical trade unions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objected to the government?s measures precisely because they conceived of New Zealand as independent, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anti-imperialist, and, as we would now say, non-aligned. Palenski?s national identity is consensual, and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that extent a rather partial view. There is, then, much to be said about national identity in New Zealand, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr Palenski?s clear exposition of his argument is to be welcomed. As he says in his conclusion, people do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(live in a country and are of it for good or ill. What that means, however, can be very contentious.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 295.635 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 265.018 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Oxford History of New Zealand)] TJ ET BT 261.356 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Giselle Byrnes \(Melbourne, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 452.324 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 452.324 263.619 m 506.312 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas R. Dunlap, )] TJ ET BT 161.012 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nature and the English Diaspora: Environment and History in the United States, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Canada, Australia, and New Zealand)] TJ ET BT 243.368 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 340.688 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 340.688 235.107 m 394.676 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 222.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Gibbons, ?Cultural colonization and national identity?, )] TJ ET BT 358.328 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Zealand Journal of History)] TJ ET BT 513.668 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 36, 1 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2002\), 5?17.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 128.336 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 128.336 206.595 m 182.324 206.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 193.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Zealand Parliamentary Debates)] TJ ET BT 243.008 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 73, 1891, 372?3.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 329.336 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 329.336 192.339 m 383.324 192.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 179.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for instance, Raewyn Dalziel,?The colonial helpmeet: women's role and the vote in nineteenth-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century New Zealand?,)] TJ ET BT 175.640 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( New Zealand Journal of History)] TJ ET BT 333.980 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 11, 2, 1977, 112?23.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 441.308 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 441.308 163.827 m 495.296 163.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 150.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M. P. K. Sorrenson. 'Ngata, Apirana Turupa - biography', from the )] TJ ET BT 386.612 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of New Zealand )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Biography)] TJ ET BT 114.680 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 120.680 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand)] TJ ET BT 325.664 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/biographies/3n5/1)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 121.059 m 295.664 121.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 298.664 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 312.656 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 22 September 2012]. Ann Parsonson. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Herangi, Te Kirihaehae Te Puea - biography', from the )] TJ ET BT 331.928 108.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te )] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand)] TJ ET BT 254.000 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 263.768 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/biographies/3h17/1)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 263.768 92.547 m 501.416 92.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 504.416 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 518.408 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> )] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([accessed 22 September 2012].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 213.308 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 213.308 78.291 m 267.296 78.291 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 53.429 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 39.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Zealand Listener)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 182.6597 640.8295 196.6517 652.7095 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] 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