%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 40 0 R 57 0 R 84 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818075030+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818075030+01'00') /Title (The Quirky Dr Fay: A Remarkable Life) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3041 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Quirky Dr Fay: A Remarkable Life)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Old historians, like old soldiers, don?t die; they simply fade away. A paradox of the historical profession is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the widespread disregard shown towards ancestors. We all aspire to write groundbreaking workthat will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pass the test of time, but the sad truth is a given monograph will have a short shelf life and quickly join what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. M. Trevelyan called ?the great unread?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 239.612 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 239.612 229.161 m 253.604 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 253.604 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Part of the problem lies in the exponential growth in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published output: quite simply, too much being produced for a single mind to read, much less absorb, more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than a tiny fraction of the output. Another reason for posterity?s disdain was identified by Neil Jumonville, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself the biographer of an historian:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1344)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 8 November, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hugh Gault)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780956204158)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(11.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gretton Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Doug Munro)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 239.6117 229.4755 253.6037 241.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R 26 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 38 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8404 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 772.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History is really, ironically, the least grateful of disciplines ? it?s difficult for a historian to be )] TJ ET BT 64.016 758.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered for his history. Historians tend to after 20 or 30 years, after a book is published, to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throw it on the proverbial dust bin. And we don?t read our old historians like those in literature )] TJ ET BT 64.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read their old greats. I mean in the field of history, we?re far more embarrassed by our past than )] TJ ET BT 64.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we should be. You know, we don?t look back to our Melvilles or to our Emersons like those in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature do. And so really ironically, history is one of the least historical of the humanities in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that respect.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 122.000 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 122.000 685.539 m 135.992 685.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many biographies of historians are rescue missions, written to restore a reputation which the biographer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feels has unjustly fallen into abeyance. More often than not biographies of historians are about rediscovery, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if not redemption, and Hugh Gault?s life of Charles Ryle Fay \(1884?1961\) is no exception. Gault clearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deplores that Fay?s star is so much on the wane \(pp. vi, 182?4\), despite Fay?s output of some 20 books. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is often also an affinity and sense of fellow feeling by biographers toward their subject, and again )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gault is no exception. As he explains, he was initially attracted by Fay?s ?unconventional? )] TJ ET BT 473.288 577.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Huskisson and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(his Age)] TJ ET BT 69.680 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1951\). The attraction turned into a fascination about its author and he wants to share this fascination.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fay entered Cambridge University in 1902 to read economics. He completed a DSc at LSE \(published in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1908 as )] TJ ET BT 74.012 522.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cooperation at Home and Abroad)] TJ ET BT 238.676 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), which Cambridge never recognised. Nonetheless, he returned to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge in 1907 as a Fellow of Christ?s College. Wartime service interrupted his career but in 1921 he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left for Canada as Professor of Political Economy at Toronto, returning to Cambridge in 1930 to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Readership that had been created for him \(pp. 129?30\). As Gault points out Fay was no narrow specialist but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(roamed the historiographic landscape: ?following his nose as a researcher where the facts and his interests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(led him? \(p. 173\) and ?continually connecting his personal experience with his professional interests? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(114\). Grounded in the disciplines of economics and history \(p. 7\), he was something of a public intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in being an advocate of agricultural cooperation and women?s rights, as well as being active in various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional associations. A friend recalled that Fay was ?a memorable personality? \(p. 108\) and Gault?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summation is that ?His life was eventful, fast-paced, at times heroic and one lived to the full. Not all his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing was high quality, but his best was exciting, enjoyable and insightful? \(p. 185\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All the more strange that Fay, whom Gault describes as ?a man who could make things happen? \(pp. 132, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(186\), is so little known. In a recent journal article, Peter Ludlow observed that Fay is ?remarkable only for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his obscurity?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.012 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.012 323.907 m 118.004 323.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 118.004 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Part of the answer might perhaps be that Fay?s versatility meant that specialists might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(know one aspect of his output but be unaware of the rest. In support of this contention, one could mention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Fay has been most in evidence in writings relating to the Cambridge economists John Maynard Keynes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Alfred Marshall )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 134.324 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 134.324 281.139 m 148.316 281.139 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 148.316 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, rather thanin writings relating to historians. And this despite making an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conceptual breakthrough, which Gault doesn?t mention, in formulating the idea of ?informal empire? ? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notion that European powers could exploit overseas areas economically without going to the trouble and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expense of outright annexation \(or ?formal empire?\). This is a common enough scenario: findings become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absorbed into the literature and their origins \(and originator\) are forgotten. But not quite: it is still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered that the idea originated with Fay, although the concept is most commonly associated with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallagher and Robinson's famous 1953 article on ?The Imperialism of Free Trade?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 435.428 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 435.428 195.603 m 449.420 195.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 449.420 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Nor is Fay entirely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forgotten as a Cambridge-based historian of empire. He gets mentioned in Ronald Hyam?s survey of such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians, but not to the same extent as J. W. Davidson, the founding father of Pacific Islands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography, whose appropriation of ?informal empire? was important in defining the ?new? Pacific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Islands historiography.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 144.008 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 144.008 138.579 m 158.000 138.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 158.000 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( And one struggles to find Fay in the biographies of his contemporary historians in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England. He is not mentioned in the biography of fellow economic historian Eileen Power and receives but a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few passing mentions in the biography of Harold Temperley, a ?close friend? and best man at Fay?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wedding \(pp. 25, 49, 140\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 161.336 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 161.336 95.811 m 175.328 95.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 175.328 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Fay?s obscurity is rather difficult to explain at times.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is much the same for Canada. Fay gets a couple of brief mentions in biographies of his Toronto colleague )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harold Innis, on one occasion being described as ?an established scholar with something of a reputation?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 541.592 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 541.592 55.299 m 555.584 55.299 l S endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 121.9997 685.8535 135.9917 697.7335 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.0117 324.2215 118.0037 336.1015 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 134.3237 281.4535 148.3157 293.3335 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 435.4277 195.9175 449.4197 207.7975 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 31 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 144.0077 138.8935 157.9997 150.7735 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 161.3357 96.1255 175.3277 108.0055 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 541.5917 55.6135 555.5837 67.4935 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 43 0 R 46 0 R 49 0 R 52 0 R 55 0 R ] /Contents 41 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Length 7806 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From the point of view of reputation, the paucity of mentions in colleagues? biographies is worrying enough. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More serious is the almost complete silence about Fay in studies of the English-speaking historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(profession in Canada.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 138.332 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 138.332 766.563 m 152.324 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 152.324 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The author of one of these works told me that Fay was ignored because he ?built )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his career outside of Canada and didn?t seem to correspond with Canadian historians?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 450.272 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 450.272 752.307 m 470.264 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 470.264 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Fay not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(started and consolidated his career in England \(and later Northern Ireland\) but he published little on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Canadian history during his time at Toronto; his major work during this period was )] TJ ET BT 436.664 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Great Britain from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Adam Smith to the Present Day)] TJ ET BT 185.000 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1928\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The relative silence on Fay leaves his biographer with the field wide open. One strand of Gault?s discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involves Fay the person. Gault uses the word ?quirky?, whose shades of meaning include ?idiosyncratic?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?unusual?, ?peculiar?, ?odd?, ?strange? and ?unpredictable?. So what does ?quirky? really mean? Gault is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under no illusions that Fay ?could be both an insufferable colleague at times and, perhaps frequently, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult to live with? \(p. 11\). Unlike many recent biographies of historians, there is little here on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynamics of Fay?s marriage \(p. 182\) or his family life, and this despite Gault having interviewed relatives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and in-laws and immediate family members ? one of whom considered Fay ?insufficiently domesticated? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(v\). There is some discussion on relations with colleagues, but one gets little sense in the body of the text of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fay having an insufferable quality. Take the description by John Maynard Keynes \(a fellow student at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge\) of Fay?s company during a mountaineering trip in the Pyrenees in 1907:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fay is only a qualified success, I think. Fortunately we like him, so it is not a failure but \(1\) ? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fay, being absolutely the worst walker and mountaineer I have ever seen, either delays us for )] TJ ET BT 64.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hours, or has to be left behind; \(2\) he is too ugly. Ugliness of face, hands, body, clothes, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manners are not, I find, completely overbalanced by cheerfulness, a good heart, and an average )] TJ ET BT 64.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intelligence.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 123.008 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(11\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 123.008 459.699 m 143.000 459.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Keynes is at his catty and patronising worst, but he does hint that Fay was not socially integrated to any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marked degree. Gault makes the point that Fay suffered shell shock in the First World War and that he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experienced at least three nervous breakdowns. There is more than a possibility that the shell shock )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exacerbated existing personality traits; in short, he was a strange and sometimes disconcerting man. I rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suspect that Fay and Temperley were good friends because the latter?s unlovely personality was an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attraction. Fay?s ?quirkiness? would undoubtedly have prevented or impeded other friendships from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing. Whatever the case, the C. R. Fay that emerges in the text is a good deal mellower than the one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foreshadowed in the book?s ?Introduction?, and it is a fair guess that much of the evidence from family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members has been withheld.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fay?s idiosyncrasies may have contributed to his success as a teacher of undergraduates. Not all biographies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of historians deal with pedagogic issues but this one does \(pp. 89, 101?2\). On the other hand, no indication is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(given as to how Fay wrote his 20 or so books, some of which were substantial. It is almost as if they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magically materialised out of nowhere. All this is to say that a biographer of an historian has to make tough )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choices as to what to put in and what to leave out, what to emphasise and what to elide. An intractable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem is the balancing act between the life and the works and the need to avoid concentrating on one to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the undue exclusion of the other. There are, indeed, sterile intellectual biographies whose authors separate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the private and the profession and seemingly deny that the circumstances of a given historian will influence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how he or she thinks and writes.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 188.996 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(12\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 188.996 167.091 m 208.988 167.091 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 208.988 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Gault tends somewhat in the other direction. It is not that he ignores )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fay?s )] TJ ET BT 65.012 154.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(oeuvre)] TJ ET BT 97.664 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Far from it. But extensively quoting the opinions of contemporary reviewers, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relevant, is no substitute for Gault?s own assessments. Gault does provide his own analysis from time to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time, as distinct from summarising the contents \(eg. pp. 86?7, 105?6, 172?4\). More in the same vein would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been welcome.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gault has made good use of numerous sets of personal papers in Cambridge and London. There are, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, some oversights. There is relevant material in a set of Fay Papers at the Fisher Library, University )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Toronto, including a 1928 journal entitled ?Western Tour?, concerning farming in the Canadian west.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 534.932 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(13\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 534.932 55.299 m 554.924 55.299 l S endstream endobj 42 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 138.3317 766.8775 152.3237 778.7575 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 45 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 450.2717 752.6215 470.2637 764.5015 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 123.0077 460.0135 142.9997 471.8935 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 51 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 188.9957 167.4055 208.9877 179.2855 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj [40 0 R /Fit] endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 56 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 534.9317 55.6135 554.9237 67.4935 ] >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 60 0 R 63 0 R 66 0 R 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R 74 0 R 76 0 R 78 0 R 80 0 R 82 0 R ] /Contents 58 0 R >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Length 10231 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More to the point, there is a more extensive set of Fay Papers in the Public Records Office of Northern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland \(PRONI\) in Belfast which contains drafts and research notes from the 1930s and correspondence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the late 1940s.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 130.004 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(14\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 130.004 766.563 m 149.996 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 149.996 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The likely reason these papers are in PRONI is because Fay, following his wife?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death in 1951, went to live with his son in Belfast, which he used as ?his base camp? until the end of his life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. v, 170\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Recourse to the material at PRONI would have strengthened Gault?s discussion of Fay?s final years and, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular, his invitation by the Memorial University of Newfoundland, in 1953, to a deliver series of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lectures, published three years later as )] TJ ET BT 219.632 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Life and Labour in Newfoundland)] TJ ET BT 382.988 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Gault partially summarises the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lectures \(p. 176\) but without mentioning their pronounced anti-Catholic and anti-Irish strain. Fay?s residence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Belfast only hardened these attitudes, whose expression caused considerable offence with his more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecumenical sponsors in Newfoundland. These points and more are revealed in Peter Ludlow?s previously-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cited article on Fay?s Newfoundland excursion, which draws in part on the material in PRONI.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 490.604 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 490.604 626.259 m 510.596 626.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 510.596 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerges from Ludlow?s discussion that Fay urged Newfoundlanders to preserve their historical records and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to ?get their stories written down?. In appointing Fay, Memorial University sought to foster an interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local history and in the process to enhance its scholarly reputation. Moreover, Memorial?s interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collecting archival sources and in sponsoring local history continued well after Fay?s departure.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 494.264 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(16\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 494.264 569.235 m 514.256 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 514.256 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In short, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Newfoundland excursion is far more significant and interesting than Gault?s gloss would suggest.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In all, Hugh Gault \(and Peter Ludlow\) have done much to raise the profile and restore the reputation of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant intellectual figure. Charles Ryle Fay has been rescued from the shadows and now has a place in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the historiographical hall of remembrance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 436.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quoted in David Cannadine, )] TJ ET BT 204.332 436.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(G. M. Trevelyan: A Life in History)] TJ ET BT 370.316 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1993\), p. xii.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 482.312 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 482.312 434.691 m 536.300 434.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 421.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neil Jumonville \(interviewed by Jacki Lyden\), ?Henry?s history?, National Public Radio, )] TJ ET BT 496.628 421.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Weekend All )] TJ ET BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Things Considered)] TJ ET BT 155.024 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 7 March 1999 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 238.112 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://mailer.fsu.edu/~njumonvi/rev-hsc2.htm)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 238.112 406.179 m 457.604 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 460.604 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 474.596 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 24 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(September 2012]; Jumonville, )] TJ ET BT 212.012 393.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Henry Steele Commager: Midcentury Liberalism and the History of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Present)] TJ ET BT 100.676 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chapel Hill, NC, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 223.004 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 223.004 377.667 m 276.992 377.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 364.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Ludlow, ?Searching for the past, writing for the present: Charles Ryle Fay and Newfoundland?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contested past?, )] TJ ET BT 143.000 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Acadiensis: Journal of the History of the Atlantic Region)] TJ ET BT 416.324 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 39, 2 \(2010\), 90.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 502.316 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 502.316 349.155 m 556.304 349.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 336.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Most recently, Peter Groenewegen, )] TJ ET BT 236.636 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Minor Marshallians and Alfred Marshall: An Evaluation)] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 2011\), pp. 136?48.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 217.664 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 217.664 320.643 m 271.652 320.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 307.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. R. Fay, ?The movement towards free trade, 1820?53?, in )] TJ ET BT 354.296 307.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Cambridge History of the British )] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Empire)] TJ ET BT 99.344 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. J. Holland Rose, A. P. Newton and E. A. Benians \(Cambridge, 1940\), p. 399; John )] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gallagher and Ronald Robinson, ?The imperialism of free trade?, )] TJ ET BT 381.620 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Economic History Review)] TJ ET BT 506.264 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Second )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Series, 6, 1 \(1953\), 1?15; Dennis R. Hidalgo, ?The evolution of history and informal empire: )] TJ ET BT 512.636 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(La )] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Decena Trgica)] TJ ET BT 141.668 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the British press?, )] TJ ET BT 246.332 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos)] TJ ET BT 424.976 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 23, 2 \(2007\), 318?19, n. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2; Andrew Thompson, ?Afterword: informal empire: past, present and future?, )] TJ ET BT 444.272 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bulletin of Latin )] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Research)] TJ ET BT 158.324 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 27 \(2008\), 229 \(Supplement: Special Issue on ?Informal Empire in Latin )] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(America?\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.656 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.656 206.595 m 171.644 206.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 193.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ronald Hyam, ?The study of imperial and commonwealth history at Cambridge, 1881?1981: founding )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fathers and pioneering research students?, )] TJ ET BT 267.956 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History)] TJ ET BT 500.288 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 29, 3 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2001\), 81?4, 88, 95 \(Davidson\); 77, 83, 89, 96, n. 11 \(Fay\); J. W. Davidson, )] TJ ET BT 435.980 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Study of Pacific )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History: An Inaugural Lecture delivered in Canberra on 25 November 1954)] TJ ET BT 429.980 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Canberra, 1955\), p. 5; )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidson, ?Problems of Pacific history?, )] TJ ET BT 263.660 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Pacific History)] TJ ET BT 389.324 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 1 \(1966\), 7. True to Cambridge )] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(snobberies, Davidson refers to ?Mr. C. R. Fay?. Having done postgraduate work in Pacific Islands )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history in the 1970s, I am already familiar with Fay, by name at least. This would ? or should! ? apply )] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to any historian of the Pacific Islands of my generation.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 330.644 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 330.644 92.547 m 384.632 92.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 79.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maxine Berg, )] TJ ET BT 133.004 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Woman in History: Eileen Power, 1889?1940)] TJ ET BT 363.320 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Cambridge, 1996\); John D. Fair, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Harold Temperley: A Scholar and Romantic in the Public Realm)] TJ ET BT 374.984 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Newark, DE, 1992\), pp. 39, 225, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(295, 310, n. 2.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 133.016 51.173 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 133.016 49.779 m 187.004 49.779 l S endstream endobj 59 0 obj [57 0 R /Fit] endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 130.0037 766.8775 149.9957 778.7575 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 62 0 obj [57 0 R /Fit] endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 64 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 490.6037 626.5735 510.5957 638.4535 ] >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 65 0 obj [57 0 R /Fit] endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 67 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 494.2637 569.5495 514.2557 581.4295 ] >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 482.3117 435.0055 536.2997 446.8855 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 71 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 238.1117 406.4935 457.6037 418.3735 ] >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://mailer.fsu.edu/~njumonvi/rev-hsc2.htm) >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 73 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 223.0037 377.9815 276.9917 389.8615 ] >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 75 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 502.3157 349.4695 556.3037 361.3495 ] >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 77 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 217.6637 320.9575 271.6517 332.8375 ] >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 79 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.6557 206.9095 171.6437 218.7895 ] >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 28 0 R >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 81 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 330.6437 92.8615 384.6317 104.7415 ] >> endobj 81 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 82 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 83 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 133.0157 50.0935 187.0037 61.9735 ] >> endobj 83 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 84 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 86 0 R 88 0 R 90 0 R 92 0 R 94 0 R 96 0 R 98 0 R 100 0 R 102 0 R 104 0 R 106 0 R 108 0 R 110 0 R ] /Contents 85 0 R >> endobj 85 0 obj << /Length 7310 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donald Creighton, )] TJ ET BT 156.344 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Harold Adams Innis: Portrait of a Scholar)] TJ ET BT 361.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Toronto, 1957\), pp. 54 \(quotation\), 55, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(76; 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