%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140916024135+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140916024135+01'00') /Title (Making Sexual History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4774 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Making Sexual History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The age of the historian as public moralist is not quite past. To be sure, most of us today are content to write )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for each other on matters of no particular current concern and harbour little ambition to reach a lay audience, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(let alone convert it. Yet political movements still need usable pasts to instruct and inspire them, and those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians who prove willing to satisfy this demand have acquired an influence outside the profession far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond that of their peers. The New Right needed its Correlli Barnetts, second wave feminism its Sheila )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rowbothams, colonial nationalism its Eric Williams', and the gay community, Jeffrey Weeks. Weeks came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of age during the brief flowering of the Gay Liberation Front in early 1970s London, its exhilaratingly 'new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sense of what was possible' furnishing him with 'a new personal identity... a new sense of belonging, and... a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new political project' to which he has devoted himself for the rest of his life. Before gay liberation he, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common with countless others, had sought to construct a homosexual identity out of fragments: a bit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Baldwin here, a bit of sexology there, overlaid onto personal experiences and social prejudices in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quest for some sense of who he was and how he was to act. After it, thanks in large part to writers like him, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gays had to hand a common history, a collective memory, the rudiments of a shared identity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The essays contained in )] TJ ET BT 151.328 175.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Making Sexual History)] TJ ET BT 261.980 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( illustrate how Weeks has helped to refashion gay identity in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain over the past quarter of a century. It begins with a series of studies of key theorists of sexuality, from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Havelock Ellis to Michel Foucault, identifying what he claims to be a shift from 'scientific' to 'grassroots' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexology. Whereas experts sought to define 'homosexuality' in the late nineteenth and early twentieth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(centuries, he argues, the late twentieth century saw homosexuals intent upon defining themselves. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second and third sections, respectively devoted to history and sociology, pursue this theme of sexual agency )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in describing how 'the erotic is being reinvented by the new sexual movements and day-to-day experiments )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in living'.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But being a latter-day public moralist is no easy task in our era of specialists and professionals. One key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(135)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saturday, 1 July, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeffrey Weeks)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Polity Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marcus Collins)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 16 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7768 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issue is how to reconcile activism to academic research: how, in Weeks' words, his mission to 'remake the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of sexuality' squares with his ambition to 'understand' it. This appears to have been an easier task in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the late sixties and seventies, when gay and feminist historians alike felt it sufficient to restore the past to its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rightful owners, to identify historical oppression, resurrect forgotten heroes and, perhaps most important of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all, to demonstrate the socially constructed nature of their present condition. If existing models of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexuality, masculinity and femininity had been imposed upon women and gays in the past, it was at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once possible and desirable that they should reinvent them in the present. Weeks' sympathy for such an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach can be seen in the critiques of Havelock Ellis, Mary McIntosh and Dennis Altman contained in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume. McIntosh and Altman exploded the 'liberal' sexological consensus which Ellis epitomised, namely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that 'inversion' could be categorised as a distinct condition resulting from some biological or psychological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abnormality. Weeks' work has likewise sought to blur the boundaries between homosexuality and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heterosexuality, claiming with Michel Foucault that the modern 'homosexual' was a late nineteenth century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Today, however, such a political stance is open to challenge from a number of angles. To begin with, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of sexuality shows signs of outgrowing its politicised origins. While Weeks is surely right to argue )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that its early innovators were 'self-proclaimed sexual dissidents' driven by 'as much "political" and "purely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic"' concerns, this is no longer the case. The more respectable the discipline has become, the less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overtly political are its exponents, with the worthy Oxbridge monographs produced by the likes of Michael )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mason and Simon Szreter wearing the colours of no identifiable cause. The biases of straight male authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are doubtless harder to detect, but these appear dispassionate works on subjects of negligible political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(import. Their archival burrowing and exhaustive number-crunching also contradict Weeks' claim that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('traditional historical methods have proved inadequate to the understanding of sexuality'. Though unusual in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its interdisciplinary methodology and the universal interest of its subject-matter, the history of sexuality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appears to be becoming just one more sub-discipline replete its own)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 359.972 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( e-mailing lists )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 359.972 455.187 m 434.312 455.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 437.312 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 451.304 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( catering for arcane )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quite where Weeks himself fits into a less politicised historiography of sexuality is unclear. For all his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment, he has never been a tub-thumper. His key contributions to the history of sexuality, )] TJ ET BT 497.972 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Coming Out)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1977\) and )] TJ ET BT 89.336 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sex, Politics and Society)] TJ ET BT 207.320 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1981\), possessed little of the didacticism of some contemporaneous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies: hence their enduring influence. Yet for the past two decades, as this essay collection makes plain, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has largely deserted history in favour of sociological studies of a more discursive, less empirical sort. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would be interesting to know why: one reason, I would guess, is that contemporary commentary is a better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vehicle for the activist-academic than historical research. The past can be mined for components of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity, but mostly it yields detritus and junk, so much useless knowledge more distracting than inspiring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the activist of today. How, after all, can one justify studying Georgian molly-houses when one's friends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are dying of AIDS?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even if we accept a place for politics in academic research, this leaves unresolved which political line to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(follow. Weeks is more than aware that gay intellectuals accord to no single party whip. A major dividing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(line among them is the nature-nurture debate, as the social constructionist orthodoxy of the 1970s and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1980s has come under challenge from geneticists seeking to identify a 'gay gene'. There is also the question )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the relationship between lesbians and gay men. Are the two homosexualities equivalent, with each being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persecuted due to its threat to male heterosexuality, or are they qualitatively different on the grounds that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lesbianism faces a double dose of discrimination? Weeks is a reluctant participant in each of these disputes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the origins of homosexuality, he remains a convinced environmentalist, claiming that his own work has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('conclusively demonstrated the power of culture in giving definition to what or who we are'. This sounds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasonable enough, but his hostility to biological explanations of sexual behaviour leads him to simplify his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opponents' views. The counterargument is not that 'sexuality is simply the domain of nature', but that nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predisposes humans to sexual behaviours which, due to social pressures and personal psychology, they may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(act upon or otherwise. It is not 'unprovable' that a minority of individuals have an in-built predisposition to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexual behaviour, merely as yet unproven, while to raise the nightmare scenario that such a discovery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might lead to 'genetic engineering' eradicating homosexuality is not reason in itself to abandon serious )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 17 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 359.9717 455.5015 434.3117 467.3815 ] >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://homepages.primex.co.uk/~lesleyah) >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6773 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scientific research. It is the duty of scientists to explore and report: that of wider society to decide what to do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with their findings.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Evidently perturbed by the possibility that the geneticists are on to something, Weeks' position shifts on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasion from denying the existence of inherent sexual inclinations to denying their importance. Thus the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quest for an aetiology of homosexuality is in his view the modern-day equivalent of 'count[ing] angels on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(point of a needle', while the question of whether homosexuals are born or made is 'irrelevant' to the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant issue of studying sexuality's 'social organisation'. Yet the problem cannot be so easily side-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stepped, for Weeks' own work is too dependent on a constructionist methodology to remain intact once it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(removed. This much can be seen in his critique of Ellis, in which he argues that the 'conceptual inadequacies' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of his essentialist outlook left him 'trapped within the conservatism that his biological theories dictated.' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since Ellis' categories were so many stereotypes, it was inevitable that they proved insufficient either fully to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explain sexuality or to contain it within its prescriptive typology. From Weeks' constructionist perspective, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ostensible radicalism of Ellis is exposed as 'reactionary' due to its biological underpinnings and, in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting twist on the hydraulic model of drives and discharges, the amorphous, polymorphous nature of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexuality 'always overflows the neat divisions that science simultaneously imposes.' Yet, insofar as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructionism is thrown into doubt, such arguments lose some of their validity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weeks' attitude to the relationship between homosexual men and women also appears to have changed little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(since the early days of gay liberation and its fond hopes for a feminist-gay alliance. The Ellis piece finds him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopting a moderate feminist line according to which women and 'inverts' were joint victims of Ellis' stunted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radicalism, while his solitary attempt at sociological fieldwork, a survey of the 'democratic, egalitarian' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships being pioneered by homosexuals, makes no clear distinction between lesbian and gay couples. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yet constructing a common front against male heterosexuality is not as unproblematic as it might first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear. In the case of Ellis, there remains a fundamental incompatibility between his demonisation at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hands of such radical feminist historians as Sheila Jeffreys and Margaret Jackson, here cited uncritically, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weeks' own \(revised\) view that Ellis and like-minded sexologists were 'on the whole forces for good' due to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their 'liberalising' intent. And, in his analysis of contemporary lesbian and gay relationships, Weeks could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accused of minimising the differences between gay and lesbian lifestyles while maximising the difference )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between them and heterosexuals. Lesbians' generally greater preference for monogamy must surely produce )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(markedly different relationship patterns to those of gay men, yet here such contrasts are dismissed as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('stereotypes'. Moreover, in the absence of any control group, it is difficult to establish whether or not non-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heterosexual relationships are more 'pure', in Anthony Giddens' phrase, than their heterosexual equivalents.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The manner in which )] TJ ET BT 139.328 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Making Sexual History)] TJ ET BT 249.980 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( addresses such profound issues as the relationship between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship and politics, biology and society, lesbians and gays and homosexuality and heterosexuality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(testifies both to the scope of Weeks' interests and the value of his work. That the questions it raises appear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more compelling than the answers it delivers show that there is still a place for public moralists. 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