%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 21 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 35 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150726081405+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150726081405+01'00') /Title (Nineteenth Century Collections Online) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4884 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Nineteenth Century Collections Online)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If we survey the historical profession at the moment, there are plenty of academic squabbles going on, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the great debates that once divided historians seem to be in short supply. Time was when contests over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard of living during the industrial revolution or about post-modernism and its application to the study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history would drive scholars into a frenzy of position taking. At the moment, it feels as if historians have put )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down their weapons. Why is this?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One possibility is that historians are absorbing the impact of digitisation. Our access to historical sources is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being transformed. For some, the requirement of travelling to a distant place and staying in a lonely bed and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(breakfast in order to consult a rare document is no long )] TJ ET BT 302.300 232.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(de rigeur)] TJ ET BT 346.628 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In his most recent book, James Mussell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confidently tells us ?The future of scholarship is digital?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 307.652 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 307.652 217.161 m 321.644 217.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 321.644 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Renewed engagement with primary sources has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps made the age of critical theory redundant. Suddenly, historians are confronted with new archives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and dramatic new ways of accessing those archives. Is it that we are all empiricists now? Well, maybe. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Already, historians are producing new discussions about engaging with these sources. Does retrieving them )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digitally not transform them from what they once were? New questions need to be asked about how we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(access sources and the way we get the sources to speak to each other.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is in the larger context of the digital revolution that I approach Gale Cengage?s )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 426.944 121.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nineteenth Century )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 426.944 119.799 m 523.604 119.799 l S BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Collections Online \(NCCO\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 105.543 m 168.020 105.543 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 171.020 106.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 186.356 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. I always take pride in reading every page of a work I am reviewing. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time I can cheerfully report that I haven?t. Confronted by what I gather is \(currently\) ten million pages of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text, such a task would be impossible.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The brochure for this collection proclaims: ?The 19th century changed the world. Gale is revolutionising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1359)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 13 December, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ray Abruzzi)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gale Cengage Learning)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rohan McWilliam)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 307.6517 217.4755 321.6437 229.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 426.9437 119.9395 523.6037 131.8195 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://gdc.gale.com/nineteenth-century-collections-online/) >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 105.6835 168.0197 117.5635 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://gdc.gale.com/nineteenth-century-collections-online/) >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 26 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 8764 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th century research?. Does this collection measure up to this bold statement? Not quite, but it can claim to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be an essential resource that should be a feature of most digital libraries in universities. It is the natural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sequel to Gale?s )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 115.664 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Eighteenth Century Collections Online)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 115.664 766.737 m 302.660 766.737 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 305.660 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 320.996 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which has already become a much used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research platform. The new collection offers a wide range of primary sources that will be of vital use to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians and students and is likely to establish itself as a key port of call for Victorianists in all disciplines. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, as we will see, some of the new collection is likely to be employed more by scholars of literature and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theatre studies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 55.676 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 88.352 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers documents that have been grouped into four major headings: )] TJ ET BT 416.624 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Asia and the West: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange)] TJ ET BT 201.668 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; )] TJ ET BT 208.004 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Politics and Society)] TJ ET BT 339.008 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; )] TJ ET BT 345.344 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Theatre, Music and Literature)] TJ ET BT 526.352 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(European Literature, 1790?1840)] TJ ET BT 193.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. It is therefore a little )] TJ ET BT 299.996 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ad hoc)] TJ ET BT 332.324 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Whilst it is principally about British history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and culture, there is a fair amount of non-British material \(apart from )] TJ ET BT 368.948 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(European Literature)] TJ ET BT 467.948 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the )] TJ ET BT 491.612 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Asia and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(West)] TJ ET BT 57.344 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( collection includes material from the US State department\). The collection includes material from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th and the 20th centuries. It is also emphatically about the 19th century rather than the Victorian period; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the most significant holdings relate to the early part of the century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each collection can be purchased separately or together as one package. Complaining that a collection of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magnitude is not fully comprehensive is a bit churlish but it is fair to say that some scholars will find it more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful than others, as this review will show. I will discuss how the collection has been sorted and presented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and end with a few observations about where this leaves us.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(True to the liquid nature of online material, I should make clear that in any case this review cannot offer a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete overview because the whole collection is not yet available and is being released incrementally. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(When I looked at it in September 2012, the )] TJ ET BT 243.992 475.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Politics and Society)] TJ ET BT 339.320 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( collection was 98 per cent complete, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Theatre, Music and Literature)] TJ ET BT 215.024 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was \(I am informed by the publisher\) only 25 per cent of the way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there. Of course, in the digital age our engagement with the sources can never be complete. Sources that we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think we know will be recombined and reconnected in new and different ways. By the time this review )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appears, the )] TJ ET BT 94.328 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 127.004 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( may be slightly different, and, in years to come, it may develop in different ways )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the needs and challenges of users \(and presumably through the policies of its publisher\). This does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not, I believe, militate against a proper assessment at this stage.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first thing that should be said is that Gale has put a lot of effort into preserving the original documents. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Digitisation is vital in preservation. This is especially true of newspapers. Many of us, when working at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colindale, have found, when working on hard copies of newspapers, that \(no matter how careful we are\), we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leave a pile of fragments behind on the desk as the papers crumble before our eyes. It is difficult to complain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about a project that prevents wear and tear on fragile documents whilst expanding access to them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Mussell rightly argues, ?Every digitisation project is also an editorial project and all editorial projects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must define in some way what it is they edit ? all editions make some sort of argument about whatever it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they publish?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 101.348 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 101.348 250.371 m 115.340 250.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 115.340 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As I explored the )] TJ ET BT 204.320 251.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 236.996 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, I would have liked more information about the criteria for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection. It is vital for researchers to know why documents are being included and what is not being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(included. What are the absences or silences? This was not always clear. The areas chosen for the four major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topic areas certainly reflect major pockets of research activity as they have been practised. Historians of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empire will find it useful \(though not historians of foreign policy more generally\). Domestic politics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social and cultural issues get good coverage. The concern is that these collections may shape what historians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who do not have access to conventional archives, may feel they can do in future. The truth is that there are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many important sources they will need to consult which have not yet been digitised. If this collection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expands \(I couldn?t find anything about its future direction\) or if other comparable document collections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become available \(which they almost certainly will\), then this will be less of a problem.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of presentation, the )] TJ ET BT 171.992 97.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 204.668 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is linked to the Zotero note-taking programme. It is possible to annotate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and save annotations. Images can also be blown up and, if necessary, rotated. The images are extremely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear. This is particularly important for handwritten documents. I did, however, find myself reflecting that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working through manuscripts in the )] TJ ET BT 208.340 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 241.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( could be very hard work. The screen froze from time to time and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 115.6637 766.8775 302.6597 778.7575 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://gale.cengage.co.uk/product-highlights/history/eighteenth-century-collections-online.aspx) >> endobj 25 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 101.3477 250.6855 115.3397 262.5655 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 29 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Length 6427 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the movement from one screen to another varied in time; it could sometimes be quick but also rather slow.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Every collection is linked to a graphing tool. This permits the user to trace the incidence and frequency of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key words along a time line. The user can then move from the graph directly to the sources. This is one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most useful aspects of the site.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Each section has an attractive point of entry with a brief introduction to the subject \(something I suspect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialists will skip\) but which sets things out for an undergraduate audience. The list of secondary sources )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for each of these sections tends to include work which is heavily out of date \(for example, E. L. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodward?s )] TJ ET BT 100.328 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Age of Reform)] TJ ET BT 190.652 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( from 1962 is cited but not its equivalent in the modern Oxford history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series, Boyd Hilton?s )] TJ ET BT 140.012 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Mad, Bad and Dangerous People)] TJ ET BT 311.324 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). This leaves a curious disjunction between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state of the art digital presentation on the one hand and some rather old fashioned scholarship in the editorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections on the other. There is a need for the NCCO to intersect with 19th-century historiography as it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(currently being practised.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I did think that undergraduates and even postgraduates would need a bit more guidance to accessing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material. I could imagine a student being so daunted by the vastness of the material that he or she would not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(know where to begin. Each specific set of documents has a brief introduction. For example, I opened up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Foreign Office: Japan Correspondence, 1856?1905)] TJ ET BT 319.328 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and found the following introduction:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The FO 371 class contains the correspondence, policy papers, memoranda, and minutes of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political departments of the Foreign Office. It is the most important class for the diplomatic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian or global studies researcher and contains examples of documents described above. The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(files of FO 371 are those of the political and subject departments of the Foreign Office itself, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and as such contain the main policy papers of the senior planning officials in London. They )] TJ ET BT 64.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often include notes of the opinions of cabinet ministers, cabinet papers, intelligence reports, and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence and provide evidence on the interaction between the foreign secretary and his )] TJ ET BT 64.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic advisers. These files are the main source to show how Foreign Office officials in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their departments reached policy positions and what actions, if any, resulted from them.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What follows is a collection of 904 sets of documents. Each document accompanied by a full )] TJ ET BT 64.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 315.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The project organisers have understandably resisted too much explicit editorialising but I felt some specific )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bodies of manuscripts needed more of an introduction in order for scholars and students to recognise their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use and potential.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 260.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Let us look at the different )] TJ ET BT 164.660 260.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 197.336 260.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( collections in turn. These are so varied and extensive that it would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 246.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult to itemise everything and what follows is inevitably selective.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.277 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(British Politics and Society)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It should be said that the )] TJ ET BT 154.676 194.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 187.352 194.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does not include a major source that all 19th?century historians use at one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 179.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time or another: parliamentary papers. These have been digitised and are available from ProQuest but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 165.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(therefore cannot be easily cross-referenced with the Cengage collection. The collection does, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduce Cabinet minutes from 1880?1916. High politics is represented through the papers of Charles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 136.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Fox and of Sir Robert Peel. These are both substantial figures but it is probably fair to say that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 122.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political historians will still need to look elsewhere for sources.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 96.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The social historian will have richer pickings. This collection demonstrates a real attempt to reflect the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topics highlighted by social history as it developed from the 1960s onwards. For that reason, there is a lot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here on crime, riot and popular politics. Many of the sources that went into, say, E. P. Thompson?s )] TJ ET BT 511.964 67.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 53.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Making of the English Working Class)] TJ ET BT 214.352 53.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1963\) can be found in here. Amongst the invaluable collections, I )] TJ ET endstream endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7066 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would particularly point to the digitisation of the Francis Place Papers, which remain a vital source for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular radicalism. Home Office files have been extensively reproduced, particularly those dealing with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disorder of any kind. These include HO 64 at the National Archives \(the records of the Criminal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Department\). We can therefore trace how the British state dealt with popular radicalism. At the same time, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there is a huge amount about the history of the labour movement. To give some idea of the scope of this, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collection of labour movement ephemera includes 282 monographs \(20,673 pages\); four groups of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscripts \(57 items; 2,890 pages\); 1,345 periodical issues \(54,765 articles; 17,348 pages\). Manuscripts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include the quarterly reports of the General Alliance of Operative House and Ship Painters 1878?81. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodical collection goes from the )] TJ ET BT 204.320 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anarchist Labour Leaf)] TJ ET BT 313.664 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to the )] TJ ET BT 346.664 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Yorkshire Factory Times)] TJ ET BT 465.992 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(though I was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unclear in some cases whether the run was complete\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the concerns of modern social history has been to allow the working class to speak for itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(although, more recently, historians have raised questions about this whole enterprise, viewing it as flawed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in its assumptions\). The editors have raided that great bibliography, )] TJ ET BT 361.316 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Autobiography of the Working Class)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and included 174 working-class autobiographies.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 275.648 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 275.648 597.747 m 289.640 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 289.640 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( We find here the voices of men and women in the 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. Many of these works require far greater attention than they have received so far. Now they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likely to get it. There are also pamphlets, song collections and other ephemera.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These fine sources all contain the flavour of the ?history from below? movement \(as it developed up to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mid-1980s\), with its strong emphasis on the rise of labour. Since then, historians have tried to discuss other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of working-class life, reminding us about popular conservatism and popular liberalism. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials for that kind of study \(for example, the records of the Primrose League\) are not in the collection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(yet?\). The )] TJ ET BT 89.660 487.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 122.336 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as it currently stands, ?constructs? the working class as oppositional and unruly. We are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now aware that there are different histories to be written of working-class life that take deference and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriotism seriously.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are other aspects of Victorian society covered. Historians of religion will value the Tractarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pamphlets. The Transactions of the Manchester Statistical Society are an important resource for thinking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the way the ?social? came to be imagined. The same task is performed by the reproduction of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ordnance Surveyors? drawings between 1789 and 1840.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ever populist, the )] TJ ET BT 122.012 363.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 154.688 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( also includes the letters relating to the Jack the Ripper murders. I would not be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprised if these turn out to be the most used parts of the collection.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Asia and the West: Diplomacy and Cultural Exchange)] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection focuses on the opening up of cultural, economic and political relationships with China and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Far East. It uses diplomatic records from both the Foreign Office and the United States State department. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We get despatches from consuls in a variety of Far East postings. Topics include the Opium Wars and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russo-Japanese war.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whilst this collection has a great deal to offer the diplomatic historian, it will prove a key resource for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(missionary studies. It includes missionary correspondence dealing with China, Japan and Korea. We also get )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(missionary periodicals as well as other publications called oddly ?socio-economic journals?. These include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Chinese and General Missionary Gleaner )] TJ ET BT 259.328 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1851?3\) as well as German periodicals such as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mittheilungen des Berliner Frauen-Vereins fur China)] TJ ET BT 291.668 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1888?1900\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 144.485 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(British Theatre, Music and Literature: High and Popular Culture)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection, when complete, will prove to be a great resource for the developing area of popular literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 103.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and print culture. It includes the archives of the Royal Literary Fund \(founded in 1790\), the charity which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 89.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been used to assist struggling authors and their families. This is an important source. Many authors, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needing financial assistance, applied to the fund. These included famous names but the archive is probably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most useful for names who are less well known today but are ripe for re-discovery. It allows us to undertake )] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 275.6477 598.0615 289.6397 609.9415 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R ] /Contents 36 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Length 6215 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of the literary world, including prosopographical work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The papers of the stage include the records of Drury Lane under Sheridan 1776?1832. However, the big )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ticket items are the collections of Barry Ono and Sabine Baring-Gould and Thomas Crampton. Barry Ono )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1876?1941\) was an English variety performer who had a passion for collecting Victorian penny dreadfuls at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a time when these were fairly easy to obtain. He left his collection of roughly 700 titles to the British Library )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where it has been a resource for anyone interested in popular fiction during the 19th century. If one needed a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copy of )] TJ ET BT 73.340 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jack Harkaway Among the Malay Pirates)] TJ ET BT 274.304 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the British Library was the place to go. Now this kind of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material will be available to scholars more generally, and it will not be a surprise if we see a new wave of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of Victorian popular fiction emerge in its wake. The same is true of the Reverend Sabine Baring-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gould, the folklorist, who collected ballads and broadsides. This is one of the best ballad collections and I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have raided it myself in the past. In the same spirit, we have the music dealer Thomas Crampton?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collections of songs. These collections include a great deal of the material produced by James Catnach, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading publisher of broadsides in the 19th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(European Literature, 1790-1840)] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is made up of the library of Victor Amadeus, the Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenberg \(1779?1840\) which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was housed at Castle Corvey, Paderborn, Germany. Not only does it contain 72,000 volumes but it is a major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resource for the study of European Romanticism. This collection was unknown to scholars before the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1970s and promises to make us think in trans-national terms about Romanticism and the literary marketplace.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The coming of the )] TJ ET BT 125.336 491.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(NCCO)] TJ ET BT 158.012 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is clearly an important moment in the development of 19th?century studies. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what is the long-term impact of digitisation going to be? It may be that our admiration for research becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(downgraded. Up to now, we have given historians and other scholars credit for the long hours devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tracing documents, filleting them and staying in bed and breakfasts in unlikely places as the research in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different archives was carried out. Now it is becoming increasingly possible to assemble the sources for an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entire monograph in an afternoon \(though the reading will take much longer\). It may be that we will need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think more deeply about sources, to interrogate them textually and to engage in further discussion of the way )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(we combine historical sources. More profoundly, there may be a much greater emphasis not so much on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical reconstruction but on the arguments we then develop. We move from the age of Olympian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research to a new age of searching analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 298.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Mussell, )] TJ ET BT 140.348 298.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Nineteenth-Century Press in the Digital Age)] TJ ET BT 374.336 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Basingstoke 2012\), p. xii.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 504.668 298.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 504.668 296.643 m 558.656 296.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 283.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ibid, p. 4.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 109.688 283.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 109.688 282.387 m 163.676 282.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 269.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 269.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Autobiography of the Working Class: An Annotated Critical Bibliography)] TJ ET BT 440.360 269.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. John Burnett, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Vincent and David Mayall \(New York, NY, 1984?9, 3 vols.\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 390.956 255.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 390.956 253.875 m 444.944 253.875 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 238.543 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 220.763 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 220.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1359)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 219.369 m 328.316 219.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 194.392 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 179.992 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/44109)] TJ ET BT 34.016 165.592 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://gdc.gale.com/nineteenth-century-collections-online/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://gale.cengage.co.uk/product-highlights/history/eighteenth-century-collections-online.aspx)] TJ ET endstream endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 504.6677 296.9575 558.6557 308.8375 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 109.6877 282.7015 163.6757 294.5815 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 25 0 R >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 390.9557 254.1895 444.9437 266.0695 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 219.6835 328.3157 231.5635 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1359) >> endobj xref 0 45 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000547 00000 n 0000000650 00000 n 0000005586 00000 n 0000005695 00000 n 0000005805 00000 n 0000005914 00000 n 0000009475 00000 n 0000009603 00000 n 0000009687 00000 n 0000009716 00000 n 0000009844 00000 n 0000009880 00000 n 0000010008 00000 n 0000010118 00000 n 0000010245 00000 n 0000010355 00000 n 0000010446 00000 n 0000019263 00000 n 0000019391 00000 n 0000019538 00000 n 0000019568 00000 n 0000019696 00000 n 0000019732 00000 n 0000019797 00000 n 0000026277 00000 n 0000026361 00000 n 0000033480 00000 n 0000033510 00000 n 0000033638 00000 n 0000033674 00000 n 0000033779 00000 n 0000040047 00000 n 0000040175 00000 n 0000040230 00000 n 0000040358 00000 n 0000040413 00000 n 0000040541 00000 n 0000040596 00000 n 0000040724 00000 n trailer << /Size 45 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 40820 %%EOF