%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721235117+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721235117+01'00') /Title (Thicker than Water: Siblings and their Relations, 1780-1920) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4236 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Thicker than Water: Siblings and their Relations, 1780-1920)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thicker than Water)] TJ ET BT 127.340 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an impressive book, both in terms of its quality and its size. At over 400 pages, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presents a daunting challenge to the reviewer with its wide-ranging discussions of the literature on families )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and sibling relationships which span the disciplines of sociology, history and psychology, as well as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fields of literature, poetry and film. The historiographical discussions are leavened by richly textured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descriptions of particular families over the period. The book is organised into three sections: the first section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses diverse disciplinary approaches to the study of the family and the ways in which the social, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural and economic context shaped these approaches. The second section provides an overview of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middle classes \(the group that the book is concerned with\) before exploring sibling relationships at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different stages of the life cycle, whilst the third section adopts a case study approach to explore themes such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as sibling incest, sibling power relationships and sibling loss.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The importance of sibling relationships in the popular imagination is so embedded as to be taken as a given. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It may seem surprising then that historians have almost entirely neglected this topic. Davidoff is not the first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian to note the importance of sibling relationships but never have they been so comprehensively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studied and accorded such importance in shaping personal and public life. The phenomenon of the ?long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family?, a term Davidoff uses to describe the large families that characterised the period from the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decades of the 18th century to the first decades of the 20th century, lies at the heart of this study. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1362)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monday, 9 January, 2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leonore Davidoff)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199546480)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(35.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(464pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eleanor Gordon)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7008 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large, complex webs of kinship relationships were all-encompassing; they shaped individual psyches, sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social identities and often were the engine of economic life. As Davidoff notes:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As in no other time since, sisters and brothers, often in tandem with their spouses and children, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shared material fortunes, social and emotional circles. They worked, played, travelled and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worshipped together ... Above all, they were just there ? an inextricable part of the warp and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weft of existence \(pp. 163?4\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 662.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed Davidoff identifies the decline in family size that began around the third quarter of the 19th century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as ?one of the most dramatic phenomena of the modern period? \(p. 103\), with far-reaching consequences . )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The more widespread availability of birth control and the will to limit fertility coincided to produce a shift in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes and practice over the next 50 years or so that had a ?momentous impact on public as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal life? \(p. 107\). By the end of the 20th century the large Victorian family had more or less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disappeared. The decline of vertical and horizontal kinship ties means that friends and peers have to a large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent displaced siblings, aunts and uncles as the primary source of emotional, social and material support )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the state providing a safety net that has released relatives, often women, from many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibilities that would have fallen to them in the past. The quest for ?me time?, personal fulfilment and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(privacy are encouraged and individual children have far more emotional and financial resources lavished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon them. Of course, the changes have not been universal or linear and there have been losses and gains in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this process. However, Davidoff?s concern is not to address the fruitless quest of establishing whether things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are now better or worse but to illuminate the changes and continuities over time, to shed light on the present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by a greater understanding of the past and to question the ?naturalness? of human behaviour and social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organisation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book begins with a survey of the different disciplinary approaches to the study of the family and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation across a variety of fields. Davidoff notes the relatively recent development of the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the family in Britain which was spearheaded by the historical demographers of the Cambridge group. They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successfully scotched the myth that families in the past were large multi-generational units by demonstrating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the nuclear unit had been statistically dominant for centuries. Sociologists influenced by Parsonian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(functionalism argued that the nuclear family emerged in the 19th century in response to the psychological, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social and economic demands of industrialised society. These approaches led to a focus on the nuclear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family as the significant analytical category and the most important family form, particularly in the 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, and a consequent neglect of the extended family, of the complexity of family forms, of the shifting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meanings given to the category ?family? over time, of the role of the family as an agent of change and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power relations within the family. The work of Michael Anderson, Stephen Ruggles and others has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reinstated the importance of extended families in the past, particularly in the 19th century. Many other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omissions have been redressed by subsequent historians, particularly those who have viewed the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the family through a gender lens. However, gender historians are open to criticism too for the narrow way in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which they have conceived the family. Many feminist historians have been in thrall to the dominant 19th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century discourse of gender, separate spheres, and the enthronement of women as moral guardians of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(household. Consequently, the husband-wife relationship and the parent ?child relationship, particularly that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the mother and child, garnered more attention than other roles and relationships. Davidoff is to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(congratulated for her contribution to addressing this omission and reminding historians of what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychodynamics and popular belief have long known ? that sibling relationships are enduring and of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immense emotional significance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The case studies of the Gladstone, Wordsworth and Freud families are used to explore in more detail some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the themes discussed in part two with a particular focus on sibling intimacy, incest and ?close marriage?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is an obvious rationale for the focus on famous families in that these families will have left extensive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records as well as a clutch of biographers who have trawled through the private correspondence, diaries etc )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and created ready-made accounts . The richness of the sources yielded by such families certainly makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them a compelling study. However, it is a little disappointing that ordinary middle-class families are not a )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6938 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more prominent feature of the book and one also has to ponder how typical these renowned families were. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidoff might justifiably counter that she is less interested in how representative her case studies are than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the insights that they provide into contemporary understandings and meanings of categories often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded as universal or natural. Her discussion of incest reminds us that it is culturally defined, that its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parameters have shifted over time and that official opinion and popular practice have not always coincided. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Authorities were more concerned with adultery than incest in the early modern period and the official policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that those related through marriage were included in the incest taboo was often ignored in practice.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ubiquity of cousin marriage across time and place is charted in chapter nine. For centuries groups as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diverse as the nobility, peasants and Jewish communities viewed close marriage as central to maintaining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic, social and cultural bonds. However, cousin marriage reached its zenith amongst the middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classes of Western Europe in the late 19th century, aided by the combination of their prosperity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fecundity with the decline in mortality. The close marriage practices of the middling strata were not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central to cementing business dynasties and securing the social standing of families, but were an essential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of the process of social class formation. Indeed Davidoff speculates that the religious prohibition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(close marriage in Eastern Europe may have been responsible for the absence of an effective middle class in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capitalist development in that region. Although there has been a weakening of the strictures that define )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incestuous relationships since the 19th century, particularly amongst those of in-law status, paradoxically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cousin marriages in this more permissive age are regarded as abnormal and a cause for comment. Although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Davidoff does not posit a definitive explanation for the shift from acceptance to prescription of close )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage, it is clear that cultural, political and scientific factors all played a role and that primordial instincts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have very little to do with it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thicker than Water )] TJ ET BT 130.340 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an unqualified success in demonstrating the complex mix of economic, social and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural factors that shape families past and present. The forms which families take are not random or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual but dependent on the interaction of economic, social and cultural factors. The ?long family? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterised the ?long 19th century? was a product of its time and place and had immense significance for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychic processes and public life. The shift to a different family form and to a different family ideal from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early decades of the 20th century has had equivalent, but different, individual and social consequences, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although Davidoff is at pains to point out the enduring significance of sibling relations in shaping personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social identity within the smaller contemporary family unit.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whilst )] TJ ET BT 69.020 347.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thicker than Water )] TJ ET BT 165.344 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates the dense linkages between the private life of the family and public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life, it is less successful in exploring the impact of wider social, cultural and economic formations on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychic and emotional processes. In recent years historians have taken an increasing interest in emotional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life and the history of emotions, the basic premise being that emotions are not universal or timeless and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how emotions are expressed and interpreted is shaped by the societies in which they are embedded. Davidoff )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might have engaged with Peter Stearns? view that the needs of a newly industrialised society shaped the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional vocabulary of the Victorian middle classes.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 292.976 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 292.976 260.115 m 306.968 260.115 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 306.968 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Davidoff has done much to alert us to the socially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constructed nature of aspects of families and family life that have often been presented as universal or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?natural?. However, there is little attempt to problematise the feelings of the past and to see them as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(product of time and place or to interrogate the meanings given to named emotions. The detailed case studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she draws on could have yielded sufficient source material to provide a more nuanced picture of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional community of the middle classes than the broad sweep provided by Stearns. Given that a central )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aim of the book is to highlight the dramatic impact of the decline in family size on public and personal life, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fuller exploration of the continuities and changes in the emotional landscape of the Victorian bourgeoisie, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at least their sibling relationships, would have been welcome if challenging.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 292.9757 260.4295 306.9677 272.3095 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 2534 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Thicker than Water )] TJ ET BT 130.340 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has much to commend it but it does not add much to our scant knowledge of this aspect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the history of family life. Perhaps historians have to accept the limitations of their discipline as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their sources or perhaps this is an area ripe for an interdisciplinary approach that can harness the concepts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychology, anthropology, psychoanalysis and other disciplines to an understanding of the emotional and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychic impact of sibling relationships in the past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 692.547 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 661.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 661.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter N. Stearns with Carol Z. Stearns,?Emotionology: clarifying the history of emotions and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emotional standards?, )] TJ ET BT 171.668 647.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 328.652 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 90, 4 \(October 1985\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 438.296 647.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 438.296 646.275 m 492.284 646.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 621.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author does not wish to respond to this review.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 595.157 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 580.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History Today)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 566.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2012/05/thicker-water-siblings-and-their-relations)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 565.251 m 443.984 565.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 446.984 566.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 561.919 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 544.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 544.139 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1362)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 542.745 m 328.316 542.745 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 517.768 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.368 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/45269)] TJ ET BT 34.016 488.968 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2012/05/thicker-water-siblings-and-their-relations)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 438.2957 646.5895 492.2837 658.4695 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 565.5655 443.9837 577.4455 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2012/05/thicker-water-siblings-and-their-relations) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 543.0595 328.3157 554.9395 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1362) >> endobj xref 0 29 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000562 00000 n 0000000644 00000 n 0000004932 00000 n 0000005041 00000 n 0000005151 00000 n 0000005260 00000 n 0000008821 00000 n 0000008949 00000 n 0000009033 00000 n 0000009098 00000 n 0000016159 00000 n 0000016243 00000 n 0000023234 00000 n 0000023264 00000 n 0000023392 00000 n 0000023428 00000 n 0000023526 00000 n 0000026113 00000 n 0000026241 00000 n 0000026296 00000 n 0000026423 00000 n 0000026558 00000 n 0000026686 00000 n trailer << /Size 29 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26782 %%EOF