%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 25 0 R ] /Count 3 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150301213900+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150301213900+00'00') /Title (The Meeting Place: M?ori and P?keh? Encounters, 1642-1840) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4700 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Meeting Place: M?ori and P?keh? Encounters, 1642-1840)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vincent O'Malley is an experienced and respected historian of Treaty of Waitangi claims research. He has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published widely in aspects of Crown-M?ori interactions, including the books )] TJ ET BT 410.984 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Agents of Autonomy: M?ori )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Committees in the Nineteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 217.340 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 223.340 244.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Beating Heart: A Political and Socio-Economic History of Te )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Arawa)] TJ ET BT 66.020 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 89.348 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Treaty of Waitangi Companion: M?ori and P?keh? from Tasman to today)] TJ ET BT 465.680 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 468.680 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 468.680 229.161 m 482.672 229.161 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vincent O'Malley has specialised in Treaty of Waitangi research for the past two decades. For O'Malley, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the many others of us who have worked in this area, the focus is predominately the aftermath of the signing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Treaty of Waitangi, 6 February 1840. In this book, O'Malley focusses instead on early encounters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between M?ori as )] TJ ET BT 122.324 161.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tangata whenua)] TJ ET BT 199.328 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or people of the land, and the European explorers and settlers who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encountered this southern land, from 1642 onwards. The key focus of )] TJ ET BT 370.952 147.275 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Meeting Place)] TJ ET BT 461.600 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1814 and 1840 when, according to O'Malley, the characteristics of the middle ground were most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obvious.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is sometimes said that history reflects the time it is written as much as the period that is written about. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vincent O'Malley's book is one of a number of historical works published recently which focuses on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early period of contact in Aotearoa/New Zealand between M?ori and newly-arriving P?keh?. These include )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan Druett's )] TJ ET BT 99.500 49.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tupaia: The Remarkable Story of Captain Cook's Polynesian Navigator)] TJ ET BT 445.400 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and Alison Jones and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1366)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 17 January, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vincent O'Malley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781869405946)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(320pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auckland University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auckland)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Therese Crocker)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 468.6797 229.4755 482.6717 241.3555 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8200 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kuni Jones? )] TJ ET BT 96.008 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Words between us ? He K)] TJ ET BT 220.328 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?rero: First M?ori ? P?keh? Conversations on Paper)] TJ ET BT 477.980 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 480.980 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 480.980 795.075 m 494.972 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 494.972 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Of course )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these early interactions have long been an attractive area for researchers since the work of Anne Salmond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Judith Binney raised the profile of this period. Do we look back to the beginning as an attempt to better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understand the present, or at least to better understand how we got to the present?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Meeting Place)] TJ ET BT 137.660 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Vincent O'Malley presents a period of New Zealand history when the balance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power was set to change irreconcilably. He concentrates on the early years of encounter between M?ori and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early European arrivals. The model that O'Malley uses for these early interactions is that of the 'middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ground', as first presented by Richard White in his ground-breaking history of the Great Lakes region of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(North America, first published twenty years ago. White identified certain elements which are necessary for a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middle ground to emerge, namely confrontation, a rough balance of power, a mutual need or desire for what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other possesses, and an inability of either side to commandeer enough force to compel the other to do )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what it desired. These elements existed in the Great Lakes Region of America between 1650 and 1815. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O'Malley contends that these conditions existed in Aotearoa/New Zealand in the years 1642?1840, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular in the years between 1814 and 1840 \(p. 8\). During this period both M?ori and P?keh? sought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriate goods, technology, and access to their own ends, and in seeking these, each culture influenced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other. The existence of this rough balance of power will not be a new concept for anyone familiar with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the tentative establishment of early European settlement. Were it not for the acceptance and generosity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their M?ori hosts the early mission stations would not have been able to survive. Likewise many sealers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(located on remote corners of New Zealand were at the mercy of these hosts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The strength of O'Malley's book is in drawing together many sources and threads into one publication. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example the works of Anne Salmond, Judith Binney, Angela Ballara and others have been used to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrate the interaction and exchange between M?ori and P?keh? cultures in this key period. O'Malley )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brings new evidence to well-known historical events, such as the encounter between the expedition of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch explorer Abel Tasman and Ng?ti Tumatakokiri in Golden Bay at the north-western tip of the South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Island in December 1642. O'Malley describes the cross-cultural miscommunication which resulted in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death of several of Tasman's crew and unknown damage and injury to Ng?ti Tumatakokiri. Much of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O'Malley's account is based on Tasman's Journals and references Anne Salmond's )] TJ ET BT 430.244 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Two Worlds)] TJ ET BT 488.588 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 491.588 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 491.588 400.419 m 505.580 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 505.580 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O'Malley also attempts to add an extra level of understanding to the situation through reference to recent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work by archaeologist Ian Barber, who has suggested that Tasman's ships arrived in a key place for food and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gardening, 'at the height of the k?mara growing season' \(p.19\). The suggestion is that these new arrivals may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been seen as threatening local food resources, which constitutes a new reading of this episode in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Golden Bay.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Meeting Place )] TJ ET BT 127.664 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depicts a vibrant, dynamic period of 'mutual discovery', as M?ori and P?keh? interacted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and adjusted to each other. O'Malley reminds us that this was not a one-sided, one-way relationship. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M?ori society this was neither a period of outright resistance to change, nor a period of being assimilated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into European society. Rather, this was a period of selective engagement with a new way. During this period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key aspects of M?ori society remained in place, with some adaptation to preferred aspects of European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society. For example, O'Malley follows the adventures of several M?ori who travelled to England during this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period and seemed to adapt to aspects of English society, yet on return to New Zealand ?abandoned? any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trappings of English culture. Te Pehi Kupe of Ngati Toa was one such adventurer, travelling to England in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(February 1825. Te Pehi's travels in England were recorded, but what he made of his experiences can only be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guessed. On his return to New Zealand it was observed that Te Pehi had not been 'altered fundamentally as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(result of his time in England' \(p. 68\). M?ori society and the individuals in it were ultimately altered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamentally by the coming of Europeans, but that change sits outside the period of this study. O'Malley is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interested in that period of interaction, of encounter held in the balance, before population and power tipped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the )] TJ ET BT 88.676 118.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tangata whenua)] TJ ET BT 165.680 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O'Malley tells us that 'the nature and extent of contact and encounter varied greatly from one end of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country to the other' \(p. 70\). Given the geography of New Zealand?s long islands this variation is hardly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprising. However, the reader is left with less of a sense of how this variation played out on the ground. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The focus tends to be on the Bay of Islands, in the north of the North Island, which was often the first port of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 480.9797 795.3895 494.9717 807.2695 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 491.5877 400.7335 505.5797 412.6135 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 6765 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(call for travellers and explorers. Although O'Malley alludes to variation in experience between geographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locations the details and effect on the ground are not always fully examined. For example, O'Malley writes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the increased use of cash as a method of payment in the Bay of Islands from the mid 1830s, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concluding, 'With the barter economy now at least partly replaced by a cash one, and with the much earlier )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction of direct bargaining and immediate repayment, it might have appeared that Bay of Islands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(M?ori had fully integrated themselves into the new capitalist order of things' \(p. 116\). We are left wondering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when this adoption of the cash economy spread to other parts of the country, which leads to the question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether these multiple experiences in distinct geographical locations and in separate time periods can be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewed as a single experience, despite the different fronts and manifestations. There was great variation, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, between the ?missionary north? and the ?sealer south?. With this variation of encounter and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience, was there a singular meeting place or multiple meeting places?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A study such as this relies predominantly on the survival of written observations. Naturally this written )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(record is dominated by those early explorers, missionaries, and settlers, as M?ori was not a written language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prior to the 1820s. As O'Malley points out, 'those ?observers? were hardly innocent bystanders' \(p. 2\). Even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European sources are biased towards the more educated. O'Malley is up front about the limitations these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources may present and points out that within the available sources there is great variation between groups, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as the missionaries and others. The work, as with any dealing with this early encounter period, should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be read with these limitations in mind.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O'Malley presents a lively view of early encounter history. He demonstrates the meeting of M?ori and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P?keh? as a 'dynamic, fluid and evolving process of mutual discovery, reaction, adjustment and reflection' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 10\). However this mutual benefit could not last. The model of the middle ground only held as long as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each party in the situation had a mutual need of the other and within a few short years the situation changed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By the 1850s the P?keh? population was growing and the balance of power shifted irreconcilably. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion, Vincent O'Malley suggests that lessons from those early encounters could be drawn on in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary M?ori and P?keh? relations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 395.427 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 364.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vincent O?Malley, )] TJ ET BT 158.996 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Agents of Autonomy: M?ori Committees in the Nineteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 478.976 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Wellington, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1998\); Vincent O?Malley and David Armstrong, )] TJ ET BT 300.980 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Beating Heart: A Political and Socio-Economic )] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Te Arawa )] TJ ET BT 165.356 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Wellington, 2008\); )] TJ ET BT 263.684 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Treaty of Waitangi Companion: M?ori and P?keh? from )] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tasman to today)] TJ ET BT 144.020 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Vincent O?Malley, Bruce Stirling and Wally Penetito \(Auckland, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 515.636 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 515.636 320.643 m 555.632 320.643 l S BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 306.387 m 78.008 306.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 293.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joan Druett, )] TJ ET BT 125.672 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tupaia: The Remarkable Story of Captain Cook's Polynesian Navigator)] TJ ET BT 471.572 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Random House )] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(NZ, 2011\), Alison Jones and Kuni Jones, )] TJ ET BT 264.668 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Words Between Us ? He K)] TJ ET BT 392.984 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?rero: First M?ori ? P?keh? )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Conversations on Paper)] TJ ET BT 180.680 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Wellington, 2011\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 278.672 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 278.672 263.619 m 332.660 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anne Salmond, )] TJ ET BT 141.680 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Two Worlds: First Meetings Between Maori and Europeans, 1642-1772)] TJ ET BT 488.000 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Honolulu, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1991\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 235.107 m 149.000 235.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author thanks Therese Crocker for her review and does not wish to respond.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 193.519 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 175.739 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 175.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1366)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 174.345 m 328.316 174.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 149.368 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 134.968 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/46278)] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 515.6357 320.9575 555.6317 332.8375 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 306.7015 78.0077 318.5815 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 278.6717 263.9335 332.6597 275.8135 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 235.4215 148.9997 247.3015 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 174.6595 328.3157 186.5395 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1366) >> endobj xref 0 37 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000335 00000 n 0000000372 00000 n 0000000553 00000 n 0000000642 00000 n 0000005394 00000 n 0000005503 00000 n 0000005613 00000 n 0000005722 00000 n 0000009283 00000 n 0000009411 00000 n 0000009495 00000 n 0000009524 00000 n 0000009652 00000 n 0000009688 00000 n 0000009779 00000 n 0000018032 00000 n 0000018062 00000 n 0000018190 00000 n 0000018226 00000 n 0000018256 00000 n 0000018384 00000 n 0000018420 00000 n 0000018532 00000 n 0000025350 00000 n 0000025478 00000 n 0000025533 00000 n 0000025659 00000 n 0000025714 00000 n 0000025842 00000 n 0000025897 00000 n 0000026024 00000 n 0000026079 00000 n 0000026207 00000 n trailer << /Size 37 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26303 %%EOF