%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140416171002+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140416171002+01'00') /Title (Sacral Geographies: Saints, Shrines, and Territory in Medieval Ireland) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3674 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Sacral Geographies: Saints, Shrines, and Territory in Medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Ireland)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karen Overbey?s monograph is undoubtedly a welcome addition to the weighty collection of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(predominantly antiquarian\) archaeo- / art-historical studies focusing on medieval Irish relics and reliquaries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a healthy proportion of which is judiciously consolidated and summarised throughout the book. Such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies, combined with Overbey?s own independent researches, frame intelligent and thought-provoking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideas that seek to situate a selection of medieval Irish reliquaries in their various contexts of space and place. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For me, Overbey?s core conception of ?sacral geographies? is the book?s greatest achievement and one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which should provoke new scholarship in the field. This book should also encourage those working in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cognate disciplines to engage with Ireland?s rich array of religious material culture to further our view of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual, cultural and social nuances of its medieval past. The author?s refusal to begin and halt her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enquiry at the traditional boundaries of historical periodisation at the start / close of the Viking and Norman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eras in Ireland, which she accomplishes by effortlessly manoeuvring between the 7th and 14th centuries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must also be credited as such successful attempts are comparatively lacking.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1371)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 24 January, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karen Overbey)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9782503527673)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(300pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brepols)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Turnhout)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sarah Erskine)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6853 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overbey commences her exploration of )] TJ ET BT 226.964 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sacral Geographies)] TJ ET BT 323.288 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by briefly introducing Kildare?s cultic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landscape and her view that it:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 731.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?[is] grounded in an understanding that space is socially produced: the shrines, the sanctuary, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 717.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the monastery, the Irish church ? all, rather than absolute or ?natural? spaces, are local and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 703.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contingent, and their significance is generated through interests and regulated through )] TJ ET BT 64.016 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation? \(p. 4\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 650.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Slightly later in the introduction Overbey sets forth her dedication to analyse:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 612.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?[T]he ways in which territories were mapped, remapped, manipulated, conflated, and disposed )] TJ ET BT 64.016 598.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? and to the role of reliquaries in those territorial histories. The topography of the medieval cult )] TJ ET BT 64.016 584.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of saints in Ireland is not unified but fragmented, and my effort is not a national \(meta\)narrative )] TJ ET BT 64.016 569.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? it is not )] TJ ET BT 111.356 569.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a)] TJ ET BT 117.356 569.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( geography, but multiple, overlapping sacral geograph)] TJ ET BT 377.312 569.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ies)] TJ ET BT 390.644 569.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 10\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 531.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both quotes are indicative of similar statements that expound what the book as a whole aims to achieve. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 517.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between these flashes of clarity, however, the prose in the introduction in particular is at terms overly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned with theoretical positioning. It appears as though the author has struggled to express her global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 488.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theories in a clear manner, and yet subsequent chapters manage this much better. Nonetheless, I fear that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 474.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading the introduction alone might rule out the book?s appeal to an audience beyond academia. Perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 460.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars whose specialisms lie outside the author?s might also tire of the ?overloaded? prose style. Some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers ? especially historians ? who are interested in placing such studies of medieval Ireland into a broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 431.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European perspective, or vice versa, may consequently disregard this book as merely a work of art-historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 417.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research and interpretation, which would be to miss altogether Overbey?s aptitude for interdisciplinarity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 391.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians of saints? and relic cults and of hagiography, in particular, should persevere beyond the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction, if only for the sake of posterity, to seek to counteract the author's statement that: ?Medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 362.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland?s devotional topography, I argue, is not a fixed map of sites to which a pilgrim \(or an historian\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 348.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advances? \(p. 9\). The historical contexts and textual developments of saintly material culture in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 334.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hagiographical narratives, of which there are many not yet studied in depth in this vein, is, for example, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another line of enquiry which for historians could potentially reveal a deeper, less idealised, understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 305.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the diversity, movement and development of medieval Ireland?s devotional landscape.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 462.608 305.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 462.608 304.419 m 476.600 304.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 476.600 305.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In addition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 291.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much still remains to be thought about as regards corporeal relic veneration in medieval Ireland in various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 277.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways, especially more analysis of hagiographical narratives and less concentration on how scant the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeological evidence is. To Overbey?s credit, however, and despite the fact that only a modest section of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 248.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the introduction dwells on current historiography on the matter, she states that in chapters two and three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 234.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some emphasis is placed on the important presence of bodily relics in medieval Ireland through the imagery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and portability of reliquaries \(pp. 5?8\); although this particular area still warrants more attention in general, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at least Overbey does not omit a serious intellectual inclusion of corporeal relics in her study as most others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 191.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have in the past.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 165.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following the introduction is the first chapter, which homes in on 19th-century antiquarianism. Overbey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states that, whilst antiquarian ?interest in Irish reliquaries established their aesthetic and historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 136.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance, it also distanced them from local contexts of production and use?; the author respects this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 122.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important idea throughout \(pp. 13?14\). The discovery and collection of medieval Irish reliquaries in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 108.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century and their subsequent display is at this chapter?s core. With this Overbey emphasises the need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(learn lessons from the 19th-century emergence of nationalist rhetoric, which she states obscured the deeper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 79.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextual and social meanings of Irish reliquaries, thus inviting the ?cultured? 19th-century observer to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 65.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think that ?container and contained correspond directly, and the history of Ireland is an open book? \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(33?4\). This chapter sets a solid foundation on which to build a bridge to allow the idea of the ?sacral )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 462.6077 304.7335 476.5997 316.6135 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 5696 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographies? of reliquaries to travel to the medieval past. It is also a fantastic and provocative introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the complex and ?politicised? historiography of 19th-century antiquarian scholarship, which charts the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement of medieval Irish reliquaries from private collections to national galleries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overbey?s second chapter concentrates on the 12th-century shrine of the seventh-century abbot St Manchan. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The shrine itself is the only survivor of its type and was opened in the early 20th century and found to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contain corporeal relics, which is indeed a rare find in surviving medieval Irish reliquaries. Overbey argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that St Manchan?s Shrine was not imitating any other reliquary, but that it was rather ?inventive?, drawing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on ?a variety of traditions, including the archaic forms of the tomb-shrines to create a new and powerful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(statement of the saint?s significance in the twelfth century? \(p. 41\). The chapter?s main strength undoubtedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lies in the author?s interpretation of the shrine's complex artistic features, particularly the engraved figures, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which makes for a lively discussion of the reliquary?s political contexts during its second phase in the 12th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third chapter focuses on the ?remapping? of St Columba?s travels around Ireland, where, just as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(depicted in the 12th-century Irish life of Colum Cille, the saint founded many monasteries and churches, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaving various relics in each of them. Although the chapter?s contents predominantly focus on the 12th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, the author nonetheless compares and contrasts the Irish life to others in Columban hagiographies, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as Adomnn?s seventh-century )] TJ ET BT 211.976 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vita Columbae)] TJ ET BT 284.312 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Manus O?Donnell?s 16th-century )] TJ ET BT 455.948 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Betha Colaim Chille )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 12th-century )] TJ ET BT 118.664 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dindshenchas)] TJ ET BT 183.992 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or ?place-naming tales?. There may be too much reliance on historically-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focused secondary scholarship in this chapter in particular, namely Mire Herbert?s groundbreaking )] TJ ET BT 517.568 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Iona, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kells and Derry)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 114.344 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 114.344 500.211 m 128.336 500.211 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 128.336 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and I feel this is generally a weakness throughout the work. Despite this, the chapter?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strengths reside in the author?s navigation of the topography of the 12th-century life and the identification of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relics mentioned in that text, which allow Columba?s ?sacral geographies? to be traced on Ireland?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval landscape.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter four focuses on a reliquary associated with St Patrick of Armagh, the )] TJ ET BT 409.280 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domnach Airgid)] TJ ET BT 489.608 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or the ?silver )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church? \(the outer structure of which can be dated to the 14th century\), by unpacking its complex physical / )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visual and textual history. Overbey is most successful in her endeavor to evaluate the issues of patronage, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics \(especially between Armagh, Clones and Clogher\), and the reliquary?s wider social and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reception, thereby creating a thread between this and the previous two chapters; the unpacking of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hagiography in particular in this chapter is very good and clearly presented. As well as examining the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextual / historical nuances, of the reliquary?s exterior \(Overbey?s core strength as an art-historian\), these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments are also compared to the shrine?s interior space, i.e. the relic/s, which the author rather hazily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(claims as being:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?[A] signifier of local \(and later, national\) identity, [which] was converted several times, and so )] TJ ET BT 64.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(my aim in this chapter is to negotiate modern and medieval mythographies, and the vectors of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inside and outside.? \(p. 11\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This aim is achieved here, despite the much larger scope of the idea itself.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 114.3437 500.5255 128.3357 512.4055 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 6453 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters five and six deal with the largest category of reliquaries found in medieval Ireland, namely bells )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and crosiers respectively, many of which are notoriously difficult to date. Chapter five on ?bell relics and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monastic voice? opens with a brief sweep of the transition from bell to relic, emphasising that these relics )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were capable of performing ?both practical and ritual functions in medieval Ireland? \(p. 115\). The author is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as ever consistently strong on art-historical analysis and subjective interpretations of the possible symbolism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of reliquaries more generally, which in the context of bell-reliquaries she explains clearly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensively. Perhaps the most thought-provoking aspect of this chapter, however, is the brief section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entitled ?the monastic voice?, which Overbey unpacks in the context of cursing and satire, though I would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estimate that much more needs to be followed up in this vein \(pp. 126?8\). Also impressively conveyed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this chapter is the author?s overriding idea that:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?[T]he imagery of the bell shrine crests positions the monastic voice at this sacred centre: the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elements of an iconography of performance ? an orating monk, members of the laity, symbols of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protection and salvation ? stress the power of the monks to ensure social stability? The primary )] TJ ET BT 64.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voice of the bell is communal; but through that communal speech is conveyed a number of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(values and claims about the social order. These claims ? to territorial integrity and divine )] TJ ET BT 64.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority ? are to be heard by audiences not only within the monastic enclosure, but also beyond )] TJ ET BT 64.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its walls? \(p. 145\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall this chapter fits well with the book?s overriding idea of ?sacral geographies?, even though it does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not offer the type of micro-history visible in previous chapters \(pp. 11?12\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six analyses the physical composition, imagery, and interpretations of crosier-reliquaries, the nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the relics they might have contained, and their performance of territorial authority. The discussion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relics in particular is interesting, with the author?s slant on the images of saints on the crosier-drops \(which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are small hollow compartments at the end of the crook which contained relics\) being that they were where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the bodies of the saints are represented not literally or corporeally but rather metaphorically? \(p. 163\); this, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as mentioned above, should allow for more serious intellectual evaluations of the importance of corporeal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relic veneration in medieval Ireland. The chapter?s section on St Findch is its core strength, being most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertaining to read as well as serving to expound the author?s theories on the relationships between crosier, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(saint, and earthly and spiritual territories. The section on the ?spatial histories? of crosiers is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enlightening, arguing that some of the tenth- and 11th-century crosier-reliquaries may have been produced in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understudied regions, such as Inishmurray, which Overbey asserts were a part of the ?active production of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monastic identity? \(p. 176\). As with the chapter before it, this section fits well enough with the book?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overall idea of ?sacral geographies?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, the book?s afterword summarises and in parts complements the author?s reflections on ?sacral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographies? more generally, as well as emphasising that reliquaries in medieval Ireland were more than just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(containers for saintly relics. Overbey takes the opportunity in this section to question whether non-monastic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewers in medieval Ireland engaged with relics and reliquaries, particularly with their images and forms,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 175.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Or how shrines might have shaped topographies other than those of religious or political )] TJ ET BT 64.016 160.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(territories? Were there, in other words, unofficial, contradictory, or differential goegraphies of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 146.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the holy body?? \(p. 183\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 108.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course one perhaps obvious answer is pilgrimage, an area which Overbey does well to incorporate into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her idea of ?sacral geographies', given that it possesses a potentially large area of scholarship in its own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 79.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right, and which is in need of fresher approaches. This is despite the author?s own admission that many of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 65.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most popular sites of holy pilgrimage in Ireland, such as Croagh Patrick, are not \(and I insert my own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 51.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words of caution in this statement\) ?[)] TJ ET BT 212.660 51.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(known to have been)] TJ ET BT 307.640 51.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(] associated with shrines or reliquaries either by )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 4710 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extant objects or in textual traditions? \(p. 186\). A \(dare I suggest, inadequate\) discussion of medieval Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(belt shrines is left as the last section of the book?s text. Overbey concludes the smooth flow of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overriding idea of ?sacral geographies? by aptly and vividly describing these reliquaries as:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?[C]harged spaces, full of both absence and presence, compassing a space where holy bodies )] TJ ET BT 64.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and human bodies changed places ? [She poignantly ends] It is not empty, it is )] TJ ET BT 443.312 715.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(space)] TJ ET BT 470.636 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(p. 19\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 677.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(My general thoughts on Overbey?s )] TJ ET BT 205.652 677.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sacral Geographies)] TJ ET BT 301.976 677.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are very positive indeed, and, even though I have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 662.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressed some reservations in certain sections of this review, none of them can detract from the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(careful exploration and fluid expression of the idea of ?sacral geographies?, which I must repeat is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book?s greatest achievement. What I have failed to mention, however, is that this book is punctuated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout with a beautiful array of photographs \(many of which are the author?s own\) of various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical sites and reliquaries, which suitably complement the text. However, that said, it is my feeling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that those who are unfamiliar or even slightly familiar with the complexities of medieval Ireland?s local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical and secular politics would appreciate more maps. I must also use this opportunity to reiterate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that historians in particular should not see this study as a model of how research into saints? and relic cults in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval Ireland should necessarily be approached. Although I have already stated that )] TJ ET BT 456.248 548.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sacral Geographies)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would not generally appeal to a non-academic audience, scholars ? including senior undergraduates and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(postgraduates ? who venture beyond the introduction should nonetheless find this book?s contents )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entertaining in some parts, highly satisfying in most, and provocative enough to encourage future responses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and development.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 426.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 426.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sarah Christine Erskine, )] TJ ET BT 184.004 426.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Relic Cult of St Patrick between the Seventh and the Twelfth Centuries in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 412.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(its European Contexts: A Focus on the Lives)] TJ ET BT 281.336 412.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Glasgow, June )] TJ ET BT 64.016 397.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 397.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 396.435 m 149.000 396.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 383.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 383.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mrie Herbert, )] TJ ET BT 138.320 383.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Iona, Kells and Derry: The History and Hagiography of the Monastic Familia of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 369.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Columba)] TJ ET BT 108.020 369.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Dublin, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 185.348 369.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 185.348 367.923 m 239.336 367.923 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 352.591 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 334.811 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 334.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1371)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 333.417 m 328.316 333.417 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 308.440 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.040 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/47074)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 396.7495 148.9997 408.6295 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 185.3477 368.2375 239.3357 380.1175 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 333.7315 328.3157 345.6115 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1371) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000580 00000 n 0000000662 00000 n 0000004388 00000 n 0000004497 00000 n 0000004607 00000 n 0000004716 00000 n 0000008277 00000 n 0000008405 00000 n 0000008489 00000 n 0000008573 00000 n 0000015479 00000 n 0000015509 00000 n 0000015637 00000 n 0000015673 00000 n 0000015757 00000 n 0000021506 00000 n 0000021536 00000 n 0000021664 00000 n 0000021700 00000 n 0000021765 00000 n 0000028271 00000 n 0000028369 00000 n 0000033132 00000 n 0000033259 00000 n 0000033314 00000 n 0000033442 00000 n 0000033497 00000 n 0000033625 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 33721 %%EOF