%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R 42 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150227141237+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150227141237+00'00') /Title (Saints, Sacrilege and Sedition: Religion and Conflict in the Tudor Reformations) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4007 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Saints, Sacrilege and Sedition: Religion and Conflict in the Tudor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Reformations)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 251.939 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saints, Sacrilege and Sedition)] TJ ET BT 191.012 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Eamon Duffy has pulled together a collection of lectures and previously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published essays from the last decade of his career into a single statement of Tudor religious culture. Few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people understand and can communicate the nature of late medieval and early modern English religion with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quite the same rigor and spirit as Duffy, which is why this volume deserves as wide an audience as possible. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, it is not without its shortcomings, as some of the chapters deliver much more than others.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy first established himself as a leading British historian in the 90s with his book )] TJ ET BT 441.668 168.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stripping of the Altars)] TJ ET BT 548.684 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which he acknowledges was a ?self-consciously polemical book? \(p. 4\).&l)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 392.276 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 392.276 153.009 m 406.268 153.009 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 409.268 154.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stripping of the Altars)] TJ ET BT 516.284 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( put him )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the forefront of English Reformation revisionist scholarship. Revisionist scholars challenged the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prevailing notion of a triumphant reform movement that quickly swept across a grateful English nation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longing to be rescued from the foreign authority of Rome, which was already eroding in cultural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spiritual potency before 1534. Instead, as Duffy argues here, they see the Reformation as something that)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1377)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 February, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eamon Duffy)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781441181176)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bloomsbury)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David J. Davis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 392.2757 153.3235 406.2677 165.2035 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7381 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dug a deep ditch, deep and dividing, between people and their religious past, and in its rejection )] TJ ET BT 64.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of purgatory and of the cult of the saints, of prayer to and for the holy dead, it reduced )] TJ ET BT 64.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianity to the mere company of the living. Overnight, a millennium of Christian splendour )] TJ ET BT 64.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? became alien territory, the dark ages of popery \(p. 33\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 703.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While Duffy?s most recent instalment does not reach the heights of scholarly insight or polemical verve that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 689.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stripping)] TJ ET BT 78.692 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( delivered, nevertheless it is a significant instalment in his relentless campaign against the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 674.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional view of the Reformation in England.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The 11 chapters address a wide range of topics. Duffy handles each deftly with his accomplished hand, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through it all, he weaves together a narrative of Catholic unity, pervasiveness, and persistence, depicting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholicism as something that was fundamental to early modern English religion long after Elizabeth I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ascended the throne. Taken together as the religious and cultural equivalent of so many different snapshots, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the volume does serve as something of a family picture album, a historical collage commemorating both the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights and the everyday happenings of English Catholic life in the early Reformation. Here, we are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witnesses to pre-Reformation Catholic parishes taking special care of the iconography in their roodscreens, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the devotion and attention that parishioners like those at Salle Church \(Norfolk\) paid to the fixtures of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their church, to the physical and material impact the iconoclasm under Edward VI had on different parishes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to certain ?neglected giants? of English Catholicism like Cardinals John Fisher and Reginald Pole, and to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prolific conservative voices like Myles Hogarde and Roger Edgeworth that filled important sections of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tudor print culture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Amidst this variety, the volume presses upon the reader a singular purpose, to demonstrate that ?Hostility to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the papacy was not the cause of the Reformation, it was one of its consequences? \(p. 9\). Traditional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 437.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reformation historiography portrayed the Reformation as a popular response to the claims the papacy was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making on England and to the waning of the potency of late medieval religion. The Reformation, so this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional narrative goes, was a revolt against the pope as a foreign power who was increasingly usurping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the liberty of England by asserting his authority over the king and the people. Here, Duffy rehashes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revisionist challenges to this traditional interpretation that were first asserted by Christopher Haigh and J .J. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scarisbrick several decades ago.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 189.296 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 189.296 364.419 m 203.288 364.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 203.288 365.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Perhaps this volume?s most significant contribution to Duffy?s view of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Reformation is its demonstration that the nascent national identity in early modern British culture was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(something more than a Protestant phenomenon. It is well known that Protestants employed arguments of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English exceptionalism in order to oppose the papacy. Catholics, however, used similar arguments, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were based in a rich narrative of English pride and exclusivity to defend their theology of papal authority. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Duffy warns, ?It would be anachronistic to speak of a nation state in the sixteenth century?, there )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is admittedly a significant amount of English exceptionalism that characterized both Protestant and Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives during the 16th-century reforms \(p. 17\). Hearkening back either to the missionary activities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Augustine of Canterbury or to the more legendary tales of King Lucius?s conversion in the second century, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic leaders in Tudor England celebrated ?God?s special regard and providential care for the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church and nation?, as long as England remained loyal to the papacy \(p. 26\). They also pitched reformed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought as something that was foreign to English shores. For example, in his debates with William Tyndale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the early 1530s, Sir Thomas More set out the argument that the ?Reformation? rather than the papacy was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?an alien import? to the British Isles \(p. 18\). Whether it was coming out of Wittenberg or Geneva, Protestant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reforms were identified as the equivalent of intellectual and spiritual invasions, encroaching upon the long-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established alliance between Rome and Canterbury.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy develops this line of argumentation in several of the chapters, particularly toward the end of the book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where he disputes the view held by some scholars that, after 1550, English Catholics began to devalue the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of papal obedience to English religion, relegating it to second-class importance. Although Duffy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argued this in a more substantial way in his book )] TJ ET BT 272.000 82.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fires of Faith)] TJ ET BT 338.672 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it is a point that is worth restating. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter nine of this volume, Duffy contests the view set out by scholars like Lucy Wooding that ?the return )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to papal obedience was an unwelcome irrelevance? to Catholics in Marian England \(p. 199\). This )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 189.2957 364.7335 203.2877 376.6135 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7213 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation Duffy mockingly refers to as the ?Bourne Supremacy?, in reference to Mary?s secretary of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state Sir John Bourne who openly minimized the importance of papal supremacy. Granted, there is a certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(level of indefensibility to Wooding?s position \(as Duffy has demonstrated in )] TJ ET BT 404.984 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fires of Faith)] TJ ET BT 471.656 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and now here\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Bourne was a minority voice at court. Duffy, however, is not satisfied with this. He is committed to not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only eliminating any possible misunderstanding over the centrality of papal obedience during the Marian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime, but also demonstrating that ?Mary?s regime almost literally attached bells and whistles to the whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notion of papal authority? \(p. 200\). This celebration of papal authority and its significance to the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church is most evident in the career and activities of Reginald Pole as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1556 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to 1558, to which Duffy devotes two of his chapters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most engaging and thoughtful moments in the book come with the analysis of the life and thought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cardinal John Fisher. All too often, Fisher is segregated to a second-tier position in Reformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography, overshadowed by Protestant adversaries like Thomas Cranmer, who Duffy describes as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?lesser? adversary \(p. 14\). Duffy reminds us of the historical importance of this stalwart bishop who, alone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(among the English bishops, openly opposed the king?s efforts to divorce Katherine of Aragon. Fisher was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the worst enemy of the divorce that Henry could have asked for. His piety was renowned, and his learning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and acumen rivalled the best continental theologians. Whether the pope?s ?award of the Red Hat? of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cardinal, which he granted Fisher shortly before Henry condemned him to death, was actually ?the last )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straw? for the king or not, Fisher would die a traitor and martyr in June 1535, becoming the first of many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(victims of the religious conflicts in 16th-century England \(p. 149\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy develops this well-known narrative into a three-dimensional figure of a holy man who is too large to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fit into the typical, stoic caricatures of his personality. Often remembered by Hans Holbien's deathly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectral portrait of the aged bishop, the Fisher in )] TJ ET BT 269.984 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saints, Sacrilege and Sedition)] TJ ET BT 413.984 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is something of a welcome )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stranger. Duffy writes)] TJ ET BT 64.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If he was a saint, he was no plaster saint ? but a lover of community, a cheerful host ? He was a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man of the library, but not a solitary ? He had a sense of humour, even if it was sardonic and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biting in the Yorkshire manner \(pp. 149?150\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Like his fellow martyr Sir Thomas More, Fisher despised the corruption of the church, but he believed that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only Catholic unity could provide a check on the covetous appetites of secular governments. Above all, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy emphasizes, John Fisher remained loyal to the Roman church as the body of Christ, and all of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecclesiastical efforts were directed toward to sustaining the catholic union of Christendom. The heart of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy?s analysis centres on how the example of Fisher highlights the complexity of the broader streams of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late medieval religious thought. While he was a conservative theologian and scholar, he was known for his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affinity for humanist learning and advocated for Greek and Hebrew at the universities. His traditional piety, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which Duffy discusses at length in chapter seven, was neither mindless nor stodgy. He hated the blind abuse )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Catholic practices as much as he hated heresy; however, for all of his love of unity, he never burned a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heretic as the bishop of Rochester.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This look at Fisher is muddled somewhat by a dispute Duffy opens up over the differences between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic labels ?medieval? and ?humanist?. The polemical tone of chapter seven seems entirely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unnecessary, and I wonder why Duffy even engaged in it. He contests, ?Humanist and medieval religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideals are not so readily or so starkly contrasted as has been assumed? \(p. 152\). This is a fair point, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy?s use of C. S. Lewis as the initial point of attack ? because Lewis identified Fisher as a medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinker ? seems a bit unfair. After all it was Lewis in his inaugural lecture who argued that the medieval / )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance divide was almost entirely arbitrary outside the world of art.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 384.956 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 384.956 112.323 m 398.948 112.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 398.948 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It would have been nice to see )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lewis receive some credit here, since he was one of the earliest scholars to suggest the kind of arbitrariness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Duffy is pointing to. Nevertheless, since Fisher does not fit into what Duffy describes as the ?Erasmian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightjacket? of ?humanist credentials?, he typically is relegated to the late medieval circles of piety and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(learning \(p. 177\). Duffy?s own analysis places Fisher?s spirituality securely in the tradition of the medieval )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 384.9557 112.6375 398.9477 124.5175 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 8449 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church, but Duffy advocates for a more complex view of humanist learning that can accommodate figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like Fisher who advanced the humanist )] TJ ET BT 224.660 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ad fontes)] TJ ET BT 268.328 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( program but who did not share Erasmus?s disdain for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious institutions. Unfortunately, this complexity is easily overshadowed by the wrangling over labels, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periodization, and the pedantic disputes of terminology that distract from Duffy?s otherwise enlightening )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More significantly, the final chapter fails in many respects. Toying with Shakespeare's Sonnet 73 and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immortal phrase ?bare ruin'd choirs? as a metaphor to capture the spirit of Elizabethan and post-Reformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English religion, Duffy sets out a vision of Catholic significance after the reign of Queen Mary. If Duffy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intended this chapter as a supplement for a strong conclusion, it is too speculative in its analysis. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy points to the importance of several conservative and Catholic voices, we are given only snippets and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never receive a clear, overarching vision of the place or role of Catholicism \(or even conservative religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voices\) in the religious landscape. Figures like the historian John Stowe, who chronicled the effects of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reform on London's parishes, are insightful and exciting examples of how individuals adapted to this new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious universe without entirely embracing Protestantism. But the chapter does not fully address where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these individuals fall in the religious landscape, nor does it engage much recent scholarship like Nicholas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tyacke and Kenneth Fincham's study of avant-garde conformists and other groups.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 433.100 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 433.100 569.235 m 447.092 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 447.092 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Finally, the chapter, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost whimsically, speculates about the bard himself, seeking to include him in this expanding cabal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative voices. Despite Duffy's disclaimer that he is not arguing ?that Shakespeare was a Catholic?, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does interpret Sonnet 73 as one that ?decisively aligns Shakespeare against the Reformation? \(pp. 253, 250\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Assuming this is true, that a single sonnet captures Shakespeare?s views of the Reformation, which is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grand and hasty assumption, Duffy does not propose what this means for the Stratford dramatist?s religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creed. Duffy?s argument is little more than a playful suggestion, based upon a single line in a single poem, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but it is, in the end, more a scholarly flight-of-fancy than the kind of historical nuance we have come to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expect from Duffy?s analysis. Moreover, it is a somewhat limp method of wrapping up the entire book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leaving readers with something much more akin to a sigh than a bang.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the past, Duffy has been criticized for letting his own Catholic beliefs soak through his scholarship. I have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found such commentary, usually accompanied by snide undertones, generally unhelpful and little more than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ad hominem)] TJ ET BT 93.008 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( arguments. It seems to me that a more useful way of looking at it is that because of his beliefs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Duffy is able to offer a more sympathetic and forceful account of English Catholicism. This he does better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than most, which is best exemplified here in things like his studies of parish records and the life of Cardinal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fisher. As a result of the reforms that followed Henry VIII?s break with Rome, Duffy argues, ?another and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different England was hammered into oblivion in those terrible years? \(p. 51\). )] TJ ET BT 411.284 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Saints, Sacrilege and Sedition)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers readers a glimpse at what that different England looked like and how the people that mourned the loss )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of that England adapted to their new circumstances. It is unfortunate that the volume does not deliver a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coherent vision of the long-term shape and contours of those adaptations or a more conclusive summation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English Catholicism after the ascension of Elizabeth I. That said, Duffy?s excellent scholarship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(penetrating insight are present in almost every chapter, and several of the chapters offer brilliant studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Catholic culture in England, making this volume an exciting and important contribution to the field.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 210.099 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 179.482 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eamon Duffy, )] TJ ET BT 135.668 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stripping of the Altars: Traditional Religion in England, 1400?1580)] TJ ET BT 464.036 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1992\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 163.827 m 118.004 163.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 150.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. J. Scarisbrick, )] TJ ET BT 145.340 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Reformation and the English People)] TJ ET BT 341.000 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1984\); The English Reformation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Revised, ed. Christopher Haigh \(Cambridge, 1987\); Christopher Haigh, )] TJ ET BT 410.648 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Reformations: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Religion, Politics, and Society under the Tudors)] TJ ET BT 294.680 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1993\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 373.328 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 373.328 121.059 m 427.316 121.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 108.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clive Staples Lewis, )] TJ ET BT 166.016 108.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(De Descriptione Temporum: An Inaugural Lecture)] TJ ET BT 410.984 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1955\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 508.304 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 508.304 106.803 m 548.300 106.803 l S BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 92.547 m 78.008 92.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 79.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kenneth Fincham and Nicholas Tyacke, )] TJ ET BT 259.976 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Altars Restored: The Changing Face of English Religious )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Worship, 1547?c.1700)] TJ ET BT 173.012 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2008\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 251.660 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 251.660 64.035 m 305.648 64.035 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 39.173 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 433.0997 569.5495 447.0917 581.4295 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 164.1415 118.0037 176.0215 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect 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