%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721134629+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721134629+01'00') /Title (The Anatomy of Blackness: Science & Slavery in an Age of Enlightenment) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4443 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Anatomy of Blackness: Science & Slavery in an Age of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Enlightenment)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In his first book, )] TJ ET BT 116.348 266.195 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sublime Disorder: Physical Monstrosity in Diderot's Universe)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 419.228 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 419.228 264.801 m 433.220 264.801 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 433.220 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Andrew Curran focused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the different means by which corporeal and moral monstrosity were figured and evoked in the celebrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment thinker's work. Curran continues to explore the role of bodies in the epistemic cultures of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(long 18th century, the formation of conceptual criteria, and markers of identity in )] TJ ET BT 427.616 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The)] TJ ET BT 448.616 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anatomy of Blackness)] TJ ET BT 554.600 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where his admirable skills of translation, close-reading, contextualization, and comparative analysis are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(applied to the question of how black African bodies became the primary scientific basis for race-making in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the French Atlantic world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While Curran?s study is largely concerned with the representation of black Africans in French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment thought, his approach and findings make significant contributions to historical debates on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?othering?, the invention of race, the association between slavery and race in different colonial contexts, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as a more recent, related, and rapidly developing line of inquiry that examines the role of colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anatomies in making race and legitimizing slavery. The invention of race in the Americas, or the so-called )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?origins debate? ? over whether slavery resulted from white racism, or racism produced slavery ? was very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(active in the 1970s and 1980s. Eminent historians such as Winthrop Jordan, George Fredrickson, Edmund )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Morgan, and Barbara Fields argued productively about both the precise date at which slavery might be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1379)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 February, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Curran)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781421401508)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(15.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(328pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Hopkins University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Baltimore, MD)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Kenny)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 419.2277 265.1155 433.2197 276.9955 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8169 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identified as an institution based on white racial prejudice and also definitions of race and racism. Jordan?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work on the negative framing of blackness in early-modern English culture was particularly inspiring to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of the Iberian Atlantic, who subsequently managed to find evidence of European racism deep in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Middle-Ages. Curran positions )] TJ ET BT 206.672 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Anatomy of Blackness )] TJ ET BT 336.656 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directly in relation to this debate and argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that blackness played many roles in the Enlightenment-era: allowing ?Europeans to produce new definitions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of whiteness?; providing a ?coherent concept around which the first ?scientifically based? human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classification schemes were organized?; and replacing ?theological and even economic justifications as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most compelling rationale for African chattel slavery? \(p. 168\). Indeed, a core aim of Curran?s work is to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlight the interplay between anatomy?s investigation of African bodies and other ways of knowing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blackness, a messy process his overlapping narrative style tries to recapture, and one that gradually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crystallized into biologically-grounded concepts of blackness and whiteness \(p. 6\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('Tissue samples in the land of conjecture' serves as Curran's broad ?Introduction? and sets the scene with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few lowlights in Western anatomy?s dismal history of dissecting black bodies in pursuit of racial essence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While there is plenty of evidence to suggest that early-modern European anatomists had an abiding curiosity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in discovering the causes of racial difference, Curran argues that from the 1730s the question of ?the )] TJ ET BT 519.236 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ngre?s)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? origin began to be ?debated much more intensely and from a [wider] variety of perspectives?. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previously little known Acadmie royale des sciences de Bordeaux?s 1739 essay competition - offering a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prize for the best explanation of the physical cause of ?)] TJ ET BT 298.616 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ngres?)] TJ ET BT 339.608 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(color)] TJ ET BT 364.940 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? ? is identified by Curran as a key )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment in the Atlantic world?s intensification of interest in the origins of blackness \(p. 2\). One of the 16 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(submissions, by Perpignan physician Pierre Barrre, stood out as it moved away from theological and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmentalist explanations of blackness. With reference to dissection studies conducted on African slaves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in French Guyana \(which became the basis of his influential 1741 )] TJ ET BT 352.964 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dissertation sur la cause physique de la )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(couleur des negres ...)] TJ ET BT 136.664 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), Barrre offered an anatomically focused explanation ? claiming that blackness ?was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(derived from a dark bile that tainted the skin and blood alike? \(pp. 2, 122\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the decades that followed, theories of racial difference became ever more dependent on biological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments, with a new generation of European anatomists ? including Germany?s Johann Friedrich Meckel, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France?s Claude-Nicolas Le Cat, and Dutch geographer Cornelius de Pauw ? all using dissection studies to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evoke ever ?deeper, organ-based differences? \(p. 125\). By the late 18th century, anatomically-oriented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explorations of African skin, blood, brains and sperm metastasized ? or, perhaps more accurately, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materialized ? into full-blown human classification projects offering justifications for slavery and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimation of colonial hierarchies ? the genesis of new racial science that viewed blacks not only as lesser )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beings, but also as a separately created species. Joining the important work of Londa Schiebinger on science )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the making of race and gender in the colonial Atlantic world )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 347.288 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 347.288 314.883 m 361.280 314.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 361.280 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Curran highlights the awful irony and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perverse contradiction of a natural history knowledge produced in an era of supposed natural rights, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inventing ?natural? differences, and leading to very unnatural inequalities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charting the black African?s gradual reduction to biology through anatomical discourse, Curran?s study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foregrounds the importance of the shifting influences of genre and geo-political context in understanding this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process. Thus the first chapter, 'Paper trails: writing the African, 1450?1750', chronicles the representation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africa and Africans in various sorts of travel accounts produced by the early modern Atlantic world's major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial powers ? with Portuguese, Dutch, and English authors especially prominent ? before examining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closely related and re-circulated compilations of this growing body of literature, as a means of exploring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how Europeans came to know and ?textualize the black African?. In an effort to replicate 18th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading practices, Curran suggests travel accounts are where most 18th-century white European thinkers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(began their consideration of black Africans, emphasizing important distinctions between the type of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information available from ?properly Africa-oriented? texts and those produced by an ?increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authoritative Caribbean ?ethnography??. Travel accounts written from Africa were replete with stereotypes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of blackness and other misinformation, but, compared to texts produced in the plantation colonies, they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more typically concerned with the social and cultural lives of Africans, while Caribbean writers were ?more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally interested in the utility of particular ethnicities, and how to get the most work out of their labor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(force? \(pp. 19, 52\). Jacques Savary?s )] TJ ET BT 215.624 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Parfait negociant)] TJ ET BT 299.960 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1675\) is cited as one widely translated example of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 347.2877 315.1975 361.2797 327.0775 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 6169 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these Caribbean travel accounts, in which black Africans were also increasingly seen through a mercantilist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lens ? associating black bodies with other forms of tradable goods and commodities. Alongside the various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travel accounts, Curran notes that 18th-century thinkers had access to legal codifications of colonial slave )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regimes, such as the )] TJ ET BT 133.664 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Code Noir)] TJ ET BT 184.004 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and the first-hand accounts of slave owners, such as Jean-Baptiste Labat?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(best-selling )] TJ ET BT 92.348 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nouveau voyages aux isles de l?Amerique)] TJ ET BT 294.644 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1722\) and that these texts also performed important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural work in transforming the overall image of the black African and justifying the system of slavery.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two, 'Sameness and science, 1730?1750', fully unleashes Curran?s methodological strategy of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overlapping narratives as a means of unpacking intellectual genealogies and exploring the rich intertextuality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Enlightenment culture \(p. ix\), layering sustained critical commentaries of the Bordeaux academie royale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(des sciences essays on the question of blackness, Maupertuis?s )] TJ ET BT 339.296 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Venus Physique )] TJ ET BT 418.616 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1745\), Buffon?s )] TJ ET BT 503.600 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Histoire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(naturelle)] TJ ET BT 77.348 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1749\), and the role of the ?category-defying? African albino. Here Curran argues that while a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(troubling presence in a society increasingly anxious about the prospect of race-mixing, the albino \(or ?)] TJ ET BT 526.592 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ngre)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blanc?\) was a useful servant of natural science, providing a key concept for the crafting of a monogentic, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately white-centric theory of humankind \(p. 22, 87?105\). As living examples of human beings evading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neat categorization, black albinos were subject to intense scientific curiosity, often invasive physiological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrutiny, and extensive public display. Curran?s book features the example of Genevieve, the so-called )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(young white ngresse that a 70-year old Buffon physically examined in 1777 and framed as a ?fluke? in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Histoire naturelle)] TJ ET BT 119.684 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( - an early ?unusual human? forerunner of the African females fashioned into exoticized )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural spectacles for the West?s 19th-century freak-shows and human zoos.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In focusing on anatomy?s cultural influence, Curran?s work adroitly highlights that the ownership, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspection, dissection, analysis, exchange, and display of black bodies, body fragments, and specimens of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blackness became the fundamental evidential base of the new Enlightenment/colonial science of human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difference, as well as a key raw material resource through which individual, professional, and collective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European social identities were crafted and advanced. As Ruth Richardson, Elizabeth Hurren, Michael )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sappol, Ann Fabian, Alexander Butchart, Helen MacDonald, and Marieke Hendriksen have all shown, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different colonial contexts in the same long 18th century, anatomical practices and performances, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the production and dissemination of anatomical narratives \(in various genres\), granted authority and status to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bourgeois individuals and the disciplines of science and medicine in which they worked. Sappol?s work on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the cultural history of anatomy in late 18th- and early 19th-century North America highlights the rise of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anatomy as a project of professional and bourgeois self-making, a process that was crucially dependent on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the bodies of ?subaltern or subordinate? groups: ?black people, the poor, criminals, prostitutes, Indians, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish, and members of other immigrant groups? who until recently ?made up a greatly disproportionate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of anatomical subjects?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 189.320 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 189.320 314.883 m 203.312 314.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 203.312 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( From Curran?s evidence, a very similar process was at work in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment-era France through the circulation and increasing influence of anatomical discourse about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(black Africans. ?Textualization? of the black African through anatomical discourse was both a way of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(making race more material, more real, but also a way of making scientific reputations for white European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectuals.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 189.3197 315.1975 203.3117 327.0775 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 29 0 R 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 5340 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After such an intensive fine-grained analysis of natural histories, anatomical treatises, and travel narratives, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and an extensive excavation of the intellectual networks within which these texts emerged, mutually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced and circulated, there still remains the important issue of how anatomy was practiced in the French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial context, the exact source and supply of the corpses dissected ? the elusive human specifics of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial anatomical economy ? as well as the question of how these anatomy texts were produced and their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader reception and influence. Ruth Richardson?s )] TJ ET BT 286.292 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Making of Mr. Gray?s Anatomy )] TJ ET BT 463.940 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2008\) provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one model of answering such questions, offering a micro-historical analysis of circumstances underlying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(production of the modern era?s most famous textbook and could also be applied to anatomical practices in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the French colonial context. The question of influence is answered to a large extent in Curran?s )] TJ ET BT 494.924 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anatomy)] TJ ET BT 537.584 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some very impressive intertextual analysis, but another approach might be to explore the library borrowing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and subscription records of Enlightenment-era intellectuals and those of professionals working in colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contexts, while marginal notes and annotations made in personal library collections could also be of value in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both understanding the formation of racial thought and 18th-century reading practices.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Anatomy of Blackness)] TJ ET BT 161.000 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an intense and challenging reading experience, but one that certainly repays the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effort. Andrew Curran takes the reader deep inside the white racial framing mechanism of Enlightenment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France and underscores the value of a narratological approach for understanding the formation of identities ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially those of elite white intellectuals. Further, outlining the creation of racialised anatomical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge in the early modern era, Curran?s work draws attention to the many intersections between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slavery and the science of anatomy ? in many ways indicating that they were mutually constitutive colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(projects with a profound legacy for the black African.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 436.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Curran, )] TJ ET BT 144.992 436.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sublime Disorder: Physical Monstrosity in Diderot's Universe)] TJ ET BT 444.872 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 523.520 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 523.520 434.691 m 551.180 434.691 l S BT 64.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 420.435 m 90.344 420.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 407.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Londa Schiebinger, )] TJ ET BT 161.000 407.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nature?s Body: Sexual Politics and the Making of Modern Science)] TJ ET BT 482.624 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1994\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 391.923 m 149.000 391.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 379.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Sappol, )] TJ ET BT 145.676 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Traffic of Dead Bodies: Anatomy and Embodies Social Identity in Nineteenth-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Century America )] TJ ET BT 149.336 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Princeton, NJ and Oxford, 2002\), p. 17.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 343.640 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 343.640 363.411 m 397.628 363.411 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 348.079 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 330.299 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 330.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1379)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 328.905 m 328.316 328.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 303.928 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 289.528 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/49797)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 523.5197 435.0055 551.1797 446.8855 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 420.7495 90.3437 432.6295 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 392.2375 148.9997 404.1175 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 343.6397 363.7255 397.6277 375.6055 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 329.2195 328.3157 341.0995 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1379) >> endobj xref 0 39 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000573 00000 n 0000000662 00000 n 0000005157 00000 n 0000005266 00000 n 0000005376 00000 n 0000005485 00000 n 0000009046 00000 n 0000009174 00000 n 0000009258 00000 n 0000009287 00000 n 0000009415 00000 n 0000009451 00000 n 0000009535 00000 n 0000017757 00000 n 0000017787 00000 n 0000017915 00000 n 0000017951 00000 n 0000018035 00000 n 0000024257 00000 n 0000024287 00000 n 0000024415 00000 n 0000024451 00000 n 0000024563 00000 n 0000029956 00000 n 0000030084 00000 n 0000030139 00000 n 0000030265 00000 n 0000030320 00000 n 0000030447 00000 n 0000030502 00000 n 0000030630 00000 n 0000030685 00000 n 0000030813 00000 n trailer << /Size 39 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30909 %%EOF