%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 30 0 R 44 0 R 58 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141101054102+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141101054102+00'00') /Title (British Images of Germany: Admiration, Antagonism and Ambivalence, 1860-1914) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4694 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(British Images of Germany: Admiration, Antagonism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Ambivalence, 1860-1914)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In 1975 Paul Kennedy wrote that ?yet another survey of the much-traversed field of Anglo-German relations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will seem to many historians of modern Europe to border on the realm of superfluity?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 448.292 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 448.292 236.289 m 462.284 236.289 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 462.284 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Even so, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervening 37 years has seen no slackening off of the interest of both scholars and the general public in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular international relationship. A steady stream of works ? some scholarly, some more populist in tone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? dealing with all aspects of Anglo-German relations in the 19th and 20th centuries continues to issue forth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from publishers year after year )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 184.964 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 184.964 179.265 m 198.956 179.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 198.956 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, with the result that students and scholars seeking to get to grips with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject are faced with a mountain of secondary material to wade through before they even begin to engage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the primary sources. This is particularly the case with what remain the most popular and familiar )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periods for teaching and research: the deterioration of Anglo-German relations in the run-up to the First )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War and the policy of appeasement in the 1930s. One might therefore be forgiven for asking oneself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if yet another book on Britain?s relationship with Germany in the period between 1860 and 1914 is either )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessary or justified \(especially when there are other periods with have yet to be examined in detail\). But as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Scully points out in his introduction to )] TJ ET BT 262.700 80.867 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Images of Germany: Admiration, Antagonism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ambivalence, 1860-1914)] TJ ET BT 153.992 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, despite all the gallons of ink spilt in discussing it the period covered by his book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remains ?perhaps one of the best known, but least understood, phases in Britain?s association with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1380)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 21 February, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Scully)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230301566)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(400pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colin Storer)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 448.2917 236.6035 462.2837 248.4835 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 184.9637 179.5795 198.9557 191.4595 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 5018 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany?. \(p. 1\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Until fairly recently discussions of Anglo-German relations in the period between German Unification and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the outbreak of war in 1914 were primarily concerned with high politics, economic rivalry and military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developments; but over the past ten years or so there has been a ?cultural turn? in the study of Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German relations that has seen scholars increasingly focus on the social and cultural relationships that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underpinned diplomatic and economic relations between the two countries.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 394.292 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 394.292 711.795 m 408.284 711.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 408.284 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This has led, as Scully points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out, to something of ?a new consensus? in which scholars have come to acknowledge that the traditionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrow focus of research had led to ?a significant problem of perspective? which bequeathed a misleading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impression that the story of Anglo-German relations in this period was one of growing antipathy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antagonism \(pp. 1?2\). This old ??Antagonism? paradigm? has increasingly been rejected by historians who, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often borrowing from other disciplines, have demonstrated that it is ?impossible to tell the Anglo-German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(story without accounting for cultural affinities, intellectual cross-fertilizations, social connections, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mutual admiration? \(p. 3\). Scully falls firmly into this camp, arguing that by expanding the source-base on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which historians draw from a narrow focus on diplomatic documents and economic statistics to one that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(includes ?cultural forms of evidence?, they can give a much better picture of just how complex and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambivalent the Anglo-German relationship was in the years before the Great War. This then is the approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(taken by Scully in this book. While he makes no claim to present ?a ?total history? of Anglo-German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural relations in this period?, Scully seeks to use ?a broad sample of still largely neglected and poorly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understood cultural forms \(cartography, travel literature, literary and popular fiction, and political cartoons\)? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to ?best illustrate the unfolding of British cultural and intellectual debates over Germany? \(p. 4\) in the period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1860?1914 and in so doing show that the traditional view of the rise of ?antagonism? and popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germanophobia is inaccurate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, although the broadening of the types of sources used to study British attitudes towards Germany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does allow Scully to challenge the ??Antagonism? paradigm?, he might have done so even more effectively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if he had chosen a less orthodox periodization for his study. Although the First World War undoubtedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(caused a )] TJ ET BT 77.996 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(shift)] TJ ET BT 98.672 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in Anglo-German relations, it did not necessarily mark the decisive )] TJ ET BT 427.292 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(break)] TJ ET BT 454.616 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that Scully and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many other historians have thought ? that only came when another world war seemed to confirm the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stereotype of the barbarous, warlike Hun. Anglo-German cultural relations in particular resumed rapidly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after 1918 and throughout the inter-war period many Britons expressed interest in, as well as sympathy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admiration of, Germany. A longer view therefore might have enabled Scully to underline the continuities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and changes in Britain?s ?cultural relationship? with Germany and to more effectively and decisively show )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the complexities and ambivalence inherent in it.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 394.2917 712.1095 408.2837 723.9895 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7862 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is divided into four sections, each made up of four chapters, dealing with one of the ?cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms? mentioned above. In the four short chapters that make up part one Scully examines the previously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(largely neglected subject of the ?cartographic freemasonry? that existed between British and German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mapmakers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and demonstrates how maps and atlases both helped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britons to conceptualise Germany and reflected their changing attitudes and prejudices. Scully demonstrates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?British cartographers only gradually altered their conceptions of what ?Germany? could mean? \(p. 15\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as old boundaries and differentiations between regions and states continued to be used for quite some time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after national unification in 1871. This reflected as much the continuation of an earlier perception of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany as a mere ?geographical expression? rather than a nation state as the desire of British cartographers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not to have to meet the expense of producing new maps to tally with the changing international situation. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the same time, the colouration of Victorian ethnological maps of Europe perpetuated the notion of Anglo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German racial and cultural affinities \(pp. 27?36\), while the colouring of maps of Africa both reflected and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soothed Anglo-German colonial rivalries \(pp. 22?3\). However, as time went on such fraternal attitudes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became increasingly strained. Even if, as Scully demonstrates, the close relationship between British and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(German mapmakers lasted right up until the outbreak of war in 1914, after 1890 growing naval and colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rivalries were increasingly reflected in their work, as evidenced by the fact that the term ?German Ocean? ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once used interchangeably with the now more familiar ?North Sea? ? increasingly took on menacing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negative connotations to British cartographers and was slowly phased out \(p. 25\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part two deals with another ?cultural form? that has previously received comparatively little attention from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians of Anglo-German relations, British narratives of travel in Imperial Germany. Here Scully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates not only that Germany \(or at least certain regions of it\) remained a popular destination for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British travellers and tourists right up until the outbreak of war but also that ?British authors continued to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce positively-themed memoirs and accounts of their journeys therein? \(p. 46\). Following on from other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors such as Rudy Koshar )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 176.996 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 176.996 443.187 m 190.988 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 190.988 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, chapter five looks at the ubiquity of the )] TJ ET BT 388.964 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Baedeker)] TJ ET BT 434.276 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( guidebook amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th?century British tourists and suggests that the influence these had directly on British travellers or via )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(native imitators demonstrates both that ?there was something resembling the ?freemasonry? evident between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British and German cartographic printers ? among other printers and publishers as well? \(p. 48\) and that by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1880s ?the most dominant voice in pointing British travellers in the direction of ?what ought to be seen? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? was ? a definitely German one? \(p. 49\). Even so, well into the 1910s these books to some extent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perpetuated British views of the ?old? Germany, dealing as they did with regions rather than the German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire as a whole \(p. 64\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Having looked at guidebooks Scully then goes on to examine the memoirs and travelogues produced by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British visitors to Germany and again we see a how little British positive attitudes towards their ?German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cousins? were effected by the changing diplomatic climate. Although the Franco-Prussian War did produce a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brief flowering of sympathy for the French it barely disrupted British travel to Germany. Indeed, in many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways it stimulated interest in Germany and after the conflict was over many more Britons travelled to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new German Empire than ventured to the French Third Republic \(pp. 57?8\). Although the prohibition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gambling in the Rhenish spa resorts made fashionable by the Prince of Wales to some extent altered patterns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of \(upper- and upper-middle-class\) travel, the traditional destinations favoured by British tourists ? the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rhineland, the Back Forest ? remained popular until the outbreak of the Great War and beyond. Similarly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the travel narratives of British tourists continued to display positive attitudes towards Germany and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germans in which the racial and cultural links between the two nations and peoples were often alluded to. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After 1900 the changing diplomatic situation had little effect on the popularity of travel to Germany or the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally positive flavour of their memoirs of the experience which displayed ?a lingering bias towards the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germans? \(p. 77\) As late as 5 August 1914 the Great Eastern Railway was advertising holidays in the Harz )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mountains and around 6000 British holiday-makers were stranded in Germany by the outbreak of war, many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of whom opted to stay put and wait out the crisis rather than be repatriated \(pp. 79?80\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although some of the authors and narratives examined in part two are familiar ? Jerome K. Jerome, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author of )] TJ ET BT 80.672 64.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Three Men in a Boat)] TJ ET BT 179.996 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( who spent a year in Germany and published two comic novels based loosely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on his experiences is the obvious example ? Scully does an excellent job in uncovering many more obscure )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 176.9957 443.5015 190.9877 455.3815 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 36 0 R 39 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 9111 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts of travel to Germany in order to underline that British attitudes did not necessarily keep pace with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the changing international situation and that the degree of popular Germanophobia has previously been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overstated. Where he falls down in when he strays outside his chosen period. Rather than providing a brake )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on British tourism, as Scully suggests, the unstable political and economic situation in post-war Germany in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact stimulated British travel to Weimar and later Nazi Germany.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 345.956 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 345.956 738.051 m 359.948 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 359.948 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Similarly, the )] TJ ET BT 431.288 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Baedeker)] TJ ET BT 476.600 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( guides of 1923, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1925, 1926 and 1929 \(whose publication could itself be seen as evidence of a strong interest amongst British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travellers in Germany\) were not ?the only handbooks ? to appear before the outbreak of the Second World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War? \(p. 82\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 97.988 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 97.988 695.283 m 111.980 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If the sources used in section two will be unfamiliar to most readers, those used in part three, which deals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the well-worn subject of how Germany and the Germans were representated in British literature of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period, will almost certainly not be. Scully concedes that this literary evidence has been examined by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors of ?nearly every major work on Anglo-German relations in the period before the outbreak of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Great War? \(p. 85\), but he challenges what he sees as the tendency of both historians and literature scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to preserve ?a rather archaic distinction between ?literary? works ? and those texts ? which are more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonly regarded as ?popular fiction??, arguing that a true understanding of the cultural attitudes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressed in these works can only be achieved by viewing them ?in tandem? \(pp. 86?7\). This approach leads )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scully to conclude that rather than being a ?cultural reflection of moves towards outright antagonism? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literary sources actually reveal an ongoing debate in British literature in which Germany was seen \(in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phrase borrowed from Gisela Argyle\) ?as simultaneously ?model? and ?monster?? \(pp. 85?6\). Scully is right )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to conclude that the image of Germany presented in British literature of the period is much more ambivalent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than some would have us believe, and he provides detailed analyses of a number of novels including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chesney?s )] TJ ET BT 88.340 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Battle of Dorking)] TJ ET BT 193.340 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1871\), Gissing?s )] TJ ET BT 284.000 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Crown of Life)] TJ ET BT 371.684 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1891\), Erskine Childers? )] TJ ET BT 501.332 485.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Riddle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the Sands)] TJ ET BT 92.684 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1903\), Forster?s )] TJ ET BT 180.668 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Howard?s End)] TJ ET BT 253.004 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1910\) and Sybil Spottiswoode?s )] TJ ET BT 418.004 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Her Husband?s Country)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1911\) to back up his point. However, this argument is hardly new: both Peter Edgerly Firchow and Petra )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rau \(whose 2009 book on )] TJ ET BT 163.004 442.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Modernism, National Identity and the Germans)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 433.664 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 433.664 440.931 m 447.656 440.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 447.656 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is surprisingly absent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Scully?s notes\) have argued something similar in recent years.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part four looks at the ways in which Germany and the Germans were represented in the cartoons published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in satirical magazines such as )] TJ ET BT 178.988 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Punch)] TJ ET BT 209.648 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 215.648 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Judy)] TJ ET BT 238.304 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 244.304 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fun)] TJ ET BT 263.636 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 286.964 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(John Bull)] TJ ET BT 333.296 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and judging from the length of this section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(around 210 pages ? about two thirds of the whole book\) and his previously published work, this is where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author?s interest really lies. In a series of chapters that chart the changing ways in which Germany was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented by British cartoonists, from the Wars of Unification to the outbreak of the First World War, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader is provided with a succession of incisive ?readings? of these cartoons that demonstrate that ?Germany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was not represented simply as a nation which inspired increasingly negative caricatures? but rather in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much more ambivalent way. Although many of these cartoons will be familiar to readers as illustrations to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previous studies of the period, Scully argues persuasively that rather than treating cartoons as ?mere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations? historians should recognise them as a key source that allows them to gauge ?the fluidity of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perception of key figures or event events by society over time? \(p. 133\) and get a better feeling for the spirit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the age. This very much ties in with the so-called ?cultural? and ?visual? turns in the historiography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern Germany in which has increasingly borrowed from other disciplines to examine what have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditionally been dismissed as the ephemera of popular culture as a means of mapping the cultural and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imaginative landscape of society.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 193.988 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 193.988 200.835 m 207.980 200.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Over the course of four chapters Scully shows how Germany went from being represented as a diminutive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bit-player in European affairs to a dynamic and youthful nation \(as exemplified after 1888 by her young )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kaiser\) that could not be ignored by the other Great Powers. From the 1870s ?the image of Germany itself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became subsumed under representations of a single individual?, first in the form of the ?Iron Chancellor? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Otto von Bismarck and later in the figure of Wilhelm II who ?seemed not only a representative, but the very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incarnation of the ?waxing vigour? of his nation? \(p. 213\). Wilhelm?s youth, dynastic connection to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British royal family and distinctive appearance all ensured that he became a favourite of British cartoonists, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but his later wartime portrayal as a bloody-handed monster \(in images such as Bernard Partridges ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Triumph of ?Culture?? which appeared in )] TJ ET BT 237.968 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Punch)] TJ ET BT 268.628 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in August 1914\) has often led historians to believe that pre-)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 345.9557 738.3655 359.9477 750.2455 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 97.9877 695.5975 111.9797 707.4775 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 433.6637 441.2455 447.6557 453.1255 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 193.9877 201.1495 207.9797 213.0295 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 46 0 R 48 0 R 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R ] /Contents 45 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Length 9439 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(war cartoonists portrayed him \(and often therefore his nation\) in a more consistently negative light than was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the case. Scully demonstrates that although British cartoonists? portrayal of the Kaiser \(and of Germany )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more broadly\) veered between mockery, censure and approval throughout this period, these representations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not necessarily reflect diplomatic events and were certainly did not reflect a steady decline towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?antagonism?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is both one of the strengths and one of the weaknesses of this book that it leaves the reader wanting more. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the one hand, in the earlier brief chapters some fascinating ideas are sometimes posited but are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elaborated upon. This is perhaps to be forgiven as the author makes no pretence at providing a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive account of Anglo-German cultural relations, which would in any case take a much longer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(volume. However, it is frustrating that some interesting ideas \(such as the notion that Dickens was directly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced by German )] TJ ET BT 144.320 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bildungsroman)] TJ ET BT 218.324 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or that the ubiquity of the guidebook opened up travel for 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century women\) are dealt with quite briefly, and one longs for elaboration and a more detailed analysis. On )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the other hand, despite its comparative length and detail, the final section on political cartoons is so fresh and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting that one wishes for a full-length study dealing with this area of the subject alone.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the whole the author succeeds in his stated intention of demonstrating that the period between 1860 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1914 saw a ?growing sense of debate, and ambivalence, in British imaginings of Germany and the Germans, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than any simple transition from admiration to antagonism? \(p. 319\), and this is an admirable \(and very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readable\) attempt at a more general statement of the ?cultural turn? in the historiography of Anglo-German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations in this period. Scully gleans much interesting material from ?cultural forms? that have not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previously received much attention from historians. His analysis of both maps and political cartoons gives us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a more rounded view of how cultural attitudes developed and were expressed outside the realm of ?high )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture? and helps to give us a better sense of how Anglo-German relations were viewed among \(or at least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how they were presented to\) a wider audience beyond the political and cultural elite. As such this is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcome addition to the already vast literature on this topic, yet is far from being the last word on the subject.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 409.683 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 379.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(P. M. Kennedy, ?Idealists and Realists: British Views of Germany, 1864-?1939?, )] TJ ET BT 457.304 379.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transactions of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 364.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Royal Historical Society)] TJ ET BT 181.340 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 25 \(1975\), p. 137.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 273.332 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 273.332 363.411 m 327.320 363.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 350.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Among the most recent titles in English alone are John Ramsden?s )] TJ ET BT 387.656 350.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Don?t Mention the War: The )] TJ ET BT 64.016 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British and the Germans since 1890)] TJ ET BT 237.008 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2006\), Richard Milton?s )] TJ ET BT 407.996 336.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Best of Enemies: Britain and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany ? 100 Years of Truth and Lies)] TJ ET BT 255.020 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2007\) and Philip Oltermann?s )] TJ ET BT 452.672 322.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Keeping Up With the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 307.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germans: A History of Anglo-German Encounters)] TJ ET BT 306.320 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 387.644 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 387.644 306.387 m 441.632 306.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 293.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, John R. Davis, )] TJ ET BT 224.660 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Victorians and Germany)] TJ ET BT 364.316 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Bern, 2007\), )] TJ ET BT 434.636 293.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wilhelmine Germany and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 279.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edwardian Britain: Essays in Cultural Affinity)] TJ ET BT 288.380 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Dominik Geppert and Robert Gerwarth \(Oxford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2008\), Thomas Weber?s )] TJ ET BT 184.652 265.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Our Friend ?The Enemy?: Elite Education in Britain and Germany Before )] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World War I)] TJ ET BT 124.676 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Stanford, CA, 2008\), Petra Rau, )] TJ ET BT 288.656 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Modernism, National Identity and the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germans, 1890-1950)] TJ ET BT 166.004 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Farnham, 2009\), Colin Storer, )] TJ ET BT 320.660 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain and the Weimar Republic: The History of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(a Cultural Relationship)] TJ ET BT 177.368 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2010\), and Matthew C. Potter, )] TJ ET BT 376.352 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Inspirational Genius of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Germany: British Art and Germanism, 1850?1939)] TJ ET BT 306.668 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Manchester, 2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 406.640 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 406.640 206.595 m 460.628 206.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 193.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Rudy Koshar, ??What ought to be seen?: tourists? guidebooks and national identities in modern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany and Europe?, )] TJ ET BT 177.980 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Contemporary History)] TJ ET BT 339.644 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 33, 3 \(1998\), 323?340.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 454.964 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 454.964 178.083 m 508.952 178.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 165.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Colin Storer, )] TJ ET BT 149.348 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Britain and the Weimar Republic: The History of a Cultural Relationship)] TJ ET BT 501.356 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2010\), chapter one; Angela Schwarz, ?British Visitors to National Socialist Germany: In a Familiar or )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a Foreign Country??, )] TJ ET BT 181.004 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Contemporary History)] TJ ET BT 342.668 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 28, 3 \(1993\), 487?509 and Angela )] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schwarz, )] TJ ET BT 111.332 122.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Die Reise ins Dritte Reich. Britische Augenzeugen im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1933?1939)] TJ ET BT 118.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Gttingen, 1993\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 210.008 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 210.008 106.803 m 263.996 106.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 93.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Other examples of guidebooks for British travellers to Germany in the interwar period included John )] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chancellor?s )] TJ ET BT 129.668 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(How to be Happy in Berlin)] TJ ET BT 259.328 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1929\) and Roy Elston, )] TJ ET BT 420.656 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cook?s Travellers )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Handbook to the Rhine and the Black Forest)] TJ ET BT 278.324 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1931\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 359.648 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 359.648 64.035 m 413.636 64.035 l S endstream endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 273.3317 363.7255 327.3197 375.6055 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 49 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 387.6437 306.7015 441.6317 318.5815 ] >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 51 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 406.6397 206.9095 460.6277 218.7895 ] >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 454.9637 178.3975 508.9517 190.2775 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 210.0077 107.1175 263.9957 118.9975 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 359.6477 64.3495 413.6357 76.2295 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R 66 0 R ] /Contents 59 0 R >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Length 1906 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Petra Rau, )] TJ ET BT 117.008 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Modernism, National Identity and the Germans 1890?1950)] TJ ET BT 441.668 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 522.992 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 522.992 795.075 m 550.652 795.075 l S BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 780.819 m 90.344 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, the essays in )] TJ ET BT 214.652 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(German Colonialism, Visual Culture, and Modern Memory)] TJ ET BT 499.976 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. 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