%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 38 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818081624+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818081624+01'00') /Title (The American Dream: A Cultural History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5176 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The American Dream: A Cultural History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a useful book, a troubling book, and a book tells us something about the strange state of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary publishing. I?ll try and deal with each of these in turn.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I?ll begin, speaking as a historian, by saying that the American Dream is surprisingly open editorial terrain. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By my reckoning this is only the third recent history of the topic, following my 2003 book )] TJ ET BT 470.672 232.811 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dream )] TJ ET BT 70.340 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Southern Methodist University political scientist Cal Jillson?s )] TJ ET BT 391.016 218.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pursuing the American Dream)] TJ ET BT 538.664 218.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following year. \(I still regard Harvard literary critic Andrew Delbanco?s brief collection of lectures, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Real American Dream,)] TJ ET BT 165.992 190.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as the most evocative and wide-ranging book on the subject, though, as its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subtitle ? )] TJ ET BT 80.684 175.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Meditation on Hope)] TJ ET BT 187.676 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? indicates, it is more suggestive than comprehensive.\) )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 455.972 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 455.972 174.393 m 469.964 174.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 469.964 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Given how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(omnipresent the concept of American Dream is around the globe, how ambiguous its multiple meanings are, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and how often in turns up as an aspect or subtext of so much scholarly discourse, one might think its history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would have attracted more focused attention than it has.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I suspect this relative paucity has something to do with the orientation of the academy in the last half-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century. We live in an age of particularity. Gone are the days when a major historians like Henry Steele )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Commanger and Merrill Petersen could publish books with titles like )] TJ ET BT 368.672 78.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Mind)] TJ ET BT 464.660 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or )] TJ ET BT 480.656 78.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jefferson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Image in the American Mind.)] TJ ET BT 174.992 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET BT 181.988 63.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Which)] TJ ET BT 212.648 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( American mind? )] TJ ET BT 298.964 63.995 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Whose)] TJ ET BT 330.956 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( American mind?\) )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 421.268 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 421.268 62.601 m 435.260 62.601 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 435.260 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Our postcolonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mindset looks with suspicion on anything that smacks of a totalizing ideology, except as a symptom of, or an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1381)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 21 February, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence R. Samuel)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780815610076)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(21.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(256pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Syracuse University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Syracuse, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Cullen)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 455.9717 174.7075 469.9637 186.5875 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 421.2677 62.9155 435.2597 74.7955 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R ] /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7674 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustration of an intention to impose, a form of false consciousness.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The American Dream seems particularly problematic in this regard not only because of its prevalence in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular discourse as the essence of a national character, but also because of its concatenation with another )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea that is in even worse repute: American Exceptionalism. At the heart of any notion that the United States )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a unique civilization in the history of the world ? and at the heart of any moral claim in that uniqueness ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lies an assertion that the nation offers historically unprecedented opportunities for individuals to forge their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(own destinies. Empires come and empires go, but )] TJ ET BT 275.324 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(this)] TJ ET BT 292.664 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( empire is special because \(in the words of George )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Washington\) it is an empire for liberty.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I consider myself a recovering Exceptionalist. Back when I was promoting )] TJ ET BT 395.948 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Dream)] TJ ET BT 499.928 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( I would go )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around saying that no one speaks of the French Dream or the Chinese Dream. But I?ve since learned this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wrong in two senses. First, while it may be narrowly true, there really was a more or less Roman Dream, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, when one considers the way that empire used channels of citizenship \(like the army\) that afforded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bona fide upward mobility. \(The U.S. used immigrant recruiting to meet chronically short staffing demands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.\) One could say the Confucian civil service was the Chinese Dream. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Or that the 19th-century Foreign Office was a form of the British Dream. Moreover, anyone who?s paying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to what?s going on in Asia these days knows it?s clear that there is something very much like an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indian Dream taking shape, among others.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All this said, the sheer fervency with which Americans still invoke and affirm the American Dream as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(living reality in their lives, and the sheer length of time they have done so, is a historical phenomenon worth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noting and documenting, even if relatively few people appear to be interested in doing it. And this is where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence Samuel?s work comes in. His book demonstrates, in a way no previous one has, just how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pervasive the discourse of the Dream has been in the last 75 years.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samuel has very sensibly decided to focus his work on the segment of the American Dream saga that begins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1931. Why 1931? Because that?s the year popular historian James Truslow Adams published )] TJ ET BT 496.952 420.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Epic of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(America.)] TJ ET BT 77.672 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Whether or not he actually coined the term, it was Adams ? revealingly, he was rebuffed when he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wanted to title his overview history of the nation )] TJ ET BT 270.332 392.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Dream)] TJ ET BT 374.312 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? who gave it currency, defining it as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?that )] TJ ET BT 60.344 377.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(dream of a land)] TJ ET BT 136.676 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 452.924 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 452.924 376.419 m 466.916 376.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 466.916 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Though it was not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common before then, most analysts of the American Dream believe some such notion of the concept long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precedes the 1930s; it looms large over John Winthrop?s famous sermon ?A model of Christian charity? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1630\) no less than F. Scott Fitzgerald?s )] TJ ET BT 230.672 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Great Gatsby)] TJ ET BT 316.664 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1925\). But it was )] TJ ET BT 409.328 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Epic of America)] TJ ET BT 508.316 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, released )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the very nadir of the Great Depression, which crystallized the term in common parlance. Samuel?s first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter makes clear that the book was greeted with widespread attention from the moment it was published, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that Adams remained its chief interpreter, for decades to come.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adams, a blue-blooded Yankee who viewed the New Deal as a mistake and thought Americans were a little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too prone to self-congratulation, viewed the American Dream an idea that was too easily conflated with mere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumerism, as did many leftist intellectuals at the time. And yet, as Samuel shows, there was a surprising )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vein of optimism surrounding it in the 1930s ? more evident in political and psychological terms than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic ones ? which only intensified with the coming of the Second World War, which led even Adams )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to describe it as an instrument in the fight against totalitarian oppression.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ensuing five chapters of Samuel?s study loosely segment into decades, beginning with the 1950s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ending with the turn of the current century. Relying heavily on journalistic discourse ? a matter I?ll return to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(momentarily ? he suggests there are two basic dynamics at work in the discourse of the American Dream. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first is that the conversation surrounding it has been shaped by larger geopolitical events. So it is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historically specific phenomena like the Cold War or the Civil Rights Movement immediately become points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of reference in discussing the state of the Dream.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second, and more interesting, theme is that the discourse of the Dream is relatively static, returning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(repeatedly to the same questions. Among the more pressing ones: Is it still alive? With the coming of every )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj [20 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 452.9237 376.7335 466.9157 388.6135 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7324 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic downturn, commentators repeatedly assert that the Dream frontier is closing \(again\). There was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lot of this talk in the 1970s. And in the early 1980s. And again in the early 1990s. And of course since the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Great Recession of 2008. But there was also anxiety about it in the 1950s and 1960s. Samuel quotes a 1949 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study showing that while 35 per cent of teenagers expected to hold jobs in the professional class, the labor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(force only supported 10 per cent of such workers \(p. 67\). Even at a time many in the West regard as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(halcyon age of economic opportunity, there were concerns that aspirations outstripped reality.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another question Samuel shows coming up repeatedly is just what the American Dream actually )] TJ ET BT 501.284 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(means)] TJ ET BT 531.944 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: Is it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about upward mobility, typically understood in terms of income? Is it about personal security, often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressed in terms of home ownership? The ability to follow one?s bliss, even if it )] TJ ET BT 433.304 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(isn?t )] TJ ET BT 459.644 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remunerative? Not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprisingly, there?s no real consensus among the people Samuel quotes. Perhaps a little more surprisingly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he makes no real attempt to articulate his own definition of the term beyond making the apposite observation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that basing a dream on pecuniary gain dooms one to frustration, since perceptions of wealth are always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relative \(p. 198\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Which brings us to what I regard as a serious methodological problem with Samuel?s )] TJ ET BT 447.296 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Dream)] TJ ET BT 530.276 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the introduction, he writes:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book relies primarily on period magazines and newspapers as its source material and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secondarily on previous books written about aspects of the topic, as I firmly believe that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journalists serving on the front lines of the scene represent our most valuable resource to recover )] TJ ET BT 64.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unfiltered stories of the Dream \(p. 11\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This makes a lot of sense. The problem is that there is virtually nothing )] TJ ET BT 378.992 453.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(but)] TJ ET BT 394.328 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( newspapers and magazines as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source material. Entire chapters cite nothing else. That might be justified if the book was called )] TJ ET BT 494.612 439.349 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Dream in the Mass Media)] TJ ET BT 208.988 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or some such title. What?s particularly troubling here is that when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samuel discusses a book like Norman Mailer?s 1965 novel )] TJ ET BT 320.984 410.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(American Dream)] TJ ET BT 403.964 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, or the writings of Harvard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(president James B. Conant, or any number of Hollywood movies, his footnotes indicate that he relies on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(reviews)] TJ ET BT 70.676 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of such works rather than engaging them directly. Shockingly, none of his many citations of Adams )] TJ ET BT 34.016 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(name )] TJ ET BT 63.008 368.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Epic of America)] TJ ET BT 161.996 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( directly. That book is listed in the ?Selected bibliography?, and Samuels quotes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Adams repeatedly \(typically newspaper stories\). But there?s never a sentence, passage, or reference that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes clear he?s actually read the book. What he gives us, then, are hardly ?unfiltered? stories of the Dream: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everything he tells us is second-hand.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This may explain why the book has a slightly musty quality. We?re told that the there were concerns about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 284.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conformity with the American Dream in the 1950s; that the American Dream was in upheaval in the 1960s; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that it was beset by economic uncertainty in the 1970s. When we rely on journalists alone for our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of reality, that reality is almost inevitably going to reflect the tenor, if not the clichs, of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moment. Samuel does little more than reinforce attitudes rather than question or reframe our understanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of events. To many of us, that?s the opposite of what history ? or at any rate, historical scholarship ? is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supposed to do. The most likely reader of this book is going to be an undergraduate who plucks it off a well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resourced library?s shelves \(less well-resourced libraries are unlikely to buy it\). While that student may gain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a better grasp of the arc of American cultural history in a very general sense, it may also serve to obscure, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than truly clarify, the contours of the past. The student essay on the American Dream that relies on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Samuel is likely to be described as a complicated idea that has meant different things to different people at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different times ? a deadening notion that makes so many of us rightly dread grading papers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 115.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author holds a Ph.D. in American Studies from the University of Minnesota, which may explain the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blurb from the highly regarded Lary May, who teaches there. But Samuel is not a professional scholar. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back flap copy describes him as the founder of Culture Planning LLC, ?a Miami- and New York-based )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resource offering cultural insight to Fortune 500 Companies?. The firm?s website quotes Slate.com )] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describing Samuel as ?the Margaret Mead of plutocrats?, and a mentions a clientele that?s a ?Who?s Who of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 8011 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fortune 500 Companies?, one of which is named as JP Morgan.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One more piece of context: Samuel is an unusually prolific writer. In addition to authoring books on Second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War bond drives and television advertising, he?s also written a string of three titles to be published in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013 alone. This is a remarkable output even for an author who is not doing archival research. Besides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Dream )] TJ ET BT 140.996 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 2012, Samuel published another book in 2011 and two more in 2010.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 485.648 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 485.648 726.051 m 499.640 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 499.640 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associates such pace with a successful mystery novelist more than a historian. One wonders how he does it; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Dream)] TJ ET BT 137.996 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( includes no acknowledgments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the ironies here is that while Samuel is a fluid writer who pitches his work toward a general audience, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his books are all published by small presses, usually academic ones, which typically measure sales by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hundred. Larger trade houses, which count sales in thousands, have largely abandoned surveys of this kind, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unless you?re a celebrity or have a major academic credential that counts as a platform. There seems to be a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real disconnect between readers, writers, and publishers here. Writers are producing books that most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publishers don?t want, and the publishers who )] TJ ET BT 259.328 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(do)] TJ ET BT 271.328 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( want them can?t reach audiences willing to pay for them, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one reason why such books tend to cost too much, because only captive market of research libraries will buy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them and allow publishers to recoup the cost of producing them ? sometimes, which is a problem given that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many scholarly presses are now expected to at least break even. Such a regime may makes sense in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academy that understands itself as a self-conscious elite with different interests than a culture at large, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(few scholars like to think of themselves that way, certainly not humanities scholars who like to imagine that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their work can be part of a larger conversation about the nature and future of their societies. This may not be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a new story, but insofar as it?s changing it?s for the worse. \(One indication: the decline of newspaper book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewing in the United States, which used to be seen as a plausible means of publicizing new books )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affecting on their commercial fate.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One imagines that for Samuel, at least, a full bibliography is a useful marketing tool: prospective clients )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be impressed by a consultant who can say he publishes scholarship regularly. I will confess that I find )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the idea of writing books as a business strategy distasteful. On the other hand, most professional scholars )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consider their books important credentials on the road to jobs and promotions. In that regard, their interests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are no less pecuniary, even if writing is more central to their identities. Books have always been deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enmeshed in capitalist systems. But somehow they seem to matter less on their own terms than they once )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did. I imagine that there?s more than one reader of this publication, American or otherwise, who nursed a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dream of becoming an Author. But that dream appears to be dying, at least in its current form. Perhaps it will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be resurrected in virtual form online \(though this book is not available in an e-book edition\). There are some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasons to think so, though it?s unlikely to be satisfying to those whose aspirations are contained between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(covers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As I?ve indicated, I have strong reservations about Samuel?s methodology. But I wish him well, if for no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other reason than to believe a life of the mind is economically viable outside the prim confines of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic quad. I would be very interested to hear more about how he understands and practices what he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does, and where his sources of hope are.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 200.355 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 169.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jim Cullen, )] TJ ET BT 122.360 169.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Dream: A Short History of an Idea That Shaped a Nation)] TJ ET BT 468.344 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2003\); Cal Jillson, )] TJ ET BT 155.360 155.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pursuing the American Dream: Opportunity and Exclusion Over Four Centuries)] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Lawrence, KS, 2004\); Andrew Delbanco: )] TJ ET BT 270.956 141.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Real American Dream: A Meditation on Hope)] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, MA, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 183.668 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 183.668 125.571 m 237.656 125.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 112.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henry Steele Commanger, )] TJ ET BT 194.660 112.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The American Mind: An Interpretation of American Thought and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Character Since the 1880s)] TJ ET BT 191.672 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1950; New Haven, CT, 1959\); Merrill D. Petersen, )] TJ ET BT 445.964 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Jefferson Image in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the American Mind)] TJ ET BT 156.668 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 1960\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 274.304 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 274.304 82.803 m 328.292 82.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 69.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Truslow Adams, )] TJ ET BT 179.336 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Epic of America)] TJ ET BT 278.324 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Boston, MA,1931\), p. 404.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 414.656 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 414.656 68.547 m 468.644 68.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 55.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence R. Samuel, )] TJ ET BT 170.324 55.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pledging Allegiance: American Identity and the Bond Drive of World War II)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj [27 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 485.6477 726.3655 499.6397 738.2455 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 183.6677 125.8855 237.6557 137.7655 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 274.3037 83.1175 328.2917 94.9975 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 414.6557 68.8615 468.6437 80.7415 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 39 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Length 2323 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Washington, DC, 1997\): )] TJ ET BT 189.008 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Brought to You By: Postwar Advertising and the American Dream)] TJ ET BT 507.992 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Austin, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(TX, 2002\); )] TJ ET BT 120.344 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sexidemic: A Cultural History of Sex in America )] TJ ET BT 356.984 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Lanham, MD, 2013\);)] TJ ET BT 462.968 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Shrink: A Cultural )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Psychoanalysis in America )] TJ ET BT 248.336 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Lincoln, NE, 2013\);)] TJ ET BT 348.992 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Freud on Madison Avenue: Motivation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Research and Subliminal Advertising in America)] TJ ET BT 299.000 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Philadelphia, PA, 2013\); )] TJ ET BT 427.664 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Supernatural America: A )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cultural History )] TJ ET BT 146.696 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Westport, CT, 2011\); )] TJ ET BT 256.352 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The End of Innocence: The 1964?1965 Worlds Fair)] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Syracuse, NY, 2010\); )] TJ ET BT 174.992 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Future: A Recent History)] TJ ET BT 296.636 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Austin, TX, 2010\). Lawrence is also the author of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rich: The Rise and Fall of American Wealth Culture)] TJ ET BT 317.336 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 434.972 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 434.972 709.539 m 488.960 709.539 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 694.207 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.427 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 676.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1381)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 675.033 m 328.316 675.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 650.056 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 635.656 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/50720)] TJ ET endstream endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 434.9717 709.8535 488.9597 721.7335 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 675.3475 328.3157 687.2275 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1381) >> endobj xref 0 44 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000548 00000 n 0000000644 00000 n 0000005872 00000 n 0000005981 00000 n 0000006091 00000 n 0000006200 00000 n 0000009761 00000 n 0000009889 00000 n 0000009973 00000 n 0000010002 00000 n 0000010130 00000 n 0000010166 00000 n 0000010195 00000 n 0000010321 00000 n 0000010357 00000 n 0000010441 00000 n 0000018168 00000 n 0000018198 00000 n 0000018326 00000 n 0000018362 00000 n 0000018427 00000 n 0000025804 00000 n 0000025909 00000 n 0000033973 00000 n 0000034003 00000 n 0000034131 00000 n 0000034167 00000 n 0000034295 00000 n 0000034350 00000 n 0000034476 00000 n 0000034531 00000 n 0000034657 00000 n 0000034712 00000 n 0000034803 00000 n 0000037179 00000 n 0000037307 00000 n 0000037362 00000 n 0000037490 00000 n trailer << /Size 44 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 37586 %%EOF