%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R 61 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140729162839+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140729162839+01'00') /Title (Edith Sitwell: avant-garde poet, English genius) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5394 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Edith Sitwell: avant-garde poet, English genius)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?The Sitwells belong to the history of publicity rather than of poetry?, famously pronounced F. R. Leavis in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Bearings in English Poetry )] TJ ET BT 191.684 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1932\). Greene believes this ?toxic wisecrack? by Leavis had an overlong )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shelf life and ensured ?that the one British woman of her time who briefly enjoyed status as a major poet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was not merely pushed back into the second rank, but dismissed by many as a fraud? \(p. 237\). Greene?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography, with its subtitle, )] TJ ET BT 168.692 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?avant-garde poet, English genius?)] TJ ET BT 340.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, flags a challenge to Leavis?s verdict. For a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(start, he separates out the three siblings, giving Edith \(1887?1964\) a book of her own, then daringly asserts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that at the height of her fame she was ?the best British-born poet? of her day \(p. 320\). Although much is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known about the Sitwells and their milieu from John Pearson?s close study, )] TJ ET BT 400.328 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Faade:)] TJ ET BT 440.312 216.299 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( Edith, Osbert, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sacheverell Sitwell)] TJ ET BT 125.672 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1978\), and about Edith in particular from her autobiography, )] TJ ET BT 426.956 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Taken Care Of:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(an Autobiography)] TJ ET BT 121.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1965\), and from the anthology )] TJ ET BT 277.328 187.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edith Sitwell: Fire of the Mind)] TJ ET BT 425.000 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, edited by Elizabeth Salter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Allanah Harper \(1976\), Greene explains why we need a biography )] TJ ET BT 376.580 173.531 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(now)] TJ ET BT 396.584 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in his prologue \(p. 8\). One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason is the wealth of material that has become available since Victoria Glendinning?s biography of 30 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years ago \(1981\) and since the )] TJ ET BT 183.308 145.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Selected Letters)] TJ ET BT 259.628 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1997\) that Greene himself edited. Additionally, since she is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a writer ?who matters? the very strangeness of Sitwell?s life and character warrant documentation rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than derision. Contingently, Greene aims to enhance readers? engagement with her poetry by tracing its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evolution. Nevertheless, in determining to accentuate Edith?s genius, Greene is up against longstanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mythology about her eccentric appearance and personality. Reviews with titles such as ?Epistles of a great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English eccentric? or ?Withering heights? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 238.304 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 238.304 72.345 m 252.296 72.345 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 252.296 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, continue to pick on her clothes and caustic wit, which might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only add to the appeal if she were a male public figure. ?Edith Sitwell in her own words?, the section that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1390)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 7 March, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Greene)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781860499685)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(544pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Virago)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jane Dowson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 238.3037 72.6595 252.2957 84.5395 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 8052 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prefaces the book, displays such Wildesque quips as, ?I am fundamentally kind, if you discount my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversation, which is very often not? or ?All the Pipsqueakery [hostile critics] are after me in full squeak?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inviting us to laugh )] TJ ET BT 130.028 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(with)] TJ ET BT 150.704 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rather than )] TJ ET BT 208.352 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(at)] TJ ET BT 217.688 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Edith. Indeed, while presenting a kaleidoscope of perspectives on his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject, Greene?s gently persuasive counsel for her defence is surely crucial to the success of a biography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since any life-story consists in a mixture of events that can be checked for accuracy and varying degrees and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kinds of unfathomability, the biographer necessarily combines authenticity with speculation. Greene?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(credentials as an authoritative recorder of Sitwell?s life permeate the book from start to finish. It is the work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of several decades in which Greene visited all the places that Edith and members of her family inhabited or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visited. The acknowledgements reveal the numerous individuals, including key members of the family, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provided interviews and papers, and the useful family tree at the front sets up a factual framework for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ensuing narrative. The chapters chronicle Edith?s life, from her parents? background, through the five )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decades of her publishing career, to her death from heart failure. Consequently, tales of quarrels, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconciliations, battles with health and poverty thread through the chapters and provide stimulating narrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coherence. The pleasure of speculation is afforded as Greene treads a path that both validates and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undermines human testimony, including Edith?s. For example, referring to her well-circulated protest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the ?hell? of her childhood )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 202.652 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 202.652 569.235 m 216.644 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 216.644 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Edith later stated that she was an unreliable witness of her own life. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greene painstakingly recounts how Edith?s curvature of her long spine was treated by the medical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(profession but defends her parents and the doctors against charges that the corrective iron straitjacket, what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she called her ?bastille?, was maliciously prescribed. While implying that Edith?s complaints exaggerated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her childhood suffering, Greene revives the reader?s sympathy by details of her parents? arranged and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unhappy marriage that endorse Edith?s sense of rejection by them, and by alluding to the back problems that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plagued her all through her life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fact that Edith felt an outsider in her own family and left it at the age of 17 maintains our warmth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards the protagonist, while the book offers fascinating social history about aristocratic life in the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20th century. Chapter two, ?A sense of place?, describes, with the vividness of an eye-witness, how Edith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spent much of her adolescence in London and at the family seat, Renishaw Hall in Derbyshire, with annual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journeys to the continent. Belvoir House in Scarborough was another Sitwell family home for decades. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(miseries and falls of a mighty titled family only add to the biography?s appeal; inherited wealth did not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(protect the family from ill health, emotional turbulence or debt. Lady Ida Denison and Sir George Sitwell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(embodied a transition from Victorian to modern cultures while undergoing a human drama of difficult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships. Lady Ida?s depression, drinking and gambling, the attendant pawning of possessions and her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humiliating imprisonment form the backdrop to Edith?s fortunes, rendering their world at once remote and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognizable: the three strange siblings simply found strength in each other when their parents proved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unreliable. Corroborating Edith's autobiography, Greene outlines how she did not conform to the femininity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expected by her parents yet, as a girl, was cheated of legacies from an aunt and her father, while her brothers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(squandered their inheritances. The history of her education at home is instructive. We learn the curriculum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a girl educated at home at the turn of the century \(pp. 32?3\). However, her father?s belief, echoing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dominant discourses of medicine at the time, that study made women unfeminine meant that Edith did not go )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to university. Instead, she left home for London where she met writers, painters and musicians, becoming )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly serious about modern art.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The story of the eponymous subject is also the tale of a generation and, as Louis Menand comments, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography deals with who controls the narrative about a person.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 339.296 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 339.296 174.579 m 353.288 174.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 353.288 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Greene frequently offers counter-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives to received versions, levelling the playfield between figures with grand reputations and those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with diminished profiles. He broadens Edith?s much trumpeted eccentricity to a brand that is peculiarly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English and peculiar to an artist; he places her among a cast of larger-than-life figures whose personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships were synchronous with their professional lives and intrinsic to their creativity. Like her, all the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characters come across as both sinned against and sinning in their loves and losses, fluctuating reputations, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensitivities to critical reception, financial pressures and heavy drinking. However, Greene privileges Edith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the voices of her many admirers that show up the mistreatment by her family, by men and by the critics. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sitwell had an inside view of the domestic life of Robert Graves and his wife and we have his unusual view )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 202.6517 569.5495 216.6437 581.4295 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 339.2957 174.8935 353.2877 186.7735 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7921 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of her, spending time on the sofa hemming handkerchiefs. The mutual regard between Sitwell and T. S. Eliot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(waxed and waned along with their friendship. Edith professed to love T)] TJ ET BT 377.960 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(he Waste Land)] TJ ET BT 449.288 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(p. 173\), which she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(read while Eliot was recovering from mental collapse, and defended him against charges of ill-treating his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wife \(p. 125\), but when Edith and Osbert refused Vivienne?s appeal for help, relations cooled between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sitwells and Eliots. They were reunited later but Edith was appalled at Tom?s second marriage and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denounced the )] TJ ET BT 106.664 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Four Quartets)] TJ ET BT 175.664 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that she had earlier adored. Personal and professional interests were also in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflict in her relationship with D. H. Lawrence, whom Edith and Osbert eventually met in Florence. Edith )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was convinced that the unflattering portrait of Clifford Chatterley was subsequently based on Osbert and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(denigrated Lawrence?s book ever afterwards. Similarly, Greene explores existing anecdotes about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal and professional kinship between Edith and Virginia Woolf \(pp. 134?5\). He prints a rarely cited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and lengthy extract from Woolf?s diary \(pp. 187?8\) that is one of the most compassionate and perceptive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observations of Edith, crystallising what is told in fragments all through the biography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greene?s depiction of Edith?s governess, Helen Rootham, who became a literary mentor and friend \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(42?3\), treads the line between unfixing other versions and fixing a new one. One view is that Edith could not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accept her former governess as an equal, though Greene indicates that Helen?s musical talent encouraged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edith?s fine ear. Helen also accompanied Edith to Paris in 1904 to save her from the finishing off process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expected of a girl with her social status. They set up home in 22 Pembridge Mansions, in a house that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became a famous meeting place for writers and artists throughout the 1920s. Greene?s meticulous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description transports us to the block of flats and its immediate neighborhood so we can imagine the room in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which Edith started to write and host the ?at homes? that are part of the history of literary modernism. Later, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greene particularises the souring of relations between Edith and her governess-turned-friend \(p. 142\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then Edith?s care of Helen as she fell ill and died in 1938. His judgement that Helen was really very difficult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allows our sympathy for Edith to remain intact.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ultimately, the nature of Edith and Helen?s relationship is educated guesswork and, unlike the historian, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biographer need have no qualms about embracing enigmas. The big mystery is Edith?s life-long attraction to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Russian painter Pavel Tchelitchew and recourse to his recently available letters is one distinguishing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mark of this biography: ?a reading of Tchelitchew?s immense correspondence with Edith reveals him as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extravagant, visionary, superstitious, cruel and selfish? \(p. 191\). Greene?s conclusion, that Edith, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colluding in his hold over her, was a victim of Tchelitchew?s unpredictable personality and uncertain mental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(health, keeps us on her side in the tempestuous relationship. At the same time, Greene even-handedly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests that Tchelitchew was part of a neglected group of neo-romantic artists that drew inspiration from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(classical, Renaissance, symbolist and surrealist movements and deserves his own biography. Do we need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(know whether or not Edith had sex with Tchelitchew or with any other man or woman if we are considering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her genius as a poet? Greene returns to this question sporadically and intensively in the chapter ?Her loves?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(He treats all verdicts, including Edith?s, with caution but his allusion to her attraction to other bisexuals such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Alvaro de Guevara and Siegfried Sassoon is something of a non sequitur. If there is no proof that she was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a lesbian \(p. 213\), do we need to consider whether she might have been? Perhaps the importance is in having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some unsolved mysteries so that we leave each chapter and the book with something to ponder.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As for ?avant-garde poet?, Greene claims Edith as ?a pugilist for the modern movement in the arts? \(p. 167\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In tracing the evolution of her poetry, however, Greene disagrees that she moved from a phase of satire, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated with )] TJ ET BT 110.672 190.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Faade)] TJ ET BT 146.660 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1922\), to vision, associated with ?Still falls the rain? \(1940\), but that comedy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tragedy entwined is the mark of all her writing. He also unsettles the polarity between her pre-war linguistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(innovation and post-war social engagement with close readings of works like ?The dancers?, a fine but little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(known First World War poem \(p. 108\), stressing that the Sitwells viewed war as an imposition by the older )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation. Edith wrote to Sassoon in sympathy with his public anti-war protest \(p. 122\) and, with Sassoon, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edited Wilfred Owen?s poems. From 1926, Sassoon became one of her main fans and a critic to whom she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looked for feedback for the next four decades \(p. 185\). During the 1920s she was in demand as a speaker and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could fill a room. In the chapter ?Too fantastic and fat-heads? Greene evaluates all accounts of the making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and rendering of )] TJ ET BT 116.324 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Faade, )] TJ ET BT 158.312 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moderating sensationalism without minimizing the historical importance of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first performance that was succeeded by many more in the following decades. She was in the company of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 28 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Length 8670 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(groundbreakers who were attacked in the provocative)] TJ ET BT 291.272 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [( A Survey of Modernist Poetry )] TJ ET BT 439.916 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1927\), edited by Laura )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Riding and Robert Graves. Unlike some of her contemporaries, however, Edith associated a fight against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditionalism with a fight against injustice and believed she had always written about it \(p. 175\). If not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(already converted, Greene?s carefully contexualised reading of ?Gold coast customs? \(pp. 199?200\), )] TJ ET BT 520.880 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A)] TJ ET BT 531.212 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Song )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the Cold)] TJ ET BT 87.356 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(pp. 319?20\), and ?His blood colours my cheek?, ?one of the best of her old age? \(pp. 414?16\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would send a reader to her poems. Edith?s compassion for the less privileged is traced back to a childhood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(friend in Scarborough who was poor and beaten by his mother. Additionally, she and her brothers spent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more time with the servants than with their parents and, according to Osbert, one nurse, Eliza Davis, had a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(special affection for Edith. Edith emerges as a pacifist and at the height of her reputation was in demand as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spokesperson for causes such as the campaigns against Apartheid and for Nuclear Disarmament.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We are on side with Edith against the literary critics who severely damaged her reputation. In the chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Let the devils have it?, Greene concedes where they have a point, but also exposes the malice in Geoffrey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Grigson and Leavis, tempering their hostility to her )] TJ ET BT 283.664 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Aspects of Modern Poetry)] TJ ET BT 408.644 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1934\) and other works with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words of praise by others. Greene has a sympathetic insight into the special challenges of being a woman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poet, about which Edith wrote considerably and controversially. He believes the performative elements in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her poems are partly negotiations with iconographies of the feminised poetess \(p. 128\). She championed her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary Charlotte Mew \(p. 134\) and later the Americans Gertrude Stein, H. D. and Marianne Moore. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She would seem to have much in common with the avant-garde Stein whom she met in Paris via an editor of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vogue)] TJ ET BT 64.676 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( magazine, but there were rivalries over Tchelitchew who was initially Stein?s protg.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How is Edith Sitwell a genius? Her knowledge and talents were extraordinary and she always got people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(talking. She knew several languages, was an authority on art, music and ballet, claiming that Stravinsky?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work inspired her rhythms. She formed a short-lived Anglo-French society, consisting of many great figures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that gave recitals with Sitwell and Arnold Bennett as a class double act. Although they had several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fallings out and reconciliations, Bennett maintained that Sitwell was a genius \(p. 140\). Edwin Muir was an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advocate and critic of her work and as editor of )] TJ ET BT 263.948 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Age)] TJ ET BT 327.944 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( had her poetry published in the magazine. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another friend and admirer was Graham Greene \(p. 16\) whom Edith believed completely understood her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poetry. She was ?one of her century?s great letter writers? \(p. 199\) and her only novel )] TJ ET BT 449.240 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(I Live under a Black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sun )] TJ ET BT 55.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1937, repr. 2007\), was considered the work of a genius by the writer Wilfrid Gibson \(p. 261\) and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masterpiece by others. Her historical portrait )] TJ ET BT 251.636 373.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Victoria of England)] TJ ET BT 346.976 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1936\) was a best-seller and her first study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Elizabeth I \(1946\) sold 19,000 copies in three weeks, while her anthologies and critical works always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made waves. There is still living memory on which to draw about the later decades of Edith?s life that have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been eclipsed in the academic and popular worlds by the excitement of the 1920s. The chapters on her work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during and after the Second World War illuminate the brightness of her reputation and output in the 1940s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1950s \(p. 322\). Greene?s full discussion of such poems as ?Lullaby? and ?Serenade: any man for any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(woman? testify to their neglect in canons of Second World War poetry \(pp. 273?6\). The biography begins )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the air raid on Sheffield in 1940 that left a deep mark on Edith?s imagination and inspired the poem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Still falls the rain? that is unequivocally acclaimed. There was a special edition of )] TJ ET BT 434.948 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Horizon)] TJ ET BT 474.284 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( magazine in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1947. Her engagement with the American literary tradition as well as contemporary American poets, notably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Lowell, was allegedly greater than any British-born poet of her generation \(p. 311\). Greene reads the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitmanesque multi-syllabled lines in ?Heart and mind? from )] TJ ET BT 337.316 216.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Green song and other poems )] TJ ET BT 478.964 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1944\). Her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visit, with Osbert, to New York on the Queen Elizabeth liner in 1948 was a triumph and included a rendition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 187.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Faade)] TJ ET BT 83.000 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. She impressed the major cultural figure Lincoln Kirstein who believed she had star power. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made several more trips to the United States, including a three-month lecture tour that included ten weeks in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hollywood when she met Marilyn Monroe. They would seem poles apart yet connected through some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mutual recognition of their common psychological wounds. Sitwell edited an anthology, )] TJ ET BT 461.660 145.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Genius)] TJ ET BT 68.012 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1951\). Her new )] TJ ET BT 152.984 130.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Collected Poems)] TJ ET BT 233.972 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1955\) was accompanied by numerous accolades in America and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain. There was a mixed reception to her bumper anthology, )] TJ ET BT 339.296 116.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Atlantic Book of British and American )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poetry)] TJ ET BT 66.008 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( published in 1958 in the United States and the following year in Great Britain. She was awarded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Honorary Degrees from the universities of Leeds \(1947\), Durham \(1947\) and Oxford \(1951\) and an OBE in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1954.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 8039 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In summary, while necessarily nurturing the reader?s appetite for human interest, the biography is part social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, part literary history and part )] TJ ET BT 210.992 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Knstlerroman)] TJ ET BT 283.664 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Greene maintains a fine balance between the oddness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ordinariness of an artist?s life and temperament. At times, Edith stands out head and shoulders for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longevity of her career, the quantity and range of her output and extreme mix of strength and vulnerability. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She fought to promote modern art, to be herself and to protect her friends when necessary. She comes across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as someone whom those close to her, such as Natasha Spender, perceived as quiet \(p. 240\) and Winfred )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bryher found worth sponsoring \(p. 280\). This book puts the record straight with material that has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overlooked, either as a result of lazy scholarship or in favour of popular gossip, or only recently made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible. In dissecting the records about one life, the biographer at once exposes how records that present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves as authentic history are skewed by selection, subjectivity and faulty memory. At the same time, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the inevitability of gaps in all attempts to construct a life permit the pleasure of imaginative play and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speculative recreation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 592.755 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Epistles of a great English Eccentric?, by Philip Zeiger, )] TJ ET BT 333.644 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daily Telegraph)] TJ ET BT 412.640 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1 March 1997\) and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Withering Heights?, by Miranda Seymour, )] TJ ET BT 277.652 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sunday Times)] TJ ET BT 344.648 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(9 March 1997\), reviews of )] TJ ET BT 482.276 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Selected )] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Letters of Edith Sitwell)] TJ ET BT 174.368 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Richard Greene \(London, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 354.656 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 354.656 532.227 m 408.644 532.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 519.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Edith Sitwell to Geoffrey Singleton, 11 July 1955, )] TJ ET BT 308.684 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Edith Sitwell: Selected Letters)] TJ ET BT 453.680 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. John Lehmann )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Derek Parker \(London, 1970\) pp. 198?200.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 291.632 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 291.632 503.715 m 345.620 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 490.858 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Louis Menand, 2007. ?Lives of others: the biography business?, )] TJ ET BT 374.648 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The New Yorker)] TJ ET BT 452.648 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 6 August 2007 <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2007/08/06/070806crbo_books_menand)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 475.203 m 479.324 475.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 482.324 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 496.316 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4 December, 2012].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 159.320 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 159.320 460.947 m 213.308 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 436.085 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 421.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/feb/27/edith-sitwell-english-genius-richard-greene-review)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 406.179 m 504.272 406.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 507.272 407.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 34.016 393.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Telegraph)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 379.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/bookreviews/8344918/Edith-Sitwell-Avant-Garde-Poet-English-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 377.667 m 548.300 377.667 l S BT 34.016 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Genius-by-Richard-Greene-review.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 363.411 m 226.292 363.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 229.292 364.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 34.016 350.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Independent)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 336.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/edith-sitwell-avant-garde-poet-english-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 334.899 m 534.272 334.899 l S BT 34.016 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(genius-by-richard-greene-7545594.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 320.643 m 226.304 320.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 229.304 322.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 34.016 307.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quill and Quire)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.quillandquire.com/reviews/review.cfm)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 292.131 m 277.652 292.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 280.652 293.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 34.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Higher Education)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 265.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/415489.article)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 263.619 m 296.660 263.619 l S 0.000 0.000 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