%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721235339+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721235339+01'00') /Title (Into Africa: The Imperial Life of Margery Perham) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4189 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Into Africa: The Imperial Life of Margery Perham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Once upon a time, as every schoolboy knew, the history of the British Empire was the history of great men. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clive, Rhodes, Cromer, Curzon, Lugard, Milner: the names of these imperial pro-consuls, military leaders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and administrative visionaries tripped off the tongue as paragons of the civilising and adventurous spirit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which drove the expansion of England over three centuries and painted the globe pink. Any number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adulatory biographies documented these and other purportedly exemplary lives before the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reckoning of decolonisation and the new intellectual terrain opened up by post-colonial theory forced a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radical re-thinking of the entire imperial project. More recent historiography has recast such imperial heroes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if not exactly as villains, then as knowing participants in a system of racialised power relations which at best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced a self-serving paternalism and at worst perpetuated unspeakable acts of colonial violence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The role of white women within these power relations has also come under critical scrutiny from historians, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with wives, female missionaries, moral reformers and celebrated travellers viewed as complicit ? albeit to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varying degrees and in different ways ? in the shoring up of British colonial rule. Women are certainly no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer marginalised in the history of empire; yet only a tiny handful ? Flora Shaw and Gertrude Bell are the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptions which spring most readily to mind ? can be said to have had a direct hand in or influence over the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(business of imperial )] TJ ET BT 133.676 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(governance)] TJ ET BT 189.656 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as opposed to the more general production of colonial knowledge serving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1391)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 7 March, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. Brad Faught)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781848854901)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(37.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I B Tauris)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen McCarthy)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7649 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to justify and entrench white supremacy. This in itself is hardly surprising: women were excluded from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administrative mainstream of the Colonial Service until the 1940s, restricted to posts as nurses, educators )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social workers, and nearly always found engaged in activities concerned with the welfare of ?native? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women and children. The bureaucracy of empire was, then, founded on gender difference and a maternalist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideology which positioned white women ambiguously, as both insiders and outsiders.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is at this highly charged intersection of gender, race and empire that we find Margery Perham )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1895?1982\), the subject of C. Brad Faught?s new biography. Towering authority on colonial Africa, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pioneer of the subfield of imperial history, and central figure in the reform of British colonial administration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the mid-20th century, Perham was the subject of a special issue of the )] TJ ET BT 384.296 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Imperial and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Commonwealth History )] TJ ET BT 151.352 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1991 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 190.688 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 190.688 654.771 m 204.680 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 204.680 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, but has only now received the full biographical treatment that her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extraordinarily rich and consequential life indisputably deserves. Faught follows for the most part a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional biographical format: he starts with Perham?s middle-class Edwardian childhood in the elegant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yorkshire town of Harrogate and follows her story through from student days at Oxford to her first thrilling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African encounter in Somaliland in 1920; subsequent chapters track Perham?s career as she cultivated her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic reputation, policy influence and public profile as an expert Africanist, with only a brief diversion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by way of a chapter detailing her long association with Frederick Lugard, the celebrated imperial governor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose own life Perham would write in two compendious volumes \(in so doing contributing, ironically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enough, to the great man version of imperial history\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Perham was a woman of many parts \(as well as the above, she published two novels, threw herself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into amateur theatricals and maintained a complex relationship with Christianity\), three facets of Perham?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional activities emerge especially prominently in Faught?s narrative: Perham the \(Oxford\) academic; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perham the policy advisor; and Perham the public intellectual. Faught does a good job of explaining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perham?s broader historical significance on each of these fronts whilst also capturing something of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject?s lively personality, often through direct quotation from her many private writings.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perham, as Faught reveals, did not hold any particular aspirations to a career in scholarship, although her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obvious ability plus fortuitous circumstances \(supportive parents and a scholarship to St Hugh?s, Oxford\) set )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her on the path to academic success, her first-class History degree securing a lectureship in Sheffield, where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perham first taught the subject ? imperial history ? which she would make her own. Sheffield also indirectly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(propelled Perham towards Africa, for it was the nervous breakdown brought on by overwork and loneliness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there which prompted her to seek a rest cure in Somaliland, staying in the home of her sister, Ethel, and her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dashing husband, Harry Rayne, a District Commissioner and first of the many rugged men of empire whose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquaintance Perham would make during her many subsequent African tours.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It was by witnessing first-hand how colonial administration functioned \(or failed to function\) on the ground )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Perham gradually crystallised her thinking on empire over the next two decades. Faught sees her as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(high-minded liberal who believed emphatically in the virtues of British colonial rule in Africa, but only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where the rulers genuinely governed in the interests of the indigenous population and placed the needs of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africans ? for education, welfare and economic development ? above the self-serving claims of white )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settlers. As she moved from Government House to Government House, and from British Africa to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighbouring French and Belgian territories, Perham drew lessons about good and bad forms of governance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and about the qualities which allowed one District Commissioner to inspire respect and authority amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his colonial subjects, and another to invite contempt and even hatred.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These observations made in the field provided the basis for Perham?s emergence in the 1940s as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influential voice within Whitehall, where ministers and officials were grappling with the problem of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(best to preserve the legitimacy of Britain?s colonial empire into the post-war world. As well as sitting on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various government committees and forging a close working relationship with Arthur Creech Jones, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour?s Colonial Secretary between 1945 and 1950, Perham helped to form the minds of Britain?s cadre of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial administrators; her )] TJ ET BT 169.004 80.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Native Administration in Nigeria )] TJ ET BT 330.356 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1937\) became required reading for Colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Service probationers, whilst Perham propounded her views on good governance in person to the hundreds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officers who passed through the Oxford Summer School on Colonial Administration or later attended the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 190.6877 655.0855 204.6797 666.9655 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7320 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(famous Devonshire Courses for the ?rising rockets? of the post-war Colonial Service.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Faught sees this policy role as Perham?s ?defining identity?, and the one for which she would be best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remembered, but he does not neglect to discuss her public-facing activities, most notably the newspaper )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(articles and broadcasts which she began to produce in the 1930s on African and general colonial themes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Over time, these confirmed Perham?s status as a leading authority on imperial matters amongst the wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public, perhaps )] TJ ET BT 110.336 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 128.000 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading authority when it came to Africa, as the invitation to deliver the BBC?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prestigious Reith Lectures in 1961 \(the first woman to do so, Faught omits to mention\) on the subject of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(African nationalism would suggest.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Faught deals with these several dimensions of Perham?s professional persona extremely efficiently, almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(too )] TJ ET BT 52.352 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(efficiently in fact; he concludes his study of this fascinating, complicated woman who left more than 700 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boxes of papers to the Bodleian Library in Oxford in barely 160 pages \(excluding notes\). This approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes for an easily digestible text, but some readers may feel that what is gained in pace and accessibility is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lost in terms of depth and subtlety of argument. A good example of this is in relation to gender. Faught notes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout that Perham was operating in a masculine world, but he never really develops the analysis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond this general observation. Perham?s views on feminism are touched on only briefly; we learn that she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was sceptical of the Women?s Liberation ?of the 1960s? \(he means 1970s\), but Faught is silent on Perham?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitude towards earlier feminist struggles, including the campaign in the 1930s to open posts in the Colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Administrative Service to both sexes. Faught also seems unaware of the Colonial Office?s wartime )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiment of posting Women Administrative Assistants \(WAAs\) to Africa to make up the shortfall in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suitable male candidates, a scheme which remained in place after 1945. It would be interesting to know )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether Perham held any views on the suitability of women for administrative work and what she thought of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the WAAs, as well as her reflections more broadly on the curious position in which she found herself in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(late 1930s: as a recognised expert and policy advisor on an arm of government ? colonial administration ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from which women were barred from participating.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In seeking to contextualise Perham?s status as a woman in a man?s world, Faught draws some passing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparisons with Gertrude Bell, the celebrated traveller who served as Oriental Secretary in Iraq after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(First World War, but these feel rather superficial. A more illuminating comparator might have been the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Persian scholar Nancy Lambton, who was temporarily employed in the British Legation in Tehran during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Second World War and went on to teach Persian to Foreign Office Arabists and to provide informal policy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advice on Anglo-Iranian relations. Lambton experienced a similar paradox to Perham insofar as she trained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomats and advised on a region of the world ? the Middle East ? to which it was believed inadvisable to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post women \(who had only been permanently admitted to the Diplomatic Service in 1946\). More careful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualisation of Perham?s influence in government of this kind thus might have shed light on how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptional individuals armed with highly-valued expertise could defy the institutionalised sexism which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more widely held women back from exercising real power.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Biographers often dabble in amateur psychoanalysis of their subjects ? particularly in relation to matters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexual ? with varying degrees of success. Faught?s suggestion that Perham?s professional dedication was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the redirection of a multifarious psycho-sexual drive into a complete devotion to Africa? \(p. 100\) is actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather plausible in light of the evidence, but again, one would have liked a fuller account of this voluntary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spinsterhood. Perham apparently fell in love several times, mostly with men who embodied the active )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heterosexual masculinity which was hegemonic in the Colonial Service; but these relationships were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unrequited \(Perham was probably a virgin\), a fact which Faught attributes to her Victorian sexual morality, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but one wonders whether there was more to it than this \(one of the objects of her affection was her brother-in-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(law, Harry Rayne\). It would be interesting to know whether Perham was ever attracted to any African men; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her later championing of Seretse Khama, the heir to the chieftainship of Bechuanaland \(then a British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mandated territory\), following his marriage to the white Englishwoman, Ruth Williams, suggests that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perham had no difficulty with inter-racial relationships. But what were her views during her earlier African )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tours, at a time when ?miscegenation? was widely condemned? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perham?s racial thinking more generally deserves greater consideration than Faught is able to pack into his )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 6122 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slim volume. He notes that Perham always commented on human physiognomy ? white as well as black ? in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her travel diaries, and describes her as a product of an era in which ?all manner of science and pseudo-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(science spoke to the existence and supposed profound meaning of racial difference? \(p. 47\). Yet the 1930s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1940s was exactly the time when scientific racism was becoming increasingly discredited, at least in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic circles, and it would be formally \(and famously\) denounced by UNESCO in 1950. Where did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perham?s personal experiences of colonial Africa and Africans place her in relation to these shifts in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debate over race?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On a related theme, Faught portrays the mature Perham of the post-war years as suffering little if any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existential angst over the end of Empire. Her Reith Lectures, entitled ?The Colonial Reckoning?, are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented as a calm, carefully thought-through exercise in preparing the British public for the inevitable, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with an argument essentially in line with Perham?s earlier progressive views on the need for colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development and welfare as a step along the road to eventual self-government. Where, one might ask, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(post-colonial trauma in all of this? Perham grew up in a world imbued with the certainties of British imperial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rule, one in which the black man existed in a state of tutelage under the white man. As she reached )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(retirement age, the values underpinning Britain?s historic imperium had already embarked on their journey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(away from the central, celebrated place they once occupied in national life, towards a more marginal, liminal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space in which they could be derided, mocked or both. As Bill Schwarz has recently shown, this process was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deeply traumatic for many Britons; racialised memories of the colonial past were an ?active, combustible )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(element? in domestic politics and culture, as evidenced by the high psychic charge accompanying debates )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over immigration and race relations, which culminated in the ?Powellism? of the late 1960s and early 1970s.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 497.955 m 48.008 497.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Was it traumatic for Margery Perham? She watched her expertise in colonial administration fall steadily into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obsolescence as the Union Jack was lowered across the African continent and as younger colleagues in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academy embraced the radical post-colonial critiques of Frantz Fanon and Edward Said. Did she feel left )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behind?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Into Africa)] TJ ET BT 86.348 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a well-researched and highly-readable study and it will be the first stop for any reader curious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to learn more about one of the 20th century?s most significant voices on Empire. But, for the reasons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggested above, it is not the definitive biography of Margery Perham. Nor does it part company with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established conventions of imperial biography. In reconstructing his subject?s enchantment with Africa, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Faught renders Margery Perham herself as a highly romantic figure, as the very cover of the book suggests: a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lush African vista at sunset, Perham?s soulful face superimposed above.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 297.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 267.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Special issue of the )] TJ ET BT 160.004 267.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History )] TJ ET BT 395.336 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19, 3 \(1991\), edited by Alison )] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Smith and Mary Bull.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 168.692 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 168.692 251.619 m 222.680 251.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 238.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bill Schwarz, )] TJ ET BT 132.344 238.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Memories of Empire, Vol.1: White Man?s World )] TJ ET BT 369.320 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2011\), p. 5.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 468.968 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 468.968 237.363 m 522.956 237.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Many thanks for the review. The author does not wish to respond.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 195.775 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 177.995 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 177.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1391)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 176.601 m 328.316 176.601 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 151.624 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.224 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/53687)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 498.2695 48.0077 510.1495 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 168.6917 251.9335 222.6797 263.8135 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 468.9677 237.6775 522.9557 249.5575 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 176.9155 328.3157 188.7955 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1391) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000551 00000 n 0000000633 00000 n 0000004874 00000 n 0000004983 00000 n 0000005093 00000 n 0000005202 00000 n 0000008763 00000 n 0000008891 00000 n 0000008975 00000 n 0000009059 00000 n 0000016761 00000 n 0000016791 00000 n 0000016919 00000 n 0000016955 00000 n 0000017020 00000 n 0000024393 00000 n 0000024498 00000 n 0000030673 00000 n 0000030703 00000 n 0000030829 00000 n 0000030865 00000 n 0000030993 00000 n 0000031048 00000 n 0000031176 00000 n 0000031231 00000 n 0000031359 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 31455 %%EOF