%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818073450+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818073450+01'00') /Title (The Queen?s Hand; Power and Authority in the Reign of Berenguela of Castile) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4080 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Queen?s Hand; Power and Authority in the Reign of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Berenguela of Castile)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela of Castile \(1180?1246\) is a figure who is often overshadowed by her famous relatives, including )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her grandmother Eleanor of Aquitaine, her sister Blanche of Castile and her son Fernando III of Castile and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Len. However, there is no doubt that during her lifetime, she exercised considerable political power as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of the ?plural monarchy? in both Castile and Len in a range of roles. During her childhood, she was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heiress apparent of Castile until the birth of her brothers displaced her. Next, she became queen consort of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Len, until her marriage to Alfonso IX was annulled for consanguinity in 1204. She served briefly as regent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for her brother, Enrique I, between November 1214 and February 1215, when Alvaro Nez de Lara took )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control from her. Finally she served as co-ruler of Castile and later Len during the reign of her son, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fernando III between 1217 and her death in 1246.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That Berenguela shared power with her son Fernando III is undeniable, her agency is enshrined in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary chronicles and documentary evidence from their reign. However, whether Berenguela should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be considered a queen mother or queen regnant is a matter of some disagreement. Bianchini argues strongly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the latter, emphasizing Berenguela?s hereditary right to the crown and dismissing what she terms ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(canard? that Berenguela abdicated in favour of her son Fernando in 1217. While this ?canard? has become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established in Iberian historiography, Bianchini has made it her goal to overturn this premise and ensure that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1392)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 March, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Janna Bianchini)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780812244335)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(348pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Pennsylvania Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philadelphia, PA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elena Woodacre)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7523 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela is accorded her due as a Castilian monarch and given credit for her prominent role in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political events of the first half of the 13th century. Bianchini stresses the concept of ?plural monarchy?, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(power was exercised by a group of individuals working in tandem, rather than one royal figure. Throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book, Bianchini underlines Berenguela?s constant presence at the core of the plural monarchy, even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though her title changed and her position moved at times between the centre and periphery of power, her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(birthright, marriage and maternal role gave her the authority to remain a key player in both Castile and Len )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout her lifetime.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book moves chronologically through Berenguela?s life and political career and is divided into chapters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which focus on particular periods of her life: as heiress, as queen consort of Lon, after the annulment of her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage, during the regency for her brother Enrique, as queen of Castile with her son, Berenguela?s role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Leonese succession crisis of 1230 and finally her years of co-rule in both Castile and Len with her son, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fernando III.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A recurring theme, which is alluded to in the title, is Berenguela?s cultivation of clients who were accorded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(titles, lands and positions through the ?queen?s hand?. Bianchini emphasizes how Berenguela was able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use the relationship between lord and client to build a power base of loyal men and women. She notes the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable territory, including key strongholds and towns given to Berenguela by her father and husband, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which were often located in the strategic border region between Castile and Len known as the )] TJ ET BT 493.244 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tierra de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Campos)] TJ ET BT 73.352 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Bianchini claims that Berenguela?s years as heir apparent gave her vital training in exercise of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority and administration of territory that she leveraged in her role as ?domina?. Moreover, Berenguela?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective management of these lands and her careful placement of loyal clients in these territories enabled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her to retain an important position even during challenging moments in her life such as after the annulment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of her marriage or when she lost the regency for her brother Enrique. Berenguela?s territorial lordship and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loyal clientele also facilitated her son Fernando?s ability to seize the throne of Len in 1230 from his half-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sisters, Sancha and Dulce, who were Alfonso IX?s designated successors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela?s role in the Leonese succession crisis and indeed the unique nature of the situation itself is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worthy of greater attention and the entire chapter devoted to it in Bianchini?s monograph. As Bianchini )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notes this particular episode was ?a rare opportunity to observe a power struggle that was defined by its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female participants? \(p. 181\); Berenguela, Alfonso IX?s first wife Teresa of Portugal and the Infantas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sancha and Dulce. In the latter years of his life, Alfonso IX faced a difficult choice with regard to his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successor. His eldest surviving son, Fernando, had inherited the throne of Castile with his mother )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela and Alfonso IX was reluctant to confirm Fernando as his successor in Len as it would unite the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two kingdoms. The king chose instead to vest the succession in Sancha and Dulce, his daughters from his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first marriage to Teresa of Portugal. This was a surprising option, not only because of their gender but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because they were named as joint heiresses. Significantly, neither of the two women were married. Finding a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suitable husband for an heiress, who would be expected to take part in the rule of the realm as king consort )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was always a difficult process. The fact that the sisters were co-heirs made this an even more delicate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation as it would be impossible to ensure that four co-rulers, the queens and their respective husbands, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could rule cooperatively and effectively as a group. This would be perhaps pushing the boundaries of plural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchy too far. This situation was unusual although there had been a precedent of sorts in the case of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Byzantine Empresses Zoe and Theodora Porphyrogenita in the 11th century. As Bianchini notes, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation was made even more distinctive by the involvement of both Berenguela and Teresa of Portugal as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two of the most significant participants in the events of the crisis. Both Berenguela and Teresa fought for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rights of their offspring to rule Len, using familial connections and their territorial lordship to command )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support. In the end, when it was clear that Fernando would triumph, both mothers met to hammer out an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accord to satisfy the honour of the two infantas, assigning them properties and rents which would ensure the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintenance of their royal status. Bianchini counters the widely held perception that the two ?modest and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pious? maternal figures met to work together to bring peace to the kingdoms and argues instead that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(signing of the Treaty of Benavente marked ?the last throes of a rivalry that had stretched across decades, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that was no less fiercely fought because the protagonists were women? \(p. 205\). Indeed it is very interesting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to note that in this case ?Sancha and Dulce?s bid for the throne was not undone by their womanhood. Rather, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8665 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it was undone by )] TJ ET BT 118.676 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(another woman)] TJ ET BT 193.676 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: Berenguela? \(p. 207\). This episode therefore is not only significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because of its unusual nature or the precedent for female succession but because it demonstrates the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agency and rivalry of women, even though it ultimately resulted in a male claimant?s triumph over his elder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half-sisters.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is a useful contribution to both studies of ruling women and to the history of medieval Iberia. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adds to other recent works on Iberian queenship, including examinations of the more well known Castilian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queens regnant Urraca and Isabel, studies of other powerful Iberian queen consorts such as Maria of Castile )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Maria de Luna and a current research project on the )] TJ ET BT 305.588 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Infantazgo )] TJ ET BT 359.924 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Castile and Len which has also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(touched on the concept of ?plural monarchy? and female lordship.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 351.944 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 351.944 669.027 m 365.936 669.027 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 365.936 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Bianchini is not the first to focus on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela, but her instance on Bereguela?s place as a monarch, not a consort, regent or queen mother is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncommon.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 91.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 91.016 640.515 m 105.008 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 105.008 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Bianchini carefully documents Berenguela?s exercise of the royal prerogatives such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic negotiations with internal factions and external powers and dispensing justice. She also notes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how Berenguela was perceived as a ruling sovereign in both contemporary chronicles and by her subjects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and royal peers. One of Berenguela?s great strengths was her ability to work successfully in tandem with her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advisors and family members, including her son and his two wives. However, this ability to function )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harmoniously as a member of the plural monarchy may have led to the perception in Iberian historiography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that she was less powerful or prominent than she may have been in actuality.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela is also an important case study for both queenship and royal authority which Bianchini claims )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?requires a reconsideration of the structure and gendering, of medieval monarchy? \(p. 257\). Bianchini claims )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that female monarchs needed a broad base of support for their rule to combat the inherent prejudice against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women in positions of the highest authority. Berenguela?s construction of a noble clientele and her ability to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(command the support of the church through her patronage and her careful construction of the image of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(virtuous and pious mother were arguably factors in her success. Bianchini?s argument that women could not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherit a crown or exercise sovereign authority without a male co-ruler is compelling although it is bound to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generate discussion. Certainly Elizabeth I of England, arguably one of the most successful reigning queens, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may have owed her success in large measure to the fact that she did not marry nor sire a son who could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(replace her or push her aside. However, Elizabeth?s rule is part of a very different geographical and temporal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context than Berenguela?s. Certainly, Bianchini?s emphasis on the idea of plural monarchy and the manner )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in which it supported and enabled female agency and authority supports her central argument that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela was not replaced by her son Fernando but co-opted him as a partner in their mutual reign. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(summary, Bianchini?s study of Berenguela is an insightful and fascinating look at a figure who certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merits greater recognition of her place as a female sovereign, and who shaped the destiny of her native )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Castile and played a significant role in the political events of both Iberia and Europe in the 13th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 281.379 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 250.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 250.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A recent work which demonstrates some of the interesting research on Iberian queenship is )] TJ ET BT 504.584 250.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queenship )] TJ ET BT 64.016 236.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(and Political Power in Medieval and Early Modern Spain)] TJ ET BT 342.668 236.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Theresa Earenfight \(Aldershot, 2005\). )] TJ ET BT 64.016 222.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The classic work on Urraca is Bernard F. Reilly, )] TJ ET BT 299.636 222.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Kingdom of Len-Castilla under Queen Urraca, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1109?1126)] TJ ET BT 118.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Princeton, NJ, 1982\). Recent works on Isabel include )] TJ ET BT 383.972 207.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Isabel la Catlica, Queen of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Castile: Critical Essays)] TJ ET BT 178.028 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. David A. Boruchoff \(London, 2003\) and Mara Isabel del val Valdivieso, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Isabel la Catlica y su Tiempo)] TJ ET BT 211.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Grenada, 2005\). Example of recent monographs on powerful Iberian )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consorts include Theresa Earenfight, )] TJ ET BT 242.972 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The King's Other Body; Maria of Castile and the Crown of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Aragon)] TJ ET BT 100.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Philadelphia, PA, 2010\) and Nuria Silleras-Fernndez, )] TJ ET BT 371.972 150.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Power, Piety and Patronage in Late )] TJ ET BT 64.016 136.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Medieval Queenship: Maria de Luna)] TJ ET BT 241.988 136.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 2008\). For the project led by Therese Martin )] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(CSIC-Madrid\) which investigates the use of the )] TJ ET BT 300.320 122.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Infantazgo )] TJ ET BT 354.656 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.proyectos.cchs.csic.es/womenasmakers/content/therese-martin)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 106.803 m 421.952 106.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 424.952 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 438.944 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 2 January )] TJ ET BT 64.016 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 93.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 92.547 m 149.000 92.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 79.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 79.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another excellent recent monograph on Berenguela is Miriam Shadis, )] TJ ET BT 403.292 79.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Berenguela of Castile )] TJ ET BT 64.016 65.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\(1180?1246\) and Political Women in the High Middle Ages )] TJ ET BT 353.660 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, NY, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 468.296 65.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 468.296 64.035 m 522.284 64.035 l S endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 351.9437 669.3415 365.9357 681.2215 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 91.0157 640.8295 105.0077 652.7095 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 107.1175 421.9517 118.9975 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.proyectos.cchs.csic.es/womenasmakers/content/therese-martin) >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 92.8615 148.9997 104.7415 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 468.2957 64.3495 522.2837 76.2295 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 826 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author appreciates Dr. Woodacre's thoughtful reading and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 767.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 749.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 749.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1392)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 748.569 m 328.316 748.569 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 723.592 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 709.192 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/54636)] TJ ET BT 34.016 694.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.proyectos.cchs.csic.es/womenasmakers/content/therese-martin)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 748.8835 328.3157 760.7635 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1392) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000578 00000 n 0000000660 00000 n 0000004792 00000 n 0000004901 00000 n 0000005011 00000 n 0000005120 00000 n 0000008681 00000 n 0000008809 00000 n 0000008893 00000 n 0000008958 00000 n 0000016534 00000 n 0000016646 00000 n 0000025364 00000 n 0000025394 00000 n 0000025522 00000 n 0000025558 00000 n 0000025588 00000 n 0000025715 00000 n 0000025751 00000 n 0000025878 00000 n 0000026000 00000 n 0000026126 00000 n 0000026181 00000 n 0000026307 00000 n 0000026362 00000 n 0000026446 00000 n 0000027324 00000 n 0000027452 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27548 %%EOF