%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221073743+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221073743+00'00') /Title (The Female King of Colonial Nigeria: Ahebi Ugbabe) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4325 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Female King of Colonial Nigeria: Ahebi Ugbabe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Female King of Colonial Nigeria)] TJ ET BT 214.364 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the story of a woman, Ahebi Ugbabe, who rose from the status of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(local girl and commercial sex worker to that of a village headman, a warrant chief and a king. Ahebi was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(born in Enugu-Ezike, an Igbo community, in the late 19th century. At the age of 13 or 14, she fled into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neighboring Igala land to escape marriage to a deity as propitiation for her father?s sins. While in exile, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became a commercial sex worker, and in this way, aligned herself with powerful men such as the ruler of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Igala, and British colonial officials. She also became fluent in pidgin English and other African languages, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skill that proved relevant to her future political ambitions. The early 20th century was a period of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incursion into Igboland, and Ahebi used this to her benefit by leading the British forces into Enugu Ezike, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her hometown. As a reward for her support, the British invaders installed her as a village headman. Due to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her efficiency and continued loyalty, she was elevated to the post of warrant chief, a feat that was contrary to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British policy of female political exclusion in colonial Nigeria. With the help of the Attah \(ruler\) of Igala, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose influence extended to Northern Igbo land, Ahebi Ugbabe became king of Enugu-Ezike, therefore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upsetting the gendered politics in her community. As king, she performed female masculinities, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(superceded all existing male political hierarchy and authority. However, when she attempted to assume full )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manhood by introducing her own masquerade, a deed performed only by men fully initiated into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masquerade cult, she met serious resistance from which she never recovered. For fear that her society may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1393)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 March, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nwando Achebe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780253222480)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(322pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indiana University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bloomington, IN)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ogechukwu Ezekwem)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5544 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not accord her a befitting burial, Ahebi performed her own funeral in her life time. When she eventually died )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1948, she had a very quiet send-off. Notwithstanding, she became deified as a goddess in her mother?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hometown, and is remembered in many Enugu-Ezike songs and parables.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nwando Achebe reconstructs Ahebi?s story in a very interesting and engaging way. She surveys the society )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in which Ahebi grew up, the possible influences on her life while in exile, and the nature of the society in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which she re-emerged as a man. She takes the reader through every step of her journey in search of Ahebi. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout her text, she describes the processes in which she gathered her information and arrived at her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions. Her approach is instructive to students of history in terms of the possible challenges of oral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, especially community silence and selective memory, and field research methods. It also offers a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practical insight into the process of balancing and validating oral data. Achebe?s book is a brilliant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconstruction of local history through a combination of oral interviews, archival sources, published )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials, and, interestingly, personal communications. The manner in which she documents and applies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal communications is commendable. It is through one of these private correspondences that she learns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Wangu Wa Makeni, a Kikuyu woman chief, who became recognized by the British in 1901. She points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out that Wangu was not made a Warrant Chief by the British, but her existing status as a female chief was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only endorsed \(p. 225\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Achebe?s study of Ahebi Ugbabe is significant because it salvaged the history of a woman who became the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only warrant chief in colonial Nigeria, and perhaps Africa. Her book distinguishes between Western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concepts of gender and sexuality, and the indigenous meanings of these concepts in an African setting. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the fluidity of gender and sex in Igbo land, where a woman, under certain circumstances, can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assume the religious and social status of a man. A menopausal woman of wealth and integrity can also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(socially transform into a man, and enjoy the rights and obligations accorded to men. Such fluidity of gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and sex in Igbo land is portrayed in the life of Ahebi who, as warrant chief and king, became a man and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assumed otherwise male roles, including marrying wives for herself and her brothers. Achebe repeatedly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rightly states that, in Igbo land, this practice of woman-to-woman marriage is totally unrelated to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(homosexuality. It is only a mark of wealth and social status. These wives married by women had sexual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations with men. However, children born of such marriages belonged to the female husband.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another routinely misunderstood issue which Achebe analyzes is the concept of bride- price. The bride-price )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is routinely interpreted in Western feminist thought as a payment for a wife, and therefore derogatory. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Achebe chooses to interpret this practice as ?child price? \(p. 40\) since it has nothing to do with the wife. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an important and valid assessment because, in traditional Igbo land, when a couple marries or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cohabits without paying the bride-price, all children from such marriage belongs to and can be claimed by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the girl?s family. As Achebe points out, the symbolism of the bride-price is not a payment for the woman, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but a transfer of the right to all children born of that marriage to the groom and his family.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Achebe further offers an African interpretation of commercial sex work which she distinguished from its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Western form. She portrays it as an individual affair often practiced from the comfort of one?s home. Her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book shows that African social and cultural institutions can have meanings and symbolisms different from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their Western counterparts)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7575 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While Achebe acknowledges that her book is about ?interpretation of knowledge about gender in Africa? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(206\), and is a story of one woman?s agency in an era of marginalization of women, she does not seem to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concerned with immersing Ahebi?s story in the broader historiography of female rulers in Nigeria and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africa. At first, I was concerned that her book does not relate to a wider historiographical context, and I am )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sure that several readers will be quick to draw this conclusion. However, I realized soon enough that this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the kind of history she set out to write. Hers is a deliberate attempt to reconstruct the history of a local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people, devoid of Western interpretive models and theoretical frameworks. She argues that ?there are some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stories that simply need to be told? \(p. 14\). Elsewhere, she states that ?I write for several audiences, but my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary audience is the people who own the stories I am telling? \(p. 229\). Thus, Achebe?s approach is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conscious choice which every historian has a right to make. While this approach may limit her audience, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enables Achebe to tell the Igbo story through an indigenous Igbo lens.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, I find Achebe?s use of the Igbo language across the text cumbersome for non-Igbo speakers. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are terms which do not have a satisfactory English version, and thus need to be written and then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further explained in English, but Achebe goes beyond this. She prefers to write both complex terms and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain simple phrases in Igbo language. For instance, she wrote that ?Ahebi visited )] TJ ET BT 438.284 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(be ikwu nne ya )] TJ ET BT 512.936 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mother?s village\)? \(p.7 7\). It is simpler and sufficient to say that ?Ahebi visited her mother?s village?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though she offers the English meanings of these Igbo words in the text, in many cases, the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explanations suffice.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Achebe?s book also serves as a contribution to Igbo studies. It reveals the nature and symbolism of various )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Igbo practices such as marriage to a deity and woman-to-woman marriage. Achebe traces these practices to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the era of the trans-Atlantic slave trade when entire communities were pillaged. As a result, deity marriage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and woman-to-woman marriage were instituted in Northern Igbo land in order to replenish the population )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 58?9\). She also reinterprets oral traditions of state formation in Igbo land, which she depicted as having )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connotations beyond the actual stories. She offers an alternative interpretation of Enugu-Ezike traditions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origin. According to one of these traditions of origin, Ezike, a man from Igala, went on a hunting expedition, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shot an elephant and followed it to Ugwueka hill in the present Enugu Ezike where it died. In the process, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ezike was met by the priest of Ugwueka who allowed him to settle on the hills. Ezike?s descendants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eventually formed the town of Enugu-Ezike. According to Achebe, this story of a dead elephant and Ezike?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settlement in Ugwueka hill may be an allusion to a contest between a settler community and the indigenous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(population \(p. 32\). This is an interesting way to interpret various Igbo traditions of origin.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the final chapter of her book, Achebe writes about Ahebi?s final bid to realize full manhood by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introducing her own masquerade. This was regarded by the elders of Enugu-Ezike as the ultimate insolence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In Igbo land, masquerades were considered as the spirits of the ancestors, and it was a taboo for any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biological woman to control them. Even men had their proscriptions. Unless a man was fully initiated into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the masquerade cult, he could neither control the masquerade nor behold a naked mask. Ahebi?s introduction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of her own mask was therefore viewed as an abomination which, according to Achebe, led to the ultimate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resistance to her powers, and her decline. This resistance, in Achebe?s words, revealed ?Igbo society?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resolve about the extent to which female gendered transformations would be allowed to materialize? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(206\). I would like to point out that Ahebi?s successful transitions from an ordinary woman to a female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(headman, a warrant chief and a king were mostly successful because she had British support. Becoming a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female king was as daunting and bizarre to her community as attempting to introduce her own masked spirit. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prior to Ahebi?s ascent, Enugu-Ezike had no king, least of all an autocratic female one who had no regard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for traditional male authority or hierarchy. Ahebi was only able to become king and remain one because she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had the support of the British colonial government, and the Attah of Igala. Had the British not suddenly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(withdrawn their support from Ahebi over the issue of the mask, and therefore encouraged open defiance to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her authority, perhaps Ahebi would also have succeeded in this final quest of achieving full manhood. When )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(her mask was confiscated by the male elders of Enugu-Ezike, she took the matter to a colonial court which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transferred the case to the British resident in Onitsha. If the British resident had ruled in Ahebi?s favor, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(male gerontocracy would have yet again become helpless over this new ambition. Therefore, I do not think )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that her failure in this regard was because of limitations of the Igbo regarding female gender transformation, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3646 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but mostly because she had lost the otherwise unwavering support of the British, who obviously had no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(further need of her. Moreover, unless Achebe implies that the male leaders of the community did not resist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ahebi?s accession as king and her disregard for established male authority, it would have been relevant if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she elaborated on the form this resistance had taken. Otherwise, one is left to believe that they simply threw )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up their hands in frustration and accepted Ahebi as King.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nwando Achebe?s book is well-written, amply researched, and efficiently documented. It is a major )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution to African history and the practice of oral history. It also offers African-based insights and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretations to various Western concepts in gender and sexuality studies. )] TJ ET BT 398.960 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Female King of Colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nigeria)] TJ ET BT 70.688 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( not only tells the tale of Ahebi Ugbabe, the woman who became king, but also takes readers on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(field trip through her life and times. The greatest significance of Achebe?s writing style and methodology is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it enables the reader to criticize and analyze her use of data and her conclusions. It also enables one to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(make his/her own inferences from Achebe?s work. This is only possible because she reveals the intricacies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surrounding her data collection and her findings. She engages her readers in the entire process of her field )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work, from her decision to study Ahebi to her final days in Enugu-Ezike.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author acknowledges receipt of the review, but does not wish to comment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Centre for African Studies)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.polis.leeds.ac.uk/lucas/activities/leeds-african-studies-bulletin/book-reviews/book-review-the-)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 516.723 m 544.604 516.723 l S BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female-king-of-colonial-nigeria-ahebi-ugbabe.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 502.467 m 275.612 502.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 278.612 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 499.135 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 481.355 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 481.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1393)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 479.961 m 328.316 479.961 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 454.984 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 440.584 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/54646)] TJ ET BT 34.016 426.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.polis.leeds.ac.uk/lucas/activities/leeds-african-studies-bulletin/book-reviews/book-review-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 411.928 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the-female-king-of-colonial-nigeria-ahebi-ugbabe.php)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 517.0375 544.6037 528.9175 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.polis.leeds.ac.uk/lucas/activities/leeds-african-studies-bulletin/book-reviews/book-review-the-female-king-of-colonial-nigeria-ahebi-ugbabe.php) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 502.7815 275.6117 514.6615 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.polis.leeds.ac.uk/lucas/activities/leeds-african-studies-bulletin/book-reviews/book-review-the-female-king-of-colonial-nigeria-ahebi-ugbabe.php) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 480.2755 328.3157 492.1555 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1393) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000552 00000 n 0000000634 00000 n 0000005011 00000 n 0000005120 00000 n 0000005230 00000 n 0000005339 00000 n 0000008900 00000 n 0000009028 00000 n 0000009112 00000 n 0000009177 00000 n 0000014774 00000 n 0000014839 00000 n 0000022467 00000 n 0000022565 00000 n 0000026264 00000 n 0000026391 00000 n 0000026597 00000 n 0000026724 00000 n 0000026930 00000 n 0000027058 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27154 %%EOF