%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150822211917+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150822211917+01'00') /Title (Revolutionary Communist at Work: A Political Biography of Bert Ramelson) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4152 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Revolutionary Communist at Work: A Political Biography of Bert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Ramelson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bert Ramelson, one of the leading figures of the post-war Communist Party of Great Britain \(CPGB\) and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party?s Industrial Organiser during the era of heightened industrial militancy in the 1960s and 1970s, has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been a widely debated person in the historiography of the CPGB, but a new biography by Roger Seifert and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tom Sibley attempts to reassess the characterisations of Ramelson by other authors. As Industrial Organiser )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 1965 to 1977, Ramelson oversaw the Party?s ?broad left? strategy, which outlined that the primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus of the CPGB was to attempt to seek influence in the trade union movement by obtaining leadership )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positions with the unions and promote alliances with other leaders of the labour movement who were on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Labour left. This period was characterised by Willie Thompson as the Party?s ?Indian summer? and has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been described by a number of authors as a time when the CPGB had the potential to shape the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landscape of the late 1960s and early 1970s. Ramelson has been criticised from both the right and left over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the years ? by the right for being a dangerous and subversive Communist agent, by the Trotskyist left for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being a reformist who had abandoned socialism for a mixture of labourism and Stalinism, and by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gramscian/Eurocommunist left for concentrating on industrial action at the expense of other areas of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political struggle. In the historiography of the Communist Party after its dissolution in 1991, Ramelson and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.355 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Party?s industrial strategy was depicted by Francis Beckett as a conspiracy that directed the actions of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1394)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 March, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roger Seifert)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tom Sibley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781907103414)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(394pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lawrence and Wishart)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Evan Smith)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7849 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the trade unions and wielded powerful influence over the Labour Party, while Geoff Andrews criticised the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same strategy for its failure in shaping the direction of the labour movement, and in Andrews? book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ramelson is a marginal figure.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(But it was John McIlroy and John Callaghan who explored in most detail the industrial strategy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ramelson?s role within it. McIlroy and Callaghan had, in different papers, argued that the Communist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party?s plan to shift the direction of the labour movement by occupying key positions in the trade unions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promote working with Labour left trade unionists, such as Jack Jones and Hugh Scanlon, had limited success )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in achieving this and relied on attempting to wield influence within the upper echelons of the unions, while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ignoring the mass base of the rank-and-file. For McIlroy and Callaghan, the Communist Party?s claims of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?victories?, such as the defeat of the Harold Wilson?s anti-union policies, the resistance to Heath?s Industrial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Relations Bill and the Miners? Strike which brought down the Heath Government in 1974, were spurious, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Party?s industrial wing was largely in step with the broader leadership of the trade unions and did not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seek to radically move the agenda of the labour movement at this time towards a revolutionary socialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(programme.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The new biography of Ramelson by Seifert and Sibley is essentially a refutation of the arguments put )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forward by McIlroy and Callaghan and attempts to portray Ramelson as a revolutionary man of action, who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was crucial to the direction of the labour movement during what Chris Harman called the ?British upturn?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Seifert and Sibley claim that Ramelson and the CPGB were trying to link ?militancy and trade union )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggle to the development of a mass socialist consciousness? \(p. 340\) and that the CPGB was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?revolutionary socialist? organisation \(p. 167\), with Ramelson guided by an inherent faith in the class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggle and Marxism-Leninism. However, one of the major criticisms of this biography that can be made is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the authors do not really expand on what was ?revolutionary? in the Party?s industrial strategy or how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the CPGB could be deemed to be ?revolutionary? after the adoption of the parliamentary road to socialism in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1951. The narrative contained within this biography is essentially based on the ?traditionalist? politics of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CPGB \(now taken up by the Communist Party of Britain and the )] TJ ET BT 347.348 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morning Star )] TJ ET BT 415.352 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspaper\), which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasised industrial militancy as the practical manifestation of the class struggle, combined with \(critical\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support for the Soviet Union. This wing of the CPGB, and its remnants in the CPB, were disapproving of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalinism, but much more vocal in their criticism of the ?Euros? who took over the Party in the 1980s. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors seem to suggest that to call the industrial/broad left strategy undertaken by the CPGB in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1960s/70s ?labourism? or ?reformism? is a Trotskyist ultra-left slur, but the programme set out in )] TJ ET BT 505.304 359.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Road to Socialism)] TJ ET BT 157.028 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( placed emphasis on using the trade unions to foster a Communist-Labour left )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alliance to achieve socialism via the parliamentary system. This is not a revolutionary programme. Even the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major industrial struggles of the period when Ramelson was Industrial Organiser were not progressive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggles to expand socialist policies through the labour movement, but defensive struggles to protect trade )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(union and collective bargaining rights, as well as the maintenance of wages in line with inflation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The authors rightly argue that Ramelson?s life is worthy of a biography, as someone ?who lived through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remarkable times? \(p. 13\), as Ramelson fled the Ukraine during the Russian Civil War, lived in Depression-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(era Canada and British-ruled Palestine, fought in the Spanish Civil War and then in the Second World War, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all before migrating to Britain in 1946 and joining the Communist Party \(all dealt with in one chapter in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biography\). But in their attempt to ?trace Bert?s personal contribution to the struggle, and to show how this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(related to and influenced developments within the broader labour movement?, there is a tendency to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overstate what Ramelson \(and the CPGB\) achieved in the struggles of the 1960s and 1970s and downplay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the more controversial episodes in Ramelson?s \(and the Party?s\) life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For instance, the account of the fallout within the Party in 1956 over Khrushchev?s ?secret speech? and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication by E. P. Thompson and John Saville of )] TJ ET BT 281.684 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Reasoner )] TJ ET BT 351.008 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to foster debate about the Party?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncritical support of the Soviet Union during the Stalin era minimises the lack of debate that the Party )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leadership allowed and the reasons why people like Thompson and Saville ended up leaving. The authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portray Ramelson?s offer of more space in the )] TJ ET BT 259.292 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daily Worker )] TJ ET BT 327.944 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 348.272 78.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World News)] TJ ET BT 407.276 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as well as district meetings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with ?much sharper debates and many less unanimous votes?, as reasonable, while Thompson and Saville )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are seen as unreasonable, writing that ?both had had lengthy articles published in )] TJ ET BT 425.948 49.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World News and Views )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8337 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the )] TJ ET BT 86.012 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reasoner)] TJ ET BT 131.336 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( episode? \(p. 66\). But the Party still refused to publish radically dissenting opinions by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party members in its press, as seen with the non-publication of a letter to the )] TJ ET BT 403.976 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Daily Worker)] TJ ET BT 469.628 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the CPGB?s Historians? Group in November 1956 after the Soviet invasion of Hungary \(eventually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published by the )] TJ ET BT 116.348 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Statesman )] TJ ET BT 193.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 213.344 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tribune )] TJ ET BT 254.348 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in December 1956\). In several spots in the same chapter, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors seem to suggest that the CPGB was at the forefront of the 1950s peace movement and nuclear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disarmament activism. This is in contradiction to the arguments put forward by Nigel Young, David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Widgery, John Callaghan and Geoff Andrews, amongst others, that the CPGB was slow to support unilateral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disarmament and the CND in the 1950s, preferring until quite late on to promote the idea of the ?People?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bomb? \(this is a point also raised by Ian Birchall in his review of this book for the London Socialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians? Group bulletin\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As mentioned before, in the industrial struggles of the 1960s and 1970s, the Communist Party had leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members working closely with other high level labour movement officials and these were quite successful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(campaigns, such as the Liaison Committee for the Defence of Trade Unions? actions against Wilson?s )] TJ ET BT 528.596 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Place of Strife )] TJ ET BT 105.680 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bill, the flying pickets of 1972 or the Miners? Strike of 1973?4 that forced Ted Heath into an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early election. However it is this reviewer?s opinion that the authors are claiming too much credit for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ramelson and the Communist Party when they write sentences, such as this about the success of the victory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Saltley Gates picket in 1972: ?Only the CP in 1970s Britain could have provided the strategic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guidance and the solidarity links so necessary for winning the dispute? \(p. 208\). As McIlroy and Callaghan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have argued elsewhere, while the labour movement had forward momentum, the Communist Party looked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(central to the struggles of the day and Party members were deeply involved in the practical running of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrial campaigns, but the Party was not directing these campaigns and this lack of influence became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasingly evident when the momentum of the labour movement slowed in 1974.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this biography, after 1974, Ramelson becomes a lonely figure of the ?correct? Marxist-Leninist line )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the right-wing of the labour movement and the impending Eurocommunists. In 1974, Ramelson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broke with Jones and Scanlon over the adoption by the TUC and the Labour Party of the Social Contract, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voluntary wages freeze and a promise of mediation with the trade unions over industrial action, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ramelson famously calling it the ?Social Con-trick? \(p. 227\). The authors state that by 1977, ?Ramelson had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been proved right and the CP line was vindicated? \(p. 236\), but there is a suggestion that too many in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party, such as those influenced by Gramsci and Eurocommunism, as well as intellectuals such as David )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Purdy and Eric Hobsbawm, had lost faith with the centrality of militant industrial action. What the authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do not engage with is the argument put forward by many in the Party who were disillusioned with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis on this broad left industrial strategy is that even after the successes of the early 1970s, there was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little to show for the massive effort involved in these campaigns and that the CPGB was powerless to stop )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the labour movement from adopting policies such as the Social Contract, and the alliances with the wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(union leadership turned to be less than satisfactory, after Ramelson was effectively dropped by Jones and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scanlon after the TUC and Labour Party agreed to wage freezes and industrial mediation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ramelson retired from the position of Industrial Organiser in 1977, replaced by Mick Costello, who was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key figure in the battles between the )] TJ ET BT 210.980 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morning Star)] TJ ET BT 275.984 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ?traditionalists? and the ?reformers? coalesced around the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journal, )] TJ ET BT 74.012 218.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marxism Today)] TJ ET BT 149.672 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. But as the authors show, Ramelson still contributed to Party debates and disagreed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sharply with the ?Eurocommunists? within the CPGB, believing that the )] TJ ET BT 384.344 204.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marxism Today)] TJ ET BT 460.004 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( group had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abandoned the class struggle and misinterpreted Thatcherism as something different from preceding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conservative governments. The authors are obviously sympathetic to the same position as Ramelson, but it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is interesting to note that Ramelson also disagreed at times with the )] TJ ET BT 360.668 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Morning Star)] TJ ET BT 425.672 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( group and some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figures that were instrumental in forming the Communist Party of Britain in 1988. Ramelson favoured unity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the two factions and the book shows that he tried to get General Secretary Gordon McLennan to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more strongly intervene in the factional disputes in order to save the Party from splitting irreversibly. But by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this time, it seemed that intervention by the leadership would only temporarily halt the decline of the CPGB, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and not reverse its fortunes. Ramelson remained a member until the end, but did not join the CPB \(unlike a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of his contemporaries\), with the only position held by Ramelson after 1977 being the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representative to the journal, )] TJ ET BT 174.320 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World Marxist Review)] TJ ET BT 282.308 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which was published for all the parties in the Soviet )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4656 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sphere and edited in Prague until 1989.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This biography oscillates between some very good historical details of Ramelson?s role in the Communist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Party between the 1940s and the 1980s and some very grandiose rhetorical flourishes about the importance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the class struggle and the revolutionary outlook of the CPGB. Its use of Ramelson?s personal papers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interviews with leading CPGB activists and other primary source materials makes it definitely worth reading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for those interested in the history of the Communist Party, and modern British labour history more generally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but some readers may be frustrated by the particular language used, as well as some of the claims made, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the authors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Red Pepper)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.redpepper.org.uk/review-revolutionary-communist-at-work/)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 628.515 m 380.288 628.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 383.288 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Camden 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