%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140920051007+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140920051007+01'00') /Title (A Historical Guide to NGOs in Britain: Charities, Civil Society and the Voluntary Sector since 1945) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 18 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4507 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Historical Guide to NGOs in Britain: Charities, Civil Society and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(the Voluntary Sector since 1945)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Books on the history of the evolution of the welfare state in Britain are numerous. Examples over the past 40 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years include Derek Fraser?s )] TJ ET BT 175.964 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Evolution of the British Welfare State)] TJ ET BT 377.300 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Pat Thane?s )] TJ ET BT 444.620 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Foundation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Welfare State)] TJ ET BT 99.008 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and Bernard Harris?s )] TJ ET BT 206.972 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Origins of the British Welfare State: Social Welfare in England and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Wales 1800-1945)] TJ ET BT 118.340 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 121.340 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 121.340 150.753 m 135.332 150.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 135.332 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are, however, far fewer on the history of the voluntary sector. Whilst there have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been some excellent publications on aspects of this topic, a recent example being Katharine Bradley?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poverty, Philanthropy and the State: Charities and the Working Classes in London, 1918?79)] TJ ET BT 480.680 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, there has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no survey of the overall development of the sector since Davis Smith, Rochester and Hedley?s )] TJ ET BT 490.604 109.379 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Introduction to the Voluntary Sector)] TJ ET BT 208.676 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, since when much has changed.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 362.972 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 362.972 93.729 m 376.964 93.729 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 376.964 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The present volume therefore comes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at an opportune time to examine the impact of New Labour and the early stages of the present coalition and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fills an important gap in the literature of charity and voluntary action.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1406)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 18 April, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Matthew Hilton)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholas J. Crowson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jean-Franois Mouhot)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James McKay)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230304444)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(432pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=521809)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.427 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 221.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Grant)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 121.3397 151.0675 135.3317 162.9475 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 362.9717 94.0435 376.9637 105.9235 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Length 7374 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, )] TJ ET BT 83.996 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Historical Guide to NGOs in Britain )] TJ ET BT 273.008 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is )] TJ ET BT 284.012 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(not)] TJ ET BT 299.348 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and does attempt to be, a narrative or interpretive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of the sector over the past 60 years, but a reference and data book with some linking passages that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide coherence. It generally avoids debating the reasons for change or passing judgements on them, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example the increasing dependence of many voluntary bodies on state funding. These topics and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors? interpretations of the data are to be published in a companion volume, )] TJ ET BT 416.624 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Politics of Expertise, )] TJ ET BT 540.956 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the near future. It might be suggested that this is a little like publishing the appendices to a book before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book itself and it certainly leads to questions being raised in the current volume that rather ?hang in the air?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So the current book is one of factual information and it stands or falls by the comprehensiveness, or at least )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representativeness, of that information. The volume is organised into logical sections starting with the ever-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vexed question of definitions. This chapter will be a godsend for students looking for a concise, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforward explanation of all those overlapping and confusing terms such as charity, voluntary sector, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(third sector and NGO \(the preferred ?catch-all? term the authors adopt\). The scale and growth of the sector is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then briefly covered, with some very helpful tables on selected membership figures. This chapter also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviews the position of the sector within British civil society; a topic which is picked up again in the final )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter on international comparisons which, again well supported by relevant data, looks at the vital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribution of voluntarism to social capital with telling extracts from the World Values Surveys.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three profiles the major NGO sectors \(health; social welfare; international; environment; political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?think tanks?; human rights; gender and sexuality; race and ethnicity\), in each case covering key facts in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their development and growth. It is slightly disappointing not to see recreation and leisure, in which two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(million people a week volunteer and six million a year take part competitively, included, but this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symptomatic of a more general failing in the sector as a whole, which seems to regard sport as separate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By far the largest section of the book is chapter four which provides ?pen portraits? of 63 of the leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(NGOs in Britain today. Most of these are the ?obvious suspects? though there is, perhaps, a slight bias in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favour of campaigning organisations and against umbrella bodies. There are some omissions: no Scouts or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guides, Masons or Oddfellows \(all four in the top twelve membership organisations in the UK with a total )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a million-and-a-half members\), no Citizen?s Advice, no royal charities such as The Prince?s Trust, and no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Help for Heroes \(the subject of a recent phenomenal rise in interest\), for example. However, given that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors? intention is to ?represent the diversity of the sector? and ?illustrate the range of activities and modes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of operation that NGOs are engaged in? \(p. 79\) this is a perfectly reasonable selection. It will certainly be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one that is utilised many times by those needing a quick, simple overview of a wide range of significant UK )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voluntary bodies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter five is something of an oddity. The book spends 16 pages profiling 13 ?key players? in the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voluntary sector of the past 60 years from William Beveridge and Fenner Brockway to Ann Pettifor and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Tatchell. There is no explanation either as to why these particular 13 were chosen or what this section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is meant to add to the overall survey. Obviously some of the choices are arguable ?how influential on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sector has Mary Whitehouse been? But more pertinent perhaps is whether this, very brief, section is needed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at all.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A problem that this section shares with the previous one is that it is very London-centric. Whilst the book is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clearly aimed at providing a survey of )] TJ ET BT 219.644 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(national)] TJ ET BT 259.652 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( organisations, to do so to the total exclusion of organisations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and individuals who have worked and campaigned in Wales, Scotland and \(perhaps especially\) Northern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ireland, is to miss a very significant aspect of the recent history of British voluntary action.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six on membership and volunteering is far more focussed and relevant, with more helpful tables, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter seven which covers income streams and giving is more problematic. The key change, the increasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dependence of the voluntary sector on government funding, is well covered and the main pros and cons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 85.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlighted. Also given adequate comment are the changes and demographic trends in individual charitable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(giving. However, two lesser though extremely influential sources of income are not discussed at all. The first )] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is income from trusts and foundations, the second is the National Lottery which is only mentioned in a table )] TJ ET endstream endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7715 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(derived from the UK Civil Society Almanac. Though together these sources account for only approximately )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ten per cent of all income to the sector it can certainly be argued that they are significantly more influential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than this modest contribution might indicate. The Lottery has, for example, had a very significant impact in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(areas such as amateur arts and community sport and has also been a significant influence behind the drive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(towards greater accountability and measurement of outcomes and performance. There might also have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mention here of new models of finance such as social bonds and ?payment by results?, though they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(admittedly embryonic and potentially ephemeral. Perhaps the problem here is that the book is ?data driven?; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it looks at the big trends as revealed by statistical information and then provides a commentary. This works )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely well in discussing, for example, volunteering trends or government funding but doesn?t so easily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pick up )] TJ ET BT 72.680 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(emerging )] TJ ET BT 121.004 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issues; though it may be argued that the book is correctly focussed on what )] TJ ET BT 484.292 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(has)] TJ ET BT 500.960 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( happened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the sector rather than on where it )] TJ ET BT 207.308 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(might)] TJ ET BT 234.644 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( be going in the future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following chapter is a wide-ranging discussion of the impact of NGOs, notably on public and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(governmental opinion in the UK. The concept of public ?trust? in charities is examined, which again has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important linkages to the impact of voluntary organisations on social capital. Perhaps in the discussion on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trusted ?brands? it would also have been helpful to mention the surveys that assess trust across all brands, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparing trust in charities with those of commercial favourites such as Amazon or the John Lewis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Partnership. The section concludes with some very brief campaign case studies including that to stop )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sporting contacts with South Africa, the only look-in sport gets. I feel it would have been beneficial to have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expanded on this very important element of the sector?s influence on society and politics to the exclusion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the personalities section.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Personalities do become significant in the chapter on governance and professionalism and there is some, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(though perhaps not enough, discussion of the extent to which a charismatic leader is essential to the success )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a cause or the expansion of an organisation from a ?bright idea? to a national institution. Administrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structures and the progress of legislation are outlined though professionalization of fundraising and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundraising techniques is only briefly touched on.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Historical Guide to NGOs in Britain )] TJ ET BT 223.028 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is at its best in its wider, more general sections providing a new and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vital source of data and an overview that situates the development of British civil society within a wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and international context. Whilst it has its weaknesses in the selection of organisations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personalities, its failings are few, and only significant in its England-centric bias and its omissions from its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(income section. It is probable that as time goes on the book, perhaps especially its portraits of individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(organisations, will become increasingly valuable to students of the history and development of the UK )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voluntary sector.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall a work of this kind can only be of benefit in a political climate that seems to become ever more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remote from considerations of historical perspective and from drawing conclusions based on them. Even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those within the voluntary sector are often remarkably ignorant both about the key facts regarding the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of the sector and even, on occasion, the history of their own organisations. Politicians of both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major parties, whilst fond of quoting history to underpin their policies, often forget inconvenient facts \(such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as Tory opposition to environmental charities or Labour opposing the introduction of the National Lottery\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or even fabricate them \(for example the Prime Minister?s recent speech on commemorating the First World )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War which inflated the losses on the first day of the Battle of the Somme by a factor of ten\). )] TJ ET BT 478.940 192.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Guide to NGOs )] TJ ET BT 111.680 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should help them, their advisors, the sector and its students to ensure that such errors are less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likely, or at least that they are better informed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 129.075 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 98.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Derek Fraser, )] TJ ET BT 132.320 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Evolution of the British Welfare State)] TJ ET BT 333.656 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(London, 1973\); Pat Thane, )] TJ ET BT 475.640 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Foundation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the Welfare State)] TJ ET BT 159.008 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(London, 1982\); Bernard Harris, )] TJ ET BT 324.308 84.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Origins of the British Welfare State: Social )] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Welfare in England and Wales 1800?1945)] TJ ET BT 268.340 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(London, 2004\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 352.664 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 352.664 68.547 m 406.652 68.547 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 55.690 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Katharine Bradley, )] TJ ET BT 158.324 55.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poverty, Philanthropy and the State: Charities and the Working Classes in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 41.429 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London, 1918?79)] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 352.6637 68.8615 406.6517 80.7415 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 1061 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Manchester, 2009\); Davis Smith, Rochester and Hedley, )] TJ ET BT 341.972 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Introduction to the Voluntary Sector)] TJ ET BT 532.964 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Justin Davis Smith, Colin Rochester and Rodney Hedley \(London, 1995\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 418.004 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 418.004 780.819 m 471.992 780.819 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 765.487 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 747.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 747.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1406)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 746.313 m 328.316 746.313 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 721.336 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 706.936 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/59464)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 418.0037 781.1335 471.9917 793.0135 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 17 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 746.6275 328.3157 758.5075 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1406) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000602 00000 n 0000000698 00000 n 0000005257 00000 n 0000005366 00000 n 0000005476 00000 n 0000005585 00000 n 0000009146 00000 n 0000009274 00000 n 0000009358 00000 n 0000009387 00000 n 0000009515 00000 n 0000009551 00000 n 0000009580 00000 n 0000009707 00000 n 0000009743 00000 n 0000009808 00000 n 0000017235 00000 n 0000017319 00000 n 0000025087 00000 n 0000025213 00000 n 0000025268 00000 n 0000025359 00000 n 0000026473 00000 n 0000026601 00000 n 0000026656 00000 n 0000026784 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26880 %%EOF