%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 30 0 R 38 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140722182440+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140722182440+01'00') /Title (Medieval Pets) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4011 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Medieval Pets)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kathleen Walker-Meikle?s book is a welcome addition to the increasing volume of research concerned with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the roles animals played throughout history. This genuinely multidisciplinary subject has begun recently to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attract attention, a sign that the intellectual market for animal-related topics is expanding among historians. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One particular field, ?human-animal studies?, is already strong in the USA and is growing in Europe as well. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This trend is rooted in the realization that animals kept by people are not simply part of their material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture, but are worthy of study in themselves. Human-animal relations, however, also reveal hidden aspects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of connections between humans themselves, indeed animals have been important sources of communication )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between people in most cultures. Attitudes toward animals convey messages concerning our \(and their\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex identities \(status, age, gender, religion etc.\) and emotional disposition.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These largely anthropological aspects are relevant to all types of animals and have governed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?practicalities? of meat consumption customs as well as far more complex forms of human behaviour. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, focusing on pets is a smart move by the author, as their frequent presence both in written and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(iconographic sources provides a sufficient body of information for an in-depth and educated historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inquiry. Discussing pets also tends to capture the brighter side of shared human-animal history: the majority )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1408)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 2 May, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kathleen Walker-Meikle)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781843837589)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(200pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boydell and Brewer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.boydellandbrewer.com/store/viewItem.asp?idProduct=14032)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Woodbridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lszl Bartosiewicz)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7142 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of sources investigated illustrate the pleasant parts of animal keeping, describing the affectionate attitudes of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humans towards animals. Passing references to animal familiars in witchcraft in this book, however, are a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stark reminder of the multifaceted and often contradictory connotations associated with most animals. By )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(keeping close to the topic of pets, the author shields us from the dark side of human-animal relationships in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Last but not least, for many of us in the urbanized ?western? world, pets remain the only live animals that we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have daily contacts with. Processed meat products tend to be devoid of any ?personal? signs of the once live )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(animal, and metaphoric animal representations \(such as children?s toys\) are lacking an important quality: the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ability to respond. However, the medieval condition that ?\(t\)he pet?s status was wholly dependent on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human owner?s perception of the animal?s affection as genuine? \(p. 108\) has persisted remarkably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The potential readership of this book is very broad as this work synthesizes and presents the subject in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(format aimed atresearchers as well as the educated general audience with little prior knowledge of the topic. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author has identified an area in which public fascination with animals and burgeoning general interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the past becomes synergetic. She explores this rich topic in proper detail, along multiple dimensions by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the various chapters of the book are organized.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A personal note is due here. This work should encourage those carrying out research in all cognate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines to increasingly address the complex roles animals have often played in history. Working as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(zooarchaeologist myself \(studying the bare skeletal evidence of past human-animal relations from all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(periods\) I found Kathleen Walker-Meikle?s endeavours to be complementary to my own. This book has not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(simply opened up new dimensions inaccessible to my own data and methods, but also helped me to reflect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the meaning and significance of my field at the intersection of zoology, written history and artefact-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(driven archaeological inquiry. I feel that other academics, entrenched in their own disciplines, would benefit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the broad perspective offered by the author.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The structure of the volume reflects its broad potential readership. The six chapters are proportionate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concise, usually 15?20 pages long, sub-divided into several shorter topical sections. This, especially when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations are provided, makes reading easy in spite of the underlying complexity of some of the issues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raised. The language is clear, and jargon free, making the work accessible even to an international lay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readership. Evidence for the scholarly quality of the book is discretely tucked away in no fewer than 499 end )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notes which illustrate the depth of original research required by such an apparently light-hearted looking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatise. This substantial body of information would have made reading awkward had footnotes been used on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each page, given the small format of the book. The conventional numbering of end notes by chapter, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, makes the handling of almost 50 pages of notes difficult. As this is a valuable part of the work that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enhances factual knowledge, I would have found it easier to orient myself among the hundreds of end notes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(if they were assigned a single serial number, rather than providing individual numbering for each six )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters. This conventionally accepted technical solution, however, does not diminish the pleasure of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading the eloquent main text.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The contents of the book range from the medieval concept of pets to their forms of representation in pictorial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and documentary sources. Chapter one, ?The medieval pet?, sets the scene by defining the subject matter, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(step of fundamental importance given the potential latitude of discussion. Although dogs and cats dominate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in historical sources, instead of providing a list of animal species as potential pets, the author takes a more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sophisticated approach, by defining a niche for these creatures in their conceptual environment, pointing out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?[p]ets blur the boundaries between animal and human status? \(p. 1\). This idea permeates the entire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book and resurfaces during the study of detailed subjects such as the naming of pets and their uses as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attributes in various settings. The duality in the perception of animals lacking souls according to Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teaching, but still being treated as if they have a remarkable human dimension is clearly illustrated through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the carefully documented examples of pet keeping by clerics. As pointed out by the author, ??saints and pets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in general do not mix, in marked contrast to the earthly clerics, who throughout this book will be shown as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great pet keepers? \(p. 23\). In addition to the direct or indirect personalization of privileged pets, a strong )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8251 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasis is placed on the proxemics of their keeping: ?Pets abounded in both public and private interior )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spaces?? \(p. 55\). Consequently, pets have also been physically the closest to humans of all live animals, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(penetrating into the social and intimate spheres of their owners? lives. These narrow spheres were not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible to some other favoured outdoor animals partly for practical reason, and so, for example ,cherished )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and valuable horses as well as high status falcons are excluded from further discussion in the book on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(basis, helping the author to focus on animals that enjoyed a largely indoor lifestyle alongside their keepers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the Middle Ages. Pet keeping was typical of ladies and clerics. In this context, small raptors such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sparrow-hawks associated with priests and merlyon \(merlin\) with ladies )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 382.292 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 382.292 695.283 m 396.284 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 396.284 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the Book of Saint Albans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1486\) could be considered borderline ?pet? cases since due to their small size they would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively useless in practical falconry. According to an early 19th-century hunting book from Hungary, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Medieval ladies loved and caressed their falcons like they spoil their lapdogs nowadays?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 467.600 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 467.600 652.515 m 481.592 652.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two is devoted to the various ways pets could be acquired and lost during the Middle Ages. Given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its average length, this is the most richly referenced chapter in the book. It is all the more interesting that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(section on purchasing pets reveals one of the difficulties in any historical subject: ?possibly ? few pets cost a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great deal, and the sum was not worth recording? \(p. 26\). When studying the past one must always try to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consider the unrecorded, although negative evidence cannot be reliably interpreted in most cases. One may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also argue that for a whole range of ?priceless? things it is impossible to attach financial value. Symbolic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and emotional meanings, however, can only be inferred indirectly from data that is fundamentally different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from quantifiable prices. Pets, understandably fall into this category, their commercial value not being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commensurate with the bond they formed with their owners. Importantly, such human?animal connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must also have existed in segments of society whose life stories and long-forgotten beliefs never entered the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written record )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.660 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.660 483.699 m 118.652 483.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 118.652 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(: aside from high status self-representation, pets have filled an important emotional void in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lives of many people regardless of social status: ?Affection and the desire for display could go hand in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand? \(p. 109\). As shown by ethnographic examples, this emotional need is present in most human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities even if it remains formally unrecorded. A brief critical review of sources would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting here. Another interesting issue raised in this chapter is the acquiring of pets by breeding. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although personally I do not see ?breeding? as a clear-cut working concept in the Middle Ages, many pets, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially miniature dogs, would not have survived without human support and propagation under the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances of traditional animal keeping. This means that they had to be cared for and bred specifically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when they were in high demand. Bones of short-legged dogs, for example, become conspicuously frequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at urban sites during the Roman period and they likewise regularly occur in medieval archaeological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deposits. It is reassuring to see parallel historical documentation for this phenomenon. The death of pets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed in the same chapter also offers valuable information for the archaeologist, as in the absence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(written records, medieval animal burials incompatible with Christian funerary rituals )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 444.296 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 444.296 312.627 m 458.288 312.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 458.288 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( would be very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficult to interpret. ?Many of the rituals of pet keeping appear to point to an ambiguous animal?human )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status. Pets were given human names, allowed to roam indoors with as much freedom as humans, and rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intriguingly, at their deaths, were greatly mourned over? \(p. 108\). Unfortunately, aside from animal remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that could be attributed to species kept as pets, little archaeological evidence of pet burials is known from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Middle Ages. Certainly the definition of pets as largely indoor animals would be of little use in trying to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(locate their graves unless known \(e.g. royal\) private gardens are excavated. Reconciling different bodies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(data is of utmost interest from this point of view.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three contains a discussion of pet welfare and addresses the issue of pets partly in relation to other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tokens of material culture. The feeding of these important animals as well as the moral lessons related to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them becoming overweight raises important questions concerning their health that does not seem to be as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(richly documented in sources as other aspects of pet keeping. Notably, veterinary works have traditionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dealt with horses since classical times, possibly inspired by the animals? high status, great utilitarian value )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and significance in warfare. However, archaeological finds, especially of dogs and cats, sometimes reveal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pathological conditions that seem to be consonant with the descriptions of pet welfare in this chapter. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(review of animal accessories provided by the author offers an unusually interesting glimpse at a rarely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed group of artefacts.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 382.2917 695.5975 396.2837 707.4775 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 467.5997 652.8295 481.5917 664.7095 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6597 484.0135 118.6517 495.8935 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 444.2957 312.9415 458.2877 324.8215 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7454 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter four, on living with pets, elaborates on the already mentioned proxemics of pet keeping, chosen as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criterion underlying the definition of medieval pets in the first chapter. The characteristic indoor presence of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pets in various spaces is reviewed ranging from the dining hall to the sleeping chambers. Broader social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spaces include monasteries, convents and universities where these animals served both as companions and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(special attributes for the inhabitants. Pet keeping in cities is an important subject as it is unclear to what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extent urbanism contributed to the widening and consolidation of pet keeping among the burghers of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emerging medieval cities. Since, however, the systematic documentation of rural pet keeping by medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lower classes is absent, it is difficult to decide whether pets in the urban landscape were a natural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continuation of a little known popular tradition or the newly developed emulation of high-status pet keeping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as seen in ruling circles. Along a different dimension, this dilemma shows the wisdom of the author in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(having included the spatial concept in the definition of pets at the beginning of the book: animals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documented outdoors \(whether in writing or in images\) become more difficult to interpret as pets than those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen in bed or on top of the dinner table. Travelling with pets is also discussed in the book, offering an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original insight into the meaning of space in pet keeping.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter five is a designated review of iconographic sources, although much of the previous discussion was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also based on pictorial evidence. In this chapter, however, depictions of pets are grouped by various genres )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of visual art from funeral effigies through seals and portraits of diverse personae including saints and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars. Reviewing animals in these special artistic contexts helps understanding their roles as perceived )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attributes of their owners as well as the way the outside world saw pets as means of self-representation. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter has the smallest number of notes but it contains one quarter of the book?s 20 black and white in-text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pictures. Even so, some more illustrations would have been helpful in this chapter, as reading the analytical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description of pictures without seeing the images themselves is somewhat tedious, even if the carefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selected pictorial material makes a decent general illustration.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six parallels the analysis of iconographic sources by looking at the perceptions of pets as reflected in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature. Special attention is paid to the complex roles ascribed to pets as symbols of love in courtly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature where they often serve as go-betweens in the service of lovers illustrating their role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human?human relationships. A direct emotional attachment to animals is shown by personal as well as court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elegies written about pets which often reference antique literature and personalities. In addition to being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merely stylistic exercises, many of these verses show personal affection toward animals. In some cases, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, the symbolic function of such animal poems may also lie behind the use of pets as a leitmotif. It is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this chapter where the fundamental nature of pets is shown to be perceived as almost transitional between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the worlds of humans and those of ordinary, utilitarian domestic animals such as livestock. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Our understanding of human-animal interaction in the distant past tends to be coloured by our better )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(knowledge of such interactions in more recent times, with its abundant and reliable iconographic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documentary sources. Bone remains recovered from archaeological sites offer a steady and omnipresent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source of data on animal welfare, but interpretations can be ambiguous given the absence of multi-faceted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complementary information such as that summarized in this book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The volume by Kathleen Walker-Meikle is a useful addition to a growing body of specialist literature, and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addition, anyone who has ever owned a pet will find it fascinating.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.843 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 129.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 129.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dame Juliana Berners, )] TJ ET BT 175.988 129.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Boke of Saint Albans)] TJ ET BT 297.320 129.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1881\), p. 26.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 408.644 129.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 408.644 127.827 m 462.632 127.827 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 114.970 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 114.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dienes Pk, )] TJ ET BT 124.340 114.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vadszattudomny )] TJ ET BT 218.672 114.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([Hunters? Science] \(Buda, 1829\), p. 188.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 415.628 114.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 415.628 113.571 m 469.616 113.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 100.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 100.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mrta Darczi-Szab, ?Pets in pots: superstitious belief in a medieval Christian \(12th?14th c.\) village )] TJ ET BT 64.016 86.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Hungary?, in )] TJ ET BT 142.004 86.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Anthropological Approaches to Zooarchaeology: Colonialism, Complexity and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 72.197 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Animal Transformations)] TJ ET BT 181.700 72.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 205.028 72.197 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(D. Campana, P. Crabtree, S. D. deFrance, J. Lev-Tov and A. Choyke)] TJ ET BT 64.016 57.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 139.004 57.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 139.004 56.547 m 192.992 56.547 l S endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 408.6437 128.1415 462.6317 140.0215 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 415.6277 113.8855 469.6157 125.7655 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 139.0037 56.8615 192.9917 68.7415 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R 46 0 R ] /Contents 39 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Length 1910 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 796.474 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lszl Bartosiewicz, ??Stone dead?: dogs in a medieval sacral space?, in )] TJ ET BT 417.596 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Ritual Killing and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Burial of Animals: European Perspectives)] TJ ET BT 267.332 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. A. Pluskowski \(Oxford, 2011\), p. 221.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 475.316 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 475.316 780.819 m 529.304 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historyextra.com)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historyextra.com/book-review/medieval-pets)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 726.051 m 307.316 726.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 310.316 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History Notes)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historyextra.com/book-review/medieval-pets)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 697.539 m 307.316 697.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 310.316 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 694.207 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 676.427 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 676.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1408)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 675.033 m 328.316 675.033 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 650.056 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 635.656 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/61051)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.256 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.historyextra.com/book-review/medieval-pets)] TJ ET endstream endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 475.3157 781.1335 529.3037 793.0135 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 726.3655 307.3157 738.2455 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historyextra.com/book-review/medieval-pets) >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 697.8535 307.3157 709.7335 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historyextra.com/book-review/medieval-pets) >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 675.3475 328.3157 687.2275 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1408) >> endobj xref 0 48 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000523 00000 n 0000000605 00000 n 0000004668 00000 n 0000004777 00000 n 0000004887 00000 n 0000004996 00000 n 0000008557 00000 n 0000008685 00000 n 0000008769 00000 n 0000008834 00000 n 0000016029 00000 n 0000016134 00000 n 0000024438 00000 n 0000024468 00000 n 0000024596 00000 n 0000024632 00000 n 0000024662 00000 n 0000024790 00000 n 0000024826 00000 n 0000024856 00000 n 0000024984 00000 n 0000025020 00000 n 0000025050 00000 n 0000025178 00000 n 0000025214 00000 n 0000025312 00000 n 0000032819 00000 n 0000032947 00000 n 0000033002 00000 n 0000033130 00000 n 0000033185 00000 n 0000033311 00000 n 0000033366 00000 n 0000033471 00000 n 0000035434 00000 n 0000035562 00000 n 0000035617 00000 n 0000035744 00000 n 0000035849 00000 n 0000035976 00000 n 0000036081 00000 n 0000036209 00000 n trailer << /Size 48 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 36305 %%EOF