%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150228004110+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150228004110+00'00') /Title (Frigates of the Napoleonic Wars) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4501 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Frigates of the Napoleonic Wars)] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This important new study demonstrates the growing maturity of naval history, for while at first sight it might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appear to be aimed at a specialist audience, it skilfully uses a mastery of the specific to enhance our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understanding of the general. There has long been a tendency to write the history of ships, individually and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collectively, in a way that at the very least implies that the artefact is central, while the human input is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peripheral - confusing what is quantifiable with what is important. By contrast this exemplary study, quite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the best of its type to appear, situates the frigate in the strategic context of the long war with France, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shorter, if more alarming War of 1812. Gardiner demonstrates how the design process worked, what factors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influenced the key decision-makers, and how experience at sea fed back into the process to create the most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effective ships. The ships are assessed using a skilful combination of evidence drawn from the construction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawings, sailing reports and other contemporary evidence. The ships that emerge from this book are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intimately linked to their designers, builders and crew. The impact of the individual is everywhere apparent.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Gardiner's two previous books and a number of important articles had already established him as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leading authority on the design and development of the British eighteenth century frigate. This book rounds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(off an outstanding contribution to naval history, integrating the study of the ship with the broad themes that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide the context. Because the Royal Navy based its strategy on the maintenance of an effective naval and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial blockade its ships had to be at sea for long periods, in all weathers. Consequently the preferred )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British frigate designs were tough, durable craft. Their hulls were heavier than equivalent French ships, had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 63.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater stowage and tended to be less fine at the extremities. Gardiner shows how the main lines of British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frigate policy had been settled by Lord Spencer's Admiralty board in the 1790s, which ordered a marked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(141)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sunday, 1 October, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert Gardiner)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(208pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chatham Publishing)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Lambert)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6861 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increase in dimensions. Despite a brief reversion to smaller and older designs by Earl St. Vincent and Lord )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barham between 1803 and 1805 it was three designs settled under Spencer's regime that were reproduced in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large numbers from 1805 to the mid 1820s. These well-balanced and effective ships, in the hands of skilled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(officers and crew, were more than equal to any foreign ship of similar rate.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The range of roles in which frigates were employed is examined in the final chapter, and emphasised in an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excellent table showing the distribution of ships at intervals throughout the war from 1794 to 1813. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duties included fleet service, conducting strategic and tactical reconnaissance, inshore blockade patrols and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combat roles ranging from joining the line of battle to leading coastal bombardments and amphibious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operations. Trade protection, convoying, cruising at strategic locations and the sustained pressure of inshore )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work that were such a feature of the naval war after Trafalgar also exercised the frigate. To meet these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demands the ships improved, by design and modification, while the officers and men became more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(professional, while the best officers tended to reach the prime commands, a reflection of the professionalism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Admiralty, and a system that rewarded skill, daring, initiative as well as a modicum of well merited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good fortune. The best frigate captains of the age, Henry Blackwood, William Parker, Thomas Cochrane, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William Hoste and Philip Broke made the best of their ships, but the ships were sufficiently well designed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and built that less stellar officers had no trouble executing their duty to the satisfaction of the nation and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(navy. As Gardiner concludes, if the ships were good, the men were better.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The old canard that French ships were superior, because they were better 'designed' is given a final and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comprehensive refutation. French ships were designed for very different roles, where speed in ideal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conditions was valued above seaworthiness, structural strength and the ability to carry the stores and water )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for sustained cruising. Occasionally a French prize proved useful, if only to show that larger ships had some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advantages, but they were costly to maintain, short-lived and although French designs influenced the design )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the )] TJ ET BT 64.676 406.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Leda)] TJ ET BT 88.676 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( class the best British frigates of the period, the )] TJ ET BT 317.648 406.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lively )] TJ ET BT 349.976 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class were of entirely domestic design. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gardiner demonstrates that when built to the same size British designs met British requirements better than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any French equivalent. French designers were better versed in the theory of ship design, but theory was of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited utility when applied to wooden ships driven by sail. The greater sea-going experience available to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British designers enabled them to produce better ships.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In drawing the policy background Gardiner stresses the cost of the long wars, the great drain this imposed on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(key resources, especially seamen, shipyards and timber, and the sustained pursuit of economy in their use. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To make more efficient use of scarce seamen the answer was simply to reduce the size and skill levels of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crew, to the extent that American frigates of equal size went to war in 1812 with one quarter more men on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(board, and a far higher proportion of skilled hands. Such small crews made it well-nigh impossible for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British captains to handle their ship under sail and fight the guns at the same time, restricting their tactical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(options. Against the increasingly inexperienced harbour-confined French ships the resulting rush to engage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at close quarters, where superior rate of fire ensured success, was acceptable, but against much larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(American ships with more powerful guns and more skilful commanders it proved fatal. However, in the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even match of the War of 1812 HMS )] TJ ET BT 215.312 168.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shannon)] TJ ET BT 257.312 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( required just eleven minutes to capture the similar USS )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Chesapeake)] TJ ET BT 92.000 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in the finest single ship action ever fought. In those eleven minutes )] TJ ET BT 422.300 154.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shannon's)] TJ ET BT 471.536 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( brilliant captain, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip Broke laid the foundations of modern naval service. To get the best out of his ship, and its weapons, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he had trained his men aim to hit the target, and carry out their duty in silence. Such demands could only be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(met by long service volunteer ratings, and the gunnery training system he inspired was in place by 1830, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately creating the new profession of naval rating.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 70.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7158 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In examining the design history of this critical warship class a great deal of attention is necessarily given to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary naval policy, an area where this book makes a major contribution. While strategic choices had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a major influence on procurement decisions, so did the need to spread the burden of construction across as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wide a base as possible, bringing into use smaller regional shipyards to reinforce the efforts of the Royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dockyards and the great Thameside yards that had hitherto built the bulk of Royal Navy warships. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Construction also spread to India, to widen the timber resource base, and provide new ships suitable for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(service in the Eastern arc of Empire. This distribution helped to maintain the fleet at the necessary level, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nothing was so effective in this respect as the capture of enemy ships. Between 1803 and 1813 the Royal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Navy captured over 50 large frigates, more than 1/3 of the total acquire dint his period, and an even larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proportion of those available before 1810. Slightly less than 100 new ships were ordered in this period, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although not all were completed before the war ended. Some new ships were deliberately built slowly in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Royal Dockyards, from prime English oak, to ensure longevity, while others were quickly assembled from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fir and other inferior timbers in commercial shipyards to meet the emergency of the moment. Nowhere was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this more apparent than in the response to the shocking loss of three frigates to the Americans in 1812. Such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the capacity of British shipbuilding that one yard at Blackwall could turn out ten frigates in 1813, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including six very large ships to three new designs. These new designs demonstrated that the Royal Navy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was perfectly capable of building frigates of a more powerful type, but until 1812 had seen no requirement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for such costly, units, which sacrificed flexibility and ubiquity for individual power. Even after 1812 the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standard class of ships continued to be built in large numbers, down to the late 1820s, because a global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maritime empire based on the secure movement of commerce could not afford to build, man or deploy an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entire fleet of American style super-frigates. The same lesson would be repeated in succeeding generations, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most notably in the inter-war debate on Washington Treaty cruisers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This policy imperative was reflected in the response to new technology. From 1803 the ship designers strove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to find ever more economic ways of using timber, substituting smaller pieces, or iron wherever possible. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These efforts were centrally directed, and the successful innovators were well rewarded, notably by financial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grants and Royal Society Copley medals. This process culminated in the fundamental reform of ship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure by the Surveyor Sir Robert Seppings, and while this work was vital for the post war enlargement of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warships, and the introduction of steam engines, it was actually driven by the need to economise on timber )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without sacrificing structural strength. This process, which has never been given such a lucid and persuasive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatment, will be of particular interest to historians of technology. Nor was this the only area where the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(industrial and technical developments of the age affected the frigate. Richard Trevithick pioneered iron )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(water tanks in 1808, replacing the old cumbersome, leaky and unhygienic wooden barrels. Once the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manufacturing process had been mastered Henry Maudslay the water tank revolutionised living conditions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by improving the time water could be kept, an the amount that could be stowed, removing the old, foul )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shingle ballast used to bed down the barrels, and saving money. By 1814 the Navy had over 3,500 large iron )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(water tanks in use. Together with cast iron ballast these tanks allowed ship stowage to be shifted more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(easily, with a marked impact on sailing qualities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is a large and handsomely produced illustrated volume, one which might lead the careless observer to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclude that it was fit only for the 'coffee table'. Nothing could be further from the truth; the illustrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are essential, given the subject and the quality of the treatment. The basic sources for this study are archival, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not just the wealth of written evidence but also the almost complete collection of original construction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawings and in service profiles which detail every aspect of the design, construction of the British ships, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(along with their modification, and that of the captured foreign vessels. Large numbers of these drawings, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(held by the National Maritime Museum, are reproduced. Often water-stained, heavily amended and modified )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they provide a vital contact with the design process. They record the working practices by which practical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men met pressing problems at a time of national emergency. The drawings are complemented by carefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chosen contemporary images, and both sources are integrated into, and used to expand on the text: as such )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 1841 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they make an essential contribution to the overall success of the book. The other contemporary sources are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the two surviving British sailing frigates, HMS )] TJ ET BT 262.688 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Trincomalee)] TJ ET BT 323.348 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( at Hartlepool and HMS )] TJ ET BT 441.668 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Unicorn)] TJ ET BT 481.664 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( at Dundee. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These remarkable ships, still afloat despite being close on two hundred years old, can now be seen in context.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historians of the Napoleonic wars, of naval policy, of technology and ship design are all in Robert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gardiner's debt. This is a work of particular importance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 674.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is pleased to accept the review and will not be commenting further due to outstanding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 660.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 615.439 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 597.659 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 597.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/141)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 596.265 m 322.316 596.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 571.288 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.888 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/762)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.488 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 596.5795 322.3157 608.4595 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/141) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000534 00000 n 0000000616 00000 n 0000005169 00000 n 0000005278 00000 n 0000005388 00000 n 0000005497 00000 n 0000009058 00000 n 0000009186 00000 n 0000009270 00000 n 0000009335 00000 n 0000016249 00000 n 0000016314 00000 n 0000023525 00000 n 0000023609 00000 n 0000025503 00000 n 0000025631 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25726 %%EOF