%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 23 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818063358+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818063358+01'00') /Title (Mystery Unveiled: The Crisis of the Trinity in Early Modern England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4005 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Mystery Unveiled: The Crisis of the Trinity in Early Modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Lim's study presents an erudite analysis of the Trinitarian controversies in 17th-century England. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addition to grappling with the large number of contemporary texts, the book also delves into the patristic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts employed to defend the various positions they set forth. While addressing the expected salvos )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unleashed by the leading English Socinians Paul Best and John Biddle, as well as the vigorous defences of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the doctrine of the Trinity by orthodox defenders, Lim establishes that the matter was not a mere sideshow to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the major ecclesiological disputes of mid 17th-century England. Instead, the book demonstrates ? as the title )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggests ? that the doctrine of the Trinity represented one front in a broader contest over the issue of mystery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Christian faith and the extent to which authority over admittedly incomprehensible matters could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demanded by ecclesiastical authorities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Logically, the study begins with the Socinians Best and Biddle, who overtly denied the doctrine of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trinity. After giving biographical outlines of their lives and offering reasonable accounts of how these two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Englishmen came to adopt their anti-Trinitarian positions, Lim makes the first of his fundamental claims. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Counter to traditional assertions, set out by Hugh Trevor-Roper and others, that Best and Biddle represent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1411)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 9 May, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul C. H. Lim)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780195339468)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(448pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/ReligionTheology/HistoryofChristianity/ReformationCounterReformation/?view=usa&ci=9780195339468)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(R. Scott Spurlock)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8029 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the roots of Enlightenment rationalism and humanist rejections of religion, Lim asserts that the position )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adopted by English Socinians rested in an extreme commitment to the doctrine of )] TJ ET BT 428.312 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sola Scriptura )] TJ ET BT 499.652 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eradication of what they identified as the three heresies of Tradition, Transubstantiation and the Trinity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whereas Martin Luther and John Calvin had dispatched with the first two, Socinians argued the vestiges of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roman corruption persisted in Protestant commitments to the unfounded, untenable and thoroughly Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doctrine of the Trinity. Essentially the error represented an affront to logic and reason, the result of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corrupting influence of Platonic philosophy in the Church. The error, for Biddle, represented the grossest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sort. He claimed it crept in and was enshrined in doctrine at the council of Nicaea ? a point contested )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout Trinitarian debates in the 17th century. As such, Biddle rejected the divinity of Christ on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounds that three persons could not be incorporated into a singular deity without the sophistry of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophical wrangling. Though this fundamentally denied the Trinity, Biddle still held that Christ could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worshipped due to the elevated status granted to the human Jesus by God.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Socinians of the Best and Biddle variety denied the Trinity on the grounds it represented a logical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impossibility and asserted the otherness and transcendence of God ? distinct from a human Jesus and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subordinate Spirit. However, another important aspect of the Trinitarian controversies developed among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radical groups who advocated a process of )] TJ ET BT 240.956 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(theosis)] TJ ET BT 274.292 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(or deification\), espoused panentheism or claimed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves to be equally divine with God. Although proponents of such ideas, manifest among the Ranters )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and others, did not directly engage in discrediting the doctrinal formulation of the Trinity, their claims )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obliquely undermined it. The outworking of such ideas ranged from Antinomianism to claims of divinity. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though such perspectives certainly caused the authorities difficulties, demanded orthodox theological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rebukes and ? if they led to public disturbances ? had to be punished, Lim argues that such manifestations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not cause the authorities the depth of concern that they felt at Biddle's theological unpicking of this core )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doctrine of the Christian faith. While the case of James Naylor ? whose re-enactment of Palm Sunday in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(city of Bristol led to a trial for blasphemy and to being publicly whipped and branded ? proved much more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sensational, Biddle's theology raised a far greater and lingering challenge: what degree of toleration ought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be extended to those with tender or dissenting consciences if they live peaceably? In Biddle's case, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorities feared that tampering with the fundamental doctrine of Western Christianity threatened to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undercut all the foundations for a godly society and threatened divine displeasure with the nation. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resulted in multiple imprisonments for Biddle and confinement to the Isles of Scilly.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Denunciations of anti-Trinitarians came from a number of corners and Lim skilfully draws out the nuanced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments employed by a widely representative spectrum. Thomas White, the Catholic priest who supported )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Interregnum government, held Biddle up as the 'most learned and most rationall, among the enemies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the )] TJ ET BT 51.680 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Roman Church)] TJ ET BT 124.676 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(', before using this as a means to lambast the inherent shortcoming of )] TJ ET BT 459.464 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sola Scriptura )] TJ ET BT 530.804 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(129\))] TJ ET BT 56.012 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(. )] TJ ET BT 62.012 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In so doing, White presented a critique levelled at all Protestants, placing them on the same slippery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slope as the Socinians. Lim insightfully notes that Laudian bishops took a similar line. While not critiquing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the doctrine of )] TJ ET BT 107.000 273.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sola Scriptura)] TJ ET BT 175.340 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( they did rebuke Biddle's reductionist framing of the doctrine and his belittling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of episcopal heritage from Nicaea. Peter Gunning reasserted the place of tradition and conciliar judgements )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in determining right doctrine. The predominant position taken by the Socinians' Calvinist detractors, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially the heresiographer Thomas Edwards, was to link anti-Trinitarianism and Antinomianism together )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as two sides to the same coin. As such, proponents of Presbyterianism, such as Francis Cheynell, advocated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the essential role of the Christian magistrate to deal with heterodoxy. Others, like John Owen, presented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their defence of the Trinity in liturgical terms with a strong emphasis on the mystery Biddle had ridiculed. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rather than emphasising the mystery of the Trinity to be one that the rational mind must accept exists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the grasp of reason, Owen turns to the allegorical union depicted in the Song of Songs to stress that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the mystery can only be experienced in the believer's union with Christ. Ironically, as Lim suggests, it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Owen's support of a 'Calvinist, mystical union with Christ', which smacked of the enthusiastic excesses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Interregnum, that raised the ire of Restoration bishops and prompted William Sherlock's scathing attack )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on Owen's own orthodoxy.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Much of the dispute about the doctrine of the Trinity centred on the use of patristic sources and identifying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at what point Platonic thought infiltrated the early church and perverted its theology. Biddle emphasised the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7573 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction between ante-Nicene and post-Nicene fathers, asserting, as Lim pithily summarises, that the ante-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicenes were anti-Nicene. The demarcation of pre- and post-Nicaea became an important delineation. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although Stephen Nye and the Huguenot Jacques Souverain eventually argued the corruption took place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before the composition of the Gospel of John ? perhaps the most important text in disputes over the doctrine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? opponents of Trinitarian theology generally viewed the breach to have occurred at the Council of Nicaea in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(325. Lim demonstrates that this took on a new relevance at the Restoration, as it resonated with many who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had espoused religious liberty during the Interregnum and found the Restoration bishops despotic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oppressive. For instance, Lim explores the ideological formulations of Thomas Hobbes, Richard Baxter and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Marvell, who subsequently have all been associated in varying degrees with Unitarianism, tolerance-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minded descendants of English Socinianism. Rather than being dyed-in-the-wool anti-Trinitarians, Lim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates that through similar arguments they asserted the ecumenical councils \(particularly Nicaea\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented the rise of bishops who ? having duped the imperial authority of emperors ? aggrandised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves through heavy-handed politics within the councils by employing Platonised theology to create )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(orthodoxy, demonise their opponents and subjugate simple people incapable of comprehending their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complex formulations. While arguing for 'Simple Christianity', their hostility towards Trinitarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formulations' underpinning of hierarchical authority drew Baxter, Hobbes and Marvell into the doctrinal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispute.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is a deeply impressive undertaking in which Lim eloquently explores the issues that fuelled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates over the Trinity in 17th-century England, traces the continental influences that shaped the discourse, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and adeptly engages with the polemical use of patristic sources. He demonstrates the essential challenge that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mystery presented in the face of anticlericalism, anti-Catholic sentiments and rational Biblicism. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Importantly, this study undercuts the simplistic thesis that Trinitarianism waned in the face of Humanist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rationalism, a sort of precursor to the Enlightenment. Rather, Lim reinforces the radical Protestant doctrine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of )] TJ ET BT 47.012 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sola Scriptura)] TJ ET BT 115.352 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as the driving force of early English Socinianism, noting that the doctrine 'heralded among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Protestants in the Reformation as the cure-all as a methodological principle for all theological discourse, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(did not provide the requisite framework for solving even the exegetical debates of the Gospel of John' \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(319\). While the Trinitarian crisis may have highlighted the shortcomings of )] TJ ET BT 399.980 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sola Scriptura)] TJ ET BT 468.320 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, as Thomas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(White had charged, the )] TJ ET BT 148.316 399.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(prima causa)] TJ ET BT 207.980 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was the challenge posed by mystery and who had the right to interpret it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? and what greater mystery is there in the Christian faith than the Trinity?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Since dealing with mystery is so essential to Lim's argument, it is a little surprising he gives no in-depth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to Quakers. Though Friends are mentioned in passing, nothing is said regarding their Trinitarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thinking. It might be argued that this is due to the lack of uniformity in early Quaker theology, but this in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself is a very important issue. As Sally Bruynell and others have noted, Quakers maintained a Trinitarian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vocabulary, but their doctrine of the Inner Light and the imminence of the resurrected Christ led to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(malleable, if not perhaps a little confused, economy of the Trinity.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 352.304 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 352.304 286.371 m 366.296 286.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 366.296 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( However, within their theological )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tractability Quakers experienced the Trinity in a manner akin to the union proposed by Owen; they freed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(themselves from the need for the conciliar traditions railed against by Baxter, Hobbes and Marvell, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(found a novel way of coming to terms with the Protestant )] TJ ET BT 312.992 244.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(sola Scriptura)] TJ ET BT 381.332 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by espousing the idea that the Spirit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which inspired scripture was the very same one that dwelt within them. Surely a discussion of the Quaker )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(theological approach to mystery would have offered a comparative model to contrast against the politically-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(charged theological nit-picking of the discourses assessed in this volume. Apart from this, the scope, quality )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and presentation of the book are excellent. It will surely stand the test of time.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 153.075 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 122.458 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sally Bruyneel)] TJ ET BT 135.680 122.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(, Margaret Fell and the End of Time: The Theology of the Mother of Quakerism )] TJ ET BT 522.320 122.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Waco, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(TX, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 117.008 108.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 117.008 106.803 m 170.996 106.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is most grateful for the engaging and substantive review offered here and does not wish to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comment further.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 20 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 352.3037 286.6855 366.2957 298.5655 ] >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 117.0077 107.1175 170.9957 118.9975 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 18 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R ] /Contents 24 0 R >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Length 547 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 805.999 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 788.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 788.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1411)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 786.825 m 328.316 786.825 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 761.848 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.448 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/61973)] TJ ET endstream endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 787.1395 328.3157 799.0195 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1411) >> endobj xref 0 27 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000570 00000 n 0000000652 00000 n 0000004709 00000 n 0000004818 00000 n 0000004928 00000 n 0000005037 00000 n 0000008598 00000 n 0000008726 00000 n 0000008810 00000 n 0000008875 00000 n 0000016957 00000 n 0000017048 00000 n 0000024674 00000 n 0000024704 00000 n 0000024832 00000 n 0000024868 00000 n 0000024996 00000 n 0000025051 00000 n 0000025135 00000 n 0000025734 00000 n 0000025862 00000 n trailer << /Size 27 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25958 %%EOF