%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150129103316+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150129103316+00'00') /Title (Manuscript and Print in London c.1475-1530) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3972 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Manuscript and Print in London c.1475-1530)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ?great divide? between the medieval and the early modern is nowhere more apparent than in ?the history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the book? ? a field of study in which it has been particularly damaging to our understanding of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(processes by which books and other texts were manufactured and distributed in the 15th and 16th centuries. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The simplistic formula ?medieval = manuscript; early modern = print? reigned supreme for far too long ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost to the end of the 20th century ? before being challenged by, among others, Don McKenzie, Adrian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Johns, and David McKitterick. In her recent book, Julia Boffey also strides bravely and persuasively across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these unsophisticated binaries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ?print triumphalists?, as the late Harold Love called them, hailed the invention of printing as a cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution. From the 1450s, when books could be printed, they argued, texts no longer needed to be copied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by hand ? printing enabled the production of multiple copies of identical and stable texts. Few would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disagree that printing from moveable type was a highly significant innovation, in terms of technology and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economics, as in culture, religion and politics ? just try to imagine the European Reformation or the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Civil Wars without print. The new technology did enable texts to be produced much more quickly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(eventually\) considerably more cheaply ? but, as Love and others convincingly argued, the practice of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1429)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 6 June, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julia Boffey)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780712358811)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(312pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The British Library)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://publishing.bl.uk/book/manuscript-and-print-london-c1475-1530)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Hinks)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 5383 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(copying texts in manuscript did not wither overnight as the ?triumphalist? view suggested. What actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(happened was that some texts continued for a very long time to be reproduced by laborious hand-copying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather than by printing. This happened for a whole variety of reasons, as did the less frequent but rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprising practice of a printed text being copied by hand ? a fascinating reversal of the ?print trumps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscript? hypothesis:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any attempt to construct a uni-directional model of script to print is quickly complicated by )] TJ ET BT 64.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence of the many different kinds of scribal activity by which printed books were copied )] TJ ET BT 64.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back into manuscript form, as also by the persistence of scribal copying more generally )] TJ ET BT 64.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the age of print. \(p. 57\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, much careful research in libraries and archives has produced compelling proof that many early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printed texts were nowhere near as stable as was once assumed. It is clear now that manuscript and print )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coexisted across the medieval/early modern divide and that most booksellers, readers and book collectors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made little or nothing of the difference between the two technologies. As a present-day comparison, think of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how easily most of us move between hardback and paperback, between printed and electronic text.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 536.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Those working in book history or print culture should be thankful that some medievalists are now engaging )] TJ ET BT 34.016 522.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(very fruitfully with the early modern, and vice versa. Julia Boffey has been in the forefront of this important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 508.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development, handling and reflecting on books and other documents produced before and after the invention )] TJ ET BT 34.016 494.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of printing. As a medievalist her deep understanding of the ?preconditions? of the advent of the printed text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 479.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have encouraged and informed her exploration of what happened next. In )] TJ ET BT 389.252 479.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Manuscript and Print in London )] TJ ET BT 34.016 465.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(c.1475?1530)] TJ ET BT 96.344 465.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, she offers a coherent and well-argued case for treating the transition from script to print as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 451.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slow and uneven change rather than a sudden revolution.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boffey follows the eminently sensible practice of studying not only books but other handwritten and printed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents of many kinds. The history of the book has broken free only relatively recently from an artificial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and misleading concentration on the literary canon ? texts of all kinds are now grist to the book historian?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mill:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 344.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(More is now known about the economic imperatives likely to have influenced the production of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 329.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain kinds of document or book, and which determined the centrality of London, rather than )] TJ ET BT 64.016 315.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provincial centres, in the first century of English printing. Greater attention is now paid to the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 301.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printing of documents rather than simply to books, and to the networks which promoted )] TJ ET BT 64.016 287.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collaborations at home and abroad, or which underpinned markets and patterns of importation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 272.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 4?5\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 234.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In these two sentences we have a neat summary of current concerns in book history: economics, a broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of texts, networks of production and distribution, markets \(domestic and beyond\), and ? of particular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significance in this period ? the importation of books from mainland Europe. In recent years, thanks to an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 191.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ever-growing range of printed and online sources, a corpus of evidence has developed which helps to answer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 177.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some key book-historical questions \(p. 5\):)] TJ ET BT 64.016 139.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? what perceptions did people have of printed material after its introduction into England, and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how did these perceptions determine their own practices in dealing with books and documents, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether as producers or consumers?)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 4435 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In formulating so clearly the questions she is attempting to answer, Boffey sets the scene for her cogently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented study of early English, and specifically London-related, books and other documents.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reflecting a recent ?spatial turn? in book history, the frontispiece map of London and its suburbs in the 15th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century reminds us at the outset to think about exactly where book-trade businesses were situated in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing capital. Business location is an important factor in book-trade history: those working in printing, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bookselling and related trades chose their locations carefully in relation to a number of factors. The concept )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ?London books? is simple but surprisingly useful. Boffey describes what the term means \(books made )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and used in London\) and introduces some interesting and original points based on a detailed discussion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(two ?London books?: )] TJ ET BT 141.008 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Customs of London )] TJ ET BT 258.356 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(or ?Arnold?s Chronicle?\) printed in c.1502 and a late 15th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century manuscript compilation \(San Marino, Huntington Library MS HM 140\). These two examples, both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large collections of works from various hands, are used very skilfully to tease out some comparative points )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about manuscript and print ? similarities as well as the more obvious differences. ?London books? are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily about London, though both of these are. Even at this early date there are continental connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too \(the first edition of Arnold had been printed in Antwerp\):)] TJ ET BT 64.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For one reason or another, by the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries many of the books read and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used in London reached the city from other places. Londoners acquired copies of texts by a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety of means \(p. 20\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 482.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This variety of sources is simultaneously interesting and bemusing. Boffey?s careful analysis of the primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 467.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence ? for the most part the texts themselves ? offers new and valuable insights, though the poor survival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rate of the evidence inevitably means that some questions must remain unanswered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sometimes manuscript and printed documents ended up being bound together in composite volumes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting that their owners and readers moved easily between both kinds of material, which is perhaps not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 398.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(too surprising when viewed from our multi-media age. The relatively modern distinction between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 384.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscript and print has arguably been more significant for scholars and librarians than it ever was for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary users of early texts. A considerable space \(the whole of chapter two\) is devoted to an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploration of how manuscript and print ?came into proximity? \(p. 46\), beginning with Caxton?s contacts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with scribes and manuscript artists in Cologne and Flanders before his return to England to set up his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 327.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printing press in Westminster in 1476. Networks are now recognised as a key feature of book-trade history. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caxton benefited considerably from his contacts with the circle of Margaret of York \(sister of Edward IV\) as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as with the merchant community of London.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 6680 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caxton, like many other early printers, familiarised himself with all of the technologies available for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproducing texts and developed great skill in deciding which titles to print. Economics was a key factor as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also, at this period, was patronage. As a translator Caxton sometimes turned a printed text \(of a continental )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(edition\) into manuscript before re-creating it as a printed text in English. After Caxton?s death \(in 1491 or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 1492\), printing was concentrated in the City of London rather than in Westminster. In the 1480s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1490s ?an increasing number of printers set themselves up in the city in order to profit from the diversity of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(markets it offered? \(p. 125\). Proximity to the Guildhall, the livery companies? halls, the Inns of Court, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schools and religious establishments enabled printers to develop close contacts with communities of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(potential customers for their services, although take-up of the new technology proved to be uneven. Printing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took over quite quickly from manuscript in the production of sermons and texts connected with civic and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ceremonial events. In other cases, notably school books, the transition was rather slower. The impact of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printing on London readers, individual and institutional, is the topic of chapter four. Cost was only one of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of factors that guided the choice between manuscript and print. The evidence for readership, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(notoriously sparse, does sometimes allow for a degree of reconstruction, as demonstrated here by case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studies of reading in the London Charterhouse, the prestigious Mercers? Company and the Bridgettine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nunnery of Syon, the latter providing a rare example of evidence for women?s reading at this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapter is a very useful detailed case study of one person, the chronicler Robert Fabyan \(d. 1513\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and his use of manuscript and print. We learn that ?as a maker and user of books Fabyan moved easily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between volumes generated by different modes of production? \(p. 169\). Printing was, of course, a European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technology and it is helpful to be reminded \(p. 172\) that Fabyan, like many of his contemporaries, should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded as a ?European bibliophile?. Fortunately, the evidence of Fabyan?s reading, although incomplete, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has survived rather better than in many cases. Boffey provides some fascinating detail about the choices he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made not only in his reading but also in the production of his texts in both manuscript and print. She also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheds new light ? which is always welcome ? on printing-house practices, by discussing the printer Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pynson?s use of an annotated manuscript of one of Fabyan?s chronicles. The ?textual afterlives? of Fabyan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include the extensive use of his chronicles by, for example, the martyrologist John Foxe and the chronicler )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Stowe. The latter had made copious marginal notes in the manuscript of Fabyan?s ?Great Chronicle? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which seems to been in his possession for some years. The case study of Fabyan is a clear demonstration of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how manuscript and print were both used in this period and how textual culture was transmitted to later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generations in both forms. Although print would, eventually, become the dominant medium, at this period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both forms were in parallel use for different purposes: ?? individuals and communities made decisions about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the material forms in which the texts they generated or used might be most effectively given shape and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transmitted? \(p. 206\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an important book about a key period in the history of texts and books. The production standard is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good, as is the norm with British Library publications. The illustrations, some in colour, harmonize well with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the text and help to demonstrate some useful points. Boffey?s work will not replace that of Harold Love, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David McKitterick, Don McKenzie or Adrian Johns but it is certainly worthy to stand alongside them, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indeed to complement them, as a seminal contribution to the ongoing discussion of the complex process by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which manuscript slowly gave way to print. Boffey may help to undermine the ?print triumphalist? view of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(printing revolution but she does so with commendable clarity, modesty and not the slightest hint of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(triumphalism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this careful review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 147.247 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 129.467 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 129.467 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1429)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 128.073 m 328.316 128.073 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 103.096 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.696 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/65887)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 128.3875 328.3157 140.2675 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1429) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000545 00000 n 0000000627 00000 n 0000004651 00000 n 0000004760 00000 n 0000004870 00000 n 0000004979 00000 n 0000008540 00000 n 0000008668 00000 n 0000008752 00000 n 0000008817 00000 n 0000014253 00000 n 0000014318 00000 n 0000018806 00000 n 0000018890 00000 n 0000025623 00000 n 0000025751 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25847 %%EOF