%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819012431+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819012431+01'00') /Title (A Field in England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4339 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(A Field in England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(WARNING - THIS REVIEW CONTAINS SPOILERS)] TJ ET BT 34.016 346.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I could barely contain my enthusiasm on hearing that Ben Wheatley?s )] TJ ET BT 373.628 346.859 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England )] TJ ET BT 468.296 346.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was to be set in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the English Civil War. Considering that this is arguably one of the most exciting and tumultuous periods in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English and British history, it is rather surprisingly an era which has scarcely been used to its potential by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(filmmakers.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 277.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A time when the country was at war with itself and more people died \(as a proportion of the population\) than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the First World War, when ideas of politics and religion were being fought over, and when anything )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(really did seem possible, and a King was executed, has been neglected by film and programme makers alike. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(We have had a few films in recent years but they have yet to really get beneath the surface of this period. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is most often reduced to the clichs of the good, fun-loving, jolly royalists vs. the bad, boring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliamentarians, or used as an excuse for a bodice-ripping yarn. The dramatic reality of the events which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took place perhaps limit, or maybe intimidate, would-be film-makers, given that these events need so little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fictional augmentation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of course there are worthy exceptions. The 1975 film )] TJ ET BT 294.620 151.787 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 347.948 151.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( did eschew these clichs and attempted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(put on screen some of the political forces which were unleashed after the Civil Wars. Its focus is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occupation of St George?s Hill in Weybridge by the Diggers, and it uses the pamphlets of Gerrard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley \(played by schoolmaster Miles Halliwell\) to illustrate key moments in their struggle against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tyranny and the fear of new ideas. Directed by Kevin Brownlow and Andrew Mollo, it is a beautifully shot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and passionate examination of the struggle and works of Winstanley. Taking eight years to make, and with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tiny budget and a largely amateur cast, it is a labour of love.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1446)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 4 July, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ben Wheatley)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rook Films)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Annette Bullen)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7350 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(So it was with hopes for a film of a different ilk that I made my way to Channel 4?s headquarters, walking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alongside Parliament and down Monck Street, and feeling the historical resonances around me.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I am delighted to report that )] TJ ET BT 171.332 743.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England)] TJ ET BT 263.000 743.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does not resort to the aforementioned and well-trodden )] TJ ET BT 34.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stereotypes, far from it. However, a word of caution: if you are seeking a film that attempts to examine the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 715.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious or political ideas fought over during, and the fall-out from, the English Civil War then I would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggest that you view )] TJ ET BT 141.344 701.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 194.672 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( instead. If, however, you wish to see a visceral, funny, disturbing and at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times violent and crude film, with elements of mysticism, coupled with some good performances and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting filmic styles, but which just )] TJ ET BT 223.688 672.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(happens)] TJ ET BT 263.684 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to be set in the English Civil War, you could do worse. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 87.344 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 110.672 658.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England)] TJ ET BT 202.340 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are two very different films, with little else in common bar both being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shot in black and white and set in the same period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One thing )] TJ ET BT 84.680 617.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England)] TJ ET BT 176.348 617.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does share with the period is that, in Hobbes? words, it is, ?nasty, poor, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 603.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(brutish, and short?. Nasty, as war is, and this film does not shy away from gruesome detail. Poor, as it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 589.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(done on a fairly tight budget. Brutish because some scenes are gory, and short as it is only 90 minutes long. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 575.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This comparison, however, should not be seen as a bad thing, as the film is also a trippy and unnerving tale )] TJ ET BT 34.016 560.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of four deserters. Deserting from which side is unclear, but on fleeing from an unknown battle they stray into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the eponymous field and, after eating some magic mushrooms, come under the spell of Devil-like figure of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sadistic alchemist O?Neil \(played brilliantly by Michael Smiley\) who has been pursued ? somewhat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reluctantly ? by one of our deserters \(Whitehead, played by Reece Shearsmith\) for stealing their master?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(papers. O?Neil is convinced that Whitehead can find him a treasure which is hidden in this field and which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?they will find and he will take?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(After bullying them all through the sheer force of his personality, and torturing Whitehead to forsake his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious vows, his loyalty to his master, and instead to ?open up and let the Devil in?, the location of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treasure is ?found? and a deep hole begins to be dug. One of their number \(Friend, played endearingly and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(good comedic effect by Richard Glover\) is seemingly murdered by another \(Cutter, played by Ryan Pope\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for no reason. After Whitehead takes Friend away for a Christian burial he attempts to escape from O?Neil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and hide in the grass. He then also eats some magic mushrooms, aiming to ?swallow whole? the oppression )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of O?Neil and his kind.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There follows a mystical and a deeply uncomfortable psychedelic scene wherein the protagonists are trapped )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on what seems like a blasted heath. Whitehead and his fellow deserter \(played by Peter Ferdinando\) attempt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first to hide from, and then fight O?Neil. Ferdinando?s character is killed by O?Neil because Friend, Lazarus-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like, returns from the dead \(see, I knew there was something odd going on there\) and gives their position )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(away to O?Neil.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The film then ends with Whitehead taking up arms and brutally and graphically slaughtering O?Neil. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Returning to the tent in the field that was the place of his torture he rearranges his former master?s papers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes into O?Neil?s cloak and so takes his place. We then return to the noise of the battle where we came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in, unclear as to how much time has passed and whether they have all in fact died and are in purgatory, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whether it was all just a dream.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unlike )] TJ ET BT 69.680 184.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley,)] TJ ET BT 126.008 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( which is somewhat lacking in humour, there is a lot of bleak, bawdy and very British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humour in )] TJ ET BT 86.684 170.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field In England)] TJ ET BT 179.012 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The deserters are really keen to go to the pub and Friend?s ?death? scene is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the antithesis of what we have come to expect of a ?war? film. The audience is wrong-footed by the dying )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friend asking his companions to swear to find his wife and to tell her that ?I hated her? and that ?I had her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sister? from behind, like a sow?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, like )] TJ ET BT 104.996 101.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 158.324 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( it is also beautifully shot and there is an incredible depth and texture added by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of black and white film. Wheatley experimented with homemade lenses and these create strange flares )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on screen which add to the film?s disorientation. Both films also use still shots to strong effect. Brownlow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Mollo?s close-ups of ordinary men, women and children do, for me, have resonances with the German )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7584 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressionist films of the 1920s and 1930s, and Wheatley uses a strange tableaux effect which echoes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(woodcuts of the period and adds to the film?s surreal nature.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both have the English countryside as another character. In )] TJ ET BT 317.288 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 370.616 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( it is hard and exhausting \(and it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(often raining\), but ultimately benevolent. It is the place that will provide the Diggers with their livelihoods )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and what they are fighting for. )] TJ ET BT 182.984 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England)] TJ ET BT 274.652 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( performs this characterisation literally, as the cast-list has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sara Dee as Voice of the Field. But although it appears bright and clear, as the sun never sets, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countryside is also harsh and unforgiving. One character says ?I fucking hate the countryside?. I cannot )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagine any of our Diggers saying that. It is a strange and threating place where insects and grass stalks are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(creepy and not benign, and at one point for some reason I was reminded of the Wicker Man.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Interestingly, although it is obviously impossible to truly recreate a period, )] TJ ET BT 395.660 644.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 448.988 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( seems to almost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achieve this. Perhaps because it took so long to make the film, Brownlow and Rollo?s conviction and focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(come across, helped by the fact that they were in some ways echoing Winstanley himself. In addition, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used mainly non-actors, and real-life activists such as Sid Rawle \(who played a Ranter\), which gave it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authenticity \(bringing to mind this time the works of the Soviet realists Eisenstein and Vertov\), as did their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to detail. However, the amateur nature of )] TJ ET BT 279.296 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 332.624 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( does mean that it is lacking in narrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(structure and the character arc is weak, and the film is somewhat repetitious, with some of the supporting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(performances smacking of am dram. Nevertheless it is a rare film which does, to some extent, illustrate the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political times of the English Civil War, showing why this period is still so important to us today, as it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where we can trace the beginning of many of the major issues in modern society.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley himself is portrayed as a Christ-like proto-communist figure, and the film ends with him leaving )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the struggle for others to carry on, asking ?Will England by the first land or some other wherein truth shall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sit down in triumph?? This is an obvious and stark illustration that these inequalities and injustices have not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been resolved.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Similarly, in a )] TJ ET BT 105.356 420.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England, )] TJ ET BT 203.024 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitehead is in some ways the film?s moral compass, as without him it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(would a bleak and depressing portrayal of ignorance and selfishness. He finds ?pages easier to turn than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people? and it is his ministering a poultice to his fellow deserter?s penis, which has become so painful that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he thinks he has ?lost his balls in the field? that begins their friendship and which is an oasis of compassion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the audience. If Whitehead is a force for eventual ?good? \(though I hesitate to use such clichs\) then )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O?Neil is the Devil. His supernatural qualities are evinced by the fact that he remains standing and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seemingly not in pain after having had half his leg blown off ? either that or he has eaten a heck of a lot of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mushrooms.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In fact I think that both these films reflect their times and the concerns of the day. )] TJ ET BT 428.612 294.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley)] TJ ET BT 481.940 294.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( began shooting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the late 1960s at the end of the period where Marxist historians? interpreted the English Civil War as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revolution. It was released in 1975 and this, rather neatly, coincided with a shift in the interpretation of these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events in favour of new revisionist interpretations. So the earnest and urgent call for revolution which began )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the 1960s had, by the time of the film?s release, been taken over by a reinterpretation of the Civil War as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being more evolutionary, stressing the importance of attempting to understand events and evidence in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(context rather than as a stage in a Marxist interpretation of history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England)] TJ ET BT 125.684 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, too, reflects our current times. Religion, a fundamental part of society during the 17th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, hardly features, with only one of the five characters being in anyway religious and the others )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sneering or indifferent to his prayers and his god. They would rather go to the pub to have a beer and a good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stew than go to church. Nor are any of the characters interested in politics or the huge events taking place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(around them. Cromwell and the King are mentioned but these soldiers are self-interested and self-absorbed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fighting for an unknown cause with little conviction. They make a total contrast to )] TJ ET BT 432.308 111.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Winstanley?s)] TJ ET BT 496.304 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( New Model )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Army, who carry copies of ?The Case of the Armie? in their hats and debate at Putney their rights within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(society for which they have fought.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England )] TJ ET BT 128.684 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has no Marxist revolutionary ideology, indeed no ideology of any kind. O? Neil?s )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 3894 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(motivation is the accumulation of wealth and to instil fear. He says that the ?World is turned upside down, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and so?s its pockets?. For the others, their motivation is merely to get out of the war and to hide, with only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whitehead?s character having a veneer of loyalty to his master. However, they are not completely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsympathetic. Although they do not fight for or believe in a bigger cause, it is their eventual friendship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coupled with the drive to survive which becomes the motivation for the two survivors to fight and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimately defeat O?Neil. Whitehead does not kill O?Neil to achieve political freedom or out of religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(zeal, he kills him to preserve his own life and avenge his friend?s death. As Friend says, ?I have never had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so many friends as I have in this field?, and Whitehead later states that the, ?treasure is here between us, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not friend??)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In our post-Thatcher, post-New Labour, Coalition era, where political ideology seems to have fallen out of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fashion in mainstream politics, where a reduced percentage of the population vote and where we are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(managed)] TJ ET BT 78.008 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( by politicians of similar hues rather than inspired, it is perhaps vain to hope for a film which can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do justice to a period where religion and politics were so intertwined and where ideas for a new society and a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new future were not only written about and read, but were also seen as achievable and imminent.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, )] TJ ET BT 83.996 572.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Field in England, )] TJ ET BT 181.664 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead of calling for some form of communal equality to solve society?s ills, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps posits the notion that the solution is found within our own individuality and the bonds and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibilities which we have to each other. 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