%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721194122+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721194122+01'00') /Title (Animal Encounters: Human and Animal Interaction in Britain from the Norman Conquest to World War I) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4022 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Animal Encounters: Human and Animal Interaction in Britain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(from the Norman Conquest to World War I)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I must preface this review by saying that I feel the discussion of human-animal interactions has been lacking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a book like this for some time. From the outset, this book is fundamentally )] TJ ET BT 395.348 223.427 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(more)] TJ ET BT 420.008 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( than historical in its impact. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The topics discussed, and so vividly illustrated, are anthropological assessments for the modern world, using )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history as base data. There is an immediacy that will surely chime with a contemporary audience as we see )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(our world increasingly sanitized of its non-human animals. For this reason in particular, the cut off point of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the First World War is apposite given the subsequent mechanisation that impacted on both human and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(animal life. This schism marks more than just a break from ?traditional? roles, but in fact a transformation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human dependences on animals.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter one offers a lucid insight into a species, the horse, which has perhaps slipped furthest from our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern collective consciousness when one takes into account its role in the medieval period. What becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clear is that the horse was more varied in terms of its role in society, as well as its actual physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(morphology. On reading the chapter, as has so often been done, one can?t help but draw comparisons with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the modern motorcar, which, as with so many material goods, made its way from luxury to mundane. With )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1448)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 11 July, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arthur MacGregor)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781861898494)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(512pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reaktion Books)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.reaktionbooks.co.uk/display.asp?K=9781861898494)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Krish Seetah)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7349 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this transition both horse and car became more variable in form and function, could afford their owner great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status, or none at all, and could command impressive price tags, or be more or less worthless and in fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incur financial cost for disposal. The chapter highlights facets of our attitude as humans towards an animal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that was both essential and ?ubiquitous?, spanning from an almost reverential respect for the racehorse to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abject neglect for the nag. While this is neither novel nor surprising, the details in the book are the critical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feature in bringing this message to bear: ?Retirement was indeed a concept unfamiliar in the horse world, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most working animals being driven until they dropped and buried where they died ?? \(p. 23\). The author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weaves further complexity into the circumstances of British attitudes to equids by reference to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idiosyncratic aversion to horseflesh, not shared by those on the continent. Ultimately, this resulted in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lucrative business for British exporters of worn horses and specialist butchers and traders in places such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Belgium.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The multitude of roles played by the horse is a key aspect of this chapter; however, rather than present a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(laundry list, the author provides discrete and detailed accounts of the functional categories into which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(horse found itself. Arguably as insightful and illustrative is the groundwork that precedes this section, with a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(number of lines of enquiry used to convey a more complete picture of how horse and human interacted. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Firstly, we see the physical representations of a range of horse types, using such imagery as Fernley?s 1840 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Council of Horses)] TJ ET BT 142.352 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and going back to depictions from the Luttrell Psalter. Added to these are descriptive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts and illustrations of the various paraphernalia associated with riding and other functional activities. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The development of different riding styles and fashions, and the variation between the genders is intertwined )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into this mix. We then see how British horse breeding, the essential component in creating types which in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turn served the range of functions, was hampered by a lack of appreciation for the role of the mare in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(capturing and fixing desirable traits in the offspring. This led to a coveting of overseas stock, particularly the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barbary and Arab. Indeed, horse breeding, its detail and intricacy is a strength of this chapter in that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrates the depth to which the problem of poor stock was confounded by high rates of export and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(misguided breeding practices. The fact that this led to legislative intervention ultimately demonstrates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dependence of crown and commoner on the horse.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As with the horse, chapter two provides an insight into an activity that few of us will actively participate in: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(venery. Yet, the extent to which this formed part of life for the elite provides an interesting insight into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?them and us?. Of course, the commoner was often involved in the hunt, but in very different capacity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never taking part in the essence of hunting i.e. expressing power and control. As the chapter illustrates, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issue is far from a direct discussion of how humans hunt; the act of hunting is deeply social and has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widely used as a mechanism of social control for centuries.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Once again, it is the detail of the examples that is both illustrative and deeply thought provoking. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice of effectively hobbling, through physical and permanent mutilation \(the term used for this was )] TJ ET BT 531.272 290.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(lawed)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), the dogs? of peasants prior to allowing them to accompany their master into forested regions, speaks not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only of the degree of social control of human and beast by the elite, but that the punitive mechanisms used to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exert that control took no account of the animal. Humans interacting with each other seemed to invariably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cause animal suffering. While royalty saw little difference between poachers and murderers, meting out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar punishments, during periods of civil unrest the peasantry took out their revenge on game species, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(times decimating populations of local fauna.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Legislative control forms the backdrop to this chapter, with insight into the various laws governing game )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and hunting. Game keepers were instrumental in developing ideas of land and animals as property, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulation waned through time with regard to rigid control and enactment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In parallel with the previous chapter, details of dog typology gives an insight into varying functionality and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the work that both horse and hound played in the capture of a remarkable array of fauna. This last point in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucial as it illustrates an underlying issue: while for those dedicated to the risky act of poaching, the driver )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was sustenance, food was the least of the reasons for venery for the elite. One strength of the chapter is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manner in which the variety of hunting styles, through time, are aligned alongside the different species that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fell to the hunter, the associated practices of the different hunting traditions, and of course, the assortment of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7185 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(living hunting aids in the form of different hound types and human assistants. The hunting loop is neatly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effectively closed, whilst other lines of investigation are opened up , in the form of associated trades that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were involved in the processing and progressive distribution of the animal?s body following the initial and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highly ritualised ?unmaking?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of all the chapters, the third includes descriptions of those activities \(though not limited to these\) that we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now see as most abhorrent to our modern sensibilities. This chapter not only lays out the trajectory of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whys and wherefores of the blood sports, but also how legislation and the common sense of the day aligned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the detriment of numerous species. The text does a very good job, through historic narratives, of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrating just how dispensable dogs, bulls and bears were in Britain up to the 1800s and how society was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seemingly inured to animal cruelty and suffering. This is well balanced with a discussion of Britain?s special )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role in the development of animal rights in that it was the first to enact prevention of cruelty laws in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern period. As the author points out, this early act has had a lasting legacy for modern legislation around )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As before, important details are presented that paints a picture of the complexity of pit fighting, baiting etc. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What might have been considered as the pastime of the few and far between in fact formed part of the fabric )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of everyday life: highly organised, involving all factions of society in one form or another and with a well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established place within the landscape of both town and country. This was particularly evident in the urban )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(setting where extensive architecture was devoted to the blood sports.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author takes us through the breadth and variety of fauna that formed part of these inhumane pastimes. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One gains a rich impression of a set of activities with ardent followers who evidently devoted a great deal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time and effort in their pursuit. In tandem, we gain insight into the changing social psychology as it related )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to animals. In addition to a clear account of the development of each of the blood sports is an assessment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the individual popularity of each came to wane, and ultimately how they all fell foul of the law. Given )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(current estimates that certain blood sports, particularly dog fighting, have never been more popular on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(global scale, this chapter provides a better understanding of the complexity of a set of activities that might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have otherwise been consigned to history simply as an unpleasant and distasteful aspect of the past. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the chapter also includes balanced discussion on pastimes that do not focus on death and brutality, and in so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(doing adds important dimensions of the long standing role animals have played as part of our leisure time, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(what will remain with the reader is the bulk of the chapter: the cruelty humans can inflict in the pursuit of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their own pleasure.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While the titles of the last two chapters are innocuous, ?The living larder? and ?Animals on the farm?, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encapsulate both an incredibly diverse array of edible species, far beyond our modern palate, as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguably the most significant \(at least economically speaking\) strategy for faunal exploitation. These two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters, discussed together here for the sake of brevity, both deal with consumption, but from different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives. In oversimplified terms chapter four focuses on wild species that are effectively managed to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(greater or lesser extent, whilst chapter five deals with the truly domesticated fauna. I say this is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oversimplification because in both cases the author takes the time to tackle and detail not only the associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(husbandry, but also facets of trade, exchange and commodification, and where appropriate, the rich ritual for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each species covered.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter four brings in aspects of social status, as evidenced through visual topography i.e. showing that you )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could, not just needed to, raise these food items, and illustrated with the example of siting of the dovecote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and how this changed through time. One of the most intriguing cases discussed is that of the idiosyncratic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and conspicuous royal consumption of swans, and their classification as private property irrespective of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where they occurred in the landscape. In nuanced detail we are presented not just with the legislative control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of swans, but the ritualised mechanisms by which they were managed, including the use of markings to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguish between the stocks of different owners. The end point of the swan?s more intimate relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with monarchy, though not quite completely dead, was the cessation of beak marking in 1997, drawing to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(close what must be one of the most singular of British traditions. Chapter five is perhaps the most pragmatic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in its stance; one particularly interesting aspect of this chapter is the early discussion of how agriculture and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4155 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(animal management developed. This section focuses on those involved in carcass processing, an established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(craft specialism, but which develops into a defined and lucrative trade; those involved in it serving as middle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men between producer and consumer. The remainder of the chapter gives a species-by-species account of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the main food domesticates, outlining how each provided primary, secondary, or both, products and was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maximally exploited to this end.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In drawing this review to a close, one aspect that is apparent is that the chapters are never straightforward, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which is a key strength. With the exception of the last chapter, which is more directional, in general the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(takes common topics but develops them using new angles of enquiry and well-sourced evidence: complexity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of form and function \(chapter one\); legislative control \(chapter two\); role in community life of rich and poor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(chapter three\); and social facets of animal management \(chapter four\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One minor reproof is this: the book makes reference to the reduced role and interrelationship of humans and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-human animals. Indeed, this literally starts on the inside sleeve of the jacket. However, I think that while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the overt visual politics \(there is and was always so much more going on then simply viewing\) of human-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(animal interactions are clearly less explicit in modern Britain, the fact remains that the significance of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(animals has not diminished. Their presence is screened, but their roles have taken on a myriad of forms that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have no historic parallel. They still play a critical economic role; however, their social place and context, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how they intersect with the most intimate aspects of modern life, and the manner in which they serve as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proxy, mirror and substitute is still quite remarkable. I bring up this point in conclusion as this book, despite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting a diminished role, does a very good job of contextualising just how significant modern human-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(animal relationships are. It is illustrative of something far more fundamental than the way animals and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humans interact. It provides a lens through which to view the extent and scale of how commercialism and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commodification have impacted on day-to-day life, the degree and manner to which social responsibility has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moved beyond the sphere of protecting human rights to protecting those of non-human animals and our )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued dependence on animals for food and sustenance, fulfilled in a way far removed from what we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might arguably still conceive as ?natural?.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 413.599 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 395.819 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 395.819 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1448)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 394.425 m 328.316 394.425 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 369.448 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 355.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/45088)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 394.7395 328.3157 406.6195 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1448) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000601 00000 n 0000000683 00000 n 0000004757 00000 n 0000004866 00000 n 0000004976 00000 n 0000005085 00000 n 0000008646 00000 n 0000008774 00000 n 0000008858 00000 n 0000008923 00000 n 0000016325 00000 n 0000016390 00000 n 0000023628 00000 n 0000023712 00000 n 0000027920 00000 n 0000028048 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 28144 %%EOF