%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140930050500+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140930050500+01'00') /Title (The Menial Art of Cooking: Archaeological Studies of Cooking and Food Preparation) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4039 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Menial Art of Cooking: Archaeological Studies of Cooking and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Food Preparation)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is highly recommended, particularly for food historians who want to step away from their musty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(old texts to imagine what it would be like to work in the dirt for a while. Archaeology is a closely related )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sister discipline, though not well represented among the myriad fields that make up food studies today. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a shame, as it has much to teach us, not only about the prehistoric past, but even recent civilizations. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be expected, methodologically the two disciplines are very far apart. Archaeology is a hard science, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literally and figuratively, dealing with chemical analysis of food residues, dating of pots shards and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examining faunal remains under high powered microscopes. In terms of interpretation of data, however, food )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history and especially anthropology are very closely related. Reading the essays in this book often felt like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(finding a long lost sibling.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The essays collected here are drawn from a conference of the Society for American Archaeology held in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2005. The introduction acknowledges the dearth of literature specifically addressing cooking; archaeologists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have moved around the hearth, looked closely at feasting rituals and social structures, and of course )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agricultural techniques, but they have not peered into the pot as often, nor thought carefully about the daily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(habits of those who butcher, cook and prepare food. I was somewhat surprised that the editors felt it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1450)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 11 July, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sarah R. Graff)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enrique R. Rodriguez-Alegra)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(58.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(304pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Boulder)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.upcolorado.com/book/The_Menial_Art_of_Cooking)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The University Press of Colorado)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ken Albala)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7177 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessary to defend their choice to look at cooking per se, but I will accept their testimony that the topic has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been seriously neglected. The introduction very cogently summarizes the many ways the study of cooking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can enlighten current archaeological debates relating to health, the influence of technological change, social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relations and expressions of power. The volume largely makes good these promises and in many cases )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dramatically revises the status quo in the discipline.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I am not entirely convinced that all the essays are about cooking itself: the topic might be the physical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(position of the cook, butchering technology, the logic of bone grease extraction, or merely what the diffusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of pots reveals about how groups expressed their identity. Or perhaps, to be more precise, the essays are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all about cuisine, what archaeological remains reveal about what people actually ate and what it might have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tasted like. That veers more into what is called experimental archaeology or culinary history. Nonetheless )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the essays are captivating, and rarely dip into the minutiae of scientific detail to an extent that is likely to try )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the average reader?s patience)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first essay by Sarah R. Graff is fantastic. By closely examining seal-impressed pot shards from Western )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Syria in the third millennium BC, she deftly overturns previous arguments about their importance. In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(past they were interpreted as decorated storage vessels and used to chart the trade networks and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(redistribution system of the powerful city of Ebla. Instead Graff argues that they are pieces of cooking pots. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though charred food remains would have proven this decisively, as a potter I can tell you the argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(made here is proof enough. The clay body of these pots contains a high percentage of calcite, which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intentionally added to loosen the tight structure of the clay, to temper it, to prevent cracking under repeating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(heating and cooling. Moreover the shape of the pot, with a thin walled, rounded bottom, would never be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used for storage since it makes the pots tip over or break in transport. Instead it is especially designed to sit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(over coals, distribute the heat evenly up the sides of the pot, and again, prevent stress cracks. Look at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(base of any medieval earthenware cooking vessel or Native American pot and you will immediately notice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rounded base.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The standard argument that the impressed seals indicate prestige, expense and a desire to show off is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neatly unraveled. As any potter knows, a little decoration with a seal takes an extra minute and is definitely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcome for quotidian ware. I am not sure the corrugated surface makes much of a difference as is argued )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(here, but otherwise the evidence is very persuasive. It is also not clear why remnants of bitter vetch found at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sites of excavation might be important. Vetches are not in fact poisonous at all unless one eats nothing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(else for a long period of time, leading to a motor disfunction called lathyrism. For occasional consumption, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as they still do in Italy and India, they don?t need to be soaked, and certainly not ritually. Now the only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remaining step would be to replicate these pots and test them over a fire. One could easily make some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting culinary observations as well. \(I hereby volunteer.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second essay by Gil J. Stein on ?Food preparation, social context and ethnicity in a prehistoric )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mesopotamian colony? examines a trading colony in Anatolia in the fourth millennium BC. There is some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting speculation here: since artifacts in the domestic setting are Anatolian \(i.e. local\) in style while )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those used publically for consumption are Mesopotamian \(i.e. in the style of traders/settlers\), this suggests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intermarriage of the outsiders with local women, who used traditional wares in the kitchen. The men )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however wanted their serving vessels, and managed to maintain their identity as a diasporic community )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through their use. I kept thinking, maybe they couldn?t get imported cooking pots or maybe the local wares )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were perfectly fine. Or maybe the Anatolians just bought these imported serving vessels and the traders )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never actually lived there, let alone cohabited? Moreover, the strict division by gender into private cooking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(versus public dining spheres, although common in many cultures, may not be the case here. The argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also hinges on the assumption that there were intercultural households. What if the pottery type is actually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not a good indication of ethnicity at all?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter seven, by Brad Chase, is similar in examining an outpost of the Indus River Valley civilization in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gujarat in the third millennium BC. This too was a border land, where different styles of material culture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interacted. By looking at the different types of cut marks make by butchering meat with obsidian or metal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author shows how different cuts of meat were used by people within the walls compared to those )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7105 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without, and how this might align with ethnic identity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three, by Christine A. Hastorf, begins with a broad introduction on the importance of food, drawing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from anthropology and sociology \(as do many of the chapters\) and then focuses on atalhyk, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anyone who has ever taught Western Civilization I or the History of Food, knows well. Much of the picture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one has gotten from the textbooks is actually mistaken. For about a thousand years from c.7400 to 6200 BC, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the foodways of these people did not change that much. They did not have cooking pots until fairly late but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instead used clay balls, heated and dropped in watertight baskets or wooden containers, much as Native )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americans in California used volcanic rocks to cook acorn porridge. They also lived in small snug houses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with living space on the roofs. Though they did eat wheat, sheep, beans and nuts, a lot of their diet was still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wild. The wheat and other grains were often eaten whole as well, not always ground and baked into bread. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The most fascinating part of the chapter is situating the cook right in the centre of the household, with a kind )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of panoptical command of the space, separate from living and storage areas but offering the ability to peer )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into these other places. The oven is naturally the focus of the house, but as Hastorf argues, so is the female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cook. Eventually when pots are introduced, it allowed these women to multitask, decorate the space, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(probably take on ritual functions as well. The analysis here could easily be applied to any kitchen space, also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revealing the social importance or lack thereof in any culture.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The next chapter by Nerissa Russell and Louise Martin is also about atalhyk and like the previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debunks some misconceptions. The settlement was not centrally ruled and there was no public architecture. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(That means production took place at the household level, mostly around clay ovens. Even more surprising is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the extent to which these people depended on meat, to such an extent that they smashed up bones and boiled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them to extract marrow and grease from the joints.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The eighth chapter by Tiina Manne goes further into bone boiling, though for the Upper Paleolithic in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Portugal some 27,000 years ago. It appears that either environmental factors limiting the number of wild )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(animals or population pressure led the people of Vale Boi to undergo the arduous process of grease )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extraction to get every last ounce of nutrition from their catches. From a purely gastronomic perspective, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idea of people using the grease to preserve and store food, similar to Native Americans and pemmican, is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most interesting part. I wonder if the discussion here could be applied to any civilization? When do cooks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(take extra steps to get every ounce of nutritional value from bones and why and how does this influence their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cuisine? Conversely, when is food so abundant that they can afford to waste food, tossing gristly bits? This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an excellent of example of the need for historians to pay closer attention to archaeology.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No chapter here does a better job of linking the past to present cultures than chapter five by Enrique )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rodriguez-Alegria on grinding corn in Mexico. We are given a full explanation of the manual processing of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corn, or rather nixtamal, into tortillas and tamales and why Aztec rule and the tribute system demanded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portable food, hence women made these more often for men working a distance from home. Equally as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating is why women abandoned the difficult process of grinding at home, to buy prepared masa or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tortillas, very recently. It is not simply that technology intervened, but that the socializing while grinding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together in groups, still done for holidays, was enjoyable in itself. Plus, other factors, like the unreliability of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(electricity and long distance to the mills, slowed this shift considerably. The point is, in both contexts, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changing nature of work drove changes in the kitchen.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six by Kay Tarble de Scaramelli and Franz Scaramelli does a meticulous job in periodizing changes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that took place in the Orinoco basin in manioc processing, another extraordinarily labor intensive task. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the changes are again due to colonial rule and shifts in the economy. Ultimately large scale processing for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the sake of social prestige gave way to the need to accumulate wealth under the weight of private ownership )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of land and capitalism. The spit-fermented manioc brew likewise gave way to purchased alcohol.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The last chapter by Guido Pezzarossi, Ryan Kennedy and Heather Law is the sole example of US )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archaeology and fairly recent. It analyzes the remains of a farm owned by Nipmuc in late 18th- and early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(19th-century Massachusetts, arguing that the use of European wares is not evidence of acculturation. Rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it should be viewed as a unique evolution of cooking and serving practices, a tradition actively created by the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 2242 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cooks in the household incorporating old and new elements whose meaning should be understood via those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who used them. The number and elegance of serving wares, despite the fact that the family faced economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hardship as evidenced in the historical record, also suggests that their house may have been a gathering place )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the Native community. Here we also get glimpses of what the family ate and how they cooked it ? hoe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cake is one example.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In all, this volume not only represents the formal self-admitted entry of archaeologists into the wider field of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(food studies, but it opens interesting new possibilities for further research by historians and archaeologists. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Do we pay too little attention to material culture, to the alignment of cooking spaces and to the meaning of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the daily act of cooking as physically experienced by the cook? Do we ignore what certain wares may say )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about people and the structure of households, who is included or not? Do we look close enough at the styles )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of pots and the cut marks or shape of broken bones to make sense of the culinary past? This book offers a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(welcome bridge to gather together scholars whose work is clearly closely related.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 610.927 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 593.147 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 593.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1450)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 591.753 m 328.316 591.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 566.776 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 552.376 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/45076)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 592.0675 328.3157 603.9475 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1450) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000584 00000 n 0000000666 00000 n 0000004757 00000 n 0000004866 00000 n 0000004976 00000 n 0000005085 00000 n 0000008646 00000 n 0000008774 00000 n 0000008858 00000 n 0000008923 00000 n 0000016153 00000 n 0000016218 00000 n 0000023376 00000 n 0000023460 00000 n 0000025755 00000 n 0000025883 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 25979 %%EOF