%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 25 0 R 30 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140725210728+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140725210728+01'00') /Title (Alcohol in World History) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4030 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Alcohol in World History)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the conclusion to )] TJ ET BT 132.008 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Alcohol in World History)] TJ ET BT 253.676 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Gina Hames observes that the influence of alcohol has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?omnipresent in human history? \(p. 134\). It is undoubtedly the case that, while not the dominant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(psychoactive substance in all human cultures, alcohol has played a more pervasive and significant role in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of human thought, ritual and economy than any other drug. Its critical function in the development of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(European and Near-Eastern cultures is well known ? from the symbolic place of wine in Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sacrament, to the symposia of Classical Greece and the centrality of viticulture in the spread of Greek and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roman trade. Less well recognised \(though usefully highlighted in the early chapters of Hames? book\) is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role of alcohol in the early Chinese civilisation, as well as its importance to many pre-colonial cultures in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Meso and South America. Even the absence of alcohol is a gesture of cultural identity: the prohibition of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alcohol in Islam was, to some degree, a means of embedding cultural distinction into the heart of everyday )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muslim practice.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the modern world, the consumption of alcohol has become more pervasive, and the means by which it can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be consumed have diversified \(most critically with the development of industrial-scale distillation from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18th century\). As David T. Courtwright has shown, alcohol was one of the ?big three? psychoactive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1452)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 18 July, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gina Hames)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pacific Lutheran University)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(160pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415311526/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Nicholls)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7873 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resources, along with tobacco and caffeine, which helped drive the globalisation of trade from the 17th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century onwards.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 116.660 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 116.660 780.819 m 130.652 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 130.652 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Today, the global alcohol industry continues to expand in developing countries even as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the key players \(Diageo, SABMiller and others\) seek to consolidate their share in the almost-saturated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(markets of Europe and North America. Drinking is an increasingly globalised cultural practice, and alcohol )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, without doubt, a substance with a global history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The sheer scale, depth and diversity of alcohol?s role in human societies makes any attempt to survey that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history a monumental challenge. Gina Hames is to be applauded for her ambition in seeking to construct a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(coherent map through this daunting scope of human activity, and to do so in less than 150 pages. Of course, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no such survey is going to be comprehensive ? and to expect anything more than a broad guide would be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unreasonable in a book of this kind. Rather, the purpose of a book such as this \(part of an edited series on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?themes in world history? which includes other weighty subjects like ?science?, ?religion?, ?sports? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?warfare?\) is surely to give the reader a sense of the overarching problems, trends and developments that can )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be seen when taking a wide-angle perspective.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hames approaches her subject matter chronologically and by region. Early chapters cover broad historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eras \(the classical period; the post-classical and early modern world\) with the later chapters focussing on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period from 1900 to the present. Within each chapter, subsections cover a range of different geographies: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(North America, Great Britain, France, Japan, India and so forth depending on the material discussed. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bulk of the work covers North, Meso and South America, Africa, and Europe \(mainly Britain, France and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Russia\); however, shorter sections on China, India, Australia and, in one chapter, Saudi Arabia broaden the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scope. By necessity, many of these subsections only give brief snapshots \(?Post-classical and early-modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japan?, for instance, is a single paragraph\), and most subsections are a few pages in length: enough to give )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an outline of key themes, but without space for detailed analysis. As the book covers early human history to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the present day, it is highly selective as regards what areas, and which periods, receive attention. This is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inherently a problem, though it inevitably raises questions about what has been included and what has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(left out \(there is nothing, for example, on Scandinavia, though it played a key role in the development of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(state-centred and public health-oriented control policies in the 19th and 20th centuries\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout the book, Hames aims to draw out overarching principles, and does this well. Her concluding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arguments dwell on the extent to which alcohol consumption is never simply an issue of either refreshment )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or intoxication \(a term which is, itself, freighted with cultural meaning\). Rather, drinking is a cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practice and, as such, is inextricably tied to social relations: to the power dynamics of class, gender, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnic and religious difference. Hames is especially strong when describing the role of alcohol in European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonisation ? arguing that ?the production, trade, consumption, and regulation of alcohol fostered European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success in world trade [and] helped solidify the new colonial identities of both the colonists and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indigenous? \(p. 60\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Drinking is a performance as much as a means of ingestion, and its rituals provide marks of cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction. Even one?s behaviour when drunk ? as MacAndrew and Edgerton famously demonstrated in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drunken Comportment)] TJ ET BT 145.004 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? reflects social learning and mores of the social milieu.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 415.952 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 415.952 233.859 m 429.944 233.859 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 429.944 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Alcohol is also, crucially, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a commodity ? though, as contemporary public health advocates insist, ?no ordinary? one.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 466.952 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 466.952 219.603 m 480.944 219.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 480.944 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As such it is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medium and expression of economic power, a substance that is traded, regulated, exchanged, marketed and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(so forth. Hames emphasises these realities throughout her study, and demonstrates clearly that they hold )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wherever alcohol is consumed: whether that be 21st-century America or Ming Dynasty China.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such observations are important: they remind us that alcohol cannot be abstracted from culture ? that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drinking )] TJ ET BT 77.684 137.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(is)] TJ ET BT 85.688 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( culture, in a sense. By applying this to a global, and very long historical, perspective )] TJ ET BT 496.976 137.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Alcohol in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World History)] TJ ET BT 103.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( reinforces a critical truth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, the inescapable compression and concision required to set out a ?world history? perspective in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such a brief space creates difficulties. Alcohol history is a rich and diverse field of research, but Hames )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seems to have made sparse use of many resources which could have aided her enterprise. Some key studies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the field \(Warner on the Gin Craze, Harrison on British Temperance, Rorabaugh on Colonial America for )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 116.6597 781.1335 130.6517 793.0135 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 415.9517 234.1735 429.9437 246.0535 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 466.9517 219.9175 480.9437 231.7975 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R ] /Contents 26 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Length 7291 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 76.340 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 76.340 795.075 m 90.332 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 90.332 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) do not appear to have been used, and had more of the wealth of literature on addiction history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public health and the global alcohol trade informed Hames? analysis, it would have greatly strengthened the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The appearance of a wide, but not deep, research base for the book is not aided by the decision \(presumably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(editorial\) to forgo standard academic referencing throughout. Very occasionally direct quotes are attributed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but otherwise there are no footnotes or in-text citations, leaving the reader to try and piece together the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(source material from brief ?Further reading? lists provided at the end of chapters. This is, on one level, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merely distracting; on another level it undermines the authority of the book as a whole. The reader has no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way of knowing the provenance of either historical claims or data, so cannot attempt to work out which may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be reliable, and which ? so common in the history of alcohol ? are stories retold and reworked until they bear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only a faintest similarity to actual events.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The depiction of Victorian temperance here is illustrative. Hames presents us with a Victorian temperance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(movement that is broadly middle class, overwhelmingly Protestant and mostly socially conservative. That is, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no doubt, the impression that has filtered down through the general histories of the period, and it contains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some truth. However it underplays the fundamental radicalism that defined much of temperance movement; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the liberatory politics that found expression in many of the total abstention movements; the dramatic scale of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalist, Catholic temperance in Ireland \(Father Matthew?s famous ?Temperance Crusade? is not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed in the sections on Ireland\); or the rise of socialist temperance and its influence on early 20th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century alcohol regulation. Furthermore, Hames \(perhaps unwittingly\) accepts an elite Victorian narrative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about alcohol: that problem drinking was, in most instances, a working-class issue or a problem of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marginalised social groups. Unlike many in the Victorian temperance movement, Hames does little to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(question this version of events, even while convincingly arguing that alcohol regulation has often acted as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tool of elite social control.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are, unfortunately, some infelicities in the sections on British and American drinking in the modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(era. While the 1703 Methuen Treaty \(critical in popularising port in Georgian Britain\) is only briefly alluded )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to, a law of 1728 supposedly banning bottled wine \(there was no such edict\) is given prominence. There is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no mention of the Washingtonian temperance movement in America, or the 1853 Maine Law ? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subsequent spread of prohibition across a number of states in the following decade. We are also told absinthe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was banned by the British Defence of the Realm Act in 1915 \(it was, in fact, banned in France not the UK\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and that habitual drinking was only construed as a disease from the late 19th century ? despite a significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body of research demonstrating that this process began much earlier.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the claims made regarding recent trends also raised questions. A causal link between total )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption and violence is made without reference to the extensive literature on the complex relationship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between alcohol, violence and other mediating factors \(not least bar design and outlet density\); we are told )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that spirits consumption in the United States has risen by 60 per cent compared to 2005 ? but not how that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(striking figure relates to overall consumption trends. On p. 113 were are given two ?wildly different? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(estimates for changes in Russian consumption in the second half of the 20th century, but again no help in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deciding which source might bring us closer to the truth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(No book is perfect, and it is undoubtedly in the nature of this survey that the existing research base will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compressed. However, the occasionally anecdotal approach in passages on subjects in which I have an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest \(not to mention the no-referencing policy\) somewhat shook my confidence in the reliability of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections covering material about which I knew little or nothing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, Hames seems on firmer ground when describing the drinking cultures and rituals of South and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Central America ? and these chapters provide an intriguing introduction to the world of )] TJ ET BT 455.948 111.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(chicha)] TJ ET BT 487.940 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( rituals and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(pulque)] TJ ET BT 66.680 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( production. They also, as is the case throughout the book, highlight the paradoxical politics of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alcohol regulation ? in which the desire for social control comes up hard against the need to maximise tax )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revenues. Similarly, the section on 20th-century Russian drinking gives a clear sense of both the scale of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alcohol problems in Russia, and the way in which periodic state interventions have tried \(and, largely, failed\) )] TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj [25 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 76.3397 795.3895 90.3317 807.2695 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 4100 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to address this. Sections on classical China and contemporary Saudi Arabia gave some fascinating insights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into areas that it is likely many readers will know very little about. Indeed, Hames contributes well to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispelling the strikingly Eurocentric perception that alcohol use was rare ? even widely unknown ? in South )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(East Asia \(not to mention South America\) prior to the spread of European trade.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Readers coming at this book with a general interest will, therefore, find much that is of use, and will )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undoubtedly come away thinking about alcohol as a mediator of social distinction and power. This, in my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view, is a very good thing. By contrast, specialist readers and researchers may find less to get their teeth into. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is an ambitious book, clearly produced within restrictive editorial limits, and it doesn?t always achieve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its goals. Nevertheless, it should provide a good springboard for readers entering this complex and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascinating area.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 621.267 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 590.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(D. C. Courtwright, )] TJ ET BT 157.352 590.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Forces of Habit: Drugs and the Making of the Modern World)] TJ ET BT 452.660 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, MA, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 574.995 m 149.000 574.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 562.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(C. MacAndrew and R. Edgerton, )] TJ ET BT 225.320 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drunken Comportment: A Social Explanation)] TJ ET BT 445.304 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chicago, IL, 1969.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 546.483 m 118.004 546.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 533.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity: Research and Policy)] TJ ET BT 334.652 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. T. Babor et al. \(Oxford, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 505.616 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 505.616 532.227 m 559.604 532.227 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 519.370 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. Warner, )] TJ ET BT 116.660 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Craze: Gin and Debauchery in an Age of Reason)] TJ ET BT 352.628 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2003\); B. Harrison, )] TJ ET BT 499.280 519.365 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Drink and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Victorians)] TJ ET BT 131.684 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(2nd ed., Keele, 1998\); W. Rorabaugh, )] TJ ET BT 327.308 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Alcoholic Republic: An American Tradition)] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, NY, 1981\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 178.652 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 178.652 489.459 m 232.640 489.459 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 474.127 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 456.347 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 456.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1452)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 454.953 m 328.316 454.953 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 429.976 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 415.576 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/46779)] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 575.3095 148.9997 587.1895 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 546.7975 118.0037 558.6775 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 505.6157 532.5415 559.6037 544.4215 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 22 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 178.6517 489.7735 232.6397 501.6535 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 455.2675 328.3157 467.1475 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1452) >> endobj xref 0 42 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000527 00000 n 0000000609 00000 n 0000004691 00000 n 0000004800 00000 n 0000004910 00000 n 0000005019 00000 n 0000008580 00000 n 0000008708 00000 n 0000008792 00000 n 0000008890 00000 n 0000016816 00000 n 0000016846 00000 n 0000016974 00000 n 0000017010 00000 n 0000017040 00000 n 0000017168 00000 n 0000017204 00000 n 0000017234 00000 n 0000017362 00000 n 0000017398 00000 n 0000017482 00000 n 0000024826 00000 n 0000024856 00000 n 0000024982 00000 n 0000025018 00000 n 0000025130 00000 n 0000029283 00000 n 0000029410 00000 n 0000029465 00000 n 0000029592 00000 n 0000029647 00000 n 0000029775 00000 n 0000029830 00000 n 0000029958 00000 n 0000030013 00000 n 0000030141 00000 n trailer << /Size 42 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30237 %%EOF