%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 29 0 R 48 0 R 95 0 R 125 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417080754+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417080754+01'00') /Title (Digital Harlem: Everyday Life 1915-1930) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 14 0 R 17 0 R 20 0 R 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 5818 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem: Everyday Life 1915-1930)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I was first introduced to the figure of )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 213.980 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hubert Harrison)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 213.980 371.721 m 292.292 371.721 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 295.292 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 309.284 373.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as a history undergraduate attempting to write my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(final year dissertation on the role of Caribbean intellectuals in the Harlem Renaissance. Arriving in New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(York from St. Croix in September 1900, Harrison?s brand of radical politics brought together class and race-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based internationalism.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 145.340 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 145.340 328.953 m 159.332 328.953 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 159.332 330.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Described by A. Philip Randolph as the ?father of the Harlem radicalism?, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1917 he founded the Liberty League and )] TJ ET BT 232.304 316.091 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Voice )] TJ ET BT 283.628 316.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(newspaper that helped spark the ?New Negro )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Movement? of the 1920s.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 156.668 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 156.668 300.441 m 170.660 300.441 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 170.660 301.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( At this time I was particularly drawn to accounts of Harrison?s prowess as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(soapbox orator. As historians such as Irma Watkins-Owens and Winston James have demonstrated, the street )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(corners of Harlem were key sites of debate, where a diverse selection of black activists addressed the public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on the pressing political issues of the day.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 234.668 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 234.668 257.673 m 248.660 257.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 248.660 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( However, as a student reading these historical accounts for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first time, I initially struggled to fully comprehend the significance of this form of black political expression )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the United States. I did not properly understand the importance of the street corner to black political life in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harlem ? the diverse backgrounds of those who spoke, the amount of normal working people who would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stop, listen and could actively respond to the arguments they heard, as well as the broader impact that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(form of political street theatre had on the development of the Harlem Renaissance. In fact, it probably )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wasn?t until I visited Harlem for the first time in the first year of my PhD study that I began to grasp the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical significance of such sites as the intersection of 135th and Lenox, where in the summer months )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thousands of people a day would have spilled out of the subway, off buses and onto the crowded streets, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be met with a cacophony of noisy proclamations on subjects as diverse as rent control, lynching and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonialism in Africa.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem: Everyday Life 1915-1930)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 89.031 m 236.660 89.031 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 239.660 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET BT 253.652 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( represents a valuable online tool through which the vibrant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical spaces that shaped the political and cultural life of Harlem can be better understood. Launched in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2009 by Stephen Robertson, Stephen Garton, Graham White and Shane White at the University of Sydney, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1456)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 26 July, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stephen Robertson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Sydney)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sydney)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicholas Grant)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 15 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 213.9797 372.0355 292.2917 383.9155 ] >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/archival/collections/ldpd_6134799/) >> endobj 16 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 145.3397 329.2675 159.3317 341.1475 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 156.6677 300.7555 170.6597 312.6355 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 234.6677 257.9875 248.6597 269.8675 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 101.6563 34.0157 101.6563 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://acl.arts.usyd.edu.au/harlem/) >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 89.1715 236.6597 101.0515 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://acl.arts.usyd.edu.au/harlem/) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 46 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 8860 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the project is designed to offer ?a new perspective on what it was like to live in Harlem? between 1915 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1930. Using Geographic Information System \(GIS\) technology, freely available through Google maps, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(website presents a range of visual historical information about specific individuals, addresses and events in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harlem. Its fully searchable database draws on a number of sources, including newspapers, probation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records, district attorney case files and the WPA Writers Program collection. A particularly useful feature is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that these searches can be layered in ways that give a more detailed picture of a particular individual, event )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or specific location. For example, to return to Hubert Harrison, an initial search for ?Soapbox speech? on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(website yields five matches. This search, when plotted onto the 1930 real estate map of Harlem, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides the visual backdrop of the project, includes a public talk Harrison gave on the evening of 1 July )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1926 on the theory of evolution.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The pop-up tab provides more detail about the event that was said to have attracted ?one of the largest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crowds ever seen on 7th avenue?, and which was reported on in the local press. Whilst this raises immediate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions about the content of Harrison?s lecture and its contemporary relevance to the assembled audience, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem)] TJ ET BT 107.684 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( makes it possible for the user to situate this event within the broader physical environment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which it took place.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By adding a second search layer that accounts for a specific location, in this case 137th Street and 7th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Avenue, it is possible to gain additional insights into the spatial environment that shaped soapbox speeches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Harlem. The search reveals that Harrison spoke on a corner made up of a mixture of residential and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commercial properties that included a beauty parlour, restaurants and speakeasies. Taking place in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evening, the talk would have attracted people on their way home from work, whilst the location of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance Theatre and Casino immediately across the road may well have attracted curious onlookers on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their way out for evening entertainment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This layered search feature therefore provides important background details that are often overlooked in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conventional historical texts. In addition to this, the regularly updated )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 371.324 432.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 371.324 431.361 m 444.992 431.361 l S BT 444.992 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( blog)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 444.992 431.187 m 469.328 431.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 472.328 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 486.320 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contains a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of posts on traffic, public transport and local businesses, that all help to build a picture of the street )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the African American writer Wallace Thurman referred to as ?the Black Broadway?. All this allows the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(user to make a number of simple, but nevertheless important observations, in regards to the audiences that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(street corner orators were trying to reach and how they went about maximising the impact of their work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(By providing a small-scale glimpse of everyday lives, events and places, )] TJ ET BT 385.628 349.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem )] TJ ET BT 462.296 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offers researchers a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range of new perspectives on the ?Negro Metropolis? as an historic urban space. In doing this, the project )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addresses many of the key ideas in the rapidly expanding field of the digital humanities. Using digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(databases and a range of freely available web publishing platforms to gather and present data, projects such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 47.012 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(London Lives 1690-1800)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 47.012 291.057 m 167.012 291.057 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 170.012 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([5])] TJ ET BT 184.004 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 224.996 292.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Salem Witch Trials Documentary Archive and Transcription Project)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 224.996 291.057 m 553.976 291.057 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([6])] TJ ET BT 48.008 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have begun to rethink the way in which historical research can be framed in order to reach new and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diverse audiences. This emphasis on the democratisation of knowledge is at the heart of the digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanities as well as being central to ongoing debates about open access and the ?ownership? of academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research. Whilst the potential of projects that harness the power new digital technologies are exciting, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nevertheless essential that they continue to place original and innovative intellectual research questions at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their centre. In the UK in particular, as academics scramble to meet funding requirements relating to impact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and public engagement, the realm of digital humanities can often appear as a perfect quick fix solution. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can occasionally result in ill thought projects that appear to tick the right research council drawn boxes, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fail to bring together cutting edge research with innovative new technology. As )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 417.620 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julia Flanders)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 417.620 162.579 m 484.616 162.579 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 487.616 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7])] TJ ET BT 501.608 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( writes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(digital scholarship is at its best when its intellectual outcomes aren?t simply judged by the power and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(speed of the technology that it uses, ?but by the same criteria used in humanities scholarship all along: does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it make us think? does it make us keep thinking?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 267.668 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 267.668 119.811 m 281.660 119.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 281.660 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This is not to say that digital scholarship should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(viewed with scepticism, but to suggest that technology should not be used for technologies sake, but instead )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to drive and offer new perspectives on already innovative research projects. )] TJ ET BT 399.908 92.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem)] TJ ET BT 473.576 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is extremely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successful on this front in that it presents rigorous archival research in an engaging manner and allows the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(user to develop their own specific research agenda. Whilst there are limitations in terms of the size and scope )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the database, the project nevertheless represents a fantastic model for aspiring digital humanists to follow. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 371.3237 432.1063 395.6597 443.9863 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://digitalharlemblog.wordpress.com/) >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 371.3237 431.5015 444.9917 443.3815 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://digitalharlemblog.wordpress.com/) >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 47.0117 303.6823 47.0117 303.6823 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.londonlives.org/) >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 47.0117 291.1975 167.0117 303.0775 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.londonlives.org/) >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 224.9957 303.6823 224.9957 303.6823 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://salem.lib.virginia.edu/home.html) >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 224.9957 291.1975 553.9757 303.0775 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://salem.lib.virginia.edu/home.html) >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 417.6197 162.8935 484.6157 174.7735 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.stg.brown.edu/staff/julia.html) >> endobj 45 0 obj [29 0 R /Fit] endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 47 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 267.6677 120.1255 281.6597 132.0055 ] >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 50 0 R 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R 69 0 R 71 0 R 73 0 R 75 0 R 77 0 R 80 0 R 82 0 R 84 0 R 86 0 R 88 0 R 90 0 R 93 0 R ] /Contents 49 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Length 11974 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Significantly, given the often suspicious academic reception this type of work receives, )] TJ ET BT 455.948 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem )] TJ ET BT 532.616 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also been able to bridge the gap between digital and more traditional forms of research. The same materials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that form the core of its online database have also been used to publish )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 376.628 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Playing the Numbers: Gambling in )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 376.628 766.737 m 548.288 766.737 l S BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Harlem Between the Wars)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 752.481 m 160.328 752.481 l S BT 160.328 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(2010\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 160.328 752.307 m 195.320 752.307 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 198.320 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8])] TJ ET BT 212.312 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, an in-depth study of illegal gambling in Harlem, as well as four recent )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peer-reviewed journal articles)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 738.051 m 177.296 738.051 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 180.296 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([9])] TJ ET BT 194.288 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. That the project has apparently seamlessly spanned the worlds of digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholarship and traditional publishing is further testament to )] TJ ET BT 326.000 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital )] TJ ET BT 363.008 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harlem?s originality and academic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounding in original historical research.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem)] TJ ET BT 107.684 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a relatively old project in relation to the online world in which it operates. As the now )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infamous )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 81.680 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 81.680 669.201 m 243.020 669.201 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 246.020 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([10])] TJ ET BT 266.012 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( notes, whilst early online projects were largely quantitative, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in that they primarily mobilised the search and retrieval powers of the database, the ?second wave? of digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(humanities work should aim to move beyond this approach in order to become more, ?qualitative, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretative, emotive, generative in character?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 266.276 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 266.276 626.259 m 280.268 626.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 55.676 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 55.676 600.177 m 132.344 600.177 l S BT 132.344 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blog)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 132.344 600.003 m 153.680 600.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 156.680 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([4])] TJ ET BT 170.672 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( can perhaps be seen as a response to this challenge. Through a series of detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and analytically critical posts, the authors of )] TJ ET BT 249.320 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem )] TJ ET BT 325.988 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expertly show off the search features of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main website in order to raise a number of critical points relating to the urban geography of the Harlem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Renaissance. Entries focus on a diverse range of subjects, including the life of the African American aviator )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herbert Julian)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 542.979 m 102.332 542.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 105.332 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([11])] TJ ET BT 125.324 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, black )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 160.316 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(baseball)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 160.316 542.979 m 199.640 542.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 202.640 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([12])] TJ ET BT 222.632 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the 1920s as well as the activities of the )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 431.612 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(UNIA)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 431.612 542.979 m 461.600 542.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 464.600 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([13])] TJ ET BT 484.592 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(combined with photographs and scans of archival material that do not appear as part of the project?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mapping feature. However, )] TJ ET BT 168.308 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem )] TJ ET BT 244.976 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not without its shortcomings in respect to this generative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspect of the digital humanities. Although the research carried out is detailed, it is still limited in range and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seemingly overlooks the way in which these new digital technologies can be used to actively engage a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader network of researchers in a particular project. 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Borgman)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 252.320 400.419 m 357.320 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 360.320 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([14])] TJ ET BT 380.312 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has argued, ?Collaboration is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essential in digital humanities projects ? 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Most importantly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this resource is free and extremely easy to use, which means that it has an almost inevitable impact beyond )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the immediate academic sphere. The fact that on my last visit to the Schomburg Center I found myself sat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(next to a group of local school children using )] TJ ET BT 254.324 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital Harlem )] TJ ET BT 330.992 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for a class project is testament to the website?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessibility. It is the broad appeal and potential uses of the data that underpins this research that is its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(biggest asset. From school projects to undergraduate dissertations to peer reviewed publications, )] TJ ET BT 499.952 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Harlem)] TJ ET BT 70.676 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has the potential to inform a wide range of humanities activities and pedagogical practices. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imaginative approach of the team behind this project should also encourage a range of academics to rethink )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the broader potential of how they conduct and present their own research. As a result, I?d encourage anyone )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a passing interest in Harlem or African American history as a whole to just have a go ? create some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(searches, check out the blog, and see what new questions come up.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 604.755 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 574.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(A. Philip Randolph, cited in )] TJ ET BT 201.692 574.133 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Winston James, )] TJ ET BT 286.028 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia : Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century America )] TJ ET BT 300.980 559.877 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1999\), p. 123)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 415.664 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 415.664 558.483 m 469.652 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jeffrey B. Perry, Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883?1918 \(New York, 2009\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter Ten.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 126.668 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 126.668 529.971 m 180.656 529.971 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 517.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irma Watkins-Owens, Blood Relations: Caribbean Immigrants and the Harlem Community, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1900?1930 \(Bloomington, IN, 1996\), Chapter Six; Winston, Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia, p. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(124.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 85.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 85.016 487.203 m 139.004 487.203 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 474.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Julia Flanders, ?The Productive Unease of 21st-century Digital Scholarship? Vol. 3, No. 3 \(2009\), )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/3/3/000055/000055.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 458.691 m 386.384 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 389.384 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([20])] TJ ET BT 409.376 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 412.376 460.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 412.376 458.691 m 466.364 458.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 445.834 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 445.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0)] TJ ET BT 246.356 445.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was written by Jeffrey Schnapp, Peter Lunenfeld and Todd )] TJ ET BT 64.016 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Presner.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 103.004 431.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 103.004 430.179 m 156.992 430.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 417.322 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 417.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christine L. Borgman, ?The Digital Future Is Now: A Call to Action for the Humanities? Vol. 3, No. 4 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2009\), )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 102.008 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/3/4/000077/000077.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 102.008 401.667 m 424.376 401.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 427.376 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([21])] TJ ET BT 447.368 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 450.368 403.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 450.368 401.667 m 504.356 401.667 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 388.810 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr. Andrew Fearnley)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 387.411 m 166.316 387.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 169.316 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([22])] TJ ET BT 189.308 388.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has used Google Maps in a similar way in his teaching in order to map the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 374.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transnational movements of Caribbean intellectuals in the Harlem Renaissance. This idea also ties in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with two ongoing )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 151.688 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research projects)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 151.688 358.899 m 232.652 358.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 235.652 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([23])] TJ ET BT 255.644 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( designed to )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 316.640 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(map black international travel)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 316.640 358.899 m 460.280 358.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 463.280 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([24])] TJ ET BT 483.272 360.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that I?m )] TJ ET BT 64.016 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(working on with )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 146.348 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dr. Vincent Hiribarren)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 146.348 344.643 m 255.980 344.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 258.980 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([25])] TJ ET BT 278.972 346.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 281.972 346.037 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http://salem.lib.virginia.edu/home.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.360 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([7] http://www.stg.brown.edu/staff/julia.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.075 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([8] http://harvardpress.typepad.com/hup_publicity/2010/06/playing-the-numbers-gambling-in-harlem-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 155.704 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between-the-wars.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 141.304 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([9] http://sydney.edu.au/arts/history/research/projects/harlem.shtml)] TJ ET BT 34.016 126.904 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([10] http://www.humanitiesblast.com/manifesto/Manifesto_V2.pdf)] TJ ET BT 34.016 112.504 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([11] http://digitalharlemblog.wordpress.com/2011/09/20/hubert-julian-in-harlem/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 98.104 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([12] http://digitalharlemblog.wordpress.com/2011/07/27/baseball-1920s-harlem/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.704 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([13] http://digitalharlemblog.wordpress.com/2011/04/26/unia-harlem/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 69.304 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([14] 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