%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R 35 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140726105825+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140726105825+01'00') /Title (For God and Ireland: The Fight for Moral Superiority in Ireland 1922-1932) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4331 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(For God and Ireland: The Fight for Moral Superiority in Ireland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(1922-1932)] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('There is no man or movement?, according to the late Emmet Larkin, ?that can be intelligibly discussed apart )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the Roman Catholic Church in Ireland?. Larkin?s 1964 article in )] TJ ET BT 372.632 209.171 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Church History)] TJ ET BT 447.632 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? later republished in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Studies )] TJ ET BT 71.684 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? succinctly stated a truth that many Irish historians are forced to face in conducting and framing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their research.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 101.984 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 101.984 179.265 m 115.976 179.265 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 115.976 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The authority and importance of the Catholic Church as a social, cultural, and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(force has historically been a commanding facet of Irish life, and study of seemingly unrelated forces is often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forced to confront this reality. Studies across the breadth of Irish historiography are frequently forced, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varying lengths, to address this issue.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael McCabe?s )] TJ ET BT 129.992 111.635 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(For God and Ireland )] TJ ET BT 233.984 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempts to deal with this dynamic as it applied to the Irish bishops )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and republicans in the first decade of the Irish Free State?s existence. The author?s principal aim is to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?observe and study trends across both sides of the ideological divide that separated republicans and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops? \(p. 10\). Underpinning this focus is the argument that both parties \(republicans and bishops\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(competed for moral authority in the emerging Free State; in the case of republicans, rhetoric laden with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1467)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 22 August, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael McCabe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780716531623)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(45.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish Academic Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://irishacademicpress.ie/product/for-god-and-ireland-the-fight-for-moral-superiority-in-ireland-1922-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1932/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sallins, Co. Kildare)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Connor Lewis)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 101.9837 179.5795 115.9757 191.4595 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 6104 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(religious imagery was often utilized to claim moral and political legitimacy. Key to the author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation of such ?moral competition? is his belief that the bishops acted unjustifiably \(morally and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(otherwise\) in order to maintain social and political authority, often showing an unseemly level of interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political and other secular affairs.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Documenting such a conclusion is allowed by the author?s impressive breadth of research, which includes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(materials \(such as Monsignor Luzio?s papers\) which have only recently become available. The author?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessment is also partially founded in his view that the hierarchy has been shielded by historians from an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriate degree of criticism. This necessarily implies that the hierarchy does, in fact, warrant the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historian?s critique and that it is a purpose of this study to provide it. This disposition informs the study?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretive approach: the desire to provide an objective and dispassionate study providing a critical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(counterpoint to overly-sympathetic studies \(p. 3\). According to the author, this historiographical problem is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly pronounced in Irish ecclesiastical history. Patrick Murray?s well-received monograph )] TJ ET BT 506.912 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oracles of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(God)] TJ ET BT 54.680 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, published in 2000 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 149.684 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 149.684 612.003 m 163.676 612.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 163.676 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is highlighted as indicative of what is suggested to be a broader problem in Irish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical writing as it pertains to the Church. Historians, including the late Emmet Larkin, have been far too )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic to the Catholic Church; in the author?s view, some histories are little departed from outright )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hagiography and apologetic \(p. 3\). Murray?s work in particular provides a source of interpretive tension.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(For God and Ireland )] TJ ET BT 138.008 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is structured as a generally chronological narrative. It begins with an analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral and religious dimension of republican language, with the author borrowing Paul Bew?s assertion that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis of the Land War lacked critical discussion of the interplay between popular piety and radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics. This is argued to be equally applicable to post-Treaty Ireland \(pp. 15, 16\). While rich in detail, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of this interaction reaches few new conclusions, ultimately arguing that republicanism was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(justified as a commitment to a religiously-informed moral ideal superseding democratic mandate. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pronounced sense of moral superiority sustained republican fervor, with pro-Treatyites dismissed as morally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(weak \(p. 31\). While embraced by republicans, such spiritually-laden political criticism was avoided by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergy sympathetic to republicans. This seeming curiosity is convincingly explained by the author as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt by the clergy to shield themselves from the wrath of less sympathetic Church officials. According to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author, the republican claim to spiritual authority that superseded ecclesiastical authority was essential to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(continued claims of political legitimacy \(p. 47\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The narrative proceeds to the role of episcopal pronouncements in establishing the moral authority of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops. This chapter primarily focuses on an interesting discussion of the public role of the bishops with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regard to nationalism prior to the Treaty, as well as their role in the political tension resulting from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Treaty debate. Widespread condemnation of British misdeeds in Ireland transitioned to initial episcopal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(silence on the Treaty. The eventual April pastoral, which declared the Treaty to be a legitimate point for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political discussion, is interpreted by the author to be the bishops attempting to ?remain within their spiritual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realm while offering their opinions on the state of current affairs? \(p. 67\). The October pastoral, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lamented the state of affairs in Ireland, represented a turning point after which republicans increasingly used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moralistic language to criticize ecclesiastical involvement. De Valera notably wrote to Pius XI to complain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the bishops continually abused their authority through excessive involvement in political questions \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(93\).)] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 149.6837 612.3175 163.6757 624.1975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7434 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the author?s most compelling original contributions is his discussion of Monsignor Luzio?s mission )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Ireland. He ably discusses the level of Anglophobia pervasive in the Irish hierarchy, as well as the degree )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to which their belief of vast English influence in the Vatican was unrealistic. Although this Anglophobia was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not the only factor that predisposed the bishops to view Luzio?s visit with hostility, it certainly exacerbated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an already negative predisposition. The author?s discussion of Luzio?s visit itself is similarly compelling as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Luzio?s own papers and his final report submitted to the Vatican are skillfully utilized. These hitherto )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unavailable resources add significant value to the study?s account of Luzio?s mission, revealing an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely negative assessment not only of the bishops, but of the Free State Ministers, who Luzio described )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as ?fanatical [and] proud? \(p. 277\). Luzio had little use for the Ministers and Bishops that he met during his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trip and formed a far higher opinion of republican opponents, who he described as ?much more religious, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preferring the ancient and genuine Catholic faith of the Irish people? \(p. 277\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author then proceeds to a discussion of the issue of executions and hunger strikes, which will be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussed in greater detail below. )] TJ ET BT 196.652 601.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(For God and Ireland )] TJ ET BT 300.644 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concludes with chapters on the partition question and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relationship between Fianna Fail and the bishops. Discussion of partition focuses on the general )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acquiescence of the bishops to accepting partition as a political reality while still retaining the right to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(address political issues facing northern Catholics as matters within their purview. By 1926, Cardinal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O?Donnell announced that Northern Ireland was a ?fixed entity?, finally conceding a political settlement to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the bishops had originally been opposed. The ?ghetto mentality? of Archbishop MacRory ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(O?Donnell?s replacement ? is argued by the author to be a primary cause of lasting sectarian tension in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Northern Ireland, ultimately placing much of the onus for future conflict upon the Catholic bishops \(p. 233\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final chapter, which deals with Fianna Fail and the bishops, offers some interesting concluding points. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rehabilitation of the former anti-Treatyites occurred, at least in part, due to their willingness to embrace a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degree of Catholicity which Cumann na nGaedheal eschewed. The author compellingly posits that the ability )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Fianna Fail to elaborate economic policies more closely in line with Catholic social thought played a large )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(role in warming the previously hostile bishops. This warming attitude was also facilitated by new blood in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the hierarchy, lacking the ?same emotional baggage in their relationships with republican leaders? \(p. 249\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The ability of Fianna Fail to outmaneuver Cumann na nGaedheal politically by situating itself as the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic political party was aided substantially by the accession of bishops without the hostilities of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predecessors.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are aspects of the work?s presentation that serve it well. The study?s structure allows deep discussion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and analysis of key events and themes, providing on occasion a great depth of detail. This provides obvious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(benefits that enhance the value of each chapter. Msgr. Luzio?s report is also invaluably reproduced in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appendices, and makes for fascinating reading. However, at times the narrative structure presents as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(somewhat disjointed, exacerbated by the decision to put end notes at the conclusion of each chapter. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fairness, the author?s discussion is focused on specific points of contention between the bishops and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republicans, and he certainly cannot be held responsible for editorial decisions. However, a more structured )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach as well as a more concisely stated rationale for the material considered might have presented the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader with a better guide to the topics discussed and a firmer narrative thread.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author?s criticism of existing works is stridently put. This stridence is at times justified, though )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dismissing Emmet Larkin?s ground-breaking and foundational work is rather lacking in charity. Regardless, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his call for dispassion is welcome, and one that is all too often imperfectly fulfilled. Unfortunately, this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proposed dispassion is not always present, and more often than not overt sympathy is replaced with overt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostility. One can reasonably and convincingly argue that uncritical sympathy is indeed a significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problem in existing studies; however, this over-correction undermines points of the author?s otherwise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasoned interpretation. This over-correction is particularly relevant with regard to the degree of moral )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(judgment interspersed throughout the study. Example of this can be found in analysis of the hierarchy?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitude toward the execution of republican prisoners. The author, while acknowledging Archbishop Byrne?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documented opposition to the executions, refers to the wider attitude of the hierarchy as ?shocking? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?inexplicable? \(pp. 160, 161\). In his introduction, the response of the hierarchy to the executions is referred )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R 33 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 8107 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to as morally unjustifiable \(p. 5\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While on much firmer ground in analysis of attitudes toward hunger striking, the author concludes that it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?remarkable? that a large number of bishops remained ?completely uninvolved? in the issue \(p. 187\). Such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion shows a degree of interpretive inconsistency: while the author?s presumption seems to be that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bishops displayed an unhealthy \(and inappropriate\) interest in the political arena, lack of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involvement is similarly deemed inappropriate. The reader might be forgiven for feeling that the insertion of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an often excessively judgmental voice occasionally leads the author to stray from dispassionate, judicious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessment: at one point, the form of the bishops? claim to authority is pointedly characterized as ?quite a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-serving Mobius strip of an argument? \(p. 69\). While one would be hard-pressed to fully dispute some of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author?s more critical assessments, their interpretive pervasiveness hinders dispassionate historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis and presentation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author?s study frequently interacts, as noted, with Patrick Murray?s survey of the same period. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the study interacts with Murray?s on several isolated points, broader ?correction? centres on Murray?s rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hedged analysis, which in part argues that the activity of the bishops cannot be reduced to narrow political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(self-interest. One might reasonably suggest that Murray?s conclusion rightfully acknowledges the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexity of the Church?s position by noting that its ?evangelical role? is not easily separated from its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?political role?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 108.668 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 108.668 542.979 m 122.660 542.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 122.660 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The author?s response to Murray is that such a conclusion affords the hierarchy shield )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from criticism and scrutiny; he particularly points to Pius XI?s reluctance to condone ecclesiastical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interference in political issues as proof of an ideal spiritual role from which the bishops diverged. But if one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looks at the rise of the Catholic action movement, a consistent Vatican line on appropriate involvement in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political questions becomes significantly more muddled. Although Luzio argued that it was ?necessary to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prohibit the Bishops entirely from taking part in politics?, his assessment came at a time when the Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church was simultaneously distancing itself from politics while claiming a greater number of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(questions as within the purview of its authority \(p. 279\). With regard to the question of the Treaty, the author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might have strengthened his case by noting that in that )] TJ ET BT 298.664 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(specific )] TJ ET BT 338.324 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, the Bishops explicitly violated the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guidelines set in )] TJ ET BT 115.016 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Immortale Dei)] TJ ET BT 185.336 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. By denying the sacraments to opponents, they violated the encyclical?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guideline that differences of political opinion as to the form of government could not be rightly be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterized as a ?[violation of], or wavering in, the Catholic faith,? provided that their ?piety is in other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respects known?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 116.660 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 116.660 371.907 m 130.652 371.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 130.652 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This explicit guideline renders Luzio?s assessment of republican piety all the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Outside the question of the Treaty, assessment becomes more difficult. As the author laudably notes, clerical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publications such as the ?Social Action Series? published through the )] TJ ET BT 370.652 318.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Irish Messenger )] TJ ET BT 451.304 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant spiritual encroachment on seemingly secular issues \(p. 18\). This series was not unique to Ireland, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and was in line with the broader sanctioned growth of Catholic action in England, Canada, and the United )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 65.684 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 65.684 274.371 m 79.676 274.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 79.676 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As an example, Msgr. John A. Ryan, head of the Social Action Department of the National )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Catholic Welfare Council, is famed for his vocal public support for the New Deal. Although Catholic action )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may have eschewed overt political organization and direct involvement in party politics, it certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(addressed questions with principally political solutions. While most strongly advocated by a small core of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish clergy \(principally concentrated in the Jesuits\), early Irish forays into Catholic social teaching )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(beginning in earnest in 1913\) were embraced by the hierarchy. Though this discussion is not directly within )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the scope of the author?s survey, it does raise question as to whether or not the demarcation between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spiritual and temporal role of the Church was a straight line down the middle. While teaching was clear in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some areas where the bishops clearly contravened accepted norms, other areas remained murky. Discussing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this complexity would have been a welcome addition to the author?s work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(For God and Ireland)] TJ ET BT 135.008 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( offers an impressive breadth of research and value. Such depth undeniably enriches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical understanding of the interplay between faith and politics in the Irish Free State, for which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author should be commended. This depth is particularly evident in the author?s fresh discussion of the role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Monsignor Luzio?s visit to the Free State and the threat it represented to the authority of the bishops. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the insertion of an excessively pronounced moral voice into the narrative frequently and )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 108.6677 543.2935 122.6597 555.1735 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 116.6597 372.2215 130.6517 384.1015 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 65.6837 274.6855 79.6757 286.5655 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R ] /Contents 36 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Length 4885 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frustratingly distracts from the study?s worth. This significant limitation aside, the author offers an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting first work that will hopefully stimulate vigorous discussion of the degree to which Catholicism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(directly and indirectly informed the political culture and debates of the Irish Free State.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.059 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Emmet Larkin, ?Socialism and Catholicism in Ireland,? )] TJ ET BT 334.328 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Church History)] TJ ET BT 409.328 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 33 \(1964\), 462.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 489.320 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 489.320 701.043 m 543.308 701.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 688.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Patrick Murray, )] TJ ET BT 143.000 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oracles of God: The Roman Catholic Church and Irish Politics, 1922?37)] TJ ET BT 496.664 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Dublin, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 672.531 m 149.000 672.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 659.674 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Murray, )] TJ ET BT 106.004 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oracles of God)] TJ ET BT 179.996 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, p. 419.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 218.996 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 218.996 658.275 m 272.984 658.275 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 645.418 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Leo XIII, )] TJ ET BT 132.656 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Immortale Dei)] TJ ET BT 202.976 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, <)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 215.744 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/leo_xiii/encyclicals/documents/hf_l-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 215.744 644.019 m 559.712 644.019 l S BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(xiii_enc_01111885_immortale-dei_en.html)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 629.763 m 273.008 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 276.008 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 290.000 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 5 June 2013].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 413.732 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 413.732 629.763 m 467.720 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 616.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While ?the social question? had been the subject of much wider continental discussion and action, a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latter wave of Catholic social action \(later rendered Catholic action\) began in England c. 1909 and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spread to Ireland by c. 1913. By the 1920s, ?the social question? was a topic of significant attention )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(throughout the English-speaking world.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 254.672 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 254.672 572.739 m 308.660 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 547.877 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Irish Times)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 519.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.irishtimes.com/culture/books/for-god-and-ireland-the-fight-for-moral-superiority-in-ireland-)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 517.971 m 535.268 517.971 l S BT 34.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1922-1932-by-mp-mccabe-1.1371507)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 503.715 m 216.980 503.715 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 219.980 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 500.383 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 482.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 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