%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 27 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141025102053+01'00') /ModDate (D:20141025102053+01'00') /Title (World Population Policies: Their Origin, Evolution, and Impact) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4223 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(World Population Policies: Their Origin, Evolution, and Impact)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the beginning of the 18th century, Sbastien Le Prestre de Vauban, marchal de France, sent a letter to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Louis XIV, as part of his efforts to persuade the King to help his poverty-stricken subjects. Vauban?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempts to arouse royal empathy with the suffering French masses having proven fruitless, he invoked an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ancient axiom of the monarchy, all in capital letters: ?THE GREATNESS OF KINGS IS MEASURED BY )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(THE NUMBER OF THEIR SUBJECTS?. While Louis appeared indifferent to the numerical imperative, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vauban?s focus on statistics was picked up by a number of French reform-minded individuals who became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more and more interested in the number of Louis?s subjects. In the words of Pierre Goubert, ?after the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication of Vauban?s Enqute of 1697?1700, what is called public opinion ? seemed to become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passionate about what was not yet demography?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 268.976 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 268.976 143.625 m 282.968 143.625 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 282.968 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Demography as a seemingly neutral, objective, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mathematical discipline went on to develop great influence and respect during the century of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment and has only increased its importance in the modern world. Its function as a means of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assessing the value of governments has continued to imbue its findings with critical significance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Demography, a statistical discipline with strong connections to sociology, politics, medicine, and history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(operates within well-defined mathematical parameters. And yet, despite its orderly guidelines, the topics it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1469)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 22 August, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John May)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789400728363)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(117.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(339pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Springer)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.springer.com/social+sciences/population+studies/book/978-94-007-2836-3)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dordrecht)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carol Blum)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 268.9757 143.9395 282.9677 155.8195 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7347 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treats continue to inflame public opinion worldwide. Sexual proclivities, gender issues, women?s rights, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contraception, abortion, as well as migration, exploding populations and imploding nation states are just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some of the hackle-raising areas to be impartially tabulated by demographers. John May, formerly a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinguished expert in demography for the World Bank, and currently Visiting Scholar at the Population )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Reference Bureau, has brought forth an essential work which manages to encompass human struggles with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various demographic issues across the entire globe over the last 50 years. As May convincingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates, in the last half century every nation, regardless of political orientation, economic status or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ecological situation, has been grappling with some population problems, whether they concern too few births )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or too many, a dwindling workforce or massive unemployment, age imbalance, societal disruption due to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigration or emigration, gender inequality, or environmental issues and governmental responsibility in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the well-being of a nation?s citizenry.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The numerous questions May so knowledgeably treats cannot be addressed in the confines of a single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(review, so this article will confine itself to the main focus of his inquiry: the policies various nations and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authorities have adopted in order to cope with these problems, which range from worrisome long-term trends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to looming emergencies. May examines the elements in state-controlled efforts, concluding that despite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opposition to government interference in private lives, ?the state remains the most legitimate and natural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actor to formulate and implement population policies, as its first obligation is the well-being of its people? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 61\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(May begins with a sweeping description of world population since 1950, the crucial period of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demographic transition, during which high birth rates and high levels of mortality have to considerable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(degree given way to lower levels of fertility and longer life expectancy. These two trends, when taken )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(together, have resulted overall in great increases in the number of human beings on the planet. May )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes the ?dramatic demographic changes? in the world between 1950 and 2010, ?as the population grew )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 2.5 billion to 6.9 billion? \(p. 14\). Whether what has been termed the ?population explosion? should be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered a blessing or a menace is framed by May within the contrast between the pessimistic view of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Robert Malthus and the initially laissez-faire Marxist perspective, with reference to the more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nuanced recent theories of the Danish economist, Ester Boserup. May examines the precise, complex )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relation between the rate of demographic growth and its socio-economic consequences in developing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economies and in the developed world. He analyses the differences between population policies in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing countries and those which have already reached high levels of economic and cultural progress, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noting that it has only been since the Second World War ?that states began in earnest to influence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demographic variables, first by intervening to push back mortality, then by lowering fertility \(through family )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(planning programs\), and finally by promoting more comprehensive population policies? \(p. 42\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Policies in poorer nations faced with overwhelming population increases have ranged from the systematic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction of contraception and the distribution of birth-control information and supplies, with moderate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success, to draconian government regulations imposing sterility, to the furthest extreme, the totalitarian one-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(child policy in China.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The question of which policies are appropriate in under-developed nations, if they are to avoid being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drowned in their own reproductive excess, has proven to be fraught with conflicts over individual rights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(versus those of the collectivity, and religious opposition to birth control. May devotes a number of special )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sections, labeled ?Focus?, to specific areas such as Colombia, Haiti and Ethiopia. His ?Focus? on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Vatican, provides a succinct and informative history of attitudes toward conception and contraception )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affecting a great portion of believers around the world. In a few pages, May describes the rocky road leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Pope Pius XI?s 1930 Encyclical )] TJ ET BT 217.328 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Casti connubii)] TJ ET BT 287.672 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Of chaste wedlock\), in which the Roman Catholic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church opposed the Anglican Church, which had just announced toleration of artificial birth control )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methods at the Lambeth Conference. Pope Pius XII \(1939?58\), however, in 1951, acknowledged the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acceptance of another formula for preventing unwanted conceptions, the so-called rhythm system, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relied on abstinence during periods of the menstrual cycle when women judged themselves to be fertile. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(permission to resist conception while avoiding effective contraception was thrown into question with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(advent of the pill. May describes the conflicts within the Church during the papacy of John XXIII and Paul )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 23 0 R 25 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 6852 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(VI, culminating in 1966 when the Pontifical Commission came down, ?with a large majority, in favor of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of modern contraceptive methods?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, as May explains, ?under the influence of a few conservative personalities, a minority report was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepared and given to the Pope whilst the so-called majority report was simply ignored. Thereafter, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church renewed its condemnation of modern contraceptive methods in the famous encyclical )] TJ ET BT 482.588 727.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Humanae vitae )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 1968? \(pp. 202?4\). May goes on to analyse the effects of the Church?s eventual intransigence on its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(efforts to promote responsible parenthood in various parts of the world, and its subsequent resulting ?loss of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(credibility and authority?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another issue which has proven especially vexing is that of abortion. May demonstrates that ?the number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abortions appears to be lower in countries that have both legalized the procedure and provided effective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(access to modern contraceptive methods? and yet, despite this result, the controversy has grown increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(polarizing, especially in the United States. ?Various constituencies? May reports, ?\(e.g., the Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Coalition\) and the Republican administrations played abortion politics shamelessly to appeal to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conservative constituencies for electoral gains. The words pro-life and pro-choice became political litmus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tests for the Right and the Left, respectively?. May analyses the similarities between the increasingly bitter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fundamentalist Christian campaign against legalized abortion in the United States and that of the flourishing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional Muslim faith, noting that in both instances their ? social and religious conservatism opposed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family planning, reproductive rights, women?s empowerment, and Western liberal values more generally? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 113\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the abortion disputes, however, unchecked population growth has become increasingly unpopular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both on the individual level and in policy circles. May discusses the critical opportunity for rapid economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gain offered by what has been termed the ?demographic dividend? ? namely, that when birth rates fall this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reduces ?the dependency ratios between generations and boosts the share of the potential labor force? \(p. 48\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(May?s masterful overview of global population policies covers not only the past and the present but provides )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a sobering vision of their possible consequences for the future of our world. A burgeoning population on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(limited planet has been putting pressures on the environment in ways that are inflicting increasing damage. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Air and water pollution, rising sea levels, floods and droughts have become world-wide phenomena, with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially dire consequences in under-developed areas. Governmental interventions, however, have been all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but non-existent. May discusses the NAPA \(the National Adaptation Programs of Action\) findings, that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(showed whereas ?85% of countries that wrote NAPAs cited population pressure as an issue exacerbating the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(effects of climate change, only six suggested that addressing population should be part of the country?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adaptation strategy; two proposed projects included family planning/reproductive health, but no projects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were funded? \(p. 244\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Quoting Condorcet?s reminder that ?we have a duty to those not yet born?, May concludes his study with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the injunction to ?muster the commitment to present future generations with an inheritance at least equal, if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not better, than the one we had received ourselves?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John May?s )] TJ ET BT 94.676 211.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(World Population Policies)] TJ ET BT 222.680 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is not only an essential text for specialists in demography but for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(general readers whose interests are human, global and concerned with long-term realities. Vauban?s words )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Louis XIV concerning the value of kings is now applicable to national leaders of all statures, but the real )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ultimate goal remains the same as Vauban?s, not the number of subjects but ultimately the well-being of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peoples.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 119.331 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 88.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pierre Goubert, )] TJ ET BT 140.996 88.709 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Louis XIV et vingt millions de Franais)] TJ ET BT 330.332 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 1966\), pp. 14?15.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 451.652 88.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 451.652 87.315 m 505.640 87.315 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 62.453 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 48.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New Security Beat)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 33.941 Td 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