%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818140711+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818140711+01'00') /Title (Women and the Second World War in France 1939-1948: Choices and Constraints) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 2709 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Women and the Second World War in France 1939-1948: Choices )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(and Constraints)] TJ ET BT 34.016 351.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hanna Diamond's study of women in occupied France and the period immediately following the Liberation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 337.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represents a considerable achievement and an invaluable contribution to scholarship on how French women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 323.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responded to the hardships, upheavals and conflicts of wartime occupation. Using oral testimony from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 308.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regional studies of Toulouse, Brittany and Paris, this study combines a focus on the voices, experiences and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 294.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretations of French women who lived through this time with analysis of detailed archival material and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 280.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the work of contemporary historians. Such a wealth of source materials results in a rich weave of narratives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and perspectives which complements the complex and sometimes contradictory picture Diamond paints of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French women and the range of 'choices and constraints' shaping their wartime lives)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(148)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wednesday, 1 November, 2000)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hanna Diamond)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Longman)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Claire Gorrara)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7320 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women and the Second World War in France 1939-1948)] TJ ET BT 307.976 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is structured in two parts effectively mirroring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diamond's concern to assess how and if wartime experiences changed French women's post-war lives. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(first part of the study focuses on the period 1939-1944 and looks at women's everyday lives from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspective of their financial resources and paid employment and the daily struggle for physical survival; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how women negotiated the difficulties of obtaining food, clothing and heating. This part ends with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of 'collaborations' and 'resistances' and reviews questions of choice and motivation in a whole )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(spectrum of activities which were often interpreted in black and white terms at the Liberation. The second )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of the study deals with 1944-8 and discusses the effects of the Occupation on French women's socio-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economic, personal and professional lives in the immediate post-war period. The purges of the Liberation are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(re-read in a gender-specific manner, the consequences of perceived wartime choices, whilst everyday life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and paid employment are investigated in order to understand the extent to which gender roles were altered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by wartime experiences. The study ends with the debates which surrounded French women gaining the vote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1944 and the impact of their entry into mainstream political culture at the end of the 1940s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diamond's empirically based account of French women's wartime lives provides an important addition to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(growing number of books on the subjects of women, gender and the history of occupied France. Her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach is that of a historian of women, sympathetic to the lived experiences of her interviewees and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounded in a reappraisal of some traditional categories of analysis, such as resistance and collaboration, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the light of women's position in French wartime society. The innovation of her work comes from both the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways she challenges accepted interpretations of women's lives in occupied and immediate post-war France )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and from her construction of French women as subjects rather than objects of analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Firstly, Diamond emphasises how historians of women and gender relations need to rethink their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation of 1944-5 as a watershed in French women's lives and to ask the question to what extent was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Liberation a 'liberation' for women individually and collectively. Did it constitute a rupture in French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's lives? Were French women emancipated in personal as well as political terms? Did they experience )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Liberation as a moment of release, the starting point for new lives, new expectations and hopes? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diamond's answer to many of these questions is a qualified 'no'. Her study works to advance the view that, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although during the Occupation French women were to undergo great changes in their lives, this did not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mean that the political, social and economic landscape of immediate post-war France was receptive to such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seismic shift in gender relations. This is not to say that French women were to return to pre-war roles as if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little had happened. Diamond's study traces, for example, the ways in which the wives of prisoners of war )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were one grouping of women who were to experience massive upheavals in their lives. With the absence of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loved one, often the head of the household and decision-maker upon whom many traditional families had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relied, such women had to develop new strategies for survival. The experience of occupation, the need to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(develop self reliance, resilience and a growing self-confidence in the face of severe obstacles, were to lead a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considerable number to reject their pre-war pattern of existence on the return of their husbands. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence of the large increase in divorce rates in the immediate post-war period, although certainly not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusive proof, supports Diamond's assessment of a shift in personal, if not more widely political, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceptions of women as shaping their own destinies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diamond's study also challenges some of the more commonly held views of the Liberation and its aftermath )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a period when women in paid work were forced back into the home. Diamond points out that for some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women this was precisely what they expected and desired. For others, they had gained access to jobs, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(training and educational opportunities which they wished to pursue further. Whilst it seems fair to assert that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in a number of sectors, such as the textile industry, women were laid off to free up jobs for the returning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men, in other sectors of the economy this was not the case. Diamond underlines the importance of regional )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variations and the individual situation of the women themselves in the complex picture of work and gender )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the late 1940s. Married with children or single and childless, working class or bourgeois, in urban or rural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settings. French women at the Liberation did not necessarily experience a mass return to the home hearth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(signifying withdrawal from one key sector of public life.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondly, Diamond argues persuasively for an understanding of women's participation and contribution to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7855 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forms of resistance and collaboration as a series of 'graduations' more influenced by their day to day lives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and experiences than by consciously political responses to national and international events. It is in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters on 'Collaborations' and 'Women and the Purges' that she provides some insightful analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(phenomenon of French women and collaboration. In times past, this has often been reduced to voyeuristic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fascination with the )] TJ ET BT 131.672 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(femmes tondues)] TJ ET BT 207.992 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(; those women accused of sexual collaboration with the Germans and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who had their heads shaved at the Liberation. Her perceptive interpretation of collaboration as a cluster of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activities which were variously interpreted at the Liberation as anti-patriotic and anti-national opens up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole new avenues of investigation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For Diamond, it is a case of reviewing the choices and motivations of individual women, some of whom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took steps towards more openly collaborationist actions in the forlorn hope that this would curry favour with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Vichy regime and improve their situations. One such case is the wife of one prisoner of war who offered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to take in a wounded German soldier and treat him as one of her own if Ptain would only send her husband )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(back too. Diamond also investigates areas of wartime experience that have been little studied to date, such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the motivations and reported experiences of those French women who went to Germany to work, attracted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the promises of high wages and proximity to interned loved ones. These activities were rarely understood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the women concerned to equate with outright collaboration although a number were to discover to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peril that local neighbours and Resistance activists were to see their actions in a different light at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Liberation. For those women who took a more 'active' role in collaboration, Diamond provides a gendered re-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading of their actions, such as denunciation by letter to the French and German authorities and membership )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of collaborationist groupings. In an ironic twist, it would seem that, as with women and the Resistance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family networks, friendships and affiliations were the main catalyst for membership of a whole range pro-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collaboration associations and groups. Diamond's work in French archives lends weight to her findings as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women on trial at the Liberation and after cited such connections as the justification for their actions. Indeed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these archives are an invaluable source for attempting to understand why some French women made such a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(choice in their lives. Very little of what Diamond unearths point to rabid ideological adhesion to the goals of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the National Revolution or even informed political choice but rather, as with Berthe A., a university )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(researcher, collaboration out of a sense of expediency in difficult times.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Inevitably, this study turns to the issue of )] TJ ET BT 235.016 387.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(femmes tondues)] TJ ET BT 311.336 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( but it is to Diamond's credit that this is presented )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a multi-dimensional phenomenon which has its roots in cultural practises and attitudes at a time of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(national crisis centuries old and not limited to France alone. Her analysis is predicated on the explicit )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sexualization of a number of French women's wartime lives and a pervasive perception of women who broke )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social taboos as somehow prostituting themselves to the foreign invader. She links this, convincingly in my )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view, to a sense that French women needed to be put back in the roles and identities which many French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(men believed they had transgressed in wartime. Women were victims of a gender-specific punishment which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had less to do with their conscious political choices and more to do with male fears and anxieties over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disturbed gender roles after five years of national defeat and shame.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Diamond's analysis of the )] TJ ET BT 160.832 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(femmes tondues)] TJ ET BT 237.152 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( illustrates well the third aspect of her study which makes it such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an admirable piece of work. Diamond works throughout the study to reject homogenising attitudes towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women in occupied France. Her study consistently rejects blanket statements over how French 'women' were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and enacts a balanced and judicious interpretation of the variety of factors which influenced individual and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective behaviour and attitudes. Particularly impressive is her use of oral testimonies, collected mainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Toulouse and the Finistre. Diamond herself points to the lack of Jewish or immigrant voices in her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sample and it is undoubtedly true that her study would have benefited from such voices. They would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inevitably have added another interpretative layer to her analysis as everyday lives were coloured by fear of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persecution and anti-Semitic legislation made ordinary activities for others, such as queuing for food, an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even greater ordeal for such women. That said, the women interviewed are treated with respect and seen to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer important evidence of local and regional activities and attitudes. They provide the texture of Diamond's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history, the lived experience without which the story of women in occupied France could not be told. In this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way, Diamond's study could be compared to Margaret Collins Weitz's )] TJ ET BT 373.292 76.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sisters in the Resistance: How French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(women Sought to Free France )] TJ ET BT 182.996 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(New York, 1995\), an account of French women's resistance actions and roles )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4340 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(based on extensive oral testimonies. Yet, more so than Weitz, Diamond is aware of the difficulties inherent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in soliciting and interpreting oral testimony, produced many years after events. Such women's stories are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treated as one amongst many elements in the analysis and Diamond encourages readers to 'accept or reject )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the evidence as they would that of any other historical source' \(p.14\). On the one hand, Diamond rightly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(validates these women as important subjects of history but on the other she is fully conscious of the process )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of interpretation which structures her own narrative and those of the actors themselves as historical witnesses.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of theoretical models, Diamond's account is conceived and written from the viewpoint of French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women's responses to wider political forces and not from the viewpoint of the \(male\) administrators and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legislators of the time. As a women's history of wartime lives and experiences, it explores women's public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and private coping strategies and is less concerned with deconstructing the category of the feminine or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussing the specific ways in which women and gender became an important battle ground for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Resistance and the Vichy regime. For a detailed gender history of Vichy policy and propaganda towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women, Miranda )] TJ ET BT 119.000 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pollard's Reign of Virtue: Mobilizing Gender in Vichy France)] TJ ET BT 417.548 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chicago, 1998\) is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important contribution with a fascinating chapter on the abortion trials, a capital offence for Vichy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(punishable by death. Yet, one of the challenges facing a largely archival study like Pollard's is how to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(present women as the subjects of history when their experiences are inevitably framed and constrained by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the official discourse of the day. It is precisely such a receptiveness to women's voices in a social history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('from the bottom up' which makes Diamond's study such a stimulating read for lecturers and students alike.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published in the Longman's series 'Women and Men in History', Diamond's study can be read as both an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overview of French women's wartime experiences and as proposing new interpretations of how occupation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and liberation affected French women's post-war lives and identities. Each chapter sets out clearly the areas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be addressed ends with a review of the key points made. Meticulous and well balanced, Diamond's study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is full of insightful analysis, synthesising existing critical material and offering original interpretations which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(give food for thought.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 399.343 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 381.563 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 381.563 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/148)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 380.169 m 322.316 380.169 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 355.192 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 340.792 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/777)] TJ ET BT 34.016 326.392 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 380.4835 322.3157 392.3635 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/148) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000578 00000 n 0000000660 00000 n 0000003421 00000 n 0000003530 00000 n 0000003640 00000 n 0000003749 00000 n 0000007310 00000 n 0000007438 00000 n 0000007522 00000 n 0000007587 00000 n 0000014960 00000 n 0000015025 00000 n 0000022933 00000 n 0000023017 00000 n 0000027410 00000 n 0000027538 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27633 %%EOF