%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221220130+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221220130+00'00') /Title (Radical Moves: Caribbean Migrants and the Politics of Race in the Jazz Age) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4417 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Radical Moves: Caribbean Migrants and the Politics of Race in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Jazz Age)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, thousands of British West Indians migrated within the Americas, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(destinations including the Caribbean islands, Latin America, and the United States. They laboured in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction of the Panama Canal, on Cuban and Dominican sugar plantations, in Central American banana )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plantations, and in Venezuelan goldfields. Lara Putnam?s )] TJ ET BT 313.640 194.915 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Moves)] TJ ET BT 385.292 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( looks at these migrations and, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more importantly, how they laid basis for much of the modern world, particularly the construction of black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(identity in the Americas. Putnam teaches history at the University of Pittsburgh and is author of )] TJ ET BT 496.316 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Company They Kept: Migrants and the Politics of Gender in Caribbean Costa Rica)] TJ ET BT 435.344 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 438.344 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 438.344 150.753 m 452.336 150.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On one level, her )] TJ ET BT 119.660 125.891 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Moves)] TJ ET BT 191.312 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( covers well-trodden ground, as excellent studies of British Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrants throughout the Americas already exist. However, Putnam?s new book focuses on a more ambitious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge: writing a synthetic account of the experience of British Caribbean migrants in the interwar period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rather than focus on one country, Putnam 'discard[s] national or imperial boundaries as the limiting frame )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for observing social and cultural processes' \(p. 230\). And while scholars have researched the 'black )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(internationalism' forged in this diaspora, this has usually meant politics, especially radicalism and Marcus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1482)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 12 September, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lara Putnam)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780807872857)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(23.50)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(288pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of North Carolina Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.uncpress.unc.edu/browse/book_detail?title_id=3083)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapel Hill, NC)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jacob Zumoff)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 438.3437 151.0675 452.3357 162.9475 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7673 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Garvey's black nationalism. Putnam does not neglect either radical politics nor Garveyism, but her study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provides a more bottom-up examination of how issues of gender, race, class, and empire affected migrants' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lives.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Moves)] TJ ET BT 105.668 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( emphasises 'the myriad black internationalism that flourished in popular culture' during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interwar period \(p. 7\). Putnam argues that 'the black internationalist and anti-colonial movements that would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shake the twentieth century were rooted in the experiences of ordinary men and women ? not only in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cosmopolitan streets of Harlem and Paris but also in the banana ports and dance halls of the tropical circum-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean'. This account focuses on 'how low culture and high politics, racist laws and radical religions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dock-workers and diplomats interacted' \(p. 230\). Putman's book takes the concept of 'black internationalism' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out of the realm of politics alone, and puts it in the context of the actual real-lived experience of Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrants.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is divided into six chapters, plus an introduction and a short conclusion. The first chapter describes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the migration of people from the British Caribbean, looking at 'the places that came to form part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circum-Caribbean migratory sphere and the people who made it so' \(p. 21.\) She shows how the situation in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British colonies post-emancipation propelled thousands to migrate, so that 'migrants ? those who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(returned and those who kept going, those who sent help and those who were never heard again ? remade the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geography of the Greater Caribbean in the first decades of the twentieth century' \(p. 38\). Although )] TJ ET BT 508.736 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Moves )] TJ ET BT 68.336 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is not the first book to examine Caribbean migration \(among other studies, see her own previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work on Costa Rica\), certain features distinguish Putnam's treatment. First, its vision is broader, looking at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrants from and to many different societies. This allows a higher level of comparison than would have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been the case had she focused on only one or two islands or receiving societies. Furthermore, she does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just focus on the better known destinations, such as Cuba or Panama.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At the same time as her book provides a wider vision, the specificity of Putnam's treatment of Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrants in Venezuela is thought-provoking. Before construction of the Panama Canal began, Venezuela )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was the prime destination for Afro-Caribbean migrants. Unlike other countries in the Greater Caribbean, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences of these migrants have not received the scholarly focus they deserve since 'not a single )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monograph in any language focuses on British West Indian migration to Venezuela per se' \(p. 18\). Putnam's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(treatment, based in part on research in Venezuelan archives, is particularly welcome. Were there nothing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(else of value in the book ? and there certainly is ? this alone would justify its existence.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second chapter brings)] TJ ET BT 160.316 335.045 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Moves)] TJ ET BT 231.968 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(' emphasis on popular culture to the forefront in its examination of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular religion. 'This was a world', Putnam reminds us, 'in which common people took seriously the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibility to listen for messages from God and to preach themselves if that was what dreams, visions, or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellect guided them to do'. It was a world marked by 'constant religious creation' \(p. 49\). Putnam argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that this creation was marked by race, class, and gender. A centrepiece of this chapter is its discussion of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common claim of white racists that 'black sorcerers sacrificed white children to use their blood for healing'. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scares of child-sacrificing sorcerers are not unique to the Americas in this period \(although Putnam does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(say so, it appeared to me, as I read this book during Holy Week, as if such fears were a riff on the medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blood libel levied against the Jews in Europe\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 255.992 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 255.992 219.603 m 269.984 219.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 269.984 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Rather than trace the evolution of these myths, however, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Putnam roots them in the context of the Caribbean at the time, 'for what they tell us about popular belief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(within the communities where the rumors began' \(p. 64\). One key, she offers, is that such beliefs 'remind us )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(just how vulnerable children were' since 'the loss of a child to a malignant enemy might just be easier to bear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the loss of a child for no reason at all' \(pp. 68?9\). This helps remind us how precarious life was in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Afro-Caribbean diaspora. The remainder of the chapter focuses on class divisions within West Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrant communities. Educated migrants were disdainful of the religious beliefs of more plebeian migrants; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political radicals also opposed these practices. Since inevitably, the experiences of the literate, middle-class )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrants are more commonly remembered, Putman's stress on these differences is important.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third chapter focuses on the wave of anti-immigrant laws that were passed throughout the Americas in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1920s. This chapter is innovative in that it attempts to tie together several apparently disparate threads, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including Nativism in the United States \(resulting in the Immigration Act of 1924, which limited )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 255.9917 219.9175 269.9837 231.7975 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7774 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigration to quotas based on national origin\); anti-West Indian sentiment in Central America; and anti-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immigrant movements in the West Indies islands themselves. \(Putnam's treatment of Eugene Chen, Trinidad-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(born [and non-Chinese speaking] who became Sun Yat-Sen's foreign minister in the 1920s is fascinating, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both in its own right and in terms of how it shows the connection between immigration policy in the British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean and broader historical trends.\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fourth chapter examines the role of the black press in the Greater Caribbean in constructing a collective )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('black international' of lived experiences, in part because of high levels of literacy among Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migrants. \(For example, more than 90 per cent of West Indians in the Panama Canal Zone were literate in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interwar years, compared to less than 80 per cent of the general population of Panama City ? and barely 40 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(per cent of the Republic as a whole \(p. 128\).\) The circulation of black papers from the United States and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Europe \(or the reprinting of their articles\) as well as local papers in Panama, Costa Rica, and elsewhere, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributed to creating collectivity, and Putnam's use of these papers is one of the strengths of the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fifth chapter focuses on the role of music in the greater Afro-Caribbean world, including an extended )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(search for the origin of the word 'reggae'. Putnam emphasises that 'black internationalism was not restricted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to political leaders, nor to the print public sphere' but included music 'generated and spread by people of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(varied ages and stations, young working-class men and women and women most of all' \(p. 4\). Chapter six, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the final chapter, examines the gelling of all these elements in the Anglophone Caribbean itself, as many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean migrants returned to their homelands.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Moves)] TJ ET BT 105.668 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( makes several important and original contributions to the study of Afro-Caribbean migrants. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps most valuable is its panoramic scope. It is not just that the book looks at several different countries, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but that its definition of movement is not just in one direction. There is no shortage of books on Afro-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean migrants on both the giving and receiving ends of the migration of the period. However, )] TJ ET BT 512.612 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Moves)] TJ ET BT 65.336 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( attempts to integrate the process. This is important because many Afro-Caribbean migrants moved )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(frequently; because they created networks throughout the West Indian diaspora; and because broader trends )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(from politics to religion and culture\) were manifested throughout the region. By not focusing exclusively on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one particular example ? say the effects of Panama-bound migration from Barbados, or Afro-Caribbean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(migration to Harlem, both of which have already been masterly studied )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 379.292 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 379.292 388.419 m 393.284 388.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 393.284 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? Putnam is able to step back and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(look at the larger picture, of 'how low culture and high politics, racist laws and radical religions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dockworkers and diplomats interacted to remake the modern world' \(p. 230\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Another original contribution is Putnam's treatment of the evolving British diplomatic attitudes towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British subjects in Latin America. \(Since none of the Anglophone islands in the Caribbean were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independent, their residents were officially British.\) In the mid 19th century, at the time of the 'Don Pacifico' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affair in Gibraltar )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 121.652 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 121.652 290.883 m 135.644 290.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 135.644 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the official attitude was that all British citizens were worthy of protection by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British government, regardless of race. This came into conflict with the developing nationalism of several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Latin American countries, which stressed the integrating power of national identity. Thus, in Venezuela in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the early 20th century, the Venezuelan government asserted that foreign-born immigrants became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nationalised after a few years' residence. In contrast, the British government instructed West Indians to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(remain British. Putnam is clear to point out that '[t]his nominal stance did not translate into expeditious and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(color-blind service from British consuls', but rather that 'it provided migrants with a lever, and they used it' )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to assert their rights \(p. 40\). However, within a decade or so, British interests in Central America waned. At )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the same time, a wave of nativism and xenophobia swept the Americas in the 1920s \(reinforced by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Depression in the 1930s\). Rather than nationalise West Indian migrants, Central American republics were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trying to expel them. In 1928, for example, Panama's constitution all but stripped automatic citizenship from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(West Indian children born in Panama.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And rather than protect their supposed fellow Britons, the British government washed its hands of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(situation. Putnam's use of British diplomatic papers is particularly illuminating. Thus Sir Josiah Crosby, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British consul in Panama, described himself as 'anxious to see th[e] liquidation of the British element )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accelerated' by denying British citizenship to many Panama-born children of West Indians. Rather than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extending the rights of British citizenship to West Indians in Panama, the Foreign Office at most issued )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 379.2917 388.7335 393.2837 400.6135 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 121.6517 291.1975 135.6437 303.0775 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7399 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents to facilitate repatriation to migrants' islands of birth \(pp. 204?5\). At the same time, many British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonies were taking pains to limit the ability of British subjects born elsewhere to migrate to other islands. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rather than cluck her tongue about British betrayal, Putnam roots changing British attitudes in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development \(or decline\) of British imperialist interests in Latin America. One wishes that this had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explored further.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the most useful aspects of Putnam's panoramic treatment of migration in the Caribbean is that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approach examines migrants' experiences from the point of view of both their home countries and their new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(if often brief\) destinations. This is particularly useful in the case of Trinidad, which was both a point of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(origin and a destination. A strength of )] TJ ET BT 219.332 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Moves)] TJ ET BT 290.984 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is its inclusion of debates over immigration to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trinidad, particularly from Asia. \(As Putnam describes it, China's foreign minister had more than abstract )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasons to protest Trinidad's anti-Chinese laws: 'Left' Kuomintang leader Eugene Chen had been born and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raised in Trinidad, where 'he grew up speaking English in a Westernized Chinese household, became a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prominent Port of Spain barrister, and married a colored Creole' before joining Sun Yat-sen's Nationalists in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1911 \(pp. 116?17\).\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Related to British diplomatic manoeuvres are the evolving attitudes towards 'Britishness' on the part of Afro-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Caribbean migrants. The West Indian migrant who was more British than the British has become a trope in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fiction and academic studies. In the interwar period, black Americans criticized West Indian immigrants for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this, while Hispanic Central American republics used this 'foreignness' as a pretext to expel migrants. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Putnam incisively writes about diaspora Afro-Caribbean newspapers, 'In the years after the Great War, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circum-Caribbean black prints indeed fiercely loyal and also potentially radical' \(p. 137\). Putnam points out )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that, 'By the early 1920s, the notion that the British government would treat black emigrants' travails [in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Latin America] as a call to arms ... was so transparently false that jokes about British Caribbeans being not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [("British subjects" but rather "British objects" became wry standards within migr communities' \(p. 47\). One )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could go insane teasing out to what degree West Indians supported the British, and to what degree they did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not. Afro-Caribbean immigrants' attitudes to 'Britishness' reflected the actions of the British government, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(class and educational status, the attitude of the host government towards migrants, and the overall political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(climate \(including where on the bell-curve of the British Empire one happened to be\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From a methodological standpoint, Putnam's use of newspapers and diplomatic sources yields rich material, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including a better sense of the experience of migrants throughout the Greater Caribbean. As noted above, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Putnam's use of British diplomatic sources is fruitful. Her use of newspapers, along with her treatment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(popular culture \(especially music and religion\) gives )] TJ ET BT 289.640 332.789 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Radical Moves)] TJ ET BT 361.292 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( a depth that goes beyond what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(traditional elites experienced in the Caribbean diaspora. Given the migratory nature of the population under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study, and the lack of oral history, these two types of sources allow the historian to get an appreciation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aspects of the migration experience that are often overlooked. Her argument is that 'the international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circulation of black-run periodicals, and their integration in communal discussion at multiple sites, generated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a transnational black public' \(p. 126\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These very strengths, of course, are also limitations. By focusing on a 'transnational black public', Putnam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examines the creation of 'black internationalism' from the bottom-up. However, the reader is left wondering )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how and why this took different forms and different paths throughout the Greater Caribbean. Putnam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognises that while 'the history of black people in the Western hemisphere has been a history of dislocation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also a history of location, and sometimes forced localization' \(p. 237\). She asserts that 'the way migration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intersected with labor organizing [was] different between the eastern and western Caribbean' \(p. 222\). She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes the point to show how migrants returning to their home islands contributed to a cross-fertilization of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(radicalism in the interwar period. Yet, with the exception of Cuba's Communists, the book does not spend )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much time looking at how these differences affected migrants' lives abroad. Similarly, while the book's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of the 'black international' beyond politics is welcome, one wishes that there were more of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt to integrate the political and the everyday.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All in all, this is an exciting book. One could of course wish for deeper treatment of this or that subject. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, I would have like more discussion of the dialectic between the movement of Caribbean migrants )] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R 44 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 4845 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the Hispanic Caribbean. \(As I write this, the sound of reggaeton ? Hispanicised reggae developed in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Greater Caribbean dancehalls ? drift into my flat from my largely Dominican neighbours.\) However, the fact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that one can formulate such desires highlights the valuable contribution of this work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 733.059 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 702.442 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lara Putnam, )] TJ ET BT 131.672 702.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Company They Kept: Migrants and the Politics of Gender in Caribbean Costa Rica)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chapel Hill, NC, 2002\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 183.344 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 183.344 686.787 m 237.332 686.787 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 673.930 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nor are they obsolete: this reviewer knows of at least one example within the last decade of an Afro-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Latina woman being dismissed from her position as a nanny in the household of a prominent white )] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Latin American family on the accusation of having cast spells on the children. And, of course, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witchhunts are common enough in Africa to have their own Wikipedia page \('Witch Children in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Africa'\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 103.820 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 103.820 615.507 m 157.808 615.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See Bonham Richardson, )] TJ ET BT 188.672 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Panama Money in Barbados, 1900-1920)] TJ ET BT 384.320 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Knoxville, TN, 1985\); Winston )] TJ ET BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James, )] TJ ET BT 99.344 588.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century )] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(America)] TJ ET BT 104.672 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 185.996 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 185.996 572.739 m 239.984 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 559.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Pacifico ? 'Don Pacifico' ? was a Gibraltar-born \(i.e., British\) Portuguese Jew. As Portuguese )] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consul in Athens in 1847, he was attacked by an anti-Semitic mob. After Pacifico appealed to the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British government, Lord Palmerston initiated a British blockade of Greece under the justification that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all British citizens, no matter where they happened to be, were entitled to protection by the British )] TJ ET BT 64.016 502.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(government. Whatever the hypocrisy in this attitude, it does contrast with the United States Supreme )] TJ ET BT 64.016 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Court )] TJ ET BT 94.352 488.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dred Scott )] TJ ET BT 149.012 488.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decision \(1857\) that declared black people could not become citizens and had no )] TJ ET BT 64.016 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legal rights.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 120.680 474.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 120.680 472.947 m 174.668 472.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 448.085 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Los Angeles Review of Books)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://lareviewofbooks.org/review/calypso-and-caribbean-migration-lara-putnams-radical-moves/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 418.179 m 502.244 418.179 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 505.244 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 414.847 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 397.067 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 397.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1482)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 395.673 m 328.316 395.673 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 370.696 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.296 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/55498)] TJ ET BT 34.016 341.896 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://lareviewofbooks.org/review/calypso-and-caribbean-migration-lara-putnams-radical-moves/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 183.3437 687.1015 237.3317 698.9815 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 103.8197 615.8215 157.8077 627.7015 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 185.9957 573.0535 239.9837 584.9335 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 120.6797 473.2615 174.6677 485.1415 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 418.4935 502.2437 430.3735 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://lareviewofbooks.org/review/calypso-and-caribbean-migration-lara-putnams-radical-moves/) >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 395.9875 328.3157 407.8675 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1482) >> endobj xref 0 46 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000584 00000 n 0000000673 00000 n 0000005142 00000 n 0000005251 00000 n 0000005361 00000 n 0000005470 00000 n 0000009031 00000 n 0000009159 00000 n 0000009243 00000 n 0000009272 00000 n 0000009400 00000 n 0000009436 00000 n 0000009520 00000 n 0000017246 00000 n 0000017276 00000 n 0000017404 00000 n 0000017440 00000 n 0000017531 00000 n 0000025358 00000 n 0000025388 00000 n 0000025516 00000 n 0000025552 00000 n 0000025582 00000 n 0000025710 00000 n 0000025746 00000 n 0000025811 00000 n 0000033263 00000 n 0000033382 00000 n 0000038280 00000 n 0000038408 00000 n 0000038463 00000 n 0000038591 00000 n 0000038646 00000 n 0000038774 00000 n 0000038829 00000 n 0000038957 00000 n 0000039012 00000 n 0000039139 00000 n 0000039284 00000 n 0000039412 00000 n trailer << /Size 46 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39508 %%EOF