%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R 32 0 R 44 0 R ] /Count 6 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140818070931+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140818070931+01'00') /Title (The Longest Journey: Southeast Asians and the Pilgrimage to Mecca) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3962 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Longest Journey: Southeast Asians and the Pilgrimage to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Mecca)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a time of ?pressure to publish?, ?publish or perish?, and ?publish then perish?, it?s a great pleasure to read )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a work that has taken a decade to metamorphose from a small folder of notes on the Southeast Asian Hajj to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this enormously rich and varied volume.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Tagliacozzo sets out to present a history of the Hajj from Southeast Asia from the early modern period, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when records on the phenomenon are first available, to the present day \(p. 3\). This has not been attempted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(before on this scale. Although the Southeast Asian Hajj is mentioned briefly in more general works on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pilgrimage, there are very few detailed existing treatments, and some of these are in hard-to-access places ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpublished theses, chapters in out-of-print edited volumes, and works from the colonial era \(p. 11\). More )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broadly, the work is a study of human beings? internal and external lives, and is an attempt to help write a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new history of the Middle East by decentring the narrative away from that geography \(p. 9\). He rightly sets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out early on the importance of the Hajj in terms of its scale \(pp. 4?5\) and its impact as a ritual on Muslims )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the world, which makes clear the importance of studying its history. In terms of the book?s aims, they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are all resoundingly realised, and it performs a successful role in its contribution to the history of the Hajj, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1484)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 26 September, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Eric Tagliacozzo)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780195308280)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(60.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(432pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780195308280.do#.UkQCWIakrl8)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Slight)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7546 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southeast Asia and the Middle East, as well as its contribution in analysing the complexity of humanity?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience that is bound up within these parameters. Taken together, these make a large contribution to even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader canvases ? the history of Muslim societies across the world, the history of pilgrimage, and histories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where we see the intersection and collision between trade, commerce, travel, ritual, devotion, polities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(empires, elites, ordinary men and women, states, and memories. )] TJ ET BT 344.636 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Longest Journey)] TJ ET BT 445.292 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is worthy of a very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wide readership.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book is coherently organized, comprising three parts: one: ?Deep structure, )] TJ ET BT 419.600 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(longue duree)] TJ ET BT 482.588 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? charting the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hajj over the centuries; two: ?Sailor, doctor, statesman, spy ? the Hajj through four colonial windows?; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three: ?Making the Hajj ?Modern? ? pilgrims, states and memory?. Within each part are four chapters. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relatively short chapters are an advantage in terms of the overall flow of the book, and will be useful to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(teachers who can set individual chapters as course reading ? they can be read equally productively as stand-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alone works or as part of the book. Organizing the book chronologically gives us an evocative sense of how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Hajj from Southeast Asia has changed over time, and enables us to easily compare early modern Hajj )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives with the modern-day oral histories Tagliacozzo analyses in the final chapter. Making sense of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vast topic would have been harder if a thematic approach had been followed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter one, ?Ancient pilgrims?, re-assembles the history of the early Hajj from Southeast Asia from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 17th century, situating it within the spatial context of the Indian Ocean and the growing number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people who crossed that ocean for religious and other purposes. Tagliacozzo?s point here is to highlight the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing importance of the linkages between Southeast Asia and the Middle East, in human and material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(terms. This chapter?s strength is highlighted when one reaches the later part of the book ? the dense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interregional connections that the Hajj forged across the Indian Ocean were a product of centuries of activity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that long preceded the European colonial moment.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter two, ?Mecca?s tidal pull?, engages with Indian Ocean studies by focusing on the Red Sea and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Western Arabia \(what is now modern-day Yemen\) through ?commodities in motion? and ?local histories of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a translocal place? \(p. 42\). Tagliacozzo argues that trade and diplomacy formed important backgrounds to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Hajj, and that Southeast Asian pilgrims were one of many communities engaged in these processes. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter successfully builds on earlier works such as Michael Pearson?s )] TJ ET BT 378.608 389.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pilgrimage to Mecca: the Indian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(experience 1500-1800 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 143.984 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 143.984 374.163 m 157.976 374.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 157.976 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that foreground the importance of trade and commerce as enabling factors for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pilgrims? journeys, and shows how the Red Sea and Arabia were both sources for a variety of goods and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nodes for their distribution. Commerce ran parallel to piety, as Tagliacozzo deftly illustrates.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three, ?Financing devotion?, is a valuable study of the economics of the pre-modern Hajj. Despite )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the spiritual gravity of the ritual, the pilgrimage was possible ?not in people?s hearts and minds, but rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through their bank accounts? \(p. 63\). Tagliacozzo charts the shift in financing the Hajj between the pre-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial and colonial era, which saw a shift from small numbers of well-off pilgrims making the journey, to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the rise of European colonial states and technological change through steamships ? both were trends that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enabled more pilgrims to go on the Hajj. He argues that financing the Hajj for pilgrims in this era was done )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?largely through channels that colonial governments could check and approve? \(p. 64\). This chapter serves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as vital economic underpinning for the rest of the book.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter four, ?Sultanate and crescent?, is particularly rewarding through its meticulous analysis of Malay-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(language texts that display knowledge of, and interpret, the Hajj from the 17th to early 19th centuries. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sheds further light on the ?mental worlds? of Malay courts and statecraft, and argues that the Hajj ?played a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vital role in fusing religious and political power? in both the Malay and Indian Ocean worlds \(p. 84\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Analysing mentions of the Hajj in such texts and conceptions of sacred geography, Tagliacozzo shows how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pilgrimage grew in importance among Malays who both travelled across the Indian Ocean and those who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stayed at home, and charts how Southeast Asia was brought into the religious and intellectual worlds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arabia and its surrounding Muslim lands.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter five, ?In Conrad?s wake?, will interest historians and literary scholars alike. Tagliacozzo provides a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much-needed new analysis of )] TJ ET BT 179.312 54.437 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lord Jim)] TJ ET BT 222.980 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the ?inspiration? behind the story, the case of the ill-fated )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 143.9837 374.4775 157.9757 386.3575 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8123 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pilgrim ship )] TJ ET BT 95.360 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(SS Jeddah)] TJ ET BT 145.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1880. His key argument is that )] TJ ET BT 310.676 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lord Jim )] TJ ET BT 357.344 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should be read ?as a historical product of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its time, alongside other period historical sources? \(p. 109\). Through his careful assessment of literary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians and theorists, the use of Conrad?s letters and analysis of records relating to the )] TJ ET BT 463.952 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jeddah )] TJ ET BT 501.608 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incident \(in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(short ? the ship got into difficulties and the European officers abandoned ship; the pilgrims rescued the ship; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(there was a huge scandal over the Europeans? actions\), Tagliacozzo?s argument is successful. According to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a literature scholar who read this chapter, Tagliacozzo has the opportunity to successfully moonlight as an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(English literature professor if he wants. One small point: he states that before the publication of )] TJ ET BT 495.620 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lord Jim)] TJ ET BT 539.288 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is ?safe to say that average Westerner knew almost nothing? about the Hajj \(p. 117\). This doesn?t take into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account the popular success of Richard Burton?s travelogue, published in 1855?6, which was arguably the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literate Westerner?s introduction to the subject \(see Dane Kennedy?s )] TJ ET BT 368.264 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Highly Civilized Man)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 474.596 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 474.596 666.771 m 488.588 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 488.588 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). I?m )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disregarding earlier seminal works such as Johann Lewis Burckhardt?s 1829 account, because they were not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nearly as commercially successful as Burton?s account. The chapter?s analysis widens out to consider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Conrad?s views on empire and the colonial vision of the Hajj, making valuable points on race and Islam \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(125?8\). Here is a repeated strength in the book, the ability to move from the fine detail to make larger )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interventions in debates such as that over colonial perceptions of the colonized world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter six, ?A medical mountain?, is again a fresh treatment of a topic popular among studies of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(colonial-era Hajj, the issue of epidemic disease and sanitary control. Tagliacozzo engages deeply with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medical literature of the time, in multiple languages, to lend authority to his account. The fight against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epidemic disease was a key arena where ?aggressive European powers sought to manage the Hajj on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grounds of global epidemiological survival? \(p. 134\). His analysis of the Dutch case is especially good, but I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought the discussion on pilgrims from British Malaya would have benefited from more space to develop )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his points further. Tagliacozzo is right to say that places like the quarantine station on Kameran Island in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Red Sea were ?emblematic of the possibilities of the modern age?, but the stress here might fall instead on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possibilities ? while the sanitary and quarantine measures certainly had a great impact on pilgrims? travel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiences, this epidemiological battle was an uphill struggle throughout this period. Even with cholera )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?defeated? in Arabia by the early 20th century, the pilgrimage remained an acute health hazard for many, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shown by the astonishing death rates, especially among Malay pilgrims, that persisted well after the end of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Second World War.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter seven, ?The skeptic?s eye?, tackles head-on perhaps the most important and controversial colonial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figure related to the Hajj, Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje. Tagliacozzo?s analysis of Hurgronje?s private )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letters gives us a new view of a man who wrote his doctorate in Leiden on the Hajj, converted to Islam and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lived in Mecca from 1884?5, then became Adviser to the Dutch East Indies government, and was deeply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(involved in the brutal suppression of Acehnese resistance to the Dutch during the bitter war of 1873?1914. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The use of private letters and colonial state records side-by-side give us a far more nuanced view of what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tagliacozzo calls the Dutch ?high colonial state? than has been presented in previous works. While )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hurgronje produced a huge amount of material on the Hajj for his colonial employer, an interesting trend )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Tagliacozzo draws out is Hurgronje?s sense of resignation that ?it was too large an event for any one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(man to fully master or control? \(p. 171\). We could extend this point to the Hajj and the other colonial states )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this period, whether they were located in Southeast Asia, South Asia or Africa. Tagliacozzo successfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unpicks the nuances and ambiguities of Hurgronje?s involvement with the pilgrimage.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter eight, ?The Jeddah Consulates?, meditates on the phenomenon of state surveillance through a case )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of European espionage in the Hijaz during the colonial period. Tagliacozzo charts how the Red Sea )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was an arena for Great Power competition and politics, and the consulates were key players in this wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggle. Given the scope of what I call Britain?s Muslim Empire and its engagement with the Hajj \(during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the colonial period, most ?overseas? pilgrims came from British territories, closely followed in numbers by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those from the Dutch East Indies\) most studies have focused on the British case. Tagliacozzo offers a fresh )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(angle of vision by considering the French, Dutch and Italians as well as perfidious Albion. The Dutch case-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study is illuminating in examining information generated in the consulate in Jidda and at the local level )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the Dutch East Indies, and how this information apparatus interacted with its constituent parts. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tagliacozzo clearly sets out the motivations and anxieties of Dutch colonial officials which drove this desire )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 474.5957 667.0855 488.5877 678.9655 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 27 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7810 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for knowledge, namely fear of being caught unawares by their subjects. The British case study gives a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(snapshot of the variety and scale of British intelligence related to the Hajj, itself a product of the vast scale of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Britain?s Muslim Empire and Britain?s parallel role as a global power, of which the Hajj formed only one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(component. Tagliacozzo?s description of the slightly awkwardly labelled ?British intelligence narrative? in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Red Sea region sees this narrative beginning with the 1882 British occupation of Egypt. This is too late, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and seems to be contradicted in the next sentence when Britain?s occupation of Aden in 1839 is mentioned ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a more appropriate starting date \(p. 179\). In terms of British intelligence-gathering on the Hajj, initial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dispatches in the 1850s were patchy at best, but by the mid-1860s the British Consul in Jidda was compiling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(annual reports on the Hajj, although these were variable in quality. More broadly, while Tagliacozzo was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right to make a focus of his prodigious archival research on what Bill Roff )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 394.628 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 394.628 666.771 m 408.620 666.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 408.620 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( had originally termed the twin )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poles of the imperial Hajj, ?sanitation and security?, it would have been even better if he had subjected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Roff?s model to greater critique. For example, he might have examined the important role played by Muslim )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employees of the Dutch and British in the imperial administration of the Hajj \(hinted at on p.182\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tagliacozzo places these colonial endeavours as part of a wider colonial paradigm of surveillance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(criminalization and systems of control \(p. 195\), a fair point, but this was a paradigm which pilgrims were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to subvert, though perhaps with more success if they came from Africa and South Asia than the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southeast Asian examples here.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter nine, ?Regulating the flood?, is a smooth transition between the colonial and post-colonial worlds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Southeast Asian Hajj. The post-colonial state management systems of Malaysia, Singapore and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indonesia are analysed. Tabung Haji, the Malaysian state organization, is an especially interesting case study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 213?5\). Official publications on the Hajj, such as ?how-to? guides, are surveyed, as is the increasing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complexities of the state organizations that deal with the Hajj. Tagliacozzo gives a good sense of how, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despite financial limitations, the post-colonial states of Indonesia and Malaysia were able to construct an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely complex bureaucracy that has, by and large, facilitated the Hajj for many of their citizens.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter ten, ?On the margins of Islam?, sees the book change register as we follow Tagliacozzo on his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sojourns around the region. Examining the Hajj from Muslim-minority countries is a valuable corollary to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the previous chapter, and highlights the difficulties in going on Hajj from places such as Burma and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambodia, and the different forms of Islam active in this ?arc?. Tagliacozzo makes the obvious point that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(going on Hajj from these countries is different, but details these differences in an engaging and fascinating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way, weaving together the history of medieval Islamic polities with stories of hushed interviews with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Muslims in junta-ruled Burma.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter eleven, ?I was the guest of Allah?, provides an analysis of post-independence Hajj memoirs from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Southeast Asia. This is an important analysis, considering how Hajj memoirs can be ?set out, discussed, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problematized? \(p. 251\). Tagliacozzo considers themes of place ? Jidda, Mecca, Arafat, Mina, Medina, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(issue of Hajj and the self in terms of place, and also pilgrims? introspection. This gives us the Southeast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asian Hajj memoir analysis that has been sorely lacking, which should take a central place alongside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existing studies of Hajj narratives \(a good anthology of historic and modern ones is Michael Wolfe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(One Thousand Roads to Mecca)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 187.664 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 187.664 231.603 m 201.656 231.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 201.656 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The photos in this chapter \(pp. 260?3\) give a great sense of the variety )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of ways in which Hajj accounts are presented visually in the region.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter twelve, ?Remembering devotion?, is a powerfully evocative final chapter where the pilgrims? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(voices from Tagliacozzo?s travels across the region take centre stage. This oral history is rightfully a vital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of this story. I won?t spoil the stories, but some of them are quite haunting and unexpected \(p. 284\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tagliacozzo weaves together discussions of the material and spiritual worlds in these interviews to present a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compelling picture of the lived experience of Hajj in present-day Southeast Asia. One small criticism of part )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(three as a whole is that nowhere in it does Tagliacozzo mention the Saudi-imposed pilgrim quota, which is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the single most important regulatory innovation introduced in the post-colonial era. It would have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting to know what Tagliacozzo?s interviewees \(and authors of post-independence hajj memoirs\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thought about this quota, given the fact that he explores many other facets of the modern-day Hajj with his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interviewees that might make uncomfortable reading to those in official Saudi circles, concerned as they are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with presenting their management of the Hajj in the best possible light. The book?s conclusion skilfully )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 394.6277 667.0855 408.6197 678.9655 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj [24 0 R /Fit] endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 187.6637 231.9175 201.6557 243.7975 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 34 0 R 36 0 R 38 0 R 40 0 R 42 0 R ] /Contents 33 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Length 7692 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws together the work?s threads and arguments and is a satisfying end to a )] TJ ET BT 404.612 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(tour de force)] TJ ET BT 466.604 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The sources Tagliacozzo uses are one of the book?s delights, for their incredible range ? in form and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographical origin ? and the way in which he has mastered all of them. Dutch East India Company \(VOC\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records, European travellers? accounts of Arabia, the Red Sea, Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia, Javanese )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscripts, Arabic hajj narratives, Malay manuscripts and texts sourced from across Malaysia and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indonesia, Dutch colonial records, British colonial records, newspaper articles, literature such as )] TJ ET BT 499.916 713.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lord Jim)] TJ ET BT 543.584 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French and other European language medical records on cholera, epidemic disease and quarantine, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private letters of Joseph Conrad and Snouck Hurgronje, archives of the state pilgrimage organizations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Malaysia and Indonesia, Malaysian and Indonesian post-independence hajj accounts ? books, pamphlets and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(magazine serializations, oral history recordings and the author?s own oral history fieldwork across Southeast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asia \(some 100 interviews\). The archival listing \(pp. 307?14\) takes in some 25 archives and libraries across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the USA, Europe, the Middle East and Southeast Asia. This is a huge achievement and is really what make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book?s analyses so strong ? Tagliacozzo?s points are undergirded by archival and manuscript material of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great range and depth.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the foremost strengths of this book lies in the way in which Tagliacozzo is able to present the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herculean amount of archival research he?s undertaken over these last ten years in an accessible way. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Analyses and insights from archives such as the 22,000 fiches from the Dutch Consulate in Jidda, which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(must have taken months to trawl through, are presented briskly and with economy, and in elegant prose. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Despite the variety of details in the book, you never feel bogged down by minutiae.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In terms of presentation, the book is well-produced, except for the size of the maps, which are far too small. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For example, one tiny map details the author?s extensive journeys interviewing pilgrims across Southeast )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Asia; a further map shows the provenance of various Malay texts related to the Hajj ? these certainly merited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a half or full page, as did many of the other informative maps. A feature of the book that is a bit of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(departure from the standard monograph is the use of boxes with reproductions of judiciously selected )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primary sources \(for example, pp.68?9, 91, 98-99, 164?5, 208, )] TJ ET BT 337.292 418.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(passim)] TJ ET BT 370.628 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). These successfully add a further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(layer of depth to the work, and give us a real feel for the form and content of these documents, whether they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are colonial reports or extracts from Malay texts. They are also a great bonus for teachers who have in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book a treasure-trove of primary sources on the Hajj that are reproduced within chapters that subject the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources to rigorous analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This book is a triumph of scholarship, and a hugely important contribution to our understanding of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hajj?s history, and of the histories of the Middle East and Southeast Asia ? regional markers that this work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has shown are highly permeable and interconnected. )] TJ ET BT 288.620 306.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Longest Journey)] TJ ET BT 389.276 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is essential reading for people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who want to see how state-of-the-art world history is crafted and executed.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 257.379 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 226.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Pearson, )] TJ ET BT 150.332 226.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Pilgrimage to Mecca: the Indian Experience 1500-1800)] TJ ET BT 440.612 226.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Princeton, NJ, 1996\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 212.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 211.107 m 118.004 211.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 198.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dane Kennedy, )] TJ ET BT 141.656 198.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Highly Civilized Man: Richard Burton and the Victorian World)] TJ ET BT 467.984 198.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, MA, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 183.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 182.595 m 149.000 182.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 169.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 169.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William R. Roff, ?Sanitation and security: the imperial powers and the nineteenth century Hajj?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 155.477 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Arabian Studies)] TJ ET BT 141.020 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 6, \(1982\), 143?60.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 235.340 155.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 235.340 154.083 m 289.328 154.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 141.226 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Michael Wolfe, )] TJ ET BT 142.328 141.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(One Thousand Roads to Mecca: Ten Centuries of Travelers Writing about the Muslim )] TJ ET BT 64.016 126.965 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pilgrimage)] TJ ET BT 118.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(New York, NY, 1997\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 235.652 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 235.652 125.571 m 289.640 125.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 100.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this appraisal and is glad for the favorable review. He has no rebuttal to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 86.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reviewer's interpretation of his work.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 69.727 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 51.947 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 51.947 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1484)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 50.553 m 328.316 50.553 l S endstream endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 211.4215 118.0037 223.3015 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 182.9095 148.9997 194.7895 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 39 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 235.3397 154.3975 289.3277 166.2775 ] >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 41 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 235.6517 125.8855 289.6397 137.7655 ] >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 29 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 43 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 50.8675 328.3157 62.7475 ] >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1484) >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 45 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Length 226 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/66960)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 46 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000356 00000 n 0000000393 00000 n 0000000582 00000 n 0000000664 00000 n 0000004678 00000 n 0000004787 00000 n 0000004897 00000 n 0000005006 00000 n 0000008567 00000 n 0000008695 00000 n 0000008779 00000 n 0000008863 00000 n 0000016462 00000 n 0000016492 00000 n 0000016620 00000 n 0000016656 00000 n 0000016740 00000 n 0000024916 00000 n 0000024946 00000 n 0000025074 00000 n 0000025110 00000 n 0000025201 00000 n 0000033064 00000 n 0000033094 00000 n 0000033222 00000 n 0000033258 00000 n 0000033288 00000 n 0000033416 00000 n 0000033452 00000 n 0000033564 00000 n 0000041309 00000 n 0000041436 00000 n 0000041491 00000 n 0000041618 00000 n 0000041673 00000 n 0000041801 00000 n 0000041856 00000 n 0000041984 00000 n 0000042039 00000 n 0000042165 00000 n 0000042261 00000 n 0000042326 00000 n trailer << /Size 46 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 42604 %%EOF