%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 34 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150731040316+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150731040316+01'00') /Title (Between Revival and Uncertainty. Monastic and Secular Female Communities in Central Europe in the Long Eighteenth Century) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4065 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Between Revival and Uncertainty. Monastic and Secular Female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Communities in Central Europe in the Long Eighteenth Century)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection of articles in English and German presenting a study of specific female religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities in Central Europe in the ?long? 18th century shows a confluence of several current research )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests: religious life in previous centuries, the life of cloistered women within this context, the influence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(not to say intrusion\) of secular and church hierarchies into a religious community. The authors have focused )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on regions that because of language barriers have often been overlooked by Anglo-American scholars, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(namely Poland, Bohemia, Tyrol, Hungary and Austria. The English introduction is, therefore, particularly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(helpful as is the article by Olga M. Przyby?wicz about the Nunnery of the Order of St. Clare in Stary S?cz )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Poland\). The other articles are in German. The articles are grouped into three subsections entitled ?Contacts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(across the convent walls? \(pp. 35?128\), ?State interference in convents and secular chapters? \(pp. 129?201\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ?Self-assurance? \(pp. 203?96\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In her introduction, ?Between revival and uncertainty ? female religious life in Central Europe in the long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eighteenth century? \(pp. 11?34\), Veronica ?apsk discusses the distinctive features of the convent landscape )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Central Europe, using examples from regions like Silesia \(present-day Poland\), Bohemia \(the Czech )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Republic\) and Hungary\). In some respects the political situation was markedly different from that of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1488)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 3 October, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Veronika ?apsk)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ellinor Forster)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Janine Christina Maegraith)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christine Schneider)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9788072487868)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(340pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Silesian University in Opava)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Opava)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cornelia Niekus Moore)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8391 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Western Europe. For instance, some lands had until recently been under the domination of the Ottoman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire. Some had seen several reformation movements. In others there was no majority religion. Compared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to west and southwest Europe, there was a far lower density of cloisters and most convent-houses were not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of local origin, although there were some notable exceptions and local \(sometimes royal\) efforts to establish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new convents. In spite of a decline in social prestige of monks and nuns, most convents were vital, stable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and prosperous, with a rising number of vocations, including among women of the bourgeoisie. Although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(secular convents \(German: )] TJ ET BT 165.644 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stift)] TJ ET BT 184.988 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) had been rare in previous centuries, there was an increase in their number )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(primarily in regions that were part of the Habsburg lands as were communities of regular Tertiaries, again )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidencing a rise in the accessibility of religious community living to a broader female population. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?apsk points out repeatedly there were numerous interconnections between the religious and secular lives, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not only through the actions of secular authorities but also through the participation of mostly aristocratic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women who did not join the order but who were instrumental in founding new houses or who stayed for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extended periods of time in the convents. The ?Josephist suppressions? \(1782?9\), the Prussian secularization )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of 1810 and last but not least the dissolutions that followed the partitions of Poland altered the monastic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(landscape. The author calls attention to the fate of those who were shut out of their cloister communities, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calls for a more systematic study of the ?post community stage? of their lives. By presenting the issues of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(church and state control; the attempts of cloisters to live with demands for a stricter )] TJ ET BT 437.624 568.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 479.624 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( on the one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand and community involvement on the other, as well as the convent?s reactions to the attempted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sequestrations, this introduction presents the monograph as a necessary part of a comparative approach to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history of cloister life for women in the 18th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The contributors have chosen to approach the history of the various convents through an intensive use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archival sources with great attention paid to the reactions and the fate of particular cloister communities and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of individual nuns. In his contribution Stefan Benz \(pp. 241?66\) distinguishes this approach which he calls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?emic? with research that focuses on the reaction of outsiders then and now, which he calls ?etic,? concepts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that until now have been used primarily in the social sciences. Benz?s research project at the University of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bayreuth attempted to establish the number of women cloisters in Central Europe in the 18th century \(total: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(c.1600\), and the existence of archival sources for such cloisters. In addition to the official and personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence of the cloister inhabitants with the outside world, possible sources for an ?emic? approach )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are diaries and calendar notices, chronicles sometimes written after the dissolution of a cloister community )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the necrologies of \(former\) nuns that enhance this emic approach and lead to a better understanding of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the effects of historical occurrences on the individual members of the cloister community.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although covering quite a number of regions in Central Europe, there are common themes that run through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the entire volume. One of them is the existence and enforcement of the )] TJ ET BT 377.276 316.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 419.276 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. This especially concerns )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the authors of the first of the three sections ?Contacts across the convent walls?. This first section includes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan Zdichynec, '")] TJ ET BT 116.720 287.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Quia sic fert consuetudo??)] TJ ET BT 246.380 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Die Klausur in den Zisterzienserinnenklstern der Frhen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Neuzeit, Vorschriften, Wahrnehmung und Praxis? \(pp. 37?68\); Janine Christina Maegraith, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Klosterapotheken und lndliche Armenfrsorge am Beispiel sdwest-deutscher Frauenklster? \(pp. 69?96\); )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Olga Miriam Przyby?owicz, ?Stabilisation and Continuity, The Nunnery of the Order of St. Clare in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stary Sacz from the Visitation of Cardinal Jerzy Radziwill \(1599\) to the Reformation of Bishop Kajetan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Soltyk \(1763\)? \(pp. 97?128\). The three articles discuss how the cloisters dealt with the demands of a strict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 76.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the attempts by church officials to establish, enforce and maintain its rules, cutting off most of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the contact with the outside world. Even lay orders like the Tertiaries were supposed to adopt a )] TJ ET BT 493.268 187.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 535.268 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jan Zdichynec purports, the enforcing of these measures was mostly top-down. Using the directives )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established at the Council of Trent, the bishop, the visitator and the head of an order \(all men\) were charged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with imposing a strict enclosure on the women cloisters. Whereas the rules underwent only small )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modifications, the agencies entrusted with visitations and enforcement changed over the ages. As concrete )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples Jan Zdichynec describes the history and consequences of )] TJ ET BT 358.940 116.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 400.940 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( for two cloisters near the cities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Grlitz and Zittau \(presently Eastern Germany\) as examples how local history and circumstances dictated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and allowed immediate and long-term modifications. Using women cloisters in Southwest Germany as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examples, Janine Maegraith shows how convents reached out to the community across the )] TJ ET BT 470.612 73.925 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 512.612 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administer medicine and alms to those in need and the political and social implications of such charitable )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8199 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actions \( table on p. 71\). Olga Przyby?owicz shows how two visitators almost about 150 years apart found )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essentially the same adherence to the )] TJ ET BT 214.640 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 256.640 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the Polish cloister of St. Clare in Stary Sacz. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visitators? reports also evidence the varied activities within the cloister walls and the distribution of duties )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and chores.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the other hand there were the demands by secular authorities that the convents contribute to the welfare )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the communities around them and be self-sufficient. In the latter half of the 18th century, those in regions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under the direct rule of the House of Habsburg, especially during the reign of Joseph II were subjected to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emperor?s attempts at sequestration. The emperor had no understanding for a life of ?only? contemplation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(?blo vitam completivam?, p. 131\) and demanded that cloisters \(male and female\) be ?useful?. They were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to be engaged in education or in treatment of the sick. This posed to be a problem for those orders who had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emphasized the contemplative life and whose sole purpose had been to provide such a life to single women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and widows. It also was directly opposed to the )] TJ ET BT 264.656 627.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 306.656 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that had been so vigorously imposed. This is the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(topic of the second section entitled ?State interference in convents and secular chapters \(German ?)] TJ ET BT 505.892 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stifte?)] TJ ET BT 536.564 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with the following articles: Christine Schneider, ?Die Auswirkungen der josephinischen Klosteraufhebungen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(auf den Wiener Ursulinenkonvent? \(pp. 131?54\); Ellinor Forster, ?Die Aufhebung der Tiroler Damenstifte )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(am Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts im Kontext des vernderten Umgangs mit Adelsprivilegien? \(pp. 131?54\); and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christine Tropper, ?Die Entwicklung des Konvents des Benedikterinenstiftes St. Georgen am Lngsee im )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(18. Jahrhundert? \(pp. 183?202\). Christine Schneider in her discussion of several convents in Vienna is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially able to show what happened to the inhabitants of discontinued convents like that of the Poor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Clares and Carmelite nuns, and to those that were spared because they were engaged in education or the care )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the sick, like the Ursulines, the Salesians and the Elisabethan nuns. The latter were forbidden to take new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novices but had to accept those turned out of the sequestered convents, which required many efforts at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accommodating on all sides. The cloister inhabitants also had to abandon at least on the outside their much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(favored festive practices. Ellinor Forster reports on the abolition of four secular women chapters in Tyrol. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although such chapters came in all shapes and sizes, depending on the needs of the founders and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inhabitants, they usually \(but not exclusively\) provided the aristocracy with a \(sometimes temporary\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domicile for their widows and single women, and did not adhere to a )] TJ ET BT 367.304 413.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(clausura)] TJ ET BT 409.304 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or vows of poverty. Their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abolition in the 18th century also shows the diminished power of the aristocracy to influence official )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decision-making. Also interesting are the attempts of the individual chapters to distinguish themselves from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convents in their claims that sequestration orders should not apply to them. In: ?Die Entwicklung des )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Konvents des Benedikterinenstiftes St. Georgen am Lngsee im 18. Jahrhundert? \(pp. 183?202\), Christine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tropper shows a somewhat similar development for the Benedictine )] TJ ET BT 364.964 342.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stift )] TJ ET BT 387.308 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(St. George in Carinthia \(Austria\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(although this institution had engaged in the education of girls and the care of the sick, and although the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affected civil authorities supported maintaining the )] TJ ET BT 281.984 314.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stift )] TJ ET BT 304.328 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because of these activities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The third section is entitled ?Self-assurance.? In addition to Stefan Benz?s contribution mentioned )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(previously, it contains the following articles: Ingrid Facchinelli, ??Von Motiven und Bewgnus Ursachen zu )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Erbauung eines Closters?. Von der Grndung zur Abteierhebung von Kloster Sben \(1686-1699\)? \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(205?18\); Christine M. Gigler. ??[...] miteinander in geistlichen Ordensebungen, dan Unterrichtung der )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unschuldigen Mgdlein und Verferttigung der Krchen Arbeithen gottseelig zu leben [...]?, Die Entstehung )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(und Innere Organisation der Kongregation der Halleiner Schwestern-Franziskanerinnen im 18. Jahrhundert? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 219?40\); Teresa Schrder, ?Zwischen Chorgesang und Karten-Spiel ? Lebensfhrung und )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herrschaftspraxis im Kloster und Stift? \(pp. 267?98\). It is in this section that we find the most detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description of daily life in the convents, and how the founding, the maintaining and the abolishment of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convents and secular chapters affected the inhabitants. Ingrid Facchinelli documents how in the case of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cloister Saben in South-Tirol \(previously Austrian, now an Italian province\) church and local authorities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supported its establishment, its self-sufficiency and prevented its sequestration. Christine M. Gigler does the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same for the Franciscan Tertiaries in Hallein \(near Salzburg\) who were active in girls? education, although )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in that case the authorities were less supportive. Gigler includes the Hausordnung \(house rules\) of 1786 \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(234?40\) that provide an excellent insight into the daily life of the cloister community. Daily convent life is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also the focus of Teresa Schrder in ?Zwischen Chorgesang und Karten-Spiel ? Lebensfhrung und )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Herrschaftspraxis im Kloster und Stift? \(pp. 267?98\). She provides a detailed account of the organization, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7605 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hierarchy and social interactions in the largely bourgeois Cistercian convent in Rottenmnster \(near Rottweil )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Baden-Wrttemberg\) and the mostly aristocratic )] TJ ET BT 281.972 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stift)] TJ ET BT 301.316 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Essen. Both were under the direct jurisdiction of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emperor and both escaped dissolution by the Habsburg emperor only to fall victim to the Napoleonic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sequestration. Their prime mission was to provide women with an education and a life style according to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their station ? be they aristocratic or bourgeois ? in a pious setting. The article includes two wonderful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portraits of the last abbesses that show them with all the symbols of their authority \(pp. 274 and 285\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Between Revival and Uncertainty)] TJ ET BT 194.984 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is certainly not the first book to discuss the particular interchanges )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between church and state authorities and religious institutions. In )] TJ ET BT 349.316 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prosperities and Plunder)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 473.648 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 473.648 683.283 m 487.640 683.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 487.640 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Derek Beales )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates in detail the Austrian emperors? attempts at sequestration in their own lands. Beale?s emphasis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is, however, on the emperors? decision and their attempted implementation. )] TJ ET BT 400.964 656.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Between Revival and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Uncertainty)] TJ ET BT 91.340 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( focuses on the reaction of the individual communities of women, who saw their lifestyle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threatened, had to find different accommodations, and in some cases tried to take up the suggested activities )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with mixed success. In all of the individual articles, the emphasis is on the reactions of the women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities to outside pressures. Thus this detailed approach differs markedly from Silvia Evangelisti?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well known study: )] TJ ET BT 125.684 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nuns A History of Convent Life 1450-1700 )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 334.688 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 334.688 583.491 m 348.680 583.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 348.680 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which aimed to cover a ?broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geographical space and a time-span of two centuries.?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Between Revival and Uncertainty)] TJ ET BT 194.984 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is about women convents and chapters. Male convents are not part of this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus. With this in mind, the authors have mined the local archives and a plethora of secondary sources that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are listed in extensive footnotes. Most articles are the results of a close reading of existing documents, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(letters, official directives, visitation records, and chronicles. Even in the official documents the voices of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors \(men and women\) ring clear. Special attention is paid to the lives of women in the convents and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fate of those who had to leave convents that were slated for abolition.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I can only approve of the approach and the execution of )] TJ ET BT 304.940 446.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Between Revival and Uncertainty.)] TJ ET BT 468.908 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It shows an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overall view of convent life mixed with individual insights by its convent inhabitants. It evidences a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conglomeration of many research efforts of various regions, but manages to find one voice. And it does not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(forget that the women affected were individuals. Thus it provides a united landscape with individual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differences. It seems, therefore, incongruent that my one reservation involves landscapes. It is often unclear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(where exactly the convents under discussion are located. Especially since this collection aims at a wider )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(international audience, I would have liked to have seen further discussion of the regions in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cloisters were situated, and under whose jurisdiction these were in the 18th century and in the present. There )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a dearth of information on this vibrant heritage of cloister life because its documents and subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(research are written in languages that are rarely mastered by non-native speakers or that are no longer the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(native tongue in the area under discussion. That is our loss, and I can only applaud the fact that the authors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have made this study of Middle European cloister heritage available to us.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 255.123 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 224.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Derek Beales, )] TJ ET BT 134.324 224.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prosperity and Plunder: European Catholic Monasteries in the Age of Revolution, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1650?1815)] TJ ET BT 118.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2003\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 215.336 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 215.336 208.851 m 269.324 208.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 195.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Silvia Evangelisti?s well known study, )] TJ ET BT 253.352 195.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Nuns: A History of Convent Life 1450?1700 )] TJ ET BT 468.356 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Oxford, 2007\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 180.339 m 118.004 180.339 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 155.477 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 141.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 125.571 m 240.992 125.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 126.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 122.239 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 104.459 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 104.459 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1488)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 103.065 m 328.316 103.065 l S endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 473.6477 683.5975 487.6397 695.4775 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 334.6877 583.8055 348.6797 595.6855 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 215.3357 209.1655 269.3237 221.0455 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 180.6535 118.0037 192.5335 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 125.8855 240.9917 137.7655 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=39086) >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 103.3795 328.3157 115.2595 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1488) >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 35 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Length 324 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/58988)] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.554 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=39086)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 36 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000631 00000 n 0000000713 00000 n 0000004830 00000 n 0000004939 00000 n 0000005049 00000 n 0000005158 00000 n 0000008719 00000 n 0000008847 00000 n 0000008931 00000 n 0000008996 00000 n 0000017440 00000 n 0000017505 00000 n 0000025757 00000 n 0000025876 00000 n 0000033534 00000 n 0000033564 00000 n 0000033692 00000 n 0000033728 00000 n 0000033758 00000 n 0000033886 00000 n 0000033922 00000 n 0000034050 00000 n 0000034105 00000 n 0000034232 00000 n 0000034287 00000 n 0000034414 00000 n 0000034515 00000 n 0000034643 00000 n 0000034739 00000 n 0000034804 00000 n trailer << /Size 36 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35180 %%EOF