%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150328044630+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150328044630+00'00') /Title (The Political Worlds of Women: Gender and Politics in 19th-Century Britain) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4005 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Political Worlds of Women: Gender and Politics in 19th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Century Britain)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In recent years, historians have begun to explore the political experiences of Victorian women outside the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well-trodden suffrage narrative. As a consequence, we have a far greater understanding of how certain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women were able to negotiate, exploit and overcome the legal and ideological constraints society placed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(upon them. Sarah Richardson?s research has played an important part in these debates, and her latest book, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Political Worlds of Women)] TJ ET BT 185.348 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, is a significant contribution to this emerging historiography.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The traditional focus point for historians interested in female political activity in the 19th century has been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the legal and ideological exclusions women faced in local and national politics. Rather than focusing on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(restrictions women faced, Richardson actively seeks to chart ?positive evidence of female agency in a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(counter-narrative? \(p. 1\). This counter-narrative explores how women were able to exchange, negotiate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contribute to established political systems. The majority of the women explored here were part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(developing middle class, whose political ideology was at its zenith for the chronological period covered by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book \(c. 1789?1890\). This class identity does not mask or overwhelm the religious and geographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diversity of the women studied, a diversity which is strengthened by the differing ages, life experience and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1490)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 3 October, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sarah Richardson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415825665)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(80.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(252pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415825665/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Abingdon)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jennifer Davey)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7692 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wealth of the individuals considered. To explore the breadth and depth of the political activities these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women undertook, Richardson utilises a huge variety of source material. Familiar sources, such as Hansard, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poll books, and political papers, as well as less conventional sources, including recipe books and travel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature, are re-read and re-evaluated for evidence of female political participation. These are placed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alongside letters, memoirs, autobiographies and diaries to piece together a lost world of female political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(activity. This activity is divided into four broad \(but connecting\) sections in the book: home life, local )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, national politics, and international affairs.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part one starts at the beginning of life, with childhood and childrearing in politically active households. As )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson highlights, the private world of the home, and more specifically, how children were brought up, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is often overlooked by political historians. Although biographers of male politicians often start with their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects? education \(usually, but not always, a private school followed by Oxbridge\), we know very little )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the ordinary political experiences of children growing up in 19th-century Britain. Richardson brings to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life these political worlds. We learn about children who were encouraged to read and learn about political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economy, history and philosophy. Through the letters, diaries and memoirs of both children and parents, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(revealed that political events, from local elections to national campaigns, were often popular topics for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversation. For those parents seeking a more structured education for their offspring, publications such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Evenings at Home)] TJ ET BT 122.000 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( were on hand to guide families through varied subject matter. The picture Richardson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paints is not one of the home being a private sanctuary from the outside public world, but a space where the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intimate and the political mingled seamlessly together.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This picture is enhanced by the discussion of political activity within activists? houses. Meetings, parties and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(salons all took place within the four walls of home, where women often used their kitchen tables and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawing rooms to organise petitions, host committee meetings and plan campaigns. Even the everyday could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be defined by ideological considerations: during the campaigns against slavery, the type of sugar in your )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cupboard could be an important declaration. As the century wore on, the relationship between the domestic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economy and political debates was strengthened by the rise of the domestic advice book. As Richardson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates, publications such as Mrs William Parke?s )] TJ ET BT 307.988 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Domestic Duties)] TJ ET BT 387.644 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1825\) and Eliza Acton?s )] TJ ET BT 515.948 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cookery for Private Families)] TJ ET BT 175.004 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1845\) provide an important insight into the interplay between gender, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ethnicity and nationhood. Richardson leaves us with the impression that for politically active families, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(home \(especially the middle-class home\) was a formative site of political action.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part two looks beyond the home and into community politics, focusing on the philanthropic economy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parish politics. On the topic of the philanthropic activity of middle-class women, Richardson makes an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important departure from previous research. Instead of viewing philanthropy as an extension of the home )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and domestic experience, it is argued that women acted out of ideological impulse. Women were not just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(practitioners but contributors to the intellectual debates about the role and purpose of philanthropy. To )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrate this point, Richardson draws on female writers who were actively involved in the intellectual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(debates about philanthropy and the political economy. This discussion includes well-known names, like )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harriet Martineau and Jane Marcet, but also the lesser known Harriet Grote and Margracia Loudon. Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson?s examples support her assertion that philanthropy should not be seen as a ?soft option? for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women excluded from formal politics \(p. 81\). The argument that community politics was neither a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?distraction or compensation? is further strengthened by the discussion of politics in the parish \(p. 80\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Although the legislative changes brought in throughout the century increased participation, it is clear from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson?s discussion that from early on women were able to take part in local politics. The findings here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are significant. A poll book from 1843 offers a unique picture of women participating in the election of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(assistant overseer for the parish of St Chad in Lichfield. It is an important piece of evidence, which suggests )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that women from a variety of socio-economic backgrounds, including paupers, participated in the election. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates that while women were legally excluded from the national franchise, the reality of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(participation, especially at local level, was far more complicated and owed a great deal to long-established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(customs. As Richardson demonstrates, historians need to take more account of the politics of the parish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when considering female political citizenship in the long 19th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is, perhaps, on the national stage that female exclusion has been presumed to be most pronounced. Women )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7509 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were officially excluded from the national franchise in the 1832 Reform Act and for some historians this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constitutional restriction has stood as a reflection of political reality. In part three of )] TJ ET BT 438.956 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Political Worlds of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Women)] TJ ET BT 70.004 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Richardson challenges the idea that the national political stage was occupied by male actors alone. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is done through two separate examples: petitioning and the Ladies? Gallery in the Houses of Parliament.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Signing and presenting petitions had long been an established form of political engagement. The 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century witnessed a revival of this political action, with over six million people participating in the activity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1842. Here, Richardson contends that as ?parliamentary politics grew more exclusive and formalised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women looked to an older form of interaction with the state? \(p. 126\). This dramatic rise in the use of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(petitions presents an important source to ?gauge women?s interaction with national politics? \(p. 155\). Here, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion fits into wider scholarship which has served to highlight female petitioning in movements such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anti-Slavery, the repeal of the Corn Laws, and the repeal of the Poor Law Amendment Act. While these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?monster petitions? attracted a great deal of support from politically active women, Richardson?s statistical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(evidence highlights that issues that directly affected the everyday lives of women were also popular subjects )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for petitioning. Some of these petitions, like female opposition to the Miners and Collieries Bill, might prove )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a fruitful topic for further research. As Richardson recognises, female petitioning did not always pass )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(uncontested, yet writing, organising and signing petitions gave women the opportunity to assert their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political citizenship in the public sphere.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While petitioning gave women the opportunity to start a conversation with the Houses of Parliament, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ventilator and the Ladies? Gallery allowed them to observe the debates playing out. During the long 18th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, the admission of women to Parliament as spectators was contested and debated. In the early 19th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century, a compromise was reached. A limited number of women could listen to debates in the Commons ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the Ventilator, a roof space designed primarily to carry away heat and smoke from the chandelier below. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It was not an inviting space, but there were frequent queues for the 25 spaces. Watching proceedings in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(House of Lords was a more pleasant affair. In the 1820s, John Soane designed a Ladies? Gallery, where )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women could sit and watch proceedings. These arrangements came to a sudden end on the night of 14 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(October 1834. The fire, which destroyed much of the Houses of Parliament, re-opened the debate about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female presence. A committee was established, and resolved that a quarter of the Stranger?s Gallery would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be set apart for a Ladies? Gallery, which would be screened by trelliswork. As Richardson points out, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concealment of women visiting the House of Commons had been taken by some to be a powerful symbol of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(female exclusion. Yet, as her discussion reveals, the relationship between the female observers and the male )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Members was more complex than simple segregation. For women, the decision to attend, and where to sit, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was often a highly politicised choice. By the 1870s, the debate about the Ladies Gallery began to reflect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary concerns about national identity, with the gallery increasingly referred to as an architectural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(version of purdah. Richardson has opened the door onto the relationship between women and the Houses of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Parliament. Here, the discussion moves too quickly. It would, for instance, be interesting to know how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Members and observers interacted at times when the status of the Ladies Gallery was not being contested, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and where women sat when Parliament had decamped after the fire. There is, for instance, a contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(description of Lord Palmerston climbing up to kiss his wife after his famous Don Pacifico Speech in 1850, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggesting that women were allowed to view events in the House of Commons while it was in its temporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(location.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the final part of the book, Richardson casts her eye further afield to the political experiences of women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(abroad. In 1815, as the final peace of Vienna was being finalised, Europe opened its doors to visitors. British )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women were among the many who took advantage of the peaceful continent and its corridors to the world )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond. Individual motivation for travel was varied: some sought economic opportunities, some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accompanied their husbands on professional postings \(normally diplomatic\), while others saw Europe as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(land fit to pursue ideological objectives. Whatever their initial motivations for leaving Britain, many of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women Richardson illuminates found themselves encountering local, national and international politics. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nowhere is this more striking than in the experiences of those women whose husbands were employed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diplomatic service. The nature of diplomacy is characterised here as a world of ?social politics?, a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterisation adopted from Elaine Chalus? work on 18th-century aristocratic women. The examples )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 5252 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawn on here \(the five wives of British envoys to Persia between 1815 and 1853, Frances Vane, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marchioness of Londonderry, and Senora Calderon de la Barca\) go some way to exploring this world. It is, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however, a world that needs much more study. Historians \(diplomatic and gender\) do not know nearly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enough about the activities and experiences of wives, daughters and sisters who accompanied their husbands )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on postings to Europe, the Empire and the wider world. Of course, accompanying male relatives was not the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only way women were able to travel the globe in the Victorian age. Richardson highlights a number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individuals who left Britain independently, often motivated by ideological considerations: Charlotte Anley )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travelled to Australia to investigate the condition of women prisoners; Clara Lowe and Annie Macpherson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promoted emigration as a solution to child poverty and deprivations; Sarah Austin sought economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independence alongside relative intellectual freedom; and many women were inspired to travel to the Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peninsula to participate, however they could, in the Rosewater Revolution. Here, Richardson does well to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illuminate the complexity of female experience, and the constant and uneven interplay between religion, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideology, class, locality and gender.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I have only a small criticism of the book. The structure is built around particular examples of female )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political activism. This episodic approach can leave the reader a little unsure of the overall connections and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions. This problem is most pronounced in the final two sections of the book. These sections, it should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be noted, correspond with the largest gaps in our understanding of female political activity. Nevertheless, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson succeeds in reconstructing new worlds for historians, and she has mapped out the terrain well.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 515.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Political Worlds of Women)] TJ ET BT 198.344 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Richardson presents a vivid picture, full of intelligent, driven, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting women who have been previously ignored or over-looked. The realities of political life come )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alive, from the young girl who names her kittens after the architects of the 1832 Reform Bill \(Lord )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brougham and Lord Grey\) to conversations in Richard Cobden?s drawing room. The impression left is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the relationship between gender and politics in 19th-century Britain was a complex and complicated one. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson successfully demonstrates that certain women were able to exercise significant influence and act )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with relative degrees of autonomy. It leaves scholars with an invitation to burrow further into the political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worlds of women in Victorian Britain.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Times Higher Education)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/books/the-political-worlds-of-women-gender-and-politics-in-)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 359.907 m 522.284 359.907 l S BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth-century-britain-by-sarah-richardson/2003523.article)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 345.651 m 337.604 345.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 340.604 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 342.319 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 324.539 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 324.539 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1490)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 323.145 m 328.316 323.145 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 298.168 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 283.768 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/63450)] TJ ET BT 34.016 269.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/books/the-political-worlds-of-women-gender-and-politics-in-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 255.112 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nineteenth-century-britain-by-sarah-richardson/2003523.article)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 360.2215 522.2837 372.1015 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/books/the-political-worlds-of-women-gender-and-politics-in-nineteenth-century-britain-by-sarah-richardson/2003523.article) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 345.9655 337.6037 357.8455 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/books/the-political-worlds-of-women-gender-and-politics-in-nineteenth-century-britain-by-sarah-richardson/2003523.article) >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 323.4595 328.3157 335.3395 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1490) >> endobj xref 0 26 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000577 00000 n 0000000659 00000 n 0000004716 00000 n 0000004825 00000 n 0000004935 00000 n 0000005044 00000 n 0000008605 00000 n 0000008733 00000 n 0000008817 00000 n 0000008882 00000 n 0000016627 00000 n 0000016692 00000 n 0000024254 00000 n 0000024352 00000 n 0000029657 00000 n 0000029784 00000 n 0000029995 00000 n 0000030122 00000 n 0000030333 00000 n 0000030461 00000 n trailer << /Size 26 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30557 %%EOF