%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 22 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150423011446+01'00') /ModDate (D:20150423011446+01'00') /Title (The Emblematic Queen: Extra-Literary Representations of Early Modern Queenship) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4157 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Emblematic Queen: Extra-Literary Representations of Early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Modern Queenship)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This collection of essays edited by Debra Barrett-Graves provides new ways of interpreting the symbolic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(images through which Renaissance queens shaped their identity and royal authority. In bringing together )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different approaches and sources, the authors use the methodologies of several disciplines: literature, history, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(art history and cultural studies. As Barrett-Graves explains in the introduction: ?The chapters in this book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(provide interdisciplinary analyses in the areas of art, literature, and history to illustrate just how pervasive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emblematic references were both in informing material culture and in creating unique identities? \(p. 1\). An )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest in the way that queens used material cultures to their own advantage is fashionable.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 472.940 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 472.940 150.753 m 486.932 150.753 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 486.932 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(originality of this collection of essays remains in how authors shed light on the important role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emblematics in Renaissance material culture and how they impacted queen?s identities \(p. 7\). Several )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queens are studied from different backgrounds and time periods: Caterina Cornaro, queen of Cyprus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1454?1510\), Queen Elizabeth I of England \(1533?1603\), Mary Queen of Scots \(1542?87\), Anne of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Denmark \(1574?1619\) and Spain?s Maria Luisa de Orleans \(1662?89\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(From commissioned paintings to written plays and royal masques, the authors focus on these self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1493)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Friday, 11 October, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Debra Barrett-Graves)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781137303097)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(55.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(248pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave MacMillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://us.macmillan.com/theemblematicqueen/DebraBarrettGraves)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(New York, NY)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Estelle Paranque)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 472.9397 151.0675 486.9317 162.9475 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7703 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations or controlled representations of royal power. Readers of )] TJ ET BT 381.260 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Emblematic Queen)] TJ ET BT 493.904 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( have the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(opportunity to see queens under another light, not as women in a male-dominated world but as women who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understood enough about the importance of images to impose their voice and identity through them in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original ways.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The collection is divided in into seven chapters. Barrett-Graves?s introduction sets out the ways in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emblems ?served to express wealth, power, and values in the Renaissance? \(p. 6\). Other studies have closely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looked at emblems and their roles in the early modern period but the strength of this collection is to link )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those emblems to the political, religious and cultural roles of queens and how they served them as much as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(kings. Another strength of this collection is the different queens each chapter focuses on. From the famous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Queen Elizabeth I of England to the lesser-known and less-studied Caterina Cornaro, queen of Cyprus, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authors broadens the scope of the importance of emblems and their role in the representations of queens.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter one focuses on Caterina Cornaro who was queen of Cyprus from 1474 to 1489. Liana De Giorlami )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cheney?s writing style is smooth and precise. De Giorlami Cheney first explains that Caterina Cornaro was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a great queen and that she was a ?humanist, and a patron of the arts? \(p. 11\). She also emphasises her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(physical charms \(p. 11\) and echoes the work of Jo Eldridge Carney who argues how important beauty was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for queens.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 87.332 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 87.332 557.235 m 101.324 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 101.324 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Caterina Cornaro was used by her family to secure political and commercial alliances in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mediterranean. She was even deposed by her own Venetian family as she became overly populist and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threatened to build up a demotic following of her own \(p. 17\). The author concentrates on the emblems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(linked to the queen?s representations after her abdication and then, on how Caterina played a role in shaping )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the image of a cultivated woman who ?with fortitude and courage met adversity in marital and political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances? \(p. 28\). De Giorlami Cheney looks at how the queen?s abdication was represented on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(canvas. The essay points to the difficulties of female rule. Perhaps it would also have been possible to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compare the paintings to other emblems of the queen, maybe sculptures or statutes that appeared after her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death as a tribute to her glorious days?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter two, Cassandra Auble looks at Queen Elizabeth I?s precious stones and jewels as an important )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of the queen?s monarchical authority. The essay is very well structured and Auble explains how the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography regarding the Virgin Queen?s ?methods of statecraft and self-representations? was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incomplete without a work analysing what kind of ?roles precious stones and jewelry played in shaping the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political perceptions of Elizabeth? \(p. 36\). Elizabeth ?was not a monarch unique in her passion for luxurious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jewels and clothing? \(p. 37\); her father and sister also understood how well they could express regal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority. In her essay, Auble strives to unpack the symbolisms of jewels and gemstones and their role in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shaping the queen?s identity as well as expressing her royal authority. The strength of this essay is that it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not only look at the jewels as a beauty accessory but shows how Elizabeth valued them and used them )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a powerful political device: ?Elizabeth realized that jewels could function as more than a fashion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessory; they were tools that could convey the prosperity and stability of England and her monarch? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(48\). This work is therefore very valuable for anyone interested in the queen?s self-representations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three might be the most original essay of this collection as it highlights unnoticed aspects of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth I?s portraiture. The author Catherine Loomis looks at the portraits which were seen by the queen?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects and not those which are seen today and which have already been examined with meticulous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scrutiny. Thus, Loomis is interested in ?the queen?s image as it was found on coins, on broadsides, on legal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documents, on the frontispiece, or in historiated capitals of widely available books? \(p. 53\). However, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reason for the originality of this essay does not only reside in the sources Loomis decided to have a look at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also on what kind of emblems and symbols she reveals to be the queen?s. Loomis notices that in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(portraits she uses the queen sat but that ?Elizabeth?s knees, although hidden under the drapery of her gown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or robes, are spread, her legs wide open. In early modern English culture, as in many contemporaries )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures, such posture was suspect: the open legs promised sexual availability or licentiousness? \(p. 53\) but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then argues that ?in classical and Byzantine sculpture, seated goddesses and empresses usually appear with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(open knees and legs, just as their male counterparts do? \(p. 55\) which also works ?as a reminder of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(children they are able to bear or have borne? \(p. 56\). Through different analyses and interpretations, Loomis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlights the strength of these representations of the queen and how they enabled her to impose a god-like )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj [17 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 87.3317 557.5495 101.3237 569.4295 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7250 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority. She also shrewdly links Elizabeth to her male counterparts and suggests that the queen played )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with male attributes to define a unique female kingship. This essay reveals new perspectives in terms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monarchical representations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter four, through varied sources Debra Barrett-Graves links Mary Queen of Scots to the emblem and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(icon of a mermaid and reveals the different implications of such a representation. In particular, she proposes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another way to interpret The Mermaid and the Hare placard that was supposed to represent Mary and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bothwellafter Lord Darnley?s assassination. Barrett-Graves goes further in her interpretation of this placard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and shows that it was not merely about Mary?s reputation as a harlot, but more an attack on her religious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beliefs and foreign origins: ?On the surface, the Mermaid and the Hare placard seems to convey rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforward meanings, but the iconography associated with its symbol suggests greater interest than mere )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concern over illicit and promiscuous behaviour? \(p. 79\). After analysing the placard and its implications, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author also looks at the impact of this placard in Edmund Spenser?s characterisation of Acrasia. Through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different representations of the Scottish queen from an English eye, Barrett-Graves pays attention to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(emblems used in literary materials to represent the Scottish queen in a way that secures the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonweal and argues that ??Wanton-ladie?, ?seductress?, ?enchaunteresse?, and ?witch? ? some of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(epithets Spenser bestows upon the figure of Acrasia in The Fairie Queene correspond to the manner in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary Protestants would have responded to Mary, Queen of Scots? \(p. 87\). She also explains how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spenser used allegorical representations of emblems in order to make people relate to them as individuals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and as a community.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter five focuses on the martyrdom and memory of Elizabeth Curle?s portrait of Mary Queen of Scots. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this essay, Marguerite Tassi explores the meanings and stakes of Curle?s portrait of the Scottish queen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and highlights the complex interpretations of a painting which plays the role of both lieu de mmoire and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary?s martyrdom. Tassie argues that this portrait plays a more important role than only highlighting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary?s martyrdom but also displays a means to celebrate the Catholic faith. She also proves that this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painting is one of its kind in terms of artistic and commissioning aspects \(p. 107\). Tassie has different goals )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this essay. First, she wants to show that ?The portrait?s idealized Catholic vision of Mary embodies the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collective religious memory of the persecuted group and makes visible the specific desire of one of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(members to identify herself with that memory? \(p. 108\). Then the author argues that Mary ?was denied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control? of ?memorial statuary and epitaph? \(p. 112\) and that it was ?left to the living? such as her son James )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stuart and Elizabeth Curle who assisted her at her execution. Therefore, they ?shaped memory into images )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and rhetoric that suited their own or a particular group?s interests in a given historical moment? \(p. 113\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, Tassie?s argument is not based only on Mary as a figure of a martyr but also on Elizabeth Curle?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reasons for commissioning such a portrait of the former Scottish queen. Tassie also draws a link between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antwerp and Mary?s status as a martyr and the role that the people from this city played in Mary?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(posthumous representations \(p. 120\). As she argues, the city had a taste ?for depictions of martyrdom? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(121\). Therefore, Tassie shows how important this portrait commissioned by Elizabeth Curle was, not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the memory of a catholic community persecuted in England and in the Netherlands but also for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(posthumous representation of Mary Stuart as a symbol of Catholic devotion through centuries \(p. 126\). This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is a very engaging and fascinating essay which tells more about Elizabeth Curle?s own devotion than )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mary?s in the end.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter six, Effie Botonaki reveals how Anne of Denmark, queen consort of England and Scotland, used )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(masques at court to be in charge of her representations. When previous works have focused on Anne?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relation to masque as a ?proof of her vanity and light-headedness?, Botonaki highlights another way of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perceiving them: a political device which allowed the queen consort to be in charge of her own image \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(134\). In this essay, two points seem to be striking. First and foremost, through masque Anne bypassed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(feminine ideals of her time and ?adopted the traditionally male role of the actor? \(p. 150\) as well as playing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the role of the author. The second important point is that this essay probes how court masques helped queens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to impose their own images and authority in their own way and therefore could be used as a powerful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political device.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the last chapter, Antonio Bernat Vistarini and John Cull look at the interpretations of the hieroglyphs of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 5521 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Maria Luisa de Orlans?s funeral exequies and their role as the emblem of the queen consort \(p. 155\). They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examine the different representations through Maria Luisa?s reputations. They explain that ?From the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish point of view, Maria Luisa?s manly love of riding horseback, her fondness for the hunt, her passion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for music, theater, and dance, and her exuberant vanity were also considered evidence of scandalous excess? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 159\). Maria Luisa was not appreciated for these reasons but also as they explain because she failed to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produce an heir. Therefore, in this essay, both authors explore the purpose of the queen?s funeral exequies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and to define the emblems. For Vistarini and Cull ?It is clear that the collective authors of the hieroglyphs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathized with the struggles endured by Maria Luisa during her time in Spain, but at the same time felt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conflicted by the enormous repercussions that her death caused for the perpetuation of the Hapsburg )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dynasty? \(p. 171\). In this essay, they highlight the paradox of these hieroglyphs which depict the queen as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both ?an innocent victim? and ?a culpable scapegoat? and the different emblems used to refer to her tragic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fate \(p. 177\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In this well-documented and fascinating collection, the authors manage to highlight the pradoxes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulties inherent in seeking to define the emblems of Renaissance queens. As John Watkins argues in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(afterword, ?emblems carried multiple significances? \(p. 197\), and the authors strive to highlight these and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(define their role in terms of royal assertion for queens. The sources are varied and the queens studied cover a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(large period of time. However, it would have been beneficial to have had a chapter on Mary Tudor and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see what kind of emblems she used or were used to represent her and if they were controversial at all. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, in chapter two, Cassandra Auble reveals a very important aspect of Queen Elizabeth?s self-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations and self-assertion of her royal authority. It would have been very interesting to compare the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(jewels exchanged by the Queen with those exchanged by Mary Tudor who seemed to understand the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of jewels in politics as well and to highlight any differences or similarities between them and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(look at the influences that both would have shared. Another queen?s emblems which might have been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered are Henrietta Maria?s, who had to distinguish herself from her husband and to make her children )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prosper as well as remaining loyal to him and her religion. The strength of this essay, though, is definitely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it opens ?unexpected avenues for future research? \(p. 197\) in both history, art history, and literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disciplines, and shows how scholars from different disciplines can work together and produce a valuable and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(original contribution to the current historiographies.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.659 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jo Eldridge Carney, )] TJ ET BT 162.668 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fairy Tale Queens: Representations of Early Modern Queenship)] TJ ET BT 474.296 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, \(New York, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(NY, 2012\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 118.340 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 118.340 318.387 m 172.328 318.387 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 305.530 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ibid.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 86.348 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 86.348 304.131 m 140.336 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 279.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 262.543 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 244.763 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 244.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1493)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 243.369 m 328.316 243.369 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 218.392 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 203.992 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/58984)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 118.3397 318.7015 172.3277 330.5815 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 86.3477 304.4455 140.3357 316.3255 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 243.6835 328.3157 255.5635 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1493) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000581 00000 n 0000000670 00000 n 0000004879 00000 n 0000004988 00000 n 0000005098 00000 n 0000005207 00000 n 0000008768 00000 n 0000008896 00000 n 0000008980 00000 n 0000009009 00000 n 0000009137 00000 n 0000009173 00000 n 0000009257 00000 n 0000017013 00000 n 0000017043 00000 n 0000017170 00000 n 0000017206 00000 n 0000017271 00000 n 0000024574 00000 n 0000024672 00000 n 0000030246 00000 n 0000030374 00000 n 0000030429 00000 n 0000030556 00000 n 0000030611 00000 n 0000030739 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30835 %%EOF