%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 31 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140728101900+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140728101900+01'00') /Title (Family, Culture and Society in the Diary of Constantijn Huygens Jr, Secretary to Stadholder-King William of Orange) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4116 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Family, Culture and Society in the Diary of Constantijn Huygens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Jr, Secretary to Stadholder-King William of Orange)] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013 has been proclaimed the Huygens year in the Netherlands. With a major exposition in the Great Church )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in The Hague, and a flurry of Huygens-related activities throughout the country \(ranging from Huygens city )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(walks to performances of Huygens compositions and lectures on early modern astronomy\), the family that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(played such an eminent role in Dutch 17th-century politics, art and science is once more firmly on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultural agenda.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 168.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As is to be expected, most attention during this year has been devoted to Constantijn Huygens, Sr. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1596?1687\) and his most famous son, the brilliant scientist Christiaan \(1629?95\). Building on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 140.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foundations laid by his father, Constantijn self-consciously engineered the family?s rise to prominence. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secretary ? and gatekeeper ? to two Princes of Orange, Frederick Henry and William II, and in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(possession of an extensive and powerful pan-European correspondence network, Constantijn occupied a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crucial political position throughout the second quarter of the 17th century. But Constantijn was also an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accomplished poet, musician and art connoisseur, every inch the Renaissance )] TJ ET BT 408.608 83.123 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(uomo universale)] TJ ET BT 488.264 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conspicuously desired to be. No wonder his life and work continues to attract scholars with a wide range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interests. Christiaan?s legacy, by contrast, is firmly anchored in the history of science. His fundamental work )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1508)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 November, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rudolf Dekker)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9789004250949)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(84.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(208pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brill)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.brill.com/family-culture-and-society-diary-constantijn-huygens-jr-secretary-stadholder-king-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(william-orange)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leiden)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helmer Helmers)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6975 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in mathematics, optics, and astronomy made him into one of the best natural philosophers of his generation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(second only to Isaac Newton. While pursuing his theoretical research, Christiaan, like Robert Hooke, was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also a tireless designer of instruments: he perfected the telescope, invented the pendulum clock, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(independently from Hooke developed a balance spring watch.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With two such luminaries in one family, it should not be surprising that the other scions of the Huygens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family have met with considerably less attention during this current year of commemoration. Of Constantijn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sr.?s four other children, only the eldest son, Constantijn Jr., received more than fleeting notice, and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mainly because he lived out his professional life in the vicinity of the man who was crowned King of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England on 11 April 1689, William III.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It must not always have been easy for Constantijn Huygens, Jr. \(1628?97\) to live up to the expectations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his successful, demanding, and long-lived father, or to match the brilliance of his younger brother, in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inbred knowledge that posterity would judge him. His own son, Constantijn III, or Tien, later collapsed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(under the pressure. Constantijn did as well as he conceivably could, but his career had an unfortunate start. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His thoroughly planned education ? which he dutifully underwent ? had prepared him to follow in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(footsteps of his father, yet through no fault of himself, his most productive years coincided with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stadtholderless period, when the Huygenses were side-tracked in Dutch politics along with their patrons. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantijn spent his leisure time studying, fathering a bastard son, marrying, and assisting his brother with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(lens-grinding and telescope-building. Only in 1672, when John de Witt was murdered in The Hague and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William III was restored to the office of his forefathers, could Huygens, now 44 years old, finally obtain the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(public position he had been groomed for: secretary to the stadholder. He would remain in office for more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than 20 years. When he retired from court, in 1696, only one year before his death, he had witnessed his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patron?s rise to power in the Dutch Republic, had accompanied him to the battlefield in his continuous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(struggle against France, and had embarked with him on arguably the most risky enterprise of the age, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Glorious Revolution.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Throughout this tumultuous period in office, Huygens kept a diary, in which he meticulously recorded every )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occurrence in both his professional and his personal life which he considered worth remembering. His notes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from 1673?83 and 1688?97, all in all more than 1,500 pages in seven volumes, have survived, and are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nowadays preserved in the Royal Library in The Hague. They are a treasure trove for early modernists of all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inclinations. Like his near-contemporary Samuel Pepys, Huygens candidly recorded all kinds of personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observations. Besides chronicling the political and scientific developments of his age, he recorded court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gossip, his daily life, his dealings in art, and much, much more. What Pepys is for the Restoration, Huygens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could be for Williamite England. Yet whereas Pepys? diary is widely known and easily accessible, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Huygens? text, in sad reflection of its writer?s eclipsed reputation, remains hidden in 19th-century editions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its existence unknown even to some historians of the period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 263.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Family, Culture and Society in the Diary of Constantijn Huygens Jr)] TJ ET BT 372.668 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Rudolf Dekker has set himself the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(task to introduce Huygens? diary and the memories and observations it contains an Anglophone audience. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dekker, a prize-winning scholar who has devoted his life to early modern life writing, is well-equipped for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the job and accomplishes it with style. In short, vignette-like chapters, he captures the world and perceptions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a son who never managed to acquire the fame of his dominant father and brilliant brother, yet who stood )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closer to the centre of 17th-century European power politics than both of them ever did. The subjects he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deals with are diverse, and Dekker obviously is more at home on some terrains \(for instance, sexual gossip, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on which he has published before, and which receives a lengthy chapter\) than on others \(the chapter on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships between Englishmen and Dutchmen is much shorter and sketchier\). But one can hardly expect )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him to cover all the themes in a diary by such a versatile man as Constantijn Huygens in equal depth and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with equal expertise. Dekker is an ambassador for his main source, and he does not fail to show its richness )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and attractions.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The public and the private)] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The figure of William III towers over Huygens? diary. Like all other courtiers, Huygens anxiously observed )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6211 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(William whenever he could, attentive to every wink of the new monarch. Dekker naturally devotes much )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention to Huygens? relationship with the king, which, to Huygens? despair, fluctuated between familiarity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and distance. In one of the most interesting chapters, ?The many faces of William III?, Dekker recounts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(several lively anecdotes that shed light on William?s enigmatic character, in a different way to Wout Troost )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in his political biography. The diary especially brings out William?s dry sense of humour. It also shows that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the king enjoyed mocking people; at one occasion he even ridiculed Huygens in public. But while this was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cruel, Dekker also portrays William as a compassionate man, who inquired frequently after Huygens? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family. And when his brother Christiaan died, in 1695, William consoled Huygens and made a kind gesture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which showed him he cared.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantijn did not only record his public life however. Like Pepys, Huygens recorded both the public and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the private, both courtly and domestic life, and both with an immediacy that would have thrilled Samuel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richardson: Huygens is writing to the moment, and Dekker manages to get very close to his personal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience. He especially brings out Constantijn?s more tragic side. In revealing scenes scattered throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book, Dekker draws attention to the fact that Constantijn, despite his priviliged position and his relative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(closeness to the prince, was from the outset an outsider, with little control or influence. He foregrounds, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance, the fact that Constantijn learned of William?s intentions only days before the embarkation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch fleet to England from a printed proclamation, which was ironically signed with his own name. After )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Glorious Revolution, his position deteriorated, especially when his friend and protector Bentinck, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(earl of Portland, lost influence at court. But if Constantijn continuously worried about his growing distance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from the king, he did little to prevent it. An incident on the road during a campaign in the Nine Years War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbolizes the civilized, yet resigned aspect of his nature: ?Blathwaite?s coach pushed ahead of mine, so I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(let him ride on ahead? \(p. 47\). William Blathwaite was one of William?s English secretaries, and Huygens? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(main competitor. Dekker portrays Huygens as a melancholy man, lacking the character traits required for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real courtly success. In England, he felt increasingly side-tracked, receiving more and more second-rate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commissions. His office was chaotic, and Huygens frequently made mistakes for which he could not blame )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his servants. He felt out of place, and suffered from bouts of home-sickness. He contemplated resigning )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than once, yet his sense of duty prevailed, and he remained to serve William until a year before his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(death.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the personal sphere, too, Huygens was frustrated by his own lack of control. He was away most of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time, and yearned for letters from home. His wife Susanna wrote to him often, and their relationship seems )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to have survived his long absences remarkably well. With his son Tien he had a troubled relationship, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(however. Tien rarely wrote when his father was away, which pained Huygens and made him ?melancholy?. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tien grew up to be a difficult adolescent, and when he entered university he was soon reputed to be ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(most debauched student in Leyden? \(p. 151\). Huygens tried to correct his son, but ultimately lacked )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(authority; he could make Tien cry, but not mend his ways. At night he heard the urgently whispered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conversations between Susanna and Tien with rising anger ? even at home, he was not allowed to hear all. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Luckily Dekker does not succumb to the urge to psychologize, and he is to be commended for the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforward but suggestive way in which he tells the story of Huygens? family troubles. In a related )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter, in which Dekker reconstructs Huygens? relationship with his servants, his resistance to such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpretation is less successful. When we learn, for example, that Huygens ? rather cruelly, by modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(standards, and quite unlike his own master ? rejected his boy Daniel?s request to take time off after his father )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had died, more texture would have been welcome.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Modernity and contextualization)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 21 0 R 24 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7912 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dekker writes with verve; he has highlighted interesting themes, and has a fine selecting eye for evocative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passages and anecdotes. He is an emphatic biographer, at his best when describing Constantijn?s experiences )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and direct environment. He is less convincing in critical analysis and contextualization. This is partly due to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the conciseness of his text, which does not permit him to expound his views, but also to his inclination to act )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the diary?s ambassador rather than its critical interrogator. Dekker is particularly keen on qualifying it as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a modern text. The privacy and the immediacy of the diary are certainly new for the 17th century, but in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(understandable eagerness to emphasize the importance of his source, Dekker overplays his strong hand.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In chapter two, he observes that Constantijn?s diary-writing was part of a wider concern with time-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(management that was also manifested in his scientific interests. Constantijn supposedly even coined the term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(time-management in Dutch. This is an interesting point of departure for a cultural historical analysis. Both )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantijn and Christiaan had in their youths imbibed their famous father?s anxiety over wasting time, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as his lifelong efforts to manage and record it optimally. Yet instead of seeking the roots of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Constantijn?s preoccupation in his upbringing, and of analysing it from a filial, cultural or class perspective, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dekker chooses to interpret it only as a sign of Constantijn?s modernity, asserting that the diary ?reflected a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new concept of time?. Dekker here echoes Stuart Sherman, who argued that Samuel Pepys? \(earlier\) diary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was ?especially responsive to Huygensian temporality?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 302.636 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 302.636 557.235 m 316.628 557.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 316.628 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( But Dekker asserts rather than argues. He does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not engage with Nigel Thrift and Paul Glennie, who have criticized Sherman and concluded convincingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that ?Pepys? everyday precisions in timekeeping look far from distinctive? when compared to earlier authors.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 514.467 m 48.008 514.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whereas time had always been seen as cyclical, Dekker writes, Constantijn?s ?modern diurnal temporality? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 15\) broke with this tradition. Oddly, the reference supporting this statement is a chapter in a book on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(another diary: )] TJ ET BT 104.000 461.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Child of the Enlightenment)] TJ ET BT 233.672 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which Dekker wrote together with Ariane Baggerman.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 501.272 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 501.272 459.699 m 515.264 459.699 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 515.264 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they applied the same claim, with rather more justification, to the diary of Otto van Eck, the 18th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(boy who recorded his own upbringing. Although it is conceivable that Dekker is right in both cases, the long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century dividing both his diarists and the lack of argument makes it difficult to believe that linear time was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(new twice. Indeed, the entire notion of a novel concept of time, interesting though it is, remains )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unsubstantiated. The cyclical conception underlying medieval and early modern intellectual fields such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cosmography and biblical exegesis was largely philosophical in nature, and never stood in the way of linear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(timekeeping in genres such as the chronicle or the Renaissance diary. There is no reason to suppose, finally, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that linear timekeeping was incompatible with a circular conception of natural processes and history. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calendar itself, combining its recurring monthly and seasonal cycles and progressive, linear counting of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(years, exemplifies this.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dekker?s tendency to see parallels between Constantijn?s various spheres of activity, apparent in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example of watchmaking and diary-writing, again leads him astray in chapter 11, where he makes a point of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connecting Constantijn?s interest in astronomy, and his observations of ?the microcosm? of the court. This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(drawing analogies for the sake of analogy only ? a fine novelistic instrument, but quite out of place here. A )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(similar neglect of scholarly rigour is apparent at several points in the book when Dekker, at some length, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draws parallels between Huygens? life and the popular literature of his time, again with no apparent purpose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but to add colour to the story. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Conclusion)] TJ ET BT 34.016 154.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rudolf Dekker has written a well-researched and compelling book that will appeal to a wide range of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 139.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readers. He has some difficulties navigating the thin line between scholarly argument and compelling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical storytelling, but one cannot expect an introductory book meant to disclose and introduce a much-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(neglected text to do everything. Dekker more than makes up for these deficiencies by offering a captivating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(picture of Constantijn?s Huygens? life at court, and by vividly showing what could be done with his diary. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Others will have to take over now. Nineteenth-century editions are available in open access on the )] TJ ET BT 508.244 82.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Digital )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Library of Dutch Literature )] TJ ET BT 170.024 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 174.020 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.dbnl.org/auteurs/auteur.php?id=huyg007)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 174.020 67.299 m 427.772 67.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 430.772 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 444.764 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), but since Huygens )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(wrote mostly in French before, and in Dutch after, the Glorious Revolution, an accessible English edition is )] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 302.6357 557.5495 316.6277 569.4295 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 514.7815 48.0077 526.6615 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj [18 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 501.2717 460.0135 515.2637 471.8935 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 174.0197 67.6135 427.7717 79.4935 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.dbnl.org/auteurs/auteur.php?id=huyg007) >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 32 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Length 3621 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much needed. Perhaps Dekker himself would be willing to continue his ambassadorship for another term.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If Dekker ultimately accomplishes his mission with )] TJ ET BT 284.336 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Family, Culture and Society in the Diary of Constantijn )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Huygens Jr)] TJ ET BT 89.000 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, this achievement is partly undermined by his choice of publisher. Considering his aims, it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unfortunate, to say the least, that Brill has put the excessive price of 84.00 on this slender volume, more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than six times the amount of the Dutch version \(by another publisher\) and more suited for the highly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(specialized monograph than an accessible introduction. This book deserves a wider audience than it may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(now reasonably expect, and unless an affordable paperback or open access e-book is planned for future )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(publication, it is to be feared that Constantijn Huygens? diary will remain a hidden treasure for an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anglophone audience until the next Huygens year.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 635.523 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 604.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stuart Sherman, )] TJ ET BT 144.344 604.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Telling Time: Clocks, Diaries, and English Diurnal Form, 1660?1785)] TJ ET BT 481.352 604.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Chicago, IL, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1997\), p. 80.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 125.012 590.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 125.012 589.251 m 179.000 589.251 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 576.394 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 576.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paul Glennie and Nigel Thrift, )] TJ ET BT 213.332 576.389 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Shaping the Day: A History of Timekeeping in England and Wales )] TJ ET BT 64.016 562.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1300?1800)] TJ ET BT 118.016 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 2009\), p. 264.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 232.664 562.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 232.664 560.739 m 286.652 560.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 547.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 547.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arianne Baggerman and Rudolf Dekker, )] TJ ET BT 261.968 547.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Child of the Enlightenment: Revolutionary Europe Reflected )] TJ ET BT 64.016 533.621 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in a Boyhood Diary)] TJ ET BT 159.008 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Leiden, 2009\), pp. 291?316.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 301.652 533.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 301.652 532.227 m 355.640 532.227 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 516.895 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 499.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 499.115 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1508)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 497.721 m 328.316 497.721 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 472.744 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.344 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/66827)] TJ ET BT 34.016 443.944 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.dbnl.org/auteurs/auteur.php?id=huyg007)] TJ ET endstream endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 125.0117 589.5655 178.9997 601.4455 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 232.6637 561.0535 286.6517 572.9335 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 301.6517 532.5415 355.6397 544.4215 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 498.0355 328.3157 509.9155 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1508) >> endobj xref 0 41 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000624 00000 n 0000000706 00000 n 0000004874 00000 n 0000004983 00000 n 0000005093 00000 n 0000005202 00000 n 0000008763 00000 n 0000008891 00000 n 0000008975 00000 n 0000009040 00000 n 0000016068 00000 n 0000016133 00000 n 0000022397 00000 n 0000022502 00000 n 0000030467 00000 n 0000030497 00000 n 0000030625 00000 n 0000030661 00000 n 0000030691 00000 n 0000030817 00000 n 0000030853 00000 n 0000030883 00000 n 0000031011 00000 n 0000031047 00000 n 0000031173 00000 n 0000031274 00000 n 0000031379 00000 n 0000035053 00000 n 0000035181 00000 n 0000035236 00000 n 0000035364 00000 n 0000035419 00000 n 0000035547 00000 n 0000035602 00000 n 0000035730 00000 n trailer << /Size 41 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 35826 %%EOF