%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141028214231+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141028214231+00'00') /Title (Queenship in Medieval Europe) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4077 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Queenship in Medieval Europe)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theresa Earenfight?s new book, )] TJ ET BT 191.636 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Queenship in Medieval Europe)] TJ ET BT 341.276 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, stresses that the medieval royal court could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be a woman?s world as much as a man?s. Responding to historiography that has largely identified the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(concepts of ?monarchy? and ?sovereignty? as male dominated, Earenfight argues that the indirect and often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passive power of a queen ?could be just as powerful as official authority? \(p. 11\). Queens were often able to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exercise influence through their roles within the royal family as wives, mothers, daughters, sisters, and aunts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as wield significant power as regents, intercessors, patrons, and models of piety and chastity. She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that a ?distinct and coherent medieval queenship began to take shape around 300 CE?, leading to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fixed and unchanging concept by 1500 \(p. 15\). Through the course of the book she discusses what queenship )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entailed in the first part of the period and then moves on to highlight how the role of queen evolved from just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the wife of a king to a symbolic figurehead.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Written with her students in mind, Earenfight?s writing style is both clear and engaging. The four body )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters comprising the textbook are organized chronologically, spanning from approximately 300 CE to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1500. Similarly, the geographical scope provided by Earenfight is impressive as she ranges from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scandinavia to the Mediterranean and from the British Isles to Russia. The breadth of time and geographical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1509)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 November, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Theresa Earenfight)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780230276468)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(20.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(368pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave MacMillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=411175)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alice Ferron)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7434 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space covered provide a framework that is useful for studying queenship as it allows the reader to make )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(useful comparisons between medieval monarchs and the various kingdoms. The broad scope of the study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also provides Earenfight with an extensive amount of evidence at her disposal. Earenfight uses material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture, mainly artistic imagery, to expand the readers? understanding of individual queens and how they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were depicted via their clothes, jewelry, and sculptures. However, the evidence employed by Earenfight is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not solely material, as she also draws from illuminated manuscripts and correspondence as well as medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(literature, such as hagiography, charters, official records and works patronized by queens. Rightfully so, she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(warns her readers that these sources must be read with due consideration as rumor and innuendo are often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intertwined with fact. Earenfight mentions several fascinating sources in the course of her book but her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broad approach limits her from providing many close readings. She seeks to remedy these gaps by providing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggestions for further research so that the reader can pick-up where she left off.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earenfight?s study allows historians and students alike to contemplate the various ways queen?s exercised )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(official and unofficial power in both the public and private spheres. She begins by first establishing the term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?rulership? as being a more inclusive concept than ?monarchy,? as it shakes loose power associations with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(male rule and allows space for queenship \(p. 12\). Earenfight skillfully encourages her readers to ask how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queens wielded influence beyond their roles as wives and mothers of kings. How these royal women )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(functioned is at times ambiguous, as the complicated balance between power and subjugation allowed some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queens to become political partners or even rulers, whilst forcing others to exert more subtle forms of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(control. Earenfight uses thelthryth, consort of King Ecgfrith, and the chaste Queen Edith, wife of Edward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Confessor, as examples of the latter, as although both queens were childless they were still able to exert )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant power as models of virtue and piety for their subjects. As noted by Earenfight, in terms of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various roles and influence queens had, ?one theory does not fit all? \(p. 11\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter one, ?Theme and variations?, centers on how Roman, Barbarian, and Christian societies, among )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(them the eastern Roman Empire, the early Byzantine Empire, the Frankish and Merovingian realms, early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval Britain and Ireland, the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, began to fashion a definition of medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queenship from the years 300?700 CE. Writing this chapter was undoubtedly challenging for Earenfight as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she admits both kingship and queenship were poorly defined during this period. Yet despite this obstacle she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is still able to identify an emerging concept of queenship across these loose kingdoms, which was linked to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Roman notions of gender and political power? as well as ?Christian ideas on virginity and marriage? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(73\). Earenfight argues that both in the East and West power was dependent on family structure and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women were central in maintaining these familial ties. She continues this argument by highlighting four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commonalities of early queenship in the above noted regions. The first of these commonalities is that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queen was typically the wife of the king, as polygamy and concubinage often complicated the question of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succession. Secondly, Earenfight maintains that women were not always viewed as unfit to rule as many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(customs of the early medieval era respected female counsel and the roles they played as wives and mothers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(because they were usually seen to have family interests in mind. Thirdly, Earenfight demonstrates that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christianization of Europe dramatically transformed political culture and ideas about women. Queens played )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a prominent role in the Christianization process through converting their husbands and subjects, maintaining )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an interest in relics and holy sites, founding convents and monasteries, and encouraging their children to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enter the Church. Earenfight goes on to argue that this queenly piousness distinguished women from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?warrior? kings of the period. Lastly, Earenfight contends that queens in early medieval Europe created and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintained good relations between the royal family and their noble subjects through gift giving and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hospitality.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second chapter, ?Legitimizing the King?s wife and bed companion?, focuses on the period between 700 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and 1100, when kings became the pre-eminent lords of a given region. Earenfight argues that queens were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognized not just as wives or concubines but also served to further legitimize male rule through bearing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sons. A number of regions were discussed in this chapter, more specifically the Byzantine Empire, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carolingian Empire, the Saxon and Ottonian regions, early Capetian France, England, Scotland, and Wales, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christian Iberia, Eastern Europe, Scandinavia, and Kievan Rus. Although all different kingdoms, Earenfight )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates that the concept of queenship eventually shifted, mainly due to changing legal and social )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 6196 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(circumstances, and reforms undertaken by the royal courts as well as the papacy. She views these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modifications as advantageous to men, yet she successfully illustrates that ?not all change was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disadvantageous to women? \(p. 81\). While queens lost control of the bedchamber, treasury, and wardrobe, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they were still the king?s closest companion and influenced him via intercession and on marriage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(negotiations, piety, patronage, and their children?s educations. Several queens were known to have influence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this way, such as Queen Emma, who was instrumental in arranging the succession of four potential heirs )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 11th-century England. However, while this passive facet of queenship was similar in both the East and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(West, there was variance in terms of the amount of access women had to direct power. Women in the East )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were known to inherit the crown and rule in their own right during this time period, while it was virtually )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unknown for princesses in the West to succeed their fathers or brothers, due to such customs as the Salic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Law.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earenfight?s third chapter, ?The link of conjugal troth?, argues that queenship was a family practice between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1100 and 1350 as queens gained power through not only their own blood relatives but their husband?s as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well. As in previous chapters, Earenfight looks to a breadth of kingdoms, among them France, the Iberian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Kingdoms \(Leon, Castile, Aragon, and Portugal\), England and Scotland, to support her argument. By )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(approaching queenship from such an extraordinary geographic perspective, Earenfight reveals that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(increasing influence of the church in secular politics, especially concerning marriage, continued to limit a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queen?s role in political culture during this period. Princesses were denied opportunities to rule in their own )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(right due to primogeniture and were frequently sent to marry kings and princes in other kingdoms. For )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earenfight, these foreign matches ?were vital to establishing and maintaining cross-border family links? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(126\). Earenfight suggests that scholars stop looking at only one queen and instead consider their mothers, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(daughters, sisters, and aunts who may have influenced their power and point of view. Count Ramon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Berenguer of Provence and Batrice of Savoy married their four daughters to kings and the sisters ruled )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(France, England, Sicily, and the Romans. This network of royal women allows Earenfight to expand on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?entire royal family? and not just simply ?the person sitting center stage? \(p. 125\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The fourth and final chapter, ?Queenship in a crisis of monarchy, c. 1350-1500?, concentrates on the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Middle Ages, when a queen?s right to rule or convey the right to rule was challenged by a series of crises, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(like the Black Death and the Hundred Years War. By focusing on the effects of social and political upheaval, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earenfight demonstrates that queens were often at the center of events when a crisis unfolded. The histories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of queens, such as Margaret of Anjou who infamously stepped in to govern during her husband?s fits of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(madness, are employed by Earenfight as evidence that queens exercised influence and power during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(troublesome times. Other queens found more subtle ways to influence political affairs, serving as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intercessors on behalf of their subjects. Earenfight includes a fascinating close reading of Christine de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pizan?s allegorical )] TJ ET BT 127.328 302.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Treasury of the City of Ladies)] TJ ET BT 271.004 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1404 or 1405\), which portrays queens as ?more than just )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an object in a marriage exchange? \(p. 194\). For Earenfight, de Pizan demonstrates that a queen could ?play )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an active role in the pursuit of peace, as an intercessor between her husband and his enemies? \(p. 194\). She )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refers back to this text throughout the chapter as she goes on to highlight queens from France, England and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Scotland, Iberia \(Castile, the Crown of Aragon and Portugal\), Hungary, Poland, and Scandinavia. A section )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of this chapter also describes the visibility of the late medieval queen through portraiture, public processions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and coronations as well as her patronage of the arts. With the separation of the queen?s fiscal account from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that of the king?s, queens were allowed the opportunity to patronize projects they were passionate about.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R 22 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 4290 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earenfight?s conclusion is not so much an ending to the study of queenship rather it is a beginning of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discourse on a concept that continued to change and adapt well into the 16th century and beyond. According )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Earenfight, the most visible change in queenship during the late Middle Ages was that of the role of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queen regent, which ?took on new prominence? and ?continued against all the efforts to prevent it? \(p. 251\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(With the exceptions of Elizabeth and Mary Tudor, who ruled England in their own right, Earenfight argues )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that a new class of royal official largely diminished queenly influence during the early modern period. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mazarin and Richelieu in France and Oliares in Spain replaced the queen as a trusted royal confidante but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could be easily manipulated by a ?shrewd queen? \(p. 252\). The early modern period continued to adapt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queenship and the type of power queens could exercise.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earenfight?s book provides significant case studies and an original perspective for historians interested in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both queenship studies and gender history. This work has the potential to reach out to wider audiences, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly undergraduate students who are beginning to develop an interest in the subject. Although her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambitious geographic approach limits her discussion of certain regions, like Wales, and readings of primary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources, such as the letters from Pope Gregory and Boniface V mentioned in the first chapter, the number of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(queens and kingdoms covered is nothing short of remarkable. Furthermore, her assertion that after 1650 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Queens had ? lost their right to inherit and govern, and did not regain them until well into the nineteenth )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century? may generate discussion amongst historians interested in the likes of Britain?s Queen Anne, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Austria-Hungary?s Maria Theresa, and Russia?s Catherine the Great \(p. 254\). Overall, Earenfight?s broad )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of medieval queenship should do nothing less than inspire its readers to undertake more research into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medieval and pre-modern queens. I hope that Earenfight?s contribution further ensures that scholars no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(longer focus solely on the male members of a royal family or court. As Earenfight has shown, these realms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were just as much a woman?s world as a man?s.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Historical Novel Society)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://historicalnovelsociety.org/reviews/queenship-in-medieval-europe/)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 416.931 m 380.972 416.931 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 383.972 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 413.599 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 395.819 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 395.819 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1509)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 394.425 m 328.316 394.425 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 369.448 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 355.048 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/58992)] TJ ET BT 34.016 340.648 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://historicalnovelsociety.org/reviews/queenship-in-medieval-europe/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 417.2455 380.9717 429.1255 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://historicalnovelsociety.org/reviews/queenship-in-medieval-europe/) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 394.7395 328.3157 406.6195 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1509) >> endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000531 00000 n 0000000613 00000 n 0000004742 00000 n 0000004851 00000 n 0000004961 00000 n 0000005070 00000 n 0000008631 00000 n 0000008759 00000 n 0000008843 00000 n 0000008908 00000 n 0000016395 00000 n 0000016460 00000 n 0000022709 00000 n 0000022800 00000 n 0000027143 00000 n 0000027270 00000 n 0000027393 00000 n 0000027521 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 27617 %%EOF