%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 29 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140721015536+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140721015536+01'00') /Title (The Romantic Machine: Utopian Science and Technology after Napoleon) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4072 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine: Utopian Science and Technology after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Napoleon)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Electromagnetism, photographic reproduction, grand operas, phantasmagorias, automatons and socialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(utopias: what do these have in common? According to John Tresch, they were all manifestations of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(common ?mechanical romanticism? that permeated Paris between the fall of the first Napoleon in 1815 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the triumph of his nephew Napoleon III in 1851. By means of a vivid series of excursions through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(streets, theatres, laboratories and temples of the French capital under the Bourbon Restoration and July )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Monarchy, )] TJ ET BT 89.336 166.403 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine )] TJ ET BT 204.320 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(asks us to put aside the received idea that sets the romantic in opposition )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the mechanical. The scientists and engineers of post-Napoleonic Paris were not cold, distant figures who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fetishised detachment and instrumental objectivity; rather, they were ?mechanical romantics?, ?seized by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(passions, mystic flights, uncertainties, and obsessions of romanticism even as they sought new machines and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rational sciences to let them show and act upon their environment? \(pp. xvi?xvii\). Their artist colleagues, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 95.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(meanwhile, were no nostalgic technophobes; rather, they shared scientists and engineers? preoccupation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with ?animated matter, vibratory communication, lifelike machines, and eerie metamorphoses? \(p. 126\). If )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these men resembled characters from one of Balzac?s novels, it is because they were often his models.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1510)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 14 November, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Tresch)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780226812205)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(28.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(408pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Chicago Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/R/bo12645421.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chicago, IL)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Robert D. Priest)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8042 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tresch ultimately seeks to recover a seam of French thought where instrument and sentiment seemed not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only compatible but complementary. He also imbues the reader with the lingering sensation that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?mechanical romantics? understood something we and their successors have subsequently forgotten. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book's dedication to Bruno Latour, Simon Schaffer and George Stocking clearly signals the contours of its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodology. Tresch echoes Schaffer and Shapin?s attention to the mutual implication of scientific and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social thought, and Latour?s focus on the relationship between humans and non-humans. In keeping with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(careful empiricism of these precursors, Tresch claims to focus ?not on a vague )] TJ ET BT 413.924 698.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Zeitgeist )] TJ ET BT 458.264 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or episteme, but on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the concrete and specific means through which actors presented the order of the cosmos to themselves and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their fellows? \(p. 6\). His book is certainly effective at situating its subjects within the ?concrete? social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world of Restoration Paris and its institutions. The reader never has the sense of reading a disembodied )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account; in addition to the book?s scholarly focus on locales such as the Conservatoire National des Arts et )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mtiers or the Paris Opera, Tresch offers colourful anecdotes about Pierre Leroux?s hair or Pierre-Simon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laplace hiding the sugar from his wife.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The nine case studies that make up )] TJ ET BT 204.320 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine )] TJ ET BT 319.304 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are organised into three parts that deal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respectively with the sciences, the arts and politics, although the intention throughout is to show the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interconnections between these fields.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the first part, ?Devices of cosmic unity?, Tresch devotes a chapter each to three scientific innovators of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 1820s: Andr-Marie Ampre, who helped discover electromagnetism; Alexander von Humboldt, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peripatetic German polymath; and Franois Arago, the scientist-engineer who patronised the daguerreotype )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(photographic process. While the physicist Laplace is often seen as the dominant figure of Restoration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(science, these chapters seek to demonstrate that a new generation of scientists battled to unseat Laplace?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(deterministic physical model. They instead offered a dynamic vision of nature as ?a field of active forces in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(constant interaction and transformation, undergoing irreversible processes of growth and development? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(121\). This conception of nature was connected to epistemologies that emphasised the interaction between the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(observer and his instrument. Whereas, in the classic view of 19th-century objectivity, the unreliable man was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an obstacle to the scientific instrument?s objectivity, Humboldt, for example, saw man and tool fusing as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one. Tresch argues that this mechanical romantic vision incorporated the aesthetic preoccupations of German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(idealist philosophers such as Kant and Schiller into the realm of scientific discovery. In particular, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mechanical romantics shared Schiller?s emphasis on the centrality of aesthetics to freedom, and his dream of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an aesthetic state where ?even the tool which serves ? is a free citizen? \(p. 75\). In Tresch?s account, Arago )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly politicised these ideas. As well as an engineer, he was a serving deputy who sprinkled his speeches )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with Byron and Goethe. He presented the daguerreotype to the Chamber of Deputies as ?a patriotic act of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republican piety? that would help the nation reach unexpected new heights of science and aesthetics \(p. 117\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This was bound up with Arago?s celebration of work ? what Tresch calls his ?labour theory of knowledge? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 102\) ? which assigned workers an analogous place in relation to their machines to that given by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Humboldt to scientific observers vis--vis their instruments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second part of )] TJ ET BT 126.656 235.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine)] TJ ET BT 238.640 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ?Spectacles of creation and metamorphosis?, mimics Arago?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparent turn to the people by shifting its focus to the role of technology in popular spectacles. These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(include panoramas, dioramas, grand operas and magic shows. Tresch shows that romantic artists employed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(various forms of what he labels ?technaesthetics?. This neologism, itself drawn from Ampre?s work, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes the technological production of aesthetic effects. Tresch?s investigations in ?technaesthetics? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(absorbs tienne-Gaspard Robinson?s )] TJ ET BT 216.320 163.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Fantasmagoria )] TJ ET BT 293.324 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in an abandoned Parisian convent, Daguerre?s diorama )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the )] TJ ET BT 64.676 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Midnight Mass)] TJ ET BT 137.012 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Berlioz?s )] TJ ET BT 191.336 149.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Symphonie fantastique )] TJ ET BT 303.332 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and other productions of the 1820s and 1830s. He )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then offers the 1831 production of Giacomo Meyerbeer?s opera )] TJ ET BT 342.932 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Robert le Diable)] TJ ET BT 422.924 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( as ?the iconic intersection )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the period?s eclectic currents of spiritualism and mechanics? \(p. 151\). Meyerbeer used new instruments, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(harmonic combinations, an enormous chorus ?singing eerily through resonating tubes? \(p. 149\), lavish )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(costumes and bewitching set changes that drew on the techniques of contemporary illusionists. These artistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experiments mirrored and elaborated contemporary scientific work on human perception. Similarly, Robert-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Houdin?s magic shows and Grandville?s satirical illustrated voyages into imagined alternative worlds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intersected with the contemporary debates over nature associated with Georges Cuvier and tienne Geoffroy )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 18 0 R 21 0 R 24 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 8456 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Saint-Hilaire. The spectacles and artistic products of the Restoration were, furthermore, developed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shadow of new institutions such as the Museum of Natural History and National Expositions of French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Industrial Products. Throughout, Tresch?s argument is that the culture of machines was characterised by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enormous variation and ambiguity. Much as there were myriad metaphysical positions in contemporary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophy and natural history ? there is even a helpful table of these on p. 159 ? so Grandville?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrations ?affirmed the polymorphous, world-making potentials of new machines ? their ability to serve )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as sources of oppression, liberation, creativity, inhibition, prophecy, and absurdity? \(p. 184\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the final section, ?Engineers of artificial paradises?, Tresch shows how these technological and aesthetic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preoccupations took root in the era?s predominantly socialist utopias. The Saint-Simonians, Pierre Leroux )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Auguste Comte are all shown to be mechanical romantics. They ?drew upon the same currents of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspiration and practice that lay behind the era?s developments in electromagnetism, thermodynamics, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(geophysics, and natural history?, shared the contemporary fascination with popular spectacles, and engaged )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with romanticism?s ?reflection on the protean powers of nature and mind? \(p. 186\). Tresch takes the Saint-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simonians seriously both as a religious movement and as a pervasive influence on mid-century industrial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and technological developments, while also arguing that these two strands were inseparable. His approach to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leroux, himself a fleeting Saint-Simonian, emphasises the importance of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philosophical anatomy on his social thought, while also drawing attention to the ?ecological resonances? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(247\) of his politics. This chapter features the particularly memorable line from Leroux?s 1846 argument )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against Malthusianism: ?All that is needed to answer Malthus is human excrement? \(p. 248\); in other words, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(human dung could be used as fertiliser to ensure a sustainable food supply. Finally, Tresch comes to Comte )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and his Religion of Humanity, and again argues that utopian dreams were grounded in biological thought. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular, he suggests that Comte?s organisation of the living world in order of organic complexity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(social interdependence offered a ?theory of the human as a technological animal? \(p. 273\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(All good things must come to an end and, for Tresch, this means that the revolutionary upheavals of 1848 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extinguished the mechanical romantics? own utopian visions of the future. )] TJ ET BT 394.304 430.325 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine)] TJ ET BT 506.288 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s cast of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characters had oriented around a common tension: on the one hand, the industrial order had produced new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(injustices that they were among the first to recognise; on the other, they placed industry and technology at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the centre of their theories of liberation. In Tresch?s account, the Second Republic of 1848?51 witnessed the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explosion of this contradiction. Bertall?s )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 232.004 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well-known 1848 cartoon of ?The Ideas Fair?)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 232.004 371.907 m 451.280 371.907 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 454.280 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 468.272 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, where an array )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of radical thinkers tried to flog their competing utopian visions, serves for Tresch as a symbolic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representation of the Left?s failure to reach consensus on the relationship between the state, the workers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(technology. Nonetheless, he argues, we should not dismiss the mechanical romantics? vision. They )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognised humanity?s interdependent relationship to nature and offered solutions that operated ?at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(middle scale, between the local and the cosmic? \(p. 309\). In response to their age?s problems they offered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medium-sized solutions rather than total global revolution: Fourier?s phalansteries, Leroux?s communes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Comte?s intendancies. We might say that, in Tresch?s view, the early socialists offered a kind of precursor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the ?think globally, act locally? ethos of later environmentalists.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(If my description gives the impression that )] TJ ET BT 242.336 232.997 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine)] TJ ET BT 354.320 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s explorations take place on a busy stage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that is constantly repopulated by a conveyor-belt of fresh eclectic Frenchmen, then that would be correct.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 538.904 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 538.904 217.347 m 552.896 217.347 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps absorbing the cosmological orientation of his subjects, Tresch effectively attempts to provide a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unified theory of Restoration culture. It can be difficult to keep track; but then, the book?s originality lays )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(less in its core argument about the interplay between romantic and scientific thought, than in its sustained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration of this relationship across an unprecedentedly wide range of cultural forms.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 463.928 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 463.928 160.323 m 477.920 160.323 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 477.920 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Tresch is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generous enough to regularly recapitulate his case throughout the book, ensuring that the argumentative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thread is never quite broken.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tresch?s broad view recalls other historians of science whose books have made wide-ranging contributions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to cultural history, such as Alison Winter?s )] TJ ET BT 244.664 92.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mesmerized.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.648 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.648 91.299 m 319.640 91.299 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 319.640 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( His ecumenism allows him to address )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical concerns that extend beyond the \(itself substantial\) literature on 19th-century science and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French romanticism, including debates about the place of religion in early socialism, or the causes and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequences of 1848. These arguments often build on recent work, most notably Antoine Picon?s )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 19 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 232.0037 372.2215 451.2797 384.1015 ] >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_64.htm) >> endobj 20 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 22 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 538.9037 217.6615 552.8957 229.5415 ] >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 23 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 463.9277 160.6375 477.9197 172.5175 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj [16 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 305.6477 91.6135 319.6397 103.4935 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 32 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 7875 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reconsideration of Saint-Simonianism, Mary Pickering?s study of Comte and Michael Behrent?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(examination of religion and ?association? in French social thought.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 356.312 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 356.312 780.819 m 370.304 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 370.304 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( By bringing these insights together, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while also incorporating them within a more ambitious framework, Tresch offers something new and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exciting to historians of 19th-century France. His effort will hopefully encourage other innovative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives on the relationship between the arts and sciences.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I will limit criticism to two comments, of which the first is structural. Each chapter is dedicated to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular machine or piece of technology. This is largely a successful organisational tool: in the case of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Humboldt?s instruments, Clapeyron?s engines or Leroux?s pianotype, the relationships between the broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion and the specific piece of technology were especially provocative and persuasive. Nonetheless, at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other points the connection seemed more opaque. While I would not contest that Comte?s calendar is an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important ?paper technology? of the age, it seemed to me that it was not strictly the kind of technology with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which Comte was concerned in the philosophical discussions considered by Tresch?s chapter. Similarly, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while the book makes clear how Arago?s promulgation of the daguerreotype was a political gesture, it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not clear to me how this explicitly related to the question of work and the ?labour theory of knowledge? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(outlined in the earlier part of Tresch?s discussion.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(My second comment also concerns politics. Tresch is keen to emphasise the left-leaning and broadly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(republican dimensions of mechanical romanticism; but there was a more liberal and elitist side to these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(views. To pick one example, Ernest Renan?s youthful ?thoughts of 1848?, )] TJ ET BT 393.968 530.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(L?Avenir de la Science)] TJ ET BT 504.944 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, seem to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offer a similar combination of technological optimism and nebulous spirituality. Yet Renan?s vision offered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(little to the poor and workers, and he soon grew sympathetic to Bonapartism. Indeed, as Tresch writes very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(resonantly of the Saint-Simonians, ?the few sad holes dug in the garden at Mnilmontant in preparation for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the pillars of a first temple never supported a bridge across the great division opening at this time: that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between the offspring of the bourgeoisie and those whose birth destined them to labour? \(p. 221\). It would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be interesting to hear more on this point, and to consider whether mechanical romantics? core ideas )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(produced more conservative ?alternative modernities? that went alongside the radical ones described in this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book. After all, if we do wish to revive of some of the age?s core ideas, then we need to guard ourselves )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against its pitfalls.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine )] TJ ET BT 149.000 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(raises other questions that it cannot reasonably be expected to answer, but which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may stimulate future researchers. Two immediately come to mind. The first relates to my above point about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(politics, namely: if the mechanical romantics were shaped by a common generational dynamic, what were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the shared experiences and influences that drove the men who then rejected their vision? This deserves more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consideration than Tresch?s conclusion can offer, especially since the generation of 1848 grew up steeped in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a culture that was apparently permeated by mechanical romanticism. Secondly, if, as Chris Clark has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recently argued, the post-1848 era witnessed an authentically European turn to technocratic government )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 535.904 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 535.904 288.627 m 549.896 288.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 549.896 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then was the mechanical romanticism that preceded it also a common European phenomenon, or, as Tresch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sometimes implies, a uniquely French \(or even Parisian\) take on English industrialism and German )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(romanticism? More questions will surely be asked of such an innovative, refreshing and ambitious work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One final note: some contemporary technological utopians have foreseen the end of the printed book. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Chicago Press clearly has other ideas. )] TJ ET BT 284.972 206.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Romantic Machine )] TJ ET BT 399.956 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is an elegant example of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(academic publishing, with sumptuously illustrated chapter headings and stylised typefaces that complement )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the text. The aesthetic and the intellectual remain interdependent.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 143.331 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 112.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 112.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The romantic period seems to bring this out in books; I was reminded of Paul Bnichou?s equally )] TJ ET BT 64.016 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(busy )] TJ ET BT 89.684 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Temps des prophtes:)] TJ ET BT 212.336 98.453 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Doctrines de l'ge romantique )] TJ ET BT 361.556 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Paris, 1977\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 426.548 98.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 426.548 97.059 m 480.536 97.059 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 84.202 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 84.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Some of the broader themes were present in, for example, Michael Dettelbach?s work on Humboldt )] TJ ET BT 64.016 69.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(inter alia, ?Alexander von Humboldt between Enlightenment and Romanticism?, )] TJ ET BT 459.632 69.941 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Northeastern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 55.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Naturalist)] TJ ET BT 112.700 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 8 \(2001\), pp. 9?20\) and in the important collection, )] TJ ET BT 367.340 55.685 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Romanticism and the Sciences)] TJ ET BT 512.984 55.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj [29 0 R /Fit] endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 356.3117 781.1335 370.3037 793.0135 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 34 0 obj [29 0 R /Fit] endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 535.9037 288.9415 549.8957 300.8215 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 426.5477 97.3735 480.5357 109.2535 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 20 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 3292 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Andrew Cunningham and Nicholas Jardine \(Cambridge, 1990\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 368.636 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 368.636 795.075 m 422.624 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 782.218 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Alison Winter, )] TJ ET BT 138.344 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mesmerized: Powers of Mind in Victorian Britain)] TJ ET BT 377.672 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2000\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 458.996 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 458.996 780.819 m 512.984 780.819 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 767.962 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Antoine Picon, )] TJ ET BT 139.016 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Les Saint-Simoniens: Raison, imaginaire et utopie)] TJ ET BT 380.348 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Paris, 2002\); Mary Pickering, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Comte: An Intellectual Biography)] TJ ET BT 227.000 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(3 vols., London, 1993?2009\); Michael Behrent, ?The mystical )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(body of society: religion and association in nineteenth-century French political thought?, )] TJ ET BT 493.304 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Journal of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the History of Ideas)] TJ ET BT 159.008 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 69 \(2008\), pp. 219?43.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 274.328 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 274.328 723.795 m 328.316 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 710.938 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Clark, ?After 1848: the European revolution in government?, )] TJ ET BT 420.296 710.933 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Transactions of the Royal )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Historical Society)] TJ ET BT 150.344 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 22 \(2012\), pp. 171?97.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 265.664 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 265.664 695.283 m 319.652 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-France)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-france.net/vol13reviews/vol13no55lachapelle.pdf)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 640.515 m 339.632 640.515 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 342.632 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 637.183 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 619.403 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 619.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1510)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 618.009 m 328.316 618.009 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 593.032 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 578.632 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/78203)] TJ ET BT 34.016 564.232 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_64.htm)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.h-france.net/vol13reviews/vol13no55lachapelle.pdf)] TJ ET endstream endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 368.6357 795.3895 422.6237 807.2695 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 458.9957 781.1335 512.9837 793.0135 ] >> endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 46 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 274.3277 724.1095 328.3157 735.9895 ] >> endobj 46 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 31 0 R >> endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 265.6637 695.5975 319.6517 707.4775 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 34 0 R >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 50 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 640.8295 339.6317 652.7095 ] >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-france.net/vol13reviews/vol13no55lachapelle.pdf) >> endobj 51 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 52 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 618.3235 328.3157 630.2035 ] >> endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1510) >> endobj xref 0 53 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000577 00000 n 0000000659 00000 n 0000004783 00000 n 0000004892 00000 n 0000005002 00000 n 0000005111 00000 n 0000008672 00000 n 0000008800 00000 n 0000008884 00000 n 0000008949 00000 n 0000017044 00000 n 0000017149 00000 n 0000025658 00000 n 0000025786 00000 n 0000025885 00000 n 0000025915 00000 n 0000026043 00000 n 0000026079 00000 n 0000026109 00000 n 0000026237 00000 n 0000026273 00000 n 0000026303 00000 n 0000026430 00000 n 0000026466 00000 n 0000026564 00000 n 0000034492 00000 n 0000034522 00000 n 0000034650 00000 n 0000034686 00000 n 0000034716 00000 n 0000034844 00000 n 0000034880 00000 n 0000035007 00000 n 0000035062 00000 n 0000035181 00000 n 0000038526 00000 n 0000038654 00000 n 0000038709 00000 n 0000038837 00000 n 0000038892 00000 n 0000039020 00000 n 0000039075 00000 n 0000039203 00000 n 0000039258 00000 n 0000039385 00000 n 0000039497 00000 n 0000039625 00000 n trailer << /Size 53 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 39721 %%EOF