%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150304205139+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150304205139+00'00') /Title (Stuyvesant Bound: an Essay on Loss Across Time) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R 17 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4595 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Stuyvesant Bound: an Essay on Loss Across Time)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Over the course of a long and distinguished career Donna Merwick has produced one of the most sustained )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and compelling inquiries into the life and culture of a single colony in colonial American historiography. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Her time and place is the 17th-century Dutch colony of New Netherland which she has considered in four )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(books and numerous chapters and articles. When Merwick began her work, received Anglophone wisdom )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cast New Netherland as a benighted and mostly chaotic fur trading depot, woefully under-populated in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison to its puritan New England neighbours, and poorly administered by a distant West India )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company and a parade of drunks and tyrants they dispatched to serve as Directors General. Little wonder, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historians once mused, that the colonists put up scant resistance to the 1664 English conquest, choosing to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(escape the Company?s clutches and seize the opportunity to join the soon-to-burgeon English empire. I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exaggerate, but only a little. In her first book Merwick told a very different and more nuanced tale of Dutch )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imperialists, mariners and merchants, farmers and burghers who navigated and possessed the colony, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(especially upriver at a place the English would rename Albany, according to deeply felt civic and cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(predispositions drawn from their urban, republican, commercial, and reformed Dutch heritage.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 487.916 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 487.916 86.601 m 501.908 86.601 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 501.908 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intervening years the field has caught up with Merwick, inspired in large part by the indefatigable efforts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Gehring and Janny Venema at the New Netherland Institute \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 367.940 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.newnetherlandinstitute.org/)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 367.940 58.089 m 557.264 58.089 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 45.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1511)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 21 November, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donna Merwick)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780812245035)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(39.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(248pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(University of Pennsylvania Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.upenn.edu/pennpress/book/15114.html)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philadelphia, PA)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Middleton)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 487.9157 86.9155 501.9077 98.7955 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 367.9397 58.4035 557.2637 70.2835 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.newnetherlandinstitute.org/) >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7958 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) in recovering and translating some 7,000 pages of the colony?s 17th-century manuscript Dutch archive )] TJ ET BT 537.920 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adding it to what was an already rich collection of published translated sources. Embracing a broader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Atlantic and recently global perspective on what used to be called early American history, a new generation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of scholars, many Dutch speakers/readers mining hitherto unused records, have recovered the ambition and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community building that actually characterized early New Netherland and its place in the Company?s far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(flung empire. Merwick contributed to this revision in two subsequent books: one considering the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conquest from the perspective of a doomed, minor, but evocative notary public; and another tracing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compromise and sullying of Dutch republican ideals following their encounter with the Indians.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 493.628 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 493.628 695.283 m 507.620 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 507.620 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Merwick )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is deeply engaged in the debates concerning culture, power, and subjectivity that have dominated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography throughout her career. Perhaps in response to these theoretical debates, her style is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(innovative, original, and sometimes controversial. Solidly grounded in research, she speculates on senses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and feelings, occasionally adopting the first person to capture the contingency of events. For critics who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prefer their historical narratives more social scientific than literary, this can be disorientating. For fans a new )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book from Merwick is a rare treat.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stuyvesant Bound)] TJ ET BT 132.668 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( she offer a biographical study of New Netherland?s longest serving and infamous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Director, Peter Stuyvesant, who governed the colony for the last 17 years of Dutch rule following his arrival )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1647. The preface introduces the subtitled theme of loss, presenting us with Stuyvesant at a low point, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(momentarily bound and captive of a group of Indians just months ahead of the English conquest. He is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(figure of scorn, not least by his employers who order him home to the Hague to answer for the surrender of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the colony. Loss frames Merwick?s study in multiple ways: the loss of a career, colony, and geopolitical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influence, but also in our understanding of the ?structures of feeling and reason available to a seventeenth-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century Dutchman?. The first three concern the narrative of events surrounding Stuyvesant, the Company, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the faltering Dutch state, but the fourth reflects on debates concerning the colony?s success or failure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the desire of modern scholars to connect New Netherland to the teleology of United States )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiography. In many ways this search for connections and relevance is a by-product of the popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interest and revisionism inspired by the New Netherland Institute that has provided for the inclusion of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dutch in early settlement American historiography. Merwick?s point, at least as it strikes this reader, is that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the New Netherland version of this loss of understanding is but one example of a widespread )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical tendency to understand early modern colonial and commercial doings in relation to global )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(integration and impending modernity of which Stuyvesant and his peers obviously had no knowledge. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Failing to keep this seemingly simple but, if pondered, actually quite subtle point in mind risks presenting )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stories that consciously or unconsciously enact modern self-legitimation thereby losing sight of New )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Netherland and its culture. A more appropriate assessment, offered here, asks to what extent Stuyvesant and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his contemporaries lived within the limits of their times. In pursuit of this question, Merwick arranges the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book?s 11 chapters around three sets of interlocking obligations and experiences pressing on Stuyvesant: his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(duty and oath as a senior officer in the West India Company; his experience and perspective as a Christian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committed to the reformed faith; and his life as encounters with loss.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The first part, ?Duty?, begins with Stuyvesant?s oath of office and the status and authority it afforded him, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rooted in civil and ecclesiastical justifications drawing on Calvinist views of magistrates? rights and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responsibilities. Stuyvesant began adult life as a theology student but left university to enter into the unstable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(world of chaotic colonial ventures with uncertain futures ? administering plantations, factories, and sites that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were often barely more than piratical bases. It is in this context that he learns to work within Company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategies with strangers and Indians. Never identifying himself with a specific Dutch town or province, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was common for others, Stuyvesant is very much a Company man. But he is also routinely placed in difficult )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(positions by his absentee bosses who are quick to condemn perceived faults. Early on Merwick gets a sense )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Stuyvesant?s philosophy of governance in allusions to divine order and authority and the need to enact )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confessional politics, excluding undesirables and imposing moral order and drawing upon ministerial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support. He needed all the help he could get. Arriving in New Netherland Stuyvesant faced a clique of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merchants determined to wrestle control from Company in favour of local autonomy and direct rule from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(States General; English and Indian neighbours intent on, at best, New Netherland?s subordination; an under-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manned and poorly resourced garrison paid by the Company and of questionable commitment and loyalty to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 493.6277 695.5975 507.6197 707.4775 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 7642 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their commander. This placed Stuyvesant in an almost impossible position and in a series of well-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(documented set piece conflicts he earned his caricature as a glowering tyrant. In Merwick?s more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic reading, however, he responds to critics with compromise and joins them in remonstrating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against some of the Company?s restrictions and demands. He engages in an admirable program of public )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works, rebuilding Manhattan after the destruction overseen by his predecessor, Willem Kieft. Indeed he is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(active in multiple fields, ranging from border diplomacy to native relations and civic government and it is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(his willingness to see the colonists for what they are ? land grabbing opportunists ? that underpins their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hostility towards him. Throughout her survey Merwick is careful to relate Stuyvesant?s authority and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(administration to the religious components of public ordinances and commercial documents, seeing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(declarations of faith and references to divine will and expectations not as mere formulae or evidence of early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern mystification, but as the dynamic interpenetration of secular and religious thought worlds.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part two, ?Belief?, develops this inquiry into the interpenetration of the spiritual and secular worlds. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Merwick engages the reader, declaring her own curiosity at fleeting references to the festive calendar and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(then inviting us to ponder the wider meaning and implications. Collating the references she builds an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impression of faith and spiritual practice as intimately connected to the believer?s lived experience, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example in the routine calling upon of the presence of divinity to mind in public performances, gestures, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual and group dynamics. Edification was a crucial part of this practice and nurturing of belief, hence )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the anxiety around the quality of serving ministers and the importance of public policy in support of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ordinances requiring days of prayer and thanks giving. Religious belief did not simply suffuse everyday life, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it made it intelligible and operative. In this way we better understand the bitter disputes concerning, to us, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arcane religious practices, most notably here the Lutherans, who have powerful allies in Holland and against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whom Stuyvesant and New Netherland?s ministers deploy St Paul?s arguments regarding the Galicians in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(defence of colonial practice. In the midst of Merwick?s reconsideration there is a rap on the knuckles for less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sophisticated interpretations which offer cartoonish characterization of sinners grovelling before an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(implacable Calvinist God. Rather than forced on sceptical and unwilling colonists, spiritual orthodoxy was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(valued and pursued in New Netherland in ways that have been obscured by the image of Stuyvesant as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domineering and narrow-minded despot.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the final part, ?Loss?, we consider the English conquest and, in particular, Stuyvesant?s recall to Holland )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to defend his directorship. Locked in a bureaucratic process, seemingly endless and with predictable snafus, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(he has to generate his own archive ? producing some 70,000 words describing his administration and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenges he faced. In particular, rebellious colonists, English menaces, and inadequate support from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Company which now accuses him of negligence, self-interest, and insufficient fortitude in the face of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(enemy. Unsurprisingly Merwick sides with Stuyvesantand it?s hard to dissent from her assessment of a man )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who loses out because of the intransigence and power of the forces rather than the justice of the case against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(him. In two final chapters Merwick considers the representations of Stuyvesant in the 350 years since his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(trial ? most notably James Fenimore Cooper?s )] TJ ET BT 259.664 273.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Last of the Mohicans )] TJ ET BT 363.668 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Washington Irving?s )] TJ ET BT 487.316 273.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Knickerbocker )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History )] TJ ET BT 73.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?and traces the beginnings of the obscuration that culminates in the earliest, 19th-century historical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives. The final pages offer interesting comment on more recent work, especially Willem Frijhoff ?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(acclaimed study of the life and faith of Everardus Bogardus, and drive home Merwick?s main point of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(loss of Stuyvesant behind presentist paradigms relating New Netherland to modernity and the history of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(United States.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Stuyvesant Bound)] TJ ET BT 119.672 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( has all the features one has come to expect from Merwick. Early on she talks about her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ambition to travel with Stuyvesant and take us on a ?reading-journey? and throughout the book she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrates her enviable ear for the resonances of long lost bureaucratic processes and religious faith. Her )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argument rests less on a thesis developed through chapters to grandstanding revisionist claims, and more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ruminations on notions and meaning of authority, piety gained from decades of living with and thinking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about these sources. Readers are treated to richly suggestive vignettes ? such as the complaint of an ill-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(served community of struggling Brooklyn farmers against their inattentive minister ? which brilliantly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(captures the meaning and significance of edification for faith and religious practice. Undergraduate and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(graduate teachers will want to plunder these stories for the start of lectures and classes presenting these )] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 28 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R ] /Contents 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Length 3478 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tricky notions to almost wholly, at least in my experience, secular students. One might complain that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Merwick?s singular focus on New Netherland downplays the interaction with others, especially English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(puritans and the heterodoxy of colonial political and religious cultures also evident in the sources. But this is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a besetting sin in early settlement historiography as Michael Winship?s excellent new book, )] TJ ET BT 478.628 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Godly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Republicanism)] TJ ET BT 105.344 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and its singular focus on the English ably demonstrates. In closing, readers may not be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surprised to hear that having waited ages for one study of Stuyvesant, there?s likely to be another one along )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any minute. This is the long-anticipated biography from Jaap Jacobs, a leading figure in the current )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generation of New Netherland historians, a scholar endearingly brisk in his assessment of the work of others, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whose dissertation/Brill monograph/Cornell University Press paperback is the current market-leading survey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the colony. When Jacobs?s book arrives, it will be interesting to compare the two authors? Stuyvesants )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and consider what their similarities and differences tell us about the course of New Netherland studies over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the last couple of decades and their likely direction for the future.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 604.755 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 574.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donna Merwick, Possessing Albany, 1630?1710: An Archaeology of Interpretations \(Cambridge, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1989\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 558.483 m 149.000 558.483 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 545.626 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.621 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Donna Merwick, Death of a Notary: Conquest and Change in Colonial New York \(Ithaca, NY, 1999\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 531.365 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and The Shame and the Sorrow: Dutch-Amerindian Encounters in New Netherland \(Philadelphia, PA, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2006\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 517.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 515.715 m 149.000 515.715 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 500.383 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 482.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 482.603 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1511)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 481.209 m 328.316 481.209 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 456.232 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 441.832 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/70543)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.432 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.newnetherlandinstitute.org/)] TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 558.7975 148.9997 570.6775 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 516.0295 148.9997 527.9095 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 33 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 481.5235 328.3157 493.4035 ] >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1511) >> endobj xref 0 34 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000549 00000 n 0000000645 00000 n 0000005292 00000 n 0000005401 00000 n 0000005511 00000 n 0000005620 00000 n 0000009181 00000 n 0000009309 00000 n 0000009393 00000 n 0000009422 00000 n 0000009548 00000 n 0000009584 00000 n 0000009710 00000 n 0000009800 00000 n 0000009884 00000 n 0000017895 00000 n 0000017925 00000 n 0000018053 00000 n 0000018089 00000 n 0000018154 00000 n 0000025849 00000 n 0000025947 00000 n 0000029478 00000 n 0000029605 00000 n 0000029660 00000 n 0000029787 00000 n 0000029842 00000 n 0000029970 00000 n trailer << /Size 34 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30066 %%EOF