%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R 22 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140417081944+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140417081944+01'00') /Title (Early Modern Things: Objects and their Histories, 1500-1800) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4209 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Early Modern Things: Objects and their Histories, 1500-1800)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The meaning of an object, Paula Findlen tells us, is in perpetual change. Why an object is valued and how it )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(might be perceived or represented by its users and viewers can be dramatically different at each moment in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an object?s life. One example that Findlen uses in her introduction is the ?Akan Drum?, which featured in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the BBC Radio 4/British Museum joint project ?A History of the World in 100 Objects?. The drum )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(originated in the Ghana region of West Africa in the early 18th century, but was later found in the English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Colony of Virginia by Hans Sloane, the founder of the British Museum. While in Ghana, the drum would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been played during religious ceremonies, but it is believed to have traveled across the Atlantic on a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(slave ship, where drumming was a frequent accompaniment to the enforced dancing of African captives. It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was acquired by the British Museum around 1750, where is currently sits on display, and is now thought to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be one of the oldest African-American objects to survive. The drum evokes a history of Ghanaian ceremony )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and religious ritual, the capture, enslavement and trafficking of humans, the suppression of African music in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the British colonies, the collision of African and English culture created by the slave trade as well as Hans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sloane?s curiosity about slavery and its associated artefacts. As Findlen says, the drum makes the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these moments ?tangible and concrete? \(p. 6\). Through this example and many more, Findlen and the other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributors reveal the multiple lives of objects and how a singular thing like a wooden drum can bear )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1512)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 21 November, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Paula Findlen)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780415520515)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(100.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(389pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Routledge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415520515/)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Victoria Jackson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7610 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witness to a ?wide range of human experience? \(pp. 5?6\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Early Modern Things: Objects and their Histories, 1500?1800)] TJ ET BT 334.676 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is a collection of 17 essays edited by Findlen, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which explores what we can learn about the early modern world by studying its things and their meanings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and how these change over time, from culture to culture and across geographic locations. The geography of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objects is a central theme to the collection as a whole which, without trying to be comprehensive, covers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(everything from still-life paintings from the Dutch Golden Age to clothing of the Ottoman Empire, artisanal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inventories from 17th-century Florence to artefacts collected by the Shogun in Tokugawa Japan, furniture )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from Georgian England to ginseng in Ming China. The temporally and culturally diverse set of examples is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(employed to illustrate that the ?history of material culture is one of the most productive areas in which to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(develop intersecting narratives of the past, some of them local and comparative, others cross-cultural, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(transnational, and global? \(p. 6\). By juxtaposing these case studies, the volume encourages the reader to look )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(beyond the confines of their own subject matter and consider the value that cross-cultural comparisons of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material culture may have. Findlen is especially successful in this endeavor in her introduction, because by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looking to all these vastly different geographic areas, she identifies global patterns of early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption, circulation, and use. The world of early modern goods is firmly established as an essential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(element in the study of global history.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book offers a rich and diverse set of approaches for studying the production, circulation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption of early modern things. Findlen is clear that it is not intended to be a methodological handbook )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for the study of material culture, but rather ?a historical sampler of what we can learn by writing the history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of)] TJ ET BT 43.352 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( objects as well as histories )] TJ ET BT 176.672 501.605 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(from)] TJ ET BT 199.340 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( objects? \(p. 6\). Readers are presented with cultural, economic and social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perspectives with particular insights from the history of trade and exchange, science and technology, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(medicine. As would be expected in a volume of this nature, the use of sources is exceptionally wide-ranging. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In her chapter on how birds were conceptualized in relation to humans during the Spanish expansion into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Americas, Marcy Norton relies on English and Spanish falconry treatises, husbandry manuals, travel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narratives and early modern visual representations of Native Americans and the Tupi people of Brazil shown )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with parrots. Anne McCants uses over 900 probate inventories compiled by the regents of the Amsterdam )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Municipal Orphanage between 1740 and 1782 in order to document goods associated with tea and coffee )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consumption. Giorgio Riello also discusses probate inventories, but examines their use as a source for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(studying the past, and specifically the history of consumption. He draws the reader?s attention to the nature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the inventory as a historical source ? a static document that is ?influenced by social and legal conventions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and by the specific economic and financial values attributed to artifacts and commodities in the early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(period? \(p. 127\). The objects represented in inventories, however, changed physically over time, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consequently their meaning and value changed to the people who inherited or acquired them. The array of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sources used throughout the chapters is assembled to construct an image of the active role objects played in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the experience of daily life. Visual representations \(paintings, drawings and engravings\) show us what things )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(looked like; artisanal how-to manuals enable us to follow historical technical processes and reconstruct early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern objects; account books can elucidate how things were acquired, exchanged, gifted and perceived and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(travel journals reveal why certain cultures developed strong emotional ties to some things and yet were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impassive to others. It is because of this rich and generous set of sources and approaches that Findlen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(succeeds in one of her ?primary goals? for the volume, being ?to invite readers to think about the insights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gleaned from different methodologies and kinds of sources? \(p. 13\). Future studies of early modern material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culture or global early modernity, whatever their methodology or approach may be, will undoubtedly be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(indebted to this work.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapters are organized into six parts: ?The ambiguity of things?; ?Representing things?; ?Making )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things?; ?Empires of things?; ?Consuming things?; and an epilogue, ?The power of things?. Chapters which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focus on objects that have received considerable attention in the past ? such as Dutch still-life paintings or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(things associated with the consumption of coffee and drinking chocolate ? are presented next to those which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have received little to none scholarly attention, like New World birds, Russian rhubarb and Anatolian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(timber. These pairings demonstrate clear connections between cultures but they also express ?the cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hybridity of many things engendered at this particular moment? \(p. 5\). At times, the sheer amount of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 5881 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(material is overwhelming and it becomes difficult to grasp all of the places, time periods and things. But )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(each author continually relates their approach to the larger picture, making each chapter and the book as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole clear and accessible. And the concluding epilogue effectively summarizes and clarifies what the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters tell us collectively about the material culture of the expanding early modern world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following on from Findlen?s introduction, part one, ?The ambiguity of things?, consists of essays which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(look at the instability of objects. Carla Nappi shows how in early modern China, ginseng was not considered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an individual or coherent thing. It was a number of different plant species which were identified and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(described in distinct ways, depending on the locality of the root and modes of observation. This makes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(writing a biography of the object particularly difficult. As Nappi says ?Even if there is a stable material )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entity that persists over time, its meaning, identity and thing-ness change, sometimes dramatically, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different \(historical, geographic, epistemic\) contexts? \(p. 33\). Jessica Riskin shows that in early modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(natural science, clocks were a frequently used metaphor for systems such as the cosmos and living animal )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and human bodies, but they did not necessarily connote regularity or precision. Clockwork machines were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compared with human bodies because they were both perceived to experience disquiet or restlessness and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were thought to be in states of ?perpetual flux? \(p. 97\). Thus, the meaning of ?clockwork? changed over time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and if readers today are to understand the meaning of these metaphors, we must ?suspend any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preconceptions regarding the figurative meaning of ?clockwork? and ?machinery? \(p. 84\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The chapters that make up part two, ?Representing things?, are concerned with the way things are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(represented, either visually or through written documentation, and how representation changes. Julie )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Hochstrasser presents an engaging discussion on the depiction of objects in Dutch 17th-century still-life )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paintings. As the viewer of still-lifes, we become aware that we are looking at represented things from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(painter?s point of view though the use of materials and skills. Hochstrasser argues that while these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(representations indicate a new self-awareness about the materiality of the early modern world, when we are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confronted with a still-life, it also prompts )] TJ ET BT 240.008 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(our)] TJ ET BT 256.676 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( own self-consciousness as 21st-century viewers. Riello sees )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(household inventories as ?subjective representations? \(which he likens to paintings or pictures\) of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(domestic of which we need to be mindful of the circumstances in which they took shape. When historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are aware of the strategies and representational intentions of the people who compiled inventories, then, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Riello demonstrates, these documents can yield insights into how people of the past thought about things and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?dealt with an increasingly complex material world? \(p. 144\). Chandra Mukerji examines representations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ottoman culture in Renaissance Europe. Through the popularity of a 16th-century French travel book with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extensive illustrations of Ottoman people dressed in local costume, European readers encountered the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ottoman people and culture. Mukerji demonstrates that it was through clothing that Ottoman and European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures were brought closer together.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In ?Making things?, Pamela Smith reconstructs metal casting techniques by following instructions in a 16th-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century French manuscript on metalworking. She gives a strong sense of the difficulties experienced in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(translating technical practices into writing. But she also shows that the act of writing and describing one?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(series of actions was a creative endeavor in itself. In his chapter, Corey Tazzara examines the inventories )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and journals of 17th-century Florentine artisans \(for example, glassmakers, shoemakers and leather gilders\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to trace how they transformed raw materials into finished goods.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 7262 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In ?Empires of things?, Erika Monahan discusses the processes by which different kinds of rhubarb became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a unified commodity that was popular Europe-wide in the 17th century. She traces rhubarb?s transformation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(from existing in relative obscurity to becoming a valuable medicinal root and then food item and notes a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(certain ?rhubarb enthusiasm? which abounded all over the early modern world. Alan Mikhail tracks the path )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of a group of timbers from the forests of Anatolia which, after they were harvested, were fashioned into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hulls of three ships in Suez in the first half of the 18th century. The ships eventually sailed across the Red )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Sea carrying grain to what is today Saudi Arabia. Mikhail?s chapter eloquently demonstrates the agency of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(timber and grain and how their movement shaped the history of the Ottoman Empire. Commenting on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mikhail?s chapter, Renata Ago summarizes that ?no artifacts were more infinitely useful as mediators in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationships between the center and the periphery of an empire than timber and grain in the Ottoman )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Empire? \(p. 366\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The section ?Consuming things? explores how objects communicated and fashioned the identities of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(people who owned and used them. Amanda Vickery looks at the creation and marketing of furniture in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Georgian England, where ?the solid and the dainty emerged as design expressions of masculinity and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(femininity? \(p. 355\). Vickery convincingly argues that one way consumers shaped their gender identity was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through ownership of furniture. This chapter sits particularly well beside Morgan Pitelka?s chapter on three )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(objects from the Tokugawa storehouse ? an arquebus, a sword and a blue and white tea bowl. While the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(arquebus and sword are objects associated with war, Pitelka informs us that the tea ceremony was a crucial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(component of masculine civility for Japanese men. Tea, and its associated objects, could be used as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political tool: men traded tea objects to strengthen political relationships and Ieyasu, the first shogun of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tokugawa Japan, used a 16th-century tea bowl named ?Araki? after its previous owner to legitimate himself )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the new shogun. Reflecting on how objects could fashion identities in Georgian England and Tokugawa )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Japan, gives the reader a sense of the benefits to be gleaned from the cross-cultural comparisons Findlen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(calls for the in the introduction.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final section ?The power of things?, connects the various strands of history woven throughout the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters and draws the reader?s attention to the larger themes which underpin the volume as a whole. Renata )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ago illustrates how each chapter responds to objects as things in flux, acting like fluids which are always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shifting and changing. Ago argues that things ?are solids and yet behave like fluids, taking a shape that is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imposed from the outside? \(p. 364\). This emerges, for example, in Vickery?s discussion of Georgian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(furniture ? the transformation of wood into a lady?s dressing table or cabinet could make physical and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(visible the gender of its owner. Similarly, a series of plants identified as different from one another becomes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a coherent, unified commodity like Chinese ginseng or rhubarb. In her chapter, Erin Lichtenstein discusses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the fundamental connections between things and identities throughout the early modern world. Returning to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the overarching theme of the book, she illustrates how ?the same object can hold could hold vastly different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connotations in contrasting cultural contexts? \(p. 379\). For example, while the shogun?s use of the tea bowl )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(legitimated his political power, and defined his masculine identity, tea and other hot beverages in early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern Europe were closely associated with feminine sociability and domesticity.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I have touched on only some of the chapters in this volume, but enough to underscore that for students and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scholars interested in a multi-disciplinary approach to the early modern world of material culture, the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(will serve as a valuable reference work. As the study of global history develops, it has become increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important to discuss how things expressed new relationships and interactions between people as people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(become more interconnected. I for one am curious about what this might mean for studies of materiality. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(How do the sensory dimensions of early modern things affect the way they were experienced or used across )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cultures and at different times? Do people engage with the materials that constitute an object differently if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that object has been part of a long-distance trading venture or ended up in an overseas colony, like the ?Akan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Drum?? And what implications does this have for early modern studies more generally? I would suggest this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book to anyone interested in the dynamic role objects played in the globalization of the early modern world.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 75.967 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 58.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 58.187 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1512)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 56.793 m 328.316 56.793 l S endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 57.1075 328.3157 68.9875 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1512) >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 226 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 784.354 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 769.954 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/69370)] TJ ET endstream endobj xref 0 24 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000569 00000 n 0000000651 00000 n 0000004912 00000 n 0000005021 00000 n 0000005131 00000 n 0000005240 00000 n 0000008801 00000 n 0000008929 00000 n 0000009013 00000 n 0000009078 00000 n 0000016741 00000 n 0000016806 00000 n 0000022740 00000 n 0000022824 00000 n 0000030139 00000 n 0000030265 00000 n 0000030361 00000 n 0000030426 00000 n trailer << /Size 24 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 30704 %%EOF