%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20150227181338+00'00') /ModDate (D:20150227181338+00'00') /Title (The Age of Stress: Science and the Search for Stability) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3984 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(The Age of Stress: Science and the Search for Stability)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The year was 1964, and there were good reasons to feel ?stressed out?. Presidential candidate Lyndon B. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Johnson stoked American anxieties. His campaign team broadcast a television commercial that graphically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(illustrated the predicament of the modern world. In it, an innocent young girl plucks the petals off a daisy as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(she tentatively counts from one to ten. As she reaches ?ten?, her cute stammerings are curtly interrupted by a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(male voice counting back from ten to zero. At ?zero?, there is a huge nuclear explosion and, as the screen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(erupts into a mushroom cloud, Johnson presents his message: ?These are the stakes: to make a world in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which all of God?s children can live or to go into the dark. We must either love each other or we must die?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 157.881 m 48.008 157.881 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Love or death: the choice Johnson presented to Americans was taken \(albeit inaccurately\) from W. H. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auden?s poem, ?September 1, 1939?. For Auden and many of his contemporaries, the 20th century was the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(age of anxiety. In the triptych of totalitarianism, total war, and terror was it any wonder that people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despaired, curling protectively into themselves and blaming this strangely amorphous thing they called )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?stress??)] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Politicians, scientists, journalists, schoolteachers, filmmakers, novelists, and poets competed to identify the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1513)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 21 November, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Mark Jackson)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780199588626)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(35.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(328pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199588626.do)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Oxford)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joanna Bourke)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 158.1955 48.0077 170.0755 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 4295 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?objective? meaning of and contexts for stress. Auden, who had emigrated to New York in 1939, was one of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the greatest chroniclers of that )] TJ ET BT 182.312 782.213 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 188.312 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Incomprehensible comprehensive dread)] TJ ET BT 379.592 782.213 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(? )] TJ ET BT 388.592 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(oppressing modern men and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women. ?Who, thinking of the last ten years?, he lamented in )] TJ ET BT 331.304 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Year Letter)] TJ ET BT 409.976 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1941\),)] TJ ET BT 64.016 729.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Does not hear howling in his ears)] TJ ET BT 64.016 703.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Asiatic cry of pain,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 677.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The shots of executing Spain,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 650.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See stumbling through his outraged mind)] TJ ET BT 64.016 624.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Abyssinian, blistered, blind,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 598.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The dazed stare uncomprehending)] TJ ET BT 64.016 572.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of the Danubian despair,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 545.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Jew wrecked in the German cell,)] TJ ET BT 64.016 519.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Flat Poland frozen into hell.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 481.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The bleakness of his vision ? of ?children afraid of the night/ who have never been happy or good?, as he put )] TJ ET BT 34.016 467.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it in ?September 1, 1939? ? resounded with readers? imaginations. In 1948, he even received a Pulitzer Prize )] TJ ET BT 34.016 452.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for poetry and his )] TJ ET BT 122.000 452.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Age of Anxiety)] TJ ET BT 212.984 452.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was distributed free to American service personnel.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 426.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(What poets do best, scientists attempt to emulate in more sturdy prose and through instruments of precision. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 412.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(And no-one tells the scientific story of stress better than Mark Jackson, one of the most influential historians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 398.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of medicine in Anglo-American worlds and currently the Professor of History of Medicine at the Wellcome-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 383.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Trust funded Centre for Medical History at the University of Exeter.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 357.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson?s task is a difficult one. He wants us to understand the history of a particularly complex, and often )] TJ ET BT 34.016 343.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(elusive, concept: stress. There is always the risk in such ventures that writer and reader become )] TJ ET BT 34.016 329.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overwhelmed by a tsunami of detail. After all, if we are to follow Auden?s lead \(and I am often tempted to\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(all attempts to understand modernity require us to address issues of stress and anxiety. The history of stress )] TJ ET BT 34.016 300.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could lead us to meander aimlessly through an entire history of the modern world.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 274.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thankfully, Jackson proves to be a firm guide. He focuses primarily \(although not in a myopic fashion\) on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 260.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(science and clinical medicine. His central proposition is that ?stress? is more than the sum of ?distressing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 245.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events?. It is a concept that has been developed, promoted, and legitimized by scientists. Although ?stress? is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 231.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(culturally produced and appropriated, it remains a real phenomenon for people who claim to feel ?stress?. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 217.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other words, Jackson is respectful towards the lived experiences of anxious men and women, while still )] TJ ET BT 34.016 203.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintaining that in order to understand the specific form this unease takes we need to know much more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 188.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the scientific contexts in which it arose.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7261 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Indeed, Jackson shows, the English word ?stress? has a long history. Etymologically, the word dates from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the upheavals of the Renaissance and early modern period, but it has weaved its way through a great many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(characterizations since that time. Wartime crises saw it being regarded as a kind of failure in adaptation; )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the Cold War, stress was presented as a response to the danger of annihilation or as a guilt reaction )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for threatening such devastation; in the 1980s, when the American Institute of Stress was founded, it entered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into colloquial language, as in the phrase ?stressed out?. Today, there is immense concern about the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship between stress and the economic downturn: according to the UK Labour Force Survey in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2011?12, out of just over one million work-related illnesses, 40 per cent were caused by stress.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(At various periods of the 20th century, attention has been paid to stress not only as a major cause of disease, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but also as an illness in itself. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, stress was characterized as a ?disease )] TJ ET BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of civilization?, which could cause ?neuroses of the breast? \(that is, breast cancer\). Although strongly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contested, conceptions of physiological equilibrium were crucial to such understandings of stress. As with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the humoral tradition, balance and self-regulation were intrinsic to the healthy body. Later physiologists )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(turned to laboratory studies to understand adaptations to stress: vasomotor nerves and pancreatic secretions, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for example, were crucial in maintaining an ideal ?internal environment?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 546.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson?s ?history of science? approach to stress eschews simplicities. Because of his aversion to wild )] TJ ET BT 34.016 532.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generalisations, Jackson always presents counter-arguments and dissenting views. The result is a carefully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nuanced and guarded argument, which often requires close reading.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Time and again, however, he returns to one of his central themes: that the concept of stress as it was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(espoused by scientists and clinicians was profoundly influenced by political contexts, economic realities, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and social ideologies. He notes that the very idea of homeostasis was a political one. This does not mean that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it could be dismissed as simply reflecting socially conservative views or as merely mirroring a desire to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 434.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promote liberal social democracy. For instance, Lawrence J. Henderson \(one of the founders in 1927 of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Harvard Fatigue Laboratory\) developed a concept of stress as that of adaptive stability. For him, the study of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stress was part and parcel of his conservative commitment to scientific management in times of economic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(crisis. Equally, however, physiologist Walter Cannon wrote about stress from the vantage point of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(commitment to the liberal values of freedom and democracy. ?Sick individuals? were the product of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(societies characterized by industrial unrest and social disequilibrium. Stress was something that could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quantified; it could be used as a barometer to test the efficacy of social reform. Scientists and clinicians )] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(needed to tackle ill-health in holistic fashion, paying as much attention to people?s emotional well-being as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to their pathological bodies. This was what led the Scottish physician James Lorimer Halliday, for instance, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to promote ?integrated medicine?, which was as committed to healing psychological, spiritual, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(environmental malaise as to physiological imbalance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Perhaps the most enlightening chapter in )] TJ ET BT 232.664 266.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Age of Stress)] TJ ET BT 316.328 266.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is the one entitled ?The cathedral of stress?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 251.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which focuses on anxiety after the Second World War. Jackson notes that although clinical interest in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxiety had flourished in the interwar years ? notably, with concerns about frustrated housewives and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?suburban neurosis? in the 1930s ? it soared to unprecedented heights in the 1950s. The international arms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 208.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(race, the continued aftermath of grief following war-deaths, and the subsequent struggles of survivors to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(readjust to civilian life lead to a surge in anxiety-related disorders. There was widespread agreement that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anxiety was a product of specific, unique stresses in the modern world. The effects on society were also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regarded with consternation: absenteeism from employment, an unwillingness of women to have children, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and suicidal university students attracted frenzied attention, as did the rise of a host of stress-related illnesses )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as depression, heart disease, gastroenteritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. ?Stress? was no longer being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conjured up simply to draw attention to people?s responses to external ?bad events? but was increasingly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(being portrayed as a normal part of modernity. By definition, the ?modern self? was a stressed self.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(One of the leading figures in the construction of the ?cathedral of stress? was the endocrinologist Hans )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Selye. His Institute of Experimental Medicine and Surgery at the University of Montreal became a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(formidable centre for the development of anti-stress drugs and for the investigation of the neurohormonal )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 23 0 R 25 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 5049 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regulation of stress reactions. As Selye argued in the )] TJ ET BT 289.304 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(British Medical Journal)] TJ ET BT 404.636 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1950, stress was ?the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interaction between damage and defence, just as in physics tension or pressure represents the interplay )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between a force and the resistance offered to it?. Those factors that triggered stress became known as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?stressors?. Selye self-consciously aligned his work with the ?exact sciences? such as physics and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engineering while still keeping a strong spotlight on the social and political contexts in which people )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(actually experienced stress. In Jackson?s words, this approach to stress enabled Selye to ?expand his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(physiology of disease into a fully fledged philosophy of life?. ?Stress is a part of life?, Selye declared in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1956 book entitled )] TJ ET BT 127.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Stress of Life)] TJ ET BT 210.692 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, adding that ?[i]t is a natural by-product of all our activities; there is no )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more justification for avoiding stress than for shunning food, exercise, or love?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson warns against prioritizing Selye over other scientists, especially Harold Wolff and Stewart Wolf, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and he dismisses any crude assumptions about the ?trickling down? of ideas. Nevertheless, Jackson )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(maintains that Selye was influential in spreading the trope of stress to a wider public around the world. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson also convincingly shows that the concept of stress proved popular not simply because of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual labours of scientists, but also because it had resonance for many commentators in the media and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amongst the general public who were seeking to understand why their everyday lives were so distressing.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 558.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Age of Stress)] TJ ET BT 130.676 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Jackson shows that the ?stress? was a complex, flexible concept, which could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(profoundly helpful in imposing some kind of stability and meaningfulness in an often chaotic world. As in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Auden?s dramatic poem, ?The Age of Anxiety?, stress was a most useful analogy for the 20th century. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jackson?s book promises to become a classic for anyone curious about how the language of stress became )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lingua franca of our times.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 466.707 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 436.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDTBnsqxZ3k)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 434.691 m 306.104 434.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 309.104 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 323.096 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(> [accessed 29 July 2013].)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 450.836 436.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 450.836 434.691 m 504.824 434.691 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 409.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is delighted to accept this review and is grateful to Professor Bourke for her close reading of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 395.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book and for her constructive comments.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 369.317 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 355.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(H-Net)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 340.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 339.411 m 240.992 339.411 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 243.992 340.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 336.079 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 318.299 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 318.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1513)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 316.905 m 328.316 316.905 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 291.928 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 277.528 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/64735)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.128 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDTBnsqxZ3k)] TJ ET BT 34.016 248.728 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=39705)] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 24 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 435.0055 306.1037 446.8855 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dDTBnsqxZ3k) >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 450.8357 435.0055 504.8237 446.8855 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 14 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 339.7255 240.9917 351.6055 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=39705) >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 30 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 317.2195 328.3157 329.0995 ] >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1513) >> endobj xref 0 31 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000558 00000 n 0000000647 00000 n 0000004683 00000 n 0000004792 00000 n 0000004902 00000 n 0000005011 00000 n 0000008572 00000 n 0000008700 00000 n 0000008784 00000 n 0000008813 00000 n 0000008939 00000 n 0000008975 00000 n 0000009040 00000 n 0000013388 00000 n 0000013453 00000 n 0000020767 00000 n 0000020872 00000 n 0000025974 00000 n 0000026101 00000 n 0000026195 00000 n 0000026323 00000 n 0000026378 00000 n 0000026505 00000 n 0000026606 00000 n 0000026734 00000 n trailer << /Size 31 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 26830 %%EOF