%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 39 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20140819092659+01'00') /ModDate (D:20140819092659+01'00') /Title (Cricket and Community in England: 1800 to the Present Day) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4084 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Cricket and Community in England: 1800 to the Present Day)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cricket and Community in England: 1800 to the Present Day)] TJ ET BT 328.328 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an ambitious text. Its six substantive )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapters cover cricket?s emergence in a context of ?early? or ?pre-modern? sports forms, the origins of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clubs, changes to organised competitions, the impact of two world wars on cricket clubs, post-war ?decline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and renewal?, and the current state of the grassroots game. It therefore aims to examine the history of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?local?, ?grassroots? or club cricket over a period of 200 plus years. While growing out of a Heritage Lottery )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fund-sponsored project exploring the history of cricket in Calderdale and Kirklees, it aspires to speak of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(club cricket in England as a whole. The attempt to cover 21st-century developments offers interdisciplinarity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as the book moves from historical to contemporary social analysis. The back cover notes suggest it offers a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?path-breaking inquiry?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book?s strengths lie in its first three empirical chapters. The reader is provided with a discussion of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(broader context of leisure in 18th-century England in which folk games and animal sports predominated, and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(out of which codified forms of cricket emerged. This illustrates the role of gambling, the prominence of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aristocracy, and the relative fluidity and commingling of different social classes in the game at this time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(though it does not discuss historical sociological work which suggests that the control of violence was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1524)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 19 December, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Peter Davies)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780719082795)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(192pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/cgi-bin/indexer?product=9780719082795)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Manchester)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dominic Malcolm)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7479 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant in shaping the formation of cricket and indeed the emergence of modern sport more generally\). It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(convincingly illustrates how paternalists, employers, religious groups, public houses, schools and social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reform groups provided the initial structures around which cricket clubs were formed, and goes on to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demonstrate how, once established, these clubs became a focal point for local identity. We also see how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenge matches for ?stakes? were superseded by the arrival of professional touring teams and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(development of competitive cups and leagues.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second half of the book is, however, somewhat weaker. The description of cricket during the First )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(World War does usefully illustrate how clubs faced severe disruption and had their grounds requisitioned for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(alternative uses. But some of this analysis is quite simplistic, describing, for instance, the loss of many club )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cricketers during the war. The analysis of cricket during the Second World War is also uninspired. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Essentially the argument is that things were pretty much the same again. The conclusions drawn illustrate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the lack of penetration: ?negotiating the realities of war would have been a major challenge? \(p. 100\); ?many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clubs were affected directly by the war; others indirectly or tangentially? \(p. 103\). Ultimately the chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fails to provide the evaluation of ?the relationship between sport and war? \(p. 97\) which it promises and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which would have been very interesting. Consequently Jack Williams? authoritative text on English cricket )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the inter-war years continues to provide the benchmark.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 314.288 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 314.288 569.235 m 328.280 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter five, on post-war decline and renewal, covers the growth of multiculturalism, the changing role of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(women, and the development of ?Equipment and facilities? in the game. Yet beneath this broad outline lurks )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(confusion and incoherence. The first part of the ?Equipment and facilities? section sidesteps the largely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronological ordering of the book by charting developments dating back to the 1720s. It also focuses on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(changes evident in the elite rather than the community game. The final section of ?Equipment and facilities? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(describes the increasing prevalence of junior teams at local clubs. Compounding this mish-mash are the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rather controversial claims that cricket-playing youngsters had few role models in the 1970s and 1980s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(which for someone whose first cricketing memory was Ian Botham?s 1981 Ashes is hard to accept\) and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?television was invented in the 1950s? \(p. 117\)!)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The final empirical chapter is devoted to grassroots cricket in the 21st century. It covers the increasing role )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the game?s national governing body in structuring local cricket, the impact of globalisation on lower level )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(leagues, and the changing economic environment which has put increased pressures on clubs to raise funds )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and attract commercial sponsorship. Again anomalies arise. There is a brief discussion of league cricket in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Surrey in the early 20th century. We hear about the fundraising bazaars held by Ramsbotham in 1903 and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1936, that Evesham in Worcestershire opened a bar in 1940 to raise additional income, and that Caythorpe in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nottinghamshire held a fete in 1963 which raised the money required to purchase a new ground. But perhaps )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more problematically, this section contains claims which raise questions about some of the assumptions that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were hitherto implicit in the book?s narrative. The Surrey example, we are told, shows us that ?we should )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(guard against making generalisations and assuming that the development of cricket was even across the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(country? \(p. 142\). Well if there were/are regional differences, it would be interesting to hear what form they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took/take. Have the differences diminished \(or expanded\) over time? Can any particular pattern be detected?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The feeling that the sense of purpose to the book?s argument peters out is underscored by the very brief )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusion. Here we are told that there are three ?major themes? in the game?s history: division \(geography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and money\); competition \(variations in the format of\); and class. I am prepared to believe that they were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major themes ? or at least to hear the case ? but I do not understand why they are not addressed throughout )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book. The shifting structure of cricket competitions is confined to chapter three. As noted above, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(book tells us little about geographical variations in the game or indeed tensions between wealthier and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poorer clubs. Class is so peripheral to the text that it does not merit a mention in the book?s index.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thus what starts out as a promising and potentially very interesting text ? exploring the ways in which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cricket was structured by and helped to structure local communities, how the game illuminates the changing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ways individuals located themselves in the broader social context, and how the creation and expression of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(community identities changed over time ? disappointingly fails to deliver. Fundamentally there is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mismatch between what the book offers and what it achieves. This is probably because the early promise to )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 314.2877 569.5495 328.2797 581.4295 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R 31 0 R 34 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8985 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(draw on the work of half a dozen cricket historians who are specialists on local league cricket outside )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Yorkshire does not materialise. Can a book that is empirically reliant on club cricket in Yorkshire claim to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be a study of grassroots cricket in England as a whole? Additionally the focus on ?community? is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(problematic. The concept is never defined or explored. For large sections of the book it isn?t discussed at all, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and when it is \(i.e. in chapter four\) it is largely used as a synonym for grassroots. Indeed the conclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes no reference at all to community, while ?grassroots cricket? is mentioned six times. This is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly disappointing given recent advances in the theoretical, methodological and empirical dimensions )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of community.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.684 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.684 695.283 m 118.676 695.283 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In order to achieve the ambitions of this project the authors really needed to augment empirical diversity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a judicious engagement with the literature. Instead the introduction reads like an annotated bibliography )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a series of paragraphs devoted to individual books or authors. There is no synthesis or analysis of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(respective arguments and the relevance of these texts is also not always apparent. Within the section on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(British sports history they cite Mangan?s edited collection, )] TJ ET BT 319.664 613.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pleasure, Profit and Proselytism)] TJ ET BT 476.996 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( but not his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seminal )] TJ ET BT 74.348 599.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Athleticism in Victorian and Edwardian Public Schools)] TJ ET BT 341.024 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 344.024 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 344.024 597.747 m 358.016 597.747 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 358.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Similarly there is a paragraph devoted to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barrie Houlihan?s )] TJ ET BT 124.664 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sport and Society: A Student Introduction, )] TJ ET BT 331.652 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which as the title implies is an undergraduate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sports studies textbook \(and indeed, just one of many\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 296.660 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 296.660 569.235 m 310.652 569.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 310.652 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( While we are told at the outset that Dave Russell?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(work ?is very relevant for us? \(p. 4\), it is not cited again in the book. This ill-advised selection is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(compounded by the absence of a single reference to any journal article throughout the piece. Occasionally )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(when literature is ?alluded? to in the text, we find references to websites such as sportsbusinessjournal.com )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and findarticles.com \(footnotes seven & 93 in chapter five, neither of which I could access\). Sports history )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has a rich and vibrant literature and this book suffers from a failure to engage with it.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As )] TJ ET BT 50.348 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cricket and Community in England)] TJ ET BT 221.012 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ventures into more contemporary analysis its dislocation from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extant literature becomes more pronounced. The analysis of globalisation relies more on an article in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Guardian)] TJ ET BT 80.684 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( that it does on Rumford and Wagg?s )] TJ ET BT 262.664 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cricket and Globalization )] TJ ET BT 391.004 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cited in the introduction.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 509.000 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 509.000 443.187 m 522.992 443.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 522.992 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(text makes no mention of a number of sociological accounts which have examined the importance of cricket )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in minority ethnic communities in Yorkshire, Lancashire, Oxfordshire and Essex. These would have added )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the breadth and depth of the empirical analysis. When the authors comment on the efficacy of policies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(designed to develop grassroots cricket there is little reference to the extensive body of sports policy literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(available, or indeed existing works evaluating policy implementation in English cricket. The authors? seem )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to endorse the view that ECB directives on matters of child protection ?have gone too far? \(p. 157\) but one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gets little sense that this judgement is based on a familiarity of the extensive research which has identified )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the abuse which has arisen when such policies were largely absent.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.604 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.604 329.139 m 369.596 329.139 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 369.596 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( A central consequence of the failure )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to embrace the extant literature is that the book lacks a clear statement about what has already been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(established in the field and thus is unable to give a sense of what is achieved by its production.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I find all this rather sad. There is some very interesting detail in the book. There are some empirical snippets )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which begin to illuminate for us the degree to which these sports clubs were at the very heart of their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(communities. One begins to get a sense of innovation and indomitable adaptation in the face of social )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disruption and marked change. But too often these dots are just not joined up.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Consequently we are still waiting for a comprehensive analysis of the changing relationship between cricket )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and community in England. Indeed, in many ways it is amazing that it has not yet been done for, as Davies )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Light note, ?in the early years of the twentieth century [sic] ... the notion of village cricket ? conjuring )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(up, as it does, images of genteel competition, church bells and cucumber sandwiches ? seems to have passed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(its sell-by date? \(p. 140\). Yes it does, and yet it endures in popular perceptions of England and Englishness. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, we have yet to properly establish whether or not there was ever a time when this notion was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relevant and, if so, whether this applied to all or just parts of the country. My own research argues that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cricket was born nostalgically, that the imagery of village cricket ? alongside that of cricket?s quintessential )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Englishness ? was a tradition invented in response to society-wide and game-specific developments in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mid 19th century.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 119.012 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 119.012 77.043 m 133.004 77.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 133.004 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( A detailed analysis of cricket and community in England would test that interpretation, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as well as improving our understanding of the social significance of sport throughout English modern )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6837 695.5975 118.6757 707.4775 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 344.0237 598.0615 358.0157 609.9415 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 296.6597 569.5495 310.6517 581.4295 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 508.9997 443.5015 522.9917 455.3815 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 33 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 35 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.6037 329.4535 369.5957 341.3335 ] >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 36 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 119.0117 77.3575 133.0037 89.2375 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R ] /Contents 40 0 R >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Length 4309 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history. It sounds like both an ambitious and an interesting project, but it is a project that remains on the ?to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(do? list.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 747.315 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 716.698 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jack Williams, )] TJ ET BT 138.344 716.693 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cricket and England: a Cultural and Social History of the Inter-War Years)] TJ ET BT 499.340 716.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 95.012 702.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 95.012 701.043 m 149.000 701.043 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 688.186 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Graham Crow and Alice Mah, )] TJ ET BT 212.648 688.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Connected Communities)] TJ ET BT 330.308 688.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(AHRC Connected Communities project )] TJ ET BT 64.016 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(output, 2011\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 131.684 673.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 131.684 672.531 m 185.672 672.531 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 659.674 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 659.669 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pleasure, Profit, Proselytism: British Culture and Sport at Home and Abroad 1700-1914)] TJ ET BT 491.684 659.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. J. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 645.413 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Mangan \(London, 1988\); )] TJ ET BT 233.000 645.413 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Athleticism in Victorian and Edwardian Public Schools )] TJ ET BT 64.016 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Cambridge, 1981\))] TJ ET BT 155.336 631.157 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 158.336 631.157 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 158.336 629.763 m 212.324 629.763 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 616.906 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Barrie Houlihan, )] TJ ET BT 147.668 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sport and Society: A Student Introduction \()] TJ ET BT 355.652 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London, 2008\))] TJ ET BT 426.980 616.901 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 429.980 616.901 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 429.980 615.507 m 483.968 615.507 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 602.650 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chris Rumford and Stephen Wagg, )] TJ ET BT 236.000 602.645 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Cricket and Globalization )] TJ ET BT 364.340 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Newcastle upon Tyne, 2010\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 509.972 602.645 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to )] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 509.972 601.251 m 549.968 601.251 l S BT 64.016 588.389 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 586.995 m 78.008 586.995 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 574.138 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(See, for example, Celia Brackenridge, )] TJ ET BT 249.968 574.133 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Spoilsports)] TJ ET BT 303.980 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2001\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 385.304 574.133 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 385.304 572.739 m 439.292 572.739 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 559.882 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dominic Malcolm, )] TJ ET BT 158.348 559.877 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Globalizing Cricket: Englishness, Empire and Identity)] TJ ET BT 419.672 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(London, 2013\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 500.996 559.877 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 500.996 558.483 m 554.984 558.483 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 543.151 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 525.371 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 525.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1524)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 523.977 m 328.316 523.977 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 499.000 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.600 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/49513)] TJ ET endstream endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 42 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 95.0117 701.3575 148.9997 713.2375 ] >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 43 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 44 0 R 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