%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 21 0 R 29 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221115937+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221115937+00'00') /Title (Dynastic Marriages 1612/1615: A Celebration of the Habsburg and Bourbon Unions) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4042 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Dynastic Marriages 1612/1615: A Celebration of the Habsburg and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Bourbon Unions)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dynastic marriages were of crucial importance in early modern Europe. Looking at the international )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scenario, the consequences of a marriage agreement between European ruling houses could be compared to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(those generated by the outbreak of a war or the signing of a peace treaty. This collection edited by Margaret )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McGowan results from a conference sponsored by the Society for European Festival held at the Warburg )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Institute in 2011, and the essays focus on the double marriage agreements between Spain and France in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 17th century. By bringing together 14 different contributions that analyse the Habsburgs and Bourbons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(unions from different disciplines, the editor proves that it is essential to discuss dynastic marriages from an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interdisciplinary perspective. Only such an approach allows the reader to grasp the diplomatic reasons for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the unions, the political and economic consequences of such marriages, along with the popular celebrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that accompanied the events and the theatrical and literary works that followed them.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the introduction, McGowan deals with the importance of festivals in the double marriage alliance between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Habsburgs and the Bourbons in 1612?15 and provides a brief overview of each contribution. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author?s words in the introduction are revisited in the epilogue where McGowan takes the reader back to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 40.355 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(leitmotif)] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1525)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 19 December, 2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Editor:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Margaret M. McGowan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781409457251)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(70.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(310pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(https://www.ashgate.com/default.aspx?page=637&calcTitle=1&title_id=19096&edition_id=23998)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farnham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Valentina Caldari)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7724 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the collection. Given the importance of the Franco-Spanish marriages, considered by )] TJ ET BT 457.268 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporaries to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparable to that of Alexander the Great and Roxane, Princess of Persia \(p. 244\), the volume successfully )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(investigates the reasons why the responses to the news of the marriages were different in different European )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(countries and so were the celebrations.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the first chapter of the collection, Sir John H. Elliott begins with the choreographic exchange of brides ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Infanta Ana, daughter of Philip III of Spain and Madame Elizabeth, daughter of Henry IV of France ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that took place on 9 November 1615 at the Bidasoa river, which divides Spain and France. The rest of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay is devoted to the analysis of the diplomatic concerns and the )] TJ ET BT 355.304 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(realpolitik)] TJ ET BT 405.308 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( which led to this exchange at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the river and therefore to the alliance between Habsburgs and Bourbons. The historical context outlined by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elliott starts with the French civil wars in the 16th century, and with a short outline of French policy towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spain before and after the accession to the throne and the religious conversion of Henry IV. The author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recognises the peace treaty between Spain and France signed at Vervins in 1598 and the peace treaty )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Spain and England decided in London in 1604 as two crucial moments. At the time in which Spain )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(decreased its involvement in European conflicts, an intense season of marriage agreements opened, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encouraged, for the Spanish-French part, by Pope Clement VIII. Professor Elliott continues by sketching an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interesting picture of the concerns of the Spanish State Council in Madrid, which were mainly related to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [('reputation' of the country on the European chessboard \(p. 7\). The same kind of concerns were shared by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(King James I in England, who also sought a match with Spain, in order to rebalance his daughter Elizabeth?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage to Frederick, the Elector Palatine. Elliott?s major contribution is precisely in inserting the 1612?15 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrations in the wider European context by drawing broader conclusions on the involvement of the two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parties in the Thirty Years' War and on the reasons for the eventual outbreak of a French-Spanish conflict in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1635.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicolas Le Roux?s essay is concerned with placing the marriage agreements in the complex scenario of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(French politics and of the religious tensions that followed the assassination of King Henry IV. Great )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attention is given to the figure of Maria de Medici and to her choices in pursuing a Spanish alliance \(p. 26\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the second part of his paper, by looking at parliamentary politics, Le Roux focuses on Cond?s rebellion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(against the government of the Queen Mother and against the marriage alliance with Spain, which threatened )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the very existence of the Protestant religion \(p. 34\). The author?s important conclusion is that the position of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cond and other key members of the French political system was not only an antagonistic position towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Spanish, but also a way of protesting against ?the weak government of a foreign woman? \(p. 38\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David Snchez Cano?s contribution discusses how in Spain there are fewer descriptions of the marriages )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than in France, although the Habsburgs formally supported the unions with the Bourbons. The author )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focuses his attention on the journey of Elizabeth I of Bourbon and her entry in Madrid.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 450.620 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 450.620 302.883 m 464.612 302.883 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 464.612 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Philip III, who did )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not want to meet the delegation of the French authorities, decided to send Lerma in his place but the king )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(watched the exchange on the river Bidasoa from a secret location. After a brief overview of the celebrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in Burgos and Segovia, Snchez Cano then devotes his attention to the situation in Madrid. The princess? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(entrance and the costs associated with the celebrations offer an excellent case study that illustrates the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tensions between the court, the favourite Duke of Lerma, the city council, and the merchants \(p. 46\). These )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(tensions manifested themselves most obviously in the mascarade and in the complex iconography of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(triumphal wagons: Madrid was a witness to the problematic situation of 1615 when the power of Lerma was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(still almost absolute and the city feared to lose again her primacy to Valladolid, where the court had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moved from 1601 to 1606.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the fourth chapter, Maria Ins Aliverti draws a broad overview of the extent to which marriages were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(considered and celebrated in Italy as a result of the peace signed at Vervins in 1598. Regarding the Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(states, the celebrations of 1612?15 must be placed in the context of other celebrations, in the same decade, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that had a fundamental impact in the evolution of the genre of the spectacle and the opera: the wedding )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrations of Francesco Gonzaga with Margaret of Savoy and those of Cosimo de? Medici with Maria )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Magdalena d?Austria. The author uses a solid corpus of primary sources ? dividing the festivities? accounts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into three groups, depending on the topic and the country in which they were published ? to demonstrate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(how the marriages of 1612?15 were celebrated differently within each of the Italian states. In Rome, given )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 450.6197 303.1975 464.6117 315.0775 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7786 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the busy schedule of liturgical and religious celebrations, the only event of great splendor was the entrance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Prince of Royal Blood Chevalier Vendme in 1615. There were not many celebrations in Northern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Italy: neither the Duchy of Savoy nor Venice hosted grand events, and the Duchy of Padua was still isolated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(following the plot against Ranuccio Farnese. But, if in the North the main reason for the scarce celebrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was largely political, due to the delicate relationship between the French and the Spanish ambassador, in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(south of Italy the situation was much more heterogeneous. In Messina money for the celebrations were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(collected and subsequently used for other purposes in an attempt to show contempt for these celebratory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(occasions in which so much money was being used \(pp. 72?3\). On the contrary, the festivities in Naples ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ruled by the seventh Count of Lemos ? were grand and the climax was a foot tournament staged in May )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1612 and followed by other celebrations in February 1616.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the following chapter 'The carrousel of 1612 and the festival book', Marie Baudire deals with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(differences between France, Germany and Italy in the publication of what can be termed as 'book festival'. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(She discusses the case of the equestrian spectacle that depicted the French court around the king and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mother and the rights of publication who were firstly given to Honor de Laugier Porchres and then to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Francois de Rosset \(who published respectively )] TJ ET BT 265.988 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le camp de la place Royalle)] TJ ET BT 402.296 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and )] TJ ET BT 425.624 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le carrousel des pompes et )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(magnificences)] TJ ET BT 102.668 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\). The author argues that the fact that French texts had no \(or only very few\) illustrations was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(part of a long tradition at the French court that differed greatly from what was happening at the same time in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germany and Italy where the images of each festival were numerous, and contributed, with the text, 'in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recording ... those ephemeral spectacles' \(p. 85\). The reason for this difference lies in the fact that part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(court was against the pro-Spanish policy of Maria de Mdicis. However, there are some French illustrated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accounts, but those are mainly concerned with royal entries, including those of Henry II, Charles IX, Henry )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(III, Henri IV, and Louis XIII. In those, the images seem to accompany the text only when the main purpose )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the publication is to praise the power of the sovereign.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As the previous essay, the contribution written by Monique Chatenet also discusses the carrousel on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Place Royale. The author, however, focuses more on the material aspect of the carrousel, than on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(importance of the occasion )] TJ ET BT 166.652 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(per se)] TJ ET BT 195.644 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( or on the accounts published following the event. Chatenet considers the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction of the Royal Palace ? just completed in 1612 ? and the large size of the square to explain the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(construction of wooden structures for spectators and the pavilion of the king. To support her reconstruction, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the author uses the engravings of Claude Chastillon \(whose view is from east\) and Jan Ziarnko \(from south\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author continues by describing the machines, the colours, the fabrics, and the characters depicted in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engravings but recognises that any scene we recreate today is extremely approximate \(p.110\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions drawn by Chatenet, in line with those of Baudire, downplay the direct influence of Italian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(precedents on the 1612 carrousel, while re-evaluating instead the legacy of Valois festivals \(see chapter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(eight, p. 153\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter seven, by Patrice Franchet d?Esprey, is concerned with the horse ballet staged by Antoine de )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Pluvinel for the festivities on the Place Royal in April 1612 and with Pluvinel?s posthumous work, )] TJ ET BT 511.676 261.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maneige )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Royal)] TJ ET BT 62.012 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which was published in Paris in 1626, three years after the death of its author. Franchet d'Esperey )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(stresses that we cannot think about horses and equestrian knowledge unless one takes into account on one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hand Pluvinel?s political role in the court and, on the other hand, the broader context of equestrian art in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16th and 17th century. Pluvinel had a prominent position at court and was one of the few courtiers who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(could enter the king's bedchamber. His equestrian knowledge stemmed mainly from Italian masters, being )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Academy of Naples the most advanced institution whose reputation was famous throughout Europe. The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Maneige Royal)] TJ ET BT 107.000 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is therefore to be read in the wider context of its political and pedagogical value and not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a mere account of the Carrousel of 1612.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Iain Fenlon?s contribution firstly considers the figure of Maria de Medici and the opinion that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporaries had of her. Many of her subjects considered her policy of alliance with Spain as a betrayal of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the 'Gallic' project of Henry IV while the queen considered the Franco-Spanish marriages and the subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peace as the greatest diplomatic success of her regency. To testify to the importance of this new alliance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(after the hostilities between the two countries that had characterised Henry IV?s reign, the representations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the French and Spanish monarchies were placed in the parade at the Place Royal. Secondly, the author )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 24 0 R 27 0 R ] /Contents 22 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Length 8188 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discusses the close link between royal patronage and Pierre Ballard as a printer, once he obtained a virtual )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monopoly as the royal music printer \(p. 144\). As with other contributions in this edited collection, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(conclusions of this chapter go well beyond the celebrations of 1612?15: Fenlon refers to the concepts of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?consumption? and ?magnificence? as mechanisms to transform power into wealth and status.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter nine, by Paulette Chon, studies very briefly the reaction of the Catholic faction as soon as the news )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Franco-Spanish marriage project arrived at the French court. The Guise and Epernon decided to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prepare a carrousel; Chon analyses the various entries of this Carrousel by reconstructing the people and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(devices involved as described in the newspaper )] TJ ET BT 264.296 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le)] TJ ET BT 279.296 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mercure Fran)] TJ ET BT 347.612 684.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(ois )] TJ ET BT 369.944 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Paris, 1615\) \(see chapter ten\) and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Rosset?s )] TJ ET BT 79.016 670.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Le Romant des chevaliers de la Gloire )] TJ ET BT 266.660 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Paris, 1612\). The author argues that the use of pagan myths )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and emblems appears to be a means of self-promotion for the nobles as well as a means of propagation of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strategies of the crown.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The following essay, by the editor of the collection Margaret M. McGowan, examines the two most )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(significant forms of festivals organised in France to celebrate the marriages in 1612?15: the carrousel )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(already discussed previous contributions\) and the )] TJ ET BT 277.976 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ballet de cour)] TJ ET BT 345.968 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. The latter, similar in many respects to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Carrousel in terms of entries, mythological themes, and music, has, however, a different audience as it was a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private event and not a public celebration as the carrousel in Place Royal in 1612. In the first part of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(essay, McGowan reconstructs the carrousel starting from Rosset's account which the author considers to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the most comprehensive and detailed \(see chapter nine\). The way in which McGowan goes a step further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than the previous essays in the collection is in her emphasis on Maria de Medici?s desire to impress Europe )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a carrousel that would exceed the festivities of Florence and Turin in 1608. The regent was very aware )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the importance of using public celebrations for political purposes. In the second part of the essay, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McGowan deals with the )] TJ ET BT 157.328 473.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Ballet de cour)] TJ ET BT 225.320 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( danced in March 1615 in the Salle de Bourbon of the Louvre. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(private occasion was the time when the court greeted Princess Elizabeth, who was leaving for Spain, as the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(symbol of a new dawn brought by the alliance between the Habsburgs and Bourbons. As suggested by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(title of this essay, the celebrations of 1612?15 had a much longer life than contemporaries could have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(imagined and were already recalled, ten years later, during the celebrations of the marriage between )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Henrietta Maria and Charles.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 173.312 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 173.312 400.419 m 187.304 400.419 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Marie-Claude Canova Green explains the extent to which the iconographic vocabulary used during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(festivals of 1612?15 and the entry in Bordeaux on 29 November 1615 was the bearer of a double agenda. On )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the one hand, the events depicted the ideals of peace, love and prosperity through, for example, the allegory )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the two countries kissing each other on the Palace of Felicity or the providential character Jean Le Clerc?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 318.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(engraving. On the other hand, the stability brought by the union of the houses of Habsburgs and Bourbons )] TJ ET BT 34.016 304.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was seen in France as instrumental to French hegemony over Europe, as exemplified by the imperial eagle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adorning one of the gates at the time of the king's entry in Bordeaux and by references to Roman emperors. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This essay, one of the best of the collection, successfully asserts the political and diplomatic ambiguity )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(behind the scenes of any public celebration or royal exhibition of power.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In a comparative effort that takes into account fireworks displays in Paris, London, and Heidelberg, Paulette )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chon )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 68.348 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 68.348 219.603 m 82.340 219.603 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 82.340 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( argues that it is crucial to notice the impact of such displays as printed sheets with illustrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 206.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and explanations concerning the fireworks were widely available. Whether on the occasion of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 192.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(celebrations of 1612 in France, or in the case of the 1613 celebrations in London for the wedding of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 178.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth, daughter of King James Stuart, with Frederick V, the Elector Palatine, or in Heidelberg, when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Elizabeth and Frederick were welcomed by the city, fireworks performed a central role and can be analysed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on different levels. Most interestingly the author discusses not only the technical knowledge \(i.e. John )] TJ ET BT 34.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Babington's )] TJ ET BT 93.848 135.461 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pyrotechnia)] TJ ET BT 152.504 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) which was transferable and shared by French, English and German gunners, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 121.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also the ultimate goal of such fireworks displays, which is to say the self-promotion as the sovereign as ruler )] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the elements with the 'power to destroy and to illuminate? \(p. 211\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chantal Grell?s contribution, titled ?The ftes of 1612-1615 in history and historiography?, gives a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historiographical sketch of Maria de Medici. Historians often have an unfavourable opinion on her ability to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(govern, her negative characteristics being mostly her )] TJ ET BT 290.624 52.181 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(hispanophilia)] TJ ET BT 356.636 52.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and her gender. Her contemporaries )] TJ ET endstream endobj 23 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 25 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 173.3117 400.7335 187.3037 412.6135 ] >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 26 0 obj [21 0 R /Fit] endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 28 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 68.3477 219.9175 82.3397 231.7975 ] >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R ] /Contents 30 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Length 6841 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accused the Queen of following the Pope and the Jesuits to the detriment of France as the Huguenots feared )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the Franco-Spanish marriages would put at risk the Edict of Nantes, leaving France into the hands of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Spanish Inquisition. The second part of this essay is devoted to one of the artistic representations of marriage )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? the Rubens cycle ? which was to be completed by 1625, at the time of Henrietta Maria?s marriage with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles. The author shows that the primary purpose of Maria de Medici?s actions as well as the artistic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(works produced under her patronage, was the need for peace \(as it was for James I of England when )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pursuing a Spanish match\) and the affirmation of her royal authority. Authority was in fact strongly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?legitimized through the apotheosis of the marriages? \(p. 222\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the last essay of the collection, J.R. Mulryne, enlarges the historical and political context in which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(marriage agreements were signed in 1612?15 by referring to the festivals celebrated in the late 16th and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 17th century in the two European courts, that of the Medici in Florence and the Stuarts in England. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1589, a spectacular array of festivities was offered for the wedding of the Grand Duke Ferdinand with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Princess Christine of Lorraine. The meaning of these festivities is to be found ? according to the author ? in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the difficult situation of Ferdinand?s succession in a period in which the 'Medici primacy in Florence was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(itself far from secure' \(p. 228\). Precisely for this reason, many references to Ferdinand?s parents, Cosimo )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Eleonora di Toledo, were used in the hope of keeping alive the memory of the last Medici's powerful )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ruler. Florentine cultural life was well known at the court of Prince Henry, heir of King James I, and he even )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sent an intimate, John Harington, to the Medici court to observe the festivals of 1608. These connections )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between Florence and England at the court of Henry were mainly due to the influence of Queen Anne of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Denmark and the creative work of artists such as Inigo Jones and Ben Jonson.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(As it is clear from the volume?s introduction and from my brief summary of each essay, the book )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intentionally concentrates more on popular culture and festivals than on diplomatic or political history, on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which only John Elliott?s and Nicolas Le Roux?s essays focus. In all likelihood, more essays focusing on the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(historical background )] TJ ET BT 141.332 444.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(per se)] TJ ET BT 170.324 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( would have helped the less experienced reader to contextualise more effectively )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the popular culture surrounding the dynastic marriages within the European context of the early 17th century.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even if the essays are slightly unbalanced towards France, and there is some overlap in that chapters five to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nine all describe the carrousel of 1612, generally the contributions complement each other in the overall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(scheme of the volume and the large number of black and white images make the collection even more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(complete and interesting. This book is and will remain a crucial contribution to the field and something that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 347.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(anybody working on dynastic marriages, early modern diplomacy, and popular culture should take into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 332.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(account.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 297.891 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 267.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 267.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For a comparison with the entry of Prince Charles in Madrid in 1623, see David Snchez Cano, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 253.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Entertainments in Madrid for the Prince of Wales: political function of festivals?, in )] TJ ET BT 475.292 253.013 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Spanish )] TJ ET BT 64.016 238.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Match. Prince Charles? Journey to Madrid, 1623,)] TJ ET BT 305.660 238.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ed. by Alexander Samson \(Aldershot, 2006\), pp. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(51?74.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 96.344 224.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 96.344 223.107 m 150.332 223.107 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 210.250 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 210.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(On the life and afterlife of celebration at James?s court in England, see Kevin Curran, )] TJ ET BT 478.916 210.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Marriage, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 195.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Performance, and Politics at the Jacobean Court )] TJ ET BT 303.332 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Farnham, 2009\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 386.984 195.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 386.984 194.595 m 440.972 194.595 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 181.738 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Also author of chapter nine \(pp. 155?63\) in this collection.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 345.644 181.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 345.644 180.339 m 399.632 180.339 l S 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 165.007 526.499 1.500 re S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 147.227 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 147.227 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1525)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 145.833 m 328.316 145.833 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 120.856 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.456 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/73055)] TJ ET endstream endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 32 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 96.3437 223.4215 150.3317 235.3015 ] >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 386.9837 194.9095 440.9717 206.7895 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 23 0 R >> endobj 35 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 36 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 345.6437 180.6535 399.6317 192.5335 ] >> endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 26 0 R >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 38 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 146.1475 328.3157 158.0275 ] >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1525) >> endobj xref 0 39 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000349 00000 n 0000000386 00000 n 0000000588 00000 n 0000000670 00000 n 0000004764 00000 n 0000004873 00000 n 0000004983 00000 n 0000005092 00000 n 0000008653 00000 n 0000008781 00000 n 0000008865 00000 n 0000008949 00000 n 0000016726 00000 n 0000016756 00000 n 0000016884 00000 n 0000016920 00000 n 0000016985 00000 n 0000024824 00000 n 0000024915 00000 n 0000033156 00000 n 0000033186 00000 n 0000033314 00000 n 0000033350 00000 n 0000033380 00000 n 0000033506 00000 n 0000033542 00000 n 0000033647 00000 n 0000040541 00000 n 0000040668 00000 n 0000040723 00000 n 0000040851 00000 n 0000040906 00000 n 0000041034 00000 n 0000041089 00000 n 0000041217 00000 n trailer << /Size 39 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 41313 %%EOF