%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 18 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221034729+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221034729+00'00') /Title (Charles I and the Aristocracy, 1625-1642) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4007 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Charles I and the Aristocracy, 1625-1642)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ever since the publication of his book on the Forced Loan of 1626?8, Richard Cust has been recognised as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(one of the principal figures in 17th-century historiography. His scholarly reputation was enhanced by his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(study of Charles I, the best study of the King so far published. He has now turned his attention to Charles?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(relationship with his peerage from his accession in 1625 to the eve of the outbreak of the English Civil War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1642. This book builds constructively on Cust?s own collaboration with Andrew Hopper, to whom he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pays a generous tribute, on the Court of Chivalry. This work thus has much to say on the culture of honour )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in this period, on the policies that the King and his Earl Marshal, Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Arundel, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(followed with the aim of enhancing the honour and standing of the aristocracy, and on the responses to those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(policies. Professor Cust asks new questions, poses novel challenges and suggests positive answers of a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(challenging and comprehensive nature. By any standards, it is a study of major importance.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The book has two interlinked themes. The first concerns the need to reform the honours system. There had )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(been attempts by successive Earls Marshal in the 16th century and by the College of Heralds to uphold the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status of the aristocracy and gentry, to ensure that their ranks were filled by men of lineage and worth and to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1528)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 9 January, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Cust)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781107009905)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(65.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(363pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/history/british-history-after-1450/charles-i-and-aristocracy-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16251642)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Thompson)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 6968 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exclude social upstarts. But none of these had proved truly effective in the face of countervailing pressures )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(any more than had efforts to regulate duelling and quarrels over precedence. James VI and I?s financial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulties and willingness to create new knights, to bring into being an order of baronets and to sell )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(honours, including peerages, compounded these problems. Indeed, it was not until after the Duke of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Buckingham?s death in 1628, when his fatal charm and racketeering were finally removed, that they could )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be seriously tackled.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(His second theme deals with the efforts of the King and the Earl to shape the peerage into a loyal, more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Court-centred pillar of the Caroline regime. This required careful attention to preventing slights to their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dignity by reviving and extending the authority of the Court of Chivalry presided over by Arundel, by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ensuring that they were appointed to suitable offices, locally and nationally, and by involving them in Court )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ceremonies. Ultimately, of course, it entailed mobilising their support against the Scots in the two Bishops? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Wars of 1639 and 1640, in the struggle against the Junto in the first 20 months of the Long Parliament and in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preparing for the Civil War itself.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In tackling these themes, Richard Cust draws on the rich stream of contemporary comments on issues of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 572.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(honour, and on the archives of the Chapel Royal, the Court of Chivalry and the Order of the Garter. He has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 558.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also mined the Parliamentary materials from the 1620s, those for the Great Council of Peers which met in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the autumn of 1640 and those for the early stages of the Long Parliament in 1640?2 to good effect.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 518.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Naturally enough, concerns about questions of honour and the preservation of social distinctions were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 503.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost always expressed in conservative terms. Commentators on heraldry in the second half of the 16th )] TJ ET BT 34.016 489.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(century like Gerard Legh and John Ferne placed their stress on the proper conjunction between gentle )] TJ ET BT 34.016 475.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(descent and virtue, particularly in arms: those of gentle stock were more likely than new men to display the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 461.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moral attributes of their ancestors. Peers and gentlemen were thus set apart from commoners and plebeians. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 446.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Experts on blood and lineage with professional and financial interests to protect, like the College of Heralds, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 432.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agreed. Indeed knowledge of pedigrees and an understanding of coat armour helped to transform the officers )] TJ ET BT 34.016 418.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the College into the masters of a new science, one that stimulated an intense interest in genealogy and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 404.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(history by 1600. This interest in matters of honour intersected with growing worries about social disorder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 389.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and about the dangers of social levelling and popularity. Upholding the status of nobles and gentlemen was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 375.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an objective upon which the sovereign, the aristocracy, gentlemen and heralds could agree in theory even if )] TJ ET BT 34.016 361.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(it was much more complicated in practice to regulate the honours system.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(These practical issues were made worse after 1603 by King James?s reckless creation of knights and, after )] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1610, by the introduction of the order of baronets. The inflation in numbers of the peerage \(down to 1628\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exacerbated these problems. Inevitably, those who thought their own honours and precedence had been )] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adversely affected by royal generosity or by the Crown?s need for funds protested, hence the objections from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the younger sons of peers over allowing baronets to be placed immediately behind barons and from English )] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(peers to allowing precedence to fellow countrymen holding Irish or Scottish titles. Equally inevitably, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 249.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps, Jacobean profligacy in creating honours affected the King?s Parliaments and came to be associated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 235.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a damaging culture of corruption. On all of this, Professor Cust has new light to shed as a preliminary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 220.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to his main analysis.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Arundel, is the central figure in this process. By the standards of the de Veres, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Earls of Oxford, his family was of relatively recent noble vintage, but he appeared to contemporaries to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the epitome of ancient nobility. As Earl Marshal from August 1621, he was able to re-establish the Court of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 151.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chivalry as the arbiter of claims to honour and title and to define its procedures as a civil law court. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 137.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Unfortunately, Arundel?s efforts at reform and enforcement were at first affected by the changes in his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 123.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political relationship with the Duke of Buckingham, who successfully passed from being the favourite of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 109.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(King James to being that of King Charles: it was only after the Duke?s assassination in August 1628 that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 94.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Arundel had a better opportunity with Charles?s support to uphold ancient honour and to tread on the neck )] TJ ET BT 34.016 80.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of seditious popularity. This was essential if the support of the peerage was to be secured for the Caroline )] TJ ET BT 34.016 66.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(regime after the vicissitudes of the 1620s.)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 17 0 R >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Length 7499 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Professor Cust shows how, in the Chapel Royal, in the reception of foreign ambassadors, and in the values )] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(associated with the Order of the Garter, there was a new sense of order and decorum. Charles himself was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(committed to the welfare of the peerage and to ensuring that peers were treated with the respect their rank )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(demanded: libellous words against them were punished in Star Chamber and serious efforts were made to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proscribe duels between peers and challenges to them from men of lesser rank. This was not always )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(straightforward as Professor Cust?s discussion of the quarrel between the Earl of Holland and Lord Weston )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in 1633 makes clear. Peers, however, who fell short of the standards expected of them, most notoriously in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the case of the Earl of Castlehaven?s sexual misdemeanours, were punished, in this instance, by execution. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The Court of Chivalry itself proved attractive to litigants seeking swift and cheap justice, particularly in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(matters of defamation affecting gentlemen. Visitations of counties by heralds in the 1630s were less )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obviously successful since they relied on a degree of voluntary co-operation from the local gentry and were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(affected by a division of interests between the heralds and the civil lawyers operating in the Court of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chivalry. But the reform programme initiated by the King and the Earl of Arundel did enjoy a degree of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(success. A higher percentage of the peerage was attracted to Court in the 1630s and their claims to military )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(experience grew, both contentions that overturn the findings of earlier studies. The persuasive power of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cust?s claims here is impressive.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 544.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This case underlies his second set of contentions about the King?s relationship with the peerage. He sees the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 530.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(latter as playing a mediatory role in the Parliaments of 1626 and 1628 and as surprisingly helpful and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 515.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sympathetic in Charles?s military expeditions against the Scots in 1639?40. When the latter of these failed, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 501.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the meeting of the Great Council of Peers at York enabled him to out-manoeuvre his enemies \(the Junto and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 487.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(petitioner peers\) amongst the nobility and in some respects to secure the initiative early in the proceedings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 473.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Long Parliament. He was, for example, able to enlist support for Strafford?s acquittal in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impeachment proceedings in the spring of 1641, to avoid the appointment of a )] TJ ET BT 412.640 458.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Custos Regni)] TJ ET BT 476.312 458.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in August of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 444.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that year, to build a royalist party in the House of Lords in defence of his rights and those of the Bishops in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 430.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the autumn of 1641 and to draw peers to York in the spring and summer of 1642 when military conflict )] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(threatened. Cust makes clear that the King was also guilty of serious political mistakes in allowing the Army )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plot to proceed in the spring of 1641, in permitting the Bishops to petition the House of Lords on their rights )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the prospective invalidity of proceedings in their absence in December 1641 and in his attempt to arrest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lord Mandeville and the five members of the House of Commons early in January 1642. Nonetheless, six )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(months later, it was clear that he enjoyed the support of more than half the active peers as they and his other )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subjects faced the unpalatable choice of deciding which side they would fight for. This is a piece of political )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(analysis which has profound implications for the interpretation of the Junto?s activities to be found, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, in the works of the late Conrad Russell.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 290.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50 years ago, a work on this subject would have been filled with discussions of relative deprivation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 275.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(status disequilibrium. It is a pleasure to read a text so free of sociological jargon. But it does suggest )] TJ ET BT 34.016 261.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explicitly that Caroline peers recognised that they owed their power and positions to the Crown and that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 247.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their authority might be compromised by threats to that of the King. It would be interesting to learn how far )] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(great landowners like the 4th Earl of Bedford or the 3rd Earl of Essex or the 2nd Earl of Warwick shared that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(view. There is also a question-mark over the role of the House of Lords in the Parliaments of 1626 and 1628. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(J. S. Flemion and other scholars considered that the Parliament of 1626 was dissolved to prevent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Buckingham?s conviction by the House of Lords and that the passage of the Petition of Right by that House )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was a defeat for Charles I. The events of the late 1620s may have constituted a more severe crisis than is, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(perhaps, recognised here. It is questionable, too, whether John Warner was responsible for what has come to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be known as the Bishop?s diary of proceedings in the House of Lords in 1641 in the light of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondence with Henry Oxinden.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 106.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There is also one major criticism to be made of Cambridge University Press: the book?s cover has a fine )] TJ ET BT 34.016 92.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reproduction of Rubens?s portrait of the Earl of Arundel in 1629 but the illustrations in the text are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 78.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disappointingly monochrome. For a work of this quality, this is a disappointment. But such minor )] TJ ET BT 34.016 64.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reservations aside, this is a book that deserves to be seriously studied. It tells its readers much more about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 49.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the honour culture of Caroline England and the attitudes of its aristocracy than we knew before. For that we )] TJ ET endstream endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 20 0 R ] /Contents 19 0 R >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Length 764 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.354 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(are all in Richard Cust?s debt.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [()] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment.)] TJ ET 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 739.087 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 721.307 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 721.307 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1528)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 719.913 m 328.316 719.913 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 694.936 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 680.536 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/80777)] TJ ET endstream endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 720.2275 328.3157 732.1075 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1528) >> endobj xref 0 22 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000543 00000 n 0000000625 00000 n 0000004684 00000 n 0000004793 00000 n 0000004903 00000 n 0000005012 00000 n 0000008573 00000 n 0000008701 00000 n 0000008785 00000 n 0000008850 00000 n 0000015871 00000 n 0000015936 00000 n 0000023488 00000 n 0000023572 00000 n 0000024388 00000 n 0000024516 00000 n trailer << /Size 22 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 24612 %%EOF