%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 24 0 R ] /Count 4 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141219053436+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141219053436+00'00') /Title (Culture, Faith and Philanthropy: Londoners and Provincial Reform in Early Modern England) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 3956 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Culture, Faith and Philanthropy: Londoners and Provincial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 593.937 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Reform in Early Modern England)] TJ ET BT 34.016 237.683 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cultural conflict, religious reform, social change and commercial growth all simultaneously proliferated in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 223.427 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early modern England, a development that has inspired more than a century of heated scholarly debate. Max )] TJ ET BT 34.016 209.171 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Weber, Richard Tawney, Christopher Hill, Keith Wrightson, Robert Brenner and many other famous names )] TJ ET BT 34.016 194.915 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have sought to explore the connections between these issues, but there remains much more to be learned. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 180.659 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This volume from Joseph Ward offers a welcome new investigation of such links and correspondences, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 166.403 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(focusing on the social, cultural and economic roles of London?s tradesmen and merchants both within the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 152.147 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(metropolis and in provincial communities many miles away.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 125.891 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The three chapters that comprise the first half of Ward?s book centre squarely on London itself in the late )] TJ ET BT 34.016 111.635 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(16th and 17th centuries. Borrowing a well-worn concept from E. P. Thompson, Ward argues that this period )] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.379 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(witnessed the emergence of ?a moral economy in the metropolis that constantly encouraged the prosperous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 83.123 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(toward philanthropy and away from its opposite, greed? \(p. 14\). This ?moral economy? can be seen not only )] TJ ET BT 34.016 68.867 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the regulatory interventions and charitable giving of the elites, but also in the ?popular culture? of the time )] TJ ET BT 34.016 54.611 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(expressed in plays, poetry and other literary creations. The case studies that he provides to illustrate this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.315 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 549.059 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1531)] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.803 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.547 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 16 January, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.291 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.035 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph P. Ward)] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.779 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.523 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9780312293864)] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.267 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 435.011 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2013)] TJ ET BT 34.016 420.755 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 406.499 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(40.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 392.243 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 377.987 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(240pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 363.731 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 349.475 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Palgrave Macmillan)] TJ ET BT 34.016 335.219 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 320.963 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://us.macmillan.com/culturefaithandphilanthropy/JosephPWard)] TJ ET BT 34.016 306.707 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 292.451 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Basingstoke)] TJ ET BT 34.016 278.195 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 263.939 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Brodie Waddell)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 8082 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process in action will all be extremely interesting to historians of early modern London. We learn, for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(example, about how people responded to the economic disruption caused by the recurrent freezing of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thames, which happened on many occasions throughout the 17th century. Thus, during the freeze of 1621, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the ?water poet? John Taylor praised his fellow watermen for remaining honest despite their hardship but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(critiqued the rich for their greedy and uncharitable behaviour towards their poor neighbours. A rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different manifestation of the metropolitan moral economy emerged in the evolution of commemorative )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(philanthropy within the livery companies in this period. According to Ward, pre-Reformation practices were )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adapted but not entirely abandoned as ?many companies poured the new wine of godly benefaction into the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(old skins of individual commemoration? \(p. 16\). As a result, although traditional prayers for deceased )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(donors disappeared, many other important forms of memorialisation remained, such as the gift of valuable )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(plate to the Goldsmiths in the early seventeenth century that was inscribed with a rhyme: ?Keep me clean )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and bruise me not for I am Richard Croshawe?s pot? \(p. 17\). So personal charity, in all its diversity, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underwrote many of the bonds between early modern Londoners. It may, however, be somewhat overstating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the case to then claim that ?the metropolitan social safety net depended largely on the decision to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(charitable or to be selfish that thousands of citizens faced individually? \(p. 19\). Such a claim receives some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(support from important previous research such as that of I. K. Ben-Amos ? whose recent monograph on this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(subject is curiously not cited in this chapter ? yet many historians of the poor relief system would no doubt )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argue that London?s ?social safety net? was primarily held together through mandatory parish rates rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than private philanthropy by this time.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 218.012 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 218.012 538.467 m 232.004 538.467 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The other side of the ?moral economy? is explored in chapter three and four, where Ward discusses popular )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes towards wealth and enrichments though an analysis of the legends of two famous late medieval )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(merchants and Lord Mayors, Simon Eyre and Richard Whittington. Stories about these men circulated )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(widely in early modern England through pamphlets and plays such as Deloney?s )] TJ ET BT 424.628 470.837 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Gentle Craft)] TJ ET BT 505.964 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(c.1597\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dekker?s )] TJ ET BT 82.328 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Shoemaker?s Holiday)] TJ ET BT 208.976 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(1600\) and Heywood?s )] TJ ET BT 326.948 456.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(History of Sir Richard Whittington )] TJ ET BT 496.628 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1656\). In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these tales, Eyre is presented as a civic hero whose various ?transgressions? in the traditional moral economy )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?could be forgiven ? because his fortune facilitated his philanthropy? \(p. 40\), and Whittington provided a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(model ?in which anyone could reach the heights of society, so long as they had divine support when they )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accumulated their wealth and the best interests of society in mind when the decided how to spend it? \(p. 61\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Both chapters focus particularly closely on the vexed issue of the role of immigrants in London at this time. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In the case of Whittington, the message on this issue is fairly straight-forward ? his optimistic story of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(escaping the poverty of the provinces though enrichment in the capital was ?a bourgeois fantasy? which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(encouraged such risky ventures \(p. 55\). In contrast, Eyre was presented as getting rich though employing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?alien? workers. Delony and Dekker portray this in a largely positive, or at least neutral, light and Ward )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(argues that this hospitable attitude towards foreign labour can also found in manuscript material: ?The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archival and literary sources all emphasized the willingness of some London citizens to embrace strangers? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(p. 45\). Yet, such a sanguine conclusion is not quite convincing given that the only evidence presented of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such archival sources seems to be a letter sent by \(or for\) some freemen weavers to the elders of French )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Church in London in 1595. Although they complained about ?unfair competition brought by [French] )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strangers?, Ward notes that they also the employed the ?language of Christian brotherhood? \(pp. 31?2\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact that this single ambivalent letter sits amidst a much wider range of hostile petitions and libels against )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(foreigners suggests to this reviewer that there was actually more contrast than overlap between literary and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(non-literary representations of foreign immigrants. Still, these chapters nonetheless very convincingly show )] TJ ET BT 34.016 185.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the strength of ?the metropolitan moral economy? in employment, commerce and charity. They offer a good )] TJ ET BT 34.016 171.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(antidote to caricature of early modern London as a purely ?dog-eat-dog? struggle for money and power. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 157.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Instead, what we see is a culture that embraced the possibility of social mobility and advancement but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attached heavy responsibilities to those that achieved material success.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The second half of the book consists of three chapters examining the issue that provides the subtitle to the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole volume: Londoners and provincial reform. Ward begins with a broad look at the various associations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and institutions which metropolitan elites used to promote godly religion and learning in county towns and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(villages. He cites their attempt to create a group of ?lay feofees for impropriations? which acquired )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(properties to support the appointment of godly ministers in the 1620s and early 1630s. When this was )] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 218.0117 538.7815 232.0037 550.6615 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 7974 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attacked by William Laud and suppressed by the Caroline Court of Exchequer, zealous merchants shifted )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their activities to the livery companies where they continued to be criticised but were more shielded from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royal interference. Such controversial methods show that donors and company officials were ?not afraid to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(be innovative in pursuit of their goals? of ?godly, national reformation? \(p. 79\). The primary examples of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this were the 19 or more provincial grammar schools established by metropolitan benefactors for which the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(livery companies often carefully vetted the godly credentials of schoolmasters and their assistants. Here we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(see an apparently consistent policy of promoting reform ?in ways that had the potential to overturn, rather )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(than to support, the established order in society? \(p. 72\). Wealthy Londoners sought to bring illumination to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the so-called ?dark corners of the land? at the expense of the many local authorities who might have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(preferred the dim light of tradition to the blinding radiance of godly zeal. The eventual fruits of such )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(campaigns were, as Ward implies, probably more modest than their instigators may have hoped. In all )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(likelihood, they were much more successful at merely increasing lay literacy in these communities than at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(promoting the more controversial aspects of godly reformation. The case of a new school founded at Sutton )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Valence \(Kent\) is interesting in this respect. Here, residents successfully pressured the schoolmaster and his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(livery company benefactors to teach English alongside Latin, because they thought that would be more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(economically useful to the local children. Intellectual and theological idealists in the capital could not simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impose their will on such ?backward? village communities.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Such conflicting priorities are the heart of the two final chapters which contain detailed case studies of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(schools established by London donors in Monmouth and in Kirkham \(Lancashire\). In both communities the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initial foundation appears to have provoked little or no hostility. In the early Stuart period, there seems to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have been a largely consensual relationship between the local magistrates and the metropolitan benefactors, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whereby schoolmasters were appointed by mutual consent. However, in Monmouth, the relationship broke )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(down during the Interregnum thanks partly to an abrasive London-appointed lecturer who decried the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ungodliness of ?poor contemptable Wales? \(p. 103\). Conflict also erupted in Kirkham, perhaps stirred by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presence there of substantial Catholic and nonconformist populations. Ward admirably traces these two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(disputes beyond the oft-studied mid-century period into the Restoration era and beyond when conflict over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the school left ?the political nation in the locality rent in two? \(p. 111\). In both cases, Ward presents the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reader with a lively cast of characters who clearly disagreed about the proper purpose of a provincial school. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The problem for the historian, as Ward acknowledges, is assessing how much of this conflict was caused by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?the politics of personal vendetta? \(p. 106\) or local power struggles rather than religious disagreement. As he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(says, it difficult to determine whether the ?the charities were the cause or merely the occasion? \(p. 116\) of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the disputes that arose in these communities. Indeed, some of the most interesting parts of his analysis focus )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on auxiliary disputes such as argument in Kirkham in the first decade of the 18th century about whether girls )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should be permitted to study at the school. Relatedly, Ward?s claim that the new foundations were part of an )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attempt at )] TJ ET BT 84.680 299.765 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(national)] TJ ET BT 124.688 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( reformation is not always persuasive. For instance, he quotes a preacher in 1654 calling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on his London audience to ?remember the place of our Nativity?, suggesting that those who arrived and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(grew rich in the metropolis retained a feeling of responsibility towards their old provincial communities \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(74\). But seeking to remit some of one?s wealth and enlightenment back to one?s hometown is not quite the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(same as seeking nation-wide reform nor is it necessarily an example of ?English nation-building before the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(era of nationalism? \(p. 140\). Ward is surely right about the motives of the donors and their trustees in some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 214.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instances, but a lack of direct evidence in the form of diaries or correspondence make any generalisations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about the benefactors? goals highly speculative.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The very diversity of topics that Ward is able to discuss in this short book attests to the strength of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(underlying research. All six of the main chapters include at least some material that he has previously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published elsewhere, but the range of sources that he draws on here is nonetheless impressive.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 485.924 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 485.924 143.811 m 499.916 143.811 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 499.916 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(records of the Guildhall Library, the London Metropolitan Archives and several private livery company )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archives allow him to provide detailed analysis of the actions of the key players in London. In addition, he )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also draws on major national collections, though the lack of any references to material from Monmouth or )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lancashire was surprising in light of the importance of those localities to his argument. However, what )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(makes this volume stand out is the way in which he integrates these traditional archival sources with the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(published literature noted above. This is not always flawless. For instance, his close reading of )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 485.9237 144.1255 499.9157 156.0055 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 26 0 R 28 0 R 30 0 R ] /Contents 25 0 R >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 6987 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whittington?s cat as a symbol of growing early modern ambivalence about slavery is not especially )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(persuasive \(pp. 61?5\). Sometimes a cat is just a cat. Yet, the careful analysis of the imaginative tales of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Simon Eyre and Dick Whittington alongside freemen?s petitions and schoolmasters? depositions show the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powerful resonance of ideas about morality and charity in early modern England. By bringing the tools of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(both historians and literary critics to bear on his sources, Ward adeptly highlights the long reach of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?moral economy? and of ?godly reform? in this period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Overall, although Ward may not quite have the evidence to prove that these charities were part of a ?radical )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(agenda? that had ?revolutionary? consequences for the localities in which they were placed, he certainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(shows that they were a key part of the circulation of economic and cultural capital between the metropolis )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the provinces \(pp. 142?4\). The fact that both Londoners and local elites devoted so much time and so )] TJ ET BT 34.016 641.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(many resources to their attempts to control these new establishments suggests that they have not previously )] TJ ET BT 34.016 627.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(received the attention from historians that they deserve. Moreover, these struggles were intimately linked to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the evolution of the ?moral economy? in the capital itself, where the responsibilities of newly-enriched )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(citizens were reiterated in new forms. Ward?s book thus provides us with a thorough and well-crafted study )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that demonstrates the importance of metropolitan charity in the social and cultural changes of the early )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(modern period.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 535.731 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 505.114 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 505.109 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. K. Ben-Amos, )] TJ ET BT 146.672 505.109 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Culture of Giving: Informal Support and Gift-Exchange in Early Modern )] TJ ET BT 64.016 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(England)] TJ ET BT 104.684 490.853 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 2008\). For the urban poor relief system, see P. Slack, )] TJ ET BT 428.972 490.853 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poverty and Policy in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Tudor and Stuart England )] TJ ET BT 193.364 476.597 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(London, 1988\); idem., )] TJ ET BT 308.024 476.597 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From Reformation to Improvement: Public Welfare )] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in Early Modern England)] TJ ET BT 187.676 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1999\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 266.324 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 266.324 460.947 m 320.312 460.947 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 448.090 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Joseph P. Ward, ?The taming of the Thames: reading the river in the seventeenth century?, )] TJ ET BT 502.592 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Huntington )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Library Quarterly)] TJ ET BT 151.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 71, 1 \(2008\), 55?75; idem., ?Fictitious shoemakers, agitated weavers and the limits )] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of popular xenophobia in Elizabethan England?, in )] TJ ET BT 311.312 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(From strangers to citizens: the integration of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(immigrant communities in Britain, Ireland and colonial America, 1550?1750)] TJ ET BT 435.344 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, in Randolph Vigne and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles Littleton \(eds\), \(Brighton, 2001\), pp. 80?7; idem., ?"[I]mployment for all handes that will )] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(worke": immigrants, guilds and the labour market in early seventeenth-century London?, in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Immigrants in Tudor and early Stuart England)] TJ ET BT 288.692 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Nigel Goose and Lin Luu \(Brighton, 2005\), pp. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(76?87; idem., ?Godliness, commemoration, and community: the management of provincial schools by )] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(London Trade Guilds?, in )] TJ ET BT 191.000 334.037 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Protestant Identities: Religion, Society, and Self-fashioning in post-)] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reformation England)] TJ ET BT 167.684 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. Muriel C. McClendon, Joseph P. Ward and Michael MacDonald \(Stanford, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(CT, 1999\), pp. 141?57; idem., ??The Alehousekeeper's revenge?: London's role in the Reformation )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(process in a Lancashire parish?, in )] TJ ET BT 232.304 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Local Identities in Late Medieval and Early Modern England)] TJ ET BT 526.952 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Norman Jones and Daniel Woolf \(Basingstoke, 2007\), pp. 113?30; Newton Key and Joseph P. Ward, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?Metropolitan puritans and the varieties of godly reform in Interregnum Monmouth?, )] TJ ET BT 476.624 262.757 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Welsh History )] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Review)] TJ ET BT 98.672 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 22, 4 \(2006\), 646?72; idem., ?"Divided into parties": exclusion crisis origins in Monmouth?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 190.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 115, 464 \(2000\), 1159?83.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 323.336 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 323.336 232.851 m 377.324 232.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 207.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The author is happy to accept this review and does not wish to comment further.)] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 191.263 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 173.483 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 173.483 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1531)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 172.089 m 328.316 172.089 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 147.112 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.712 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/70561)] TJ ET endstream endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 27 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 266.3237 461.2615 320.3117 473.1415 ] >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 323.3357 233.1655 377.3237 245.0455 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 21 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 31 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 172.4035 328.3157 184.2835 ] >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1531) >> endobj xref 0 32 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000342 00000 n 0000000379 00000 n 0000000591 00000 n 0000000673 00000 n 0000004681 00000 n 0000004790 00000 n 0000004900 00000 n 0000005009 00000 n 0000008570 00000 n 0000008698 00000 n 0000008782 00000 n 0000008866 00000 n 0000017001 00000 n 0000017031 00000 n 0000017159 00000 n 0000017195 00000 n 0000017279 00000 n 0000025306 00000 n 0000025336 00000 n 0000025464 00000 n 0000025500 00000 n 0000025598 00000 n 0000032638 00000 n 0000032766 00000 n 0000032821 00000 n 0000032949 00000 n 0000033004 00000 n 0000033132 00000 n trailer << /Size 32 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 33228 %%EOF