%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 14 0 R 22 0 R 30 0 R 41 0 R 49 0 R 66 0 R ] /Count 7 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141029232436+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141029232436+00'00') /Title (Inhumanities. Nazi Interpretations of Western Culture) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4250 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Inhumanities. Nazi Interpretations of Western Culture)] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For the past few years, David B. Dennis has had the unenviable task of steeping himself in the \(turgid, yet )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strangely compelling\) prose of the )] TJ ET BT 201.656 230.555 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 311.300 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, the Nazi party?s major propaganda organ, and the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Third Reich?s daily paper of choice. The result is a synoptic compendium of National Socialist thought on )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(major cultural and artistic figures, which is both chilling in the delusion it reveals, and startling in its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(originality. Startling in particular because ? as Dennis claims ? this key resource for scholars of Nazi thought )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and propaganda has apparently barely received any scholarly attention to date \(p. 4; p. 466, n. 8\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In many ways, this volume offers the reader a veritable treasure-trove of Nazi absurdities ? ranging from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(swastika-shaped crosswords \(p. 4\) and analysis of Bach?s personality as the product of ?the ?best hereditary )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(powers of a healthy species?? \(p. 25\), to attempts to attribute Brahms?s and Wagner?s long-standing )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(personal enmity to ??Jewish hatefulness?? \(pp. 270?1\), and the characterisation of Heine as a plagiarist, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pornographer, necrophiliac, ??muckraker??, ??thug??, ??communist??, ??soul of s***??, or even a stinking, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(poisonous ??swamp?? \(pp. 112?20\). Meanwhile, every single \(non-Jewish\) German artist, composer and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual seems to be in constant competition for the coveted title of ??the first great )] TJ ET BT 452.288 61.739 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(vlkisch)] TJ ET BT 491.612 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( thinker??, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1535)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 23 January, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(David B. Dennis)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781107020498)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2012)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(25.99)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(553pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge University Press)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.cambridge.org/ar/academic/subjects/history/twentieth-century-european-history/inhumanities-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(nazi-interpretations-western-culture)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridge)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Helen Roche)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 17 0 R 20 0 R ] /Contents 15 0 R >> endobj 15 0 obj << /Length 7711 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a riotous profusion of contradiction and irrationality \(e.g. pp. 142, 177\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, there is something deeply depressing about the way in which such Nazified ideology and language )] TJ ET BT 34.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(became so tragically widespread, creeping into every last crevice of intellectual life. ?Political correctness? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the Third Reich was so totally at odds with that of our own age, that there is a danger that immersion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in such ideas and language can merely feel distasteful \(or even deranged\). Yet, as Dennis points out, we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 713.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(should guard against ?the urge to refuse to acknowledge ? that ?anyone could believe all this? and recognise )] TJ ET BT 34.016 698.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the purveyors of Nazism firmly ? or, in their word, unshakeably ? thought that they were bringing about )] TJ ET BT 34.016 684.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(political revolution, cultural achievement, and spiritual order? \(p. 454\). If fanatical National Socialists really )] TJ ET BT 34.016 670.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(took these outpourings seriously, so the argument runs, then in order fully to understand the regime and its )] TJ ET BT 34.016 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(excesses, we must do so too.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 171.668 656.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 171.668 654.771 m 185.660 654.771 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In general terms, )] TJ ET BT 117.992 629.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inhumanities )] TJ ET BT 183.656 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(aims to provide an exploration and analysis of the ways in which those )] TJ ET BT 34.016 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(journalists and academics who contributed to the )] TJ ET BT 271.652 615.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter )] TJ ET BT 384.296 615.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(between 1920 and 1945 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 601.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(appropriated figures from Western intellectual and cultural history, in an attempt to legitimise their racial )] TJ ET BT 34.016 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and ideological )] TJ ET BT 110.672 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Weltanschauung)] TJ ET BT 190.664 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( with a veneer of )] TJ ET BT 274.304 587.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Bildung)] TJ ET BT 312.308 587.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. In his introduction, Dennis asserts that:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tracing precisely what )] TJ ET BT 176.984 548.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 286.628 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( writers asserted about their favourite masters and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(about those they despised makes clear how the party tried to convince readers that Nazism )] TJ ET BT 64.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(offered not just political renewal but cultural advancement, while at the same time advocating )] TJ ET BT 64.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the destruction of Jews along with other perceived opponents. \(p. 2\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 467.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The work as a whole is divided into five parts, the content of which advances broadly chronologically )] TJ ET BT 34.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(through the periods of cultural history which the paper appropriated \(though there is a certain amount of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overlap, particularly between the first section and those which follow\). Part one, entitled ?Foundations of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nazi cultural history?, is conceived as an explication of the ?conceptual framework? promoted by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paper?s contributions on culture \(p. 5\), stressing in particular the dogma that all high culture had to originate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 396.581 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(vlkisch)] TJ ET BT 103.340 396.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( impulse, and that all the greatest figures in the Western cultural tradition were political, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 382.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(patriotic, anti-urban and anti-Semitic. Whenever there was any suspicion that a revered German artist might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 368.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have the slightest taint of Jewish blood, this had to be explained away with all due haste and vehemence, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(while famous foreign artists \(such as Michelangelo and Rembrandt\) concomitantly had to be recast as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suitably Germanic, or at least of German descent. Meanwhile, the writings of figures such as Luther, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Shakespeare and Goethe were scoured with \(un\)scrupulous diligence, in search of passages which could be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interpreted as fittingly anti-Semitic. Any Jewish artist of note, such as Mendelssohn or Heine, had to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(recast as a ?cynical, opportunistic imitator?, and ultimately a ?destroyer? of true German culture \(pp. 106?7\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part two, ?Blind to the light?, explores variously the )] TJ ET BT 287.672 270.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 397.316 270.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s responses to the Classics, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment, and Romanticism. Perhaps surprisingly, given the generally positive attitude of the leaders of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the Nazi regime towards ancient models, and the philhellenist tendencies of many Nazi activists and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(educators )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 83.000 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 83.000 226.371 m 96.992 226.371 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 96.992 227.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ancient historical and literary figures apparently suffered relatively short shrift in the cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pages of the )] TJ ET BT 95.000 213.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 204.644 213.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Moving forwards in time, contributors displayed remorseless criticism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 199.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of enlightened and ??French?? revolutionary thought, preferring to promote Romantic culture, which was )] TJ ET BT 34.016 184.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seen as fundamentally anticipating National Socialist tastes and values, particularly in those ??steely?? forms )] TJ ET BT 34.016 170.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of Romanticism which had emerged in response to the Wars of Liberation \(p. 175\). Meanwhile, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Enlightenment figures of Jewish descent were, predictably, ?despised as the originators of the modern )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Jewish-intellectual conspiracy? \(p. 144\), while reformers and early nationalists such as Fichte and Herder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(were heralded as ??Prophets of National Socialism?? \(p. 142\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 101.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Part three, ?Modern dilemmas?, explores the paper?s hostility towards modernism, and its attitudes towards )] TJ ET BT 34.016 87.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(important post-romantic cultural figures. The Romantic tradition had to be presented as eternally valid, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whilst all modernist developments had to be refuted at all costs. Thus:)] TJ ET endstream endobj 16 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 18 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 171.6677 655.0855 185.6597 666.9655 ] >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 19 0 obj [14 0 R /Fit] endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 21 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 82.9997 226.6855 96.9917 238.5655 ] >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 23 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Length 7708 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 784.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 173.660 784.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( contributors rejected the realism of Tolstoy, Ibsen, Hauptmann, and )] TJ ET BT 64.016 770.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Heinrich Mann as irrelevant relics of the past at best, and as threatening instigators of revolution )] TJ ET BT 64.016 755.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at worst. Simultaneously, in the works of Dickens, Raabe, Storm, and Freytag they applauded a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 741.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realism that remained ?full of warm love for the soul of the Volk,? while conveying warnings )] TJ ET BT 64.016 727.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and reminders about the Jewish threat. \(p. 229\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(To this end, the paper even reprinted Dickens? )] TJ ET BT 260.960 689.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Oliver Twist)] TJ ET BT 320.636 689.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in serial form between March and August 1923, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 674.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(almost certainly because of the way in which Fagin the Jew was characterised within its pages \(p. 226\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 648.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, parts four and five \(respectively entitled ??Holy? war and Weimar ?Crisis?? and ?Nazi ?solutions??\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 634.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bring us up-to-date with the 20th-century present. Part four chronicles the paper?s responses to Great War )] TJ ET BT 34.016 620.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(novels, jazz, and other aspects of literature, art and music in the Weimar Republic \(see further below\). The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 605.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(paper?s authors attempted to insinuate that great figures of the cultural past would most assuredly have )] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(joined them in condemning the new Republic?s modernist excesses \(p. 308\), and tended ?to treat the leading )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(artists of the inter-war era as fixated on distortion, intent on undermining order and security, and overly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inspired by shadowy race-based influences? \(p. 346\). The paper was confident that, ?while the reputation of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(a ?true German like Hndel? would live on for another 200 years, it was doubtful that anyone would ever )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(hear or say anything about Schoenberg in the year 2128? \(p. 356\). The chapters in part five, meanwhile, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chart the course of what Dennis terms the Third Reich?s ?stillborn renaissance? \(p. 384\), a much-bruited )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(??renaissance of humanity?? which was supposed to enable Germans not only truly to appreciate the cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 491.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(achievements of the past, but also to bring forth new great artists as creators of the burgeoning National )] TJ ET BT 34.016 477.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Socialist tradition \(Arno Breker or Josef Thorak being seen as cases in point\). Needless to say, none of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 463.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ideologically-influenced work of this cadre of Nazi artists, authors and composers has stood the test of time, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 449.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(except as an obscure monument to the utter folly and inadequacy of the Nazi ?renaissance?.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 422.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This is undoubtedly a work of great scope and originality, and the further comments below should not in any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 408.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(way be seen as detracting from this. Nevertheless, it is only fair to warn prospective readers that the volume )] TJ ET BT 34.016 394.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(as a whole does suffer from some serious methodological flaws, two of which are only briefly touched upon )] TJ ET BT 34.016 380.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at the book?s very end, and one of which is never resolved adequately at all.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 353.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Firstly, one might ask whether the \(for the most part\) relentless synchronicity of Dennis? approach does in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fact leave some salient questions unanswered.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 254.636 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 254.636 338.163 m 268.628 338.163 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 268.628 339.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( If so, then one cannot avoid taking issue with the work?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(monolithic, undifferentiated picture of the National Socialist )] TJ ET BT 327.320 325.301 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Weltanschauungsbild)] TJ ET BT 430.652 325.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, which \(apart from a few )] TJ ET BT 34.016 311.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exceptions, as mentioned below\) extends from the early 1920s all the way through to 1945, without any )] TJ ET BT 34.016 296.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(distinction being made between interpretations from different periods. For instance ? and this is a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 282.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particularly clear, but by no means the only, example ? in his discussion of attitudes to Mozart on pp. 157?8, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 268.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dennis flits from 1941 to 1923, to 1934, to 1929, back to 1934, on to 1942, and back to 1929, all in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(space of three paragraphs.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 159.296 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 159.296 252.627 m 173.288 252.627 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 173.288 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It seems hard to believe that, between the early )] TJ ET BT 404.900 254.021 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kampfzeit)] TJ ET BT 453.572 254.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( and the war years, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 239.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the propagandistic use of Mozart had existed in a kind of vacuum, with no stimulus whatsoever from current )] TJ ET BT 34.016 225.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(events. However, even if this is the case, then it needs to be proved definitively, rather than simply )] TJ ET BT 34.016 211.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(skimming from decade to decade, picking out the juiciest propagandistic examples for rhetorical effect \(cf. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 196.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(p. 531, n.4\). Did the reception of all these figures really remain unchanged over the 25 years of the paper?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(existence, both pre- and post-)] TJ ET BT 175.652 182.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Gleichschaltung)] TJ ET BT 254.312 182.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?)] TJ ET BT 34.016 156.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For instance, it would be fascinating to know whether attitudes to Heine changed significantly in the run-up )] TJ ET BT 34.016 142.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to the promulgation of the Nuremberg Laws; were there more articles on Heine and other Jewish figures, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 127.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with a more hostile bent, during this period? Did propaganda tropes generally tend to vacillate in accordance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 113.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with changes in National Socialist governmental policy? Even if the answer to all these questions is ?no?, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 99.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that in itself would still be a very interesting and important point to make.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Four of the 19 chapters, however, work far better: those in part four \(??Holy? war and Weimar ?Crisis??\), )] TJ ET BT 34.016 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the final chapter, ?)] TJ ET BT 143.648 58.949 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Kultur )] TJ ET BT 177.992 58.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at war?. These are the sections in which Dennis? analysis bears some )] TJ ET endstream endobj 24 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 254.6357 338.4775 268.6277 350.3575 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [22 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 159.2957 252.9415 173.2877 264.8215 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 36 0 R 39 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 7832 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(connection both to an overarching historical narrative, and also to current affairs; articles are seen as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(responses to specific events, rather than simply being lumped together in an achronic vacuum. Thus, his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(discussion of the )] TJ ET BT 117.680 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 227.324 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s coverage of Ernst Jnger?s )] TJ ET BT 372.944 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Storms of Steel )] TJ ET BT 447.944 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Erich Maria )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Remarque?s )] TJ ET BT 96.332 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(All Quiet on the Western Front)] TJ ET BT 245.324 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(including the scandal which arose over the Hollywood film )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(adaptation\) in chapter 13 \(?Heralds of the front experience?\), is far more effective because of the way in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which the articles he analyses are clearly rooted in ? and a response to ? particular historico-cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incidents which were crucial in defining and constructing post-First World War mentalits. Similarly, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selection of material in chapter 15 \(?Weimar culture wars 2: combating ?degeneracy??\), which charts )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes to ?asphalt literati? such as Heinrich and Thomas Mann, ?so-called? scientists \(Einstein\), the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(blasphemous art of George Grosz, and Ernst Krenek?s ?nigger-jazz-opera?, )] TJ ET BT 399.560 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Jonny spielt auf)] TJ ET BT 475.556 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, works very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well, because it is generally time-limited to the later Weimar Republic, clearly charting changing cultural )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes to the figures under discussion throughout the period. Finally, in chapter 18, Dennis does )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successfully fulfil his promise on p. 403 ? to ?show how the thematic trajectory of the )] TJ ET BT 448.964 625.397 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s cultural section closely followed the war experience from the first stages of the war, through the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stalingrad debacle, to the final days of the regime?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 281.300 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 281.300 595.491 m 295.292 595.491 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 295.292 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( The clarity with which the reader can perceive the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vicissitudes of the Second World War providing the catalyst for the articles which Dennis discusses is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(extremely effective, and works far better ? both structurally and stylistically ? than much of the rest of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(narrative. One is even left wondering whether these chapters are the sole surviving remnants of a previous )] TJ ET BT 34.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(incarnation of the work, in which cultural developments in the paper were all considered in the context of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(real ?historical? time. Indeed, this might well have been a more effective way of structuring the volume as a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(whole.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The two other major points which should be mentioned here both have their root in the fact that most of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(methodological discussion ? which is of paramount importance for a fair evaluation of the analysis which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dennis presents ? can only be found in the work?s final, concluding chapter. It almost seems as if much of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the material which had originally been intended for the introduction has been moved wholesale to the end of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the book, in order not to put off potential non-academic readers. If the exclusion of this material from the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(introduction ? and its concomitant relegation to the conclusion ? has been motivated by CUP?s wish to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(market the book in a more ?popular? fashion, however, it is an unmitigated failure, since it denies any reader )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the means to judge the material with which they are to be presented throughout the book fairly and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realistically.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 93.008 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 93.008 369.651 m 107.000 369.651 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Firstly, the paper is generally presented as a single, unified voice, with little attention given to different )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contributors? status or background. This gives the impression that the )] TJ ET BT 370.988 330.533 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 480.632 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was a many-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(headed \(or many-penned\) Hydra, with all contributors toeing exactly the same party line; the fact that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(different authors might actually disagree with each other is very seldom raised \(for a rare example, see p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(149\). While Dennis mentions briefly on pp. 8?9 that the contributors included editors, staff members and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(freelancers, he does not mention here the fact that we do not know who many of these were \(cf. p. 459\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Therefore, as I continued to read, I became progressively more and more irritated by the fact that, for every )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(instance where a named contributor?s background was given, there were several more instances where the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(words were either attributed solely to the paper, or a contributor?s name was given without any explanation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or context \(e.g. pp. 152?4, 252?3 ? who were the mysterious Heinz Henckel and Ernst Nickell?\). Only on p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(459 \(which is not directly cited in the introduction\) did I discover the cause:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 163.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Of the articles cited in the text, 50 per cent were written by one or another of 159 authors whom )] TJ ET BT 64.016 149.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I have managed to track down. The other half were written either by anonymous authors \(32 per )] TJ ET BT 64.016 135.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cent\) or by authors whom I have not been able to place \(18 per cent\) ...)] TJ ET BT 34.016 97.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Better late than never, perhaps ? but the initial reading would have been far more profitable if such a caveat )] TJ ET BT 34.016 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(had been explicitly stated in the introduction.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 251.000 82.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 251.000 81.555 m 264.992 81.555 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 56.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Secondly, and more importantly, we come to the way in which the material from the articles themselves is )] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 281.2997 595.8055 295.2917 607.6855 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 93.0077 369.9655 106.9997 381.8455 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 39 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 40 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 250.9997 81.8695 264.9917 93.7495 ] >> endobj 40 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 41 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 44 0 R 47 0 R ] /Contents 42 0 R >> endobj 42 0 obj << /Length 7075 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(presented. Dennis tends overwhelmingly to quote tiny snippets of the articles in question, so that we very )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rarely see their rhetoric and style at work in context; rather, their manifest absurdities are piled up on each )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other artificially. This is a stylistic problem as well as a methodological one, since the constant punctuation )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the flow of the sentences with an interminable series of double quotes is disruptive to the eye. Just to take )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(an example at random \(on Edvard Munch?s supposedly ??Nordic?? artistic spirit\):)] TJ ET BT 64.016 701.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(While the ?highest aspiration of Latins? was applying aesthetic theory, Germans demanded )] TJ ET BT 64.016 686.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?intellectual and spiritual content as an essential component of art?. In this sense, [Thilo] )] TJ ET BT 64.016 672.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Schoder felt, Munch?s realism was ?typically? Nordic-Germanic: ?sturdy, without intellectual )] TJ ET BT 64.016 658.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(refinement, without theoretical background, without aesthetic doctrine?. He wanted people to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 644.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?feel the sacred in? his works ?so strongly that they would remove their hats, like in church? \(p. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 629.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(246\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 591.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I would argue that, by ?snippetising? as much as he does, Dennis risks the very thing he hopes to avoid ? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 577.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(texts being constantly perceived ?in inverted commas? ? too bizarre for anyone to have ever taken seriously. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 563.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This experience is somewhat akin to that of being offered a series of canaps, but never a square meal; one is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 548.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also often left wondering whether the text really meant what it is being ?made to say? in context. This )] TJ ET BT 34.016 534.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(difficulty is even further compounded if the reader has the good fortune to find, hidden away in a footnote )] TJ ET BT 34.016 520.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(half-way through the conclusion, an absolutely crucial piece of information concerning Dennis? criteria for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 506.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(selecting his material:)] TJ ET BT 64.016 467.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Regarding the mass of articles that I processed, I should point out that I have focused my efforts )] TJ ET BT 64.016 453.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(on those sections which did place a Nazi ?spin? on the cultural-historical subject at hand, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 439.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(according to the main ideological concepts outlined above. To be sure, not every article in the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 425.093 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 173.660 425.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( involved such interpretations and not every column of each cited article )] TJ ET BT 64.016 410.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(was as exploitative as the passages I have discussed. \(p. 531, n. 4\))] TJ ET BT 34.016 372.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This, of all explanations, should have been brought to the fore from the very beginning. For, suddenly, we )] TJ ET BT 34.016 358.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(realise that the excerpts with which we have been presented for the past 400-and-something pages are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(necessarily representative at all, but have been carefully mined for their ideological extremism.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 490.580 344.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 490.580 342.675 m 504.572 342.675 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 504.572 344.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( We might )] TJ ET BT 34.016 329.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(even go so far as to wonder whether Dennis himself has become akin to the ?plundering soldier? of his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 315.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(initial Nietzschean epigraph \(which he presumably sees as applying to the paper?s contributors rather than to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 301.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(himself\): ?The worst readers are those who act like plundering soldiers: they take a few things they can use, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dirty and tangle up the rest...? \(p. vii\). Quoting more, longer, extracts \(even if these had to be drawn from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 272.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(fewer articles\), and allowing readers some space to draw their own conclusions, would have made the book a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 258.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(much more satisfying read, and would ultimately have made its arguments far more compelling.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 232.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Finally, the work?s self-proclaimed mission to elucidate the cultural politics of the )] TJ ET BT 432.980 232.277 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter )] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(for as wide an audience as possible \(p. 5\) would ultimately be far more convincing if the volume a\) )] TJ ET BT 34.016 203.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contained a bibliography of any kind, and b\) notified its readers of how access to the paper might actually be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 189.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(obtained, whether on microfilm, or in physical form. Incidentally, the further reading detailed in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(endnotes often seems rather arbitrary, and there is a real dearth of secondary citations outside quite a narrow )] TJ ET BT 34.016 160.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(range. Thus, to take one example, classic works on the Nazi reception of figures such as Goethe and Schiller, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 146.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(including the relevant sections of Karl Robert Mandelkow?s )] TJ ET BT 326.636 146.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Goethe in Deutschland: Rezeptionsgeschichte )] TJ ET BT 34.016 132.485 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(eines Klassikers)] TJ ET BT 111.680 132.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, and Nicholas Martin?s 2006 article on ?Images of Schiller in National Socialist Germany? )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 118.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 116.835 m 48.008 116.835 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.008 118.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( are not mentioned in the endnotes at all. Additionally, while lesser-known paintings and artworks are )] TJ ET BT 34.016 103.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(generally supplied with adequate historical context, and are often themselves reproduced in the text \(the rich )] TJ ET BT 34.016 89.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(variety of illustrations is one of the book?s most attractive features\), lesser-known composers and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(intellectual figures are sometimes given disappointingly little introduction. For example, even the present )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(author \(a sometime musician, raised in a family of musicologists\) had not the slightest idea who the )] TJ ET endstream endobj 43 0 obj [41 0 R /Fit] endobj 44 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 45 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 490.5797 342.9895 504.5717 354.8695 ] >> endobj 45 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 46 0 obj [41 0 R /Fit] endobj 47 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 48 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 117.1495 48.0077 129.0295 ] >> endobj 48 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 49 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 52 0 R 54 0 R 56 0 R 58 0 R 60 0 R 62 0 R 64 0 R ] /Contents 50 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /Length 8946 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(composer Hans Pfitzner \(1869?1949\) was, and a straw poll among musician colleagues revealed the same )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(result. No background on the composer is given, except the fact that he resisted modernistic innovation in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(music; instead, we are immediately launched into the )] TJ ET BT 292.316 767.957 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 401.960 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s coverage of his work \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(279?82\) ? here is a classic example of a place where a discursive footnote with references to some further )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(reading, even if only the )] TJ ET BT 153.992 739.445 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians)] TJ ET BT 381.308 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, would be invaluable. It is also )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(never made clear whether Pfitzner?s opera )] TJ ET BT 241.268 725.189 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Palestrina)] TJ ET BT 291.272 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? to which the paper apparently ?devoted most space? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? concerns the composer or the place \(it is actually a celebration of the composer, but the discussion on pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(280?1 never reveals enough information for one to be sure\). It also seems unlikely that many less musically-)] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(minded readers would have heard of less obscure musical figures such as Franz Schreker or Max Reger \(who )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffers from a similar dearth of background information ? cf. pp. 277?9\). One might even wonder whether )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the volume was originally intended for a more specifically musicological audience, with the subsequent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(inclusion of a much wider range of artists and intellectuals representing a later development in the book?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(overall conception \(cf. p. 469, n. 23\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nevertheless, despite these deficiencies, this is ultimately a work which demands serious attention. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Whatever else, )] TJ ET BT 108.320 584.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Inhumanities)] TJ ET BT 170.984 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( is an important, interesting, and thought-provoking book, which is valuable in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(particular for its dissection and exemplification not just of Nazi propaganda, but of the National Socialist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Weltanschauung)] TJ ET BT 114.008 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. Not only should this volume be extremely useful to scholars of the Third Reich, but one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(can only hope that it will inspire many scholars to come )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 305.660 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 305.660 540.723 m 325.652 540.723 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 325.652 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, provoking a spate of further exploration into )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the murky, yet strangely fascinating, depths of National Socialist journalism.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though the author?s claims to this effect in the work?s concluding paragraph, where he suggests that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(these cultural attitudes may have concretely contributed to ?the transformation of some ordinary )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Germans into murderers? \(p. 463\), are perhaps somewhat overstated.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 394.928 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 394.928 432.435 m 448.916 432.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 419.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For more on this, see e.g. H. B. E. Roche, )] TJ ET BT 266.996 419.573 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sparta?s German Children: The ideal of ancient Sparta in )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the Royal Prussian Cadet Corps, 1818?1920, and in National Socialist elite-schools \(the Napolas\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(1933?1945)] TJ ET BT 118.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Swansea 2013\), pp. 16, 22?5, 188?245; also H. B. E. Roche, ??Anti-Enlightenment?: )] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(National Socialist educators? troubled relationship with humanism and the philhellenist tradition?, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Publications of the English Goethe Society)] TJ ET BT 269.672 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, 82, 3 \(2013\), forthcoming.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 402.992 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 402.992 361.155 m 456.980 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Dennis terms this approach a ?chronological tapestry? \(p. 5\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 355.952 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 355.952 346.899 m 409.940 346.899 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 334.042 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Even the ease with which these dates could be ascertained was severely compromised by the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(infuriating fact that the footnotes only give the date of an article the very first time that it is cited ? so )] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that, by the end of the book, one is forced to search the notes to all the previous chapters in order to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contextualise almost any given article \(the publisher?s house-style is presumably at fault here\). It took )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(me about ten minutes to track down one particular date-reference in this section, and others I simply )] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(gave up on. At the very least, in the glaring absence of a comprehensive bibliography \(and it should be )] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(noted that promising a complete list of articles on the Loyola University website at some future date )] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cf. p. 531, n. 4 is no real substitute for this*\), it would have been immensely helpful to the reader if the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(dates of the articles had been repeated the first time that they appeared in each chapter. )] TJ ET BT 64.016 193.733 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(*N.B. At the time of writing \(July 2013\), I could find no such bibliography on the university?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(website, neither on the home page, )] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 233.984 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(www.luc.edu)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 233.984 178.083 m 297.968 178.083 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 300.968 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2])] TJ ET BT 314.960 179.477 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(which is given as the reference\), on the author?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(information pages, or by typing )] TJ ET BT 218.672 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?Inhumanities? )] TJ ET BT 296.336 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(or )] TJ ET BT 309.332 165.221 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(?Inhumanities bibliography?)] TJ ET BT 449.000 165.221 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( into the website?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(search engine.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 132.656 150.965 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 132.656 149.571 m 186.644 149.571 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 124.714 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 124.709 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Though some of the articles \(such as one on Schopenhauer by Alfred Bumler, published on 22 )] TJ ET BT 64.016 110.453 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(February 1938, and cited on p. 411\) are not all from the war period as such, but simply contain )] TJ ET BT 64.016 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?bellicose ? propaganda? \(p. 410\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 228.632 96.197 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 228.632 94.803 m 282.620 94.803 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 81.946 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 81.941 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Moreover, to open the volume with an explication of the work?s starkly propagandistic cover image )] TJ ET BT 64.016 67.685 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(currently situated on pp. 452?5\) would have been an extraordinarily powerful way to begin ? and one )] TJ ET BT 64.016 53.429 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(far stronger than the depiction of Rosenberg?s speech at the 100th anniversary of Beethoven?s death, )] TJ ET endstream endobj 51 0 obj [49 0 R /Fit] endobj 52 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 53 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 305.6597 541.0375 325.6517 552.9175 ] >> endobj 53 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 54 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 55 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 394.9277 432.7495 448.9157 444.6295 ] >> endobj 55 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 16 0 R >> endobj 56 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 57 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 402.9917 361.4695 456.9797 373.3495 ] >> endobj 57 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 19 0 R >> endobj 58 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 59 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 355.9517 347.2135 409.9397 359.0935 ] >> endobj 59 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 24 0 R >> endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 61 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 233.9837 178.3975 297.9677 190.2775 ] >> endobj 61 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.luc.edu) >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 63 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 132.6557 149.8855 186.6437 161.7655 ] >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 27 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 65 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 228.6317 95.1175 282.6197 106.9975 ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 32 0 R >> endobj 66 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 68 0 R 70 0 R 72 0 R 74 0 R 76 0 R 78 0 R 80 0 R ] /Contents 67 0 R >> endobj 67 0 obj << /Length 5424 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 64.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more than six whole years before the )] TJ ET BT 244.304 796.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Machtergreifung)] TJ ET BT 325.628 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ? a choice which merely reinforces the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(impression that the volume was originally conceived as an exploration of the )] TJ ET BT 435.968 782.213 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 545.612 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?s )] TJ ET BT 64.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(exploitation of ?German masters? of music alone.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 302.972 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 302.972 766.563 m 356.960 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 753.706 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(It is also possible that some of the ?unplaceable? contributors might merely have been members of the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(usual staff using a variety of pseudonyms, in order to lend the paper the impression of drawing on a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(more diverse pool of talent than it actually possessed.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 320.984 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 320.984 723.795 m 374.972 723.795 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 710.938 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(This also makes a nonsense of the author?s claim, on p. 8, that the work intends ?to provide a )] TJ ET BT 64.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(synthesis of thematic analysis and chronological coverage that highlights concepts that transcended )] TJ ET BT 64.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(individual arts and artists in the ideological symbolism of the party, )] TJ ET BT 391.340 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(while approximating the flow that )] TJ ET BT 64.016 668.165 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(the newspaper?s readers would have experienced through its cultural coverage)] TJ ET BT 446.300 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(? \(my emphasis\). If )] TJ ET BT 64.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(only the most ideological passages have been selected for analysis in the first place, then surely this )] TJ ET BT 64.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does not approximate the real coverage at all ? rather, all shades of grey have been abruptly banished.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 64.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 64.016 624.003 m 118.004 624.003 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 611.146 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Karl Robert Mandelkow, )] TJ ET BT 187.328 611.141 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Goethe in Deutschland: Rezeptionsgeschichte eines Klassikers)] TJ ET BT 488.288 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Munich, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1989\); Nicholas Martin, ?Images of Schiller in National Socialist Germany?, in )] TJ ET BT 448.304 596.885 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Schiller: National )] TJ ET BT 64.016 582.629 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Poet ? Poet of Nations)] TJ ET BT 172.688 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, ed. N. Martin \(Amsterdam, 2006\) pp. 275?9.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 393.656 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 393.656 581.235 m 447.644 581.235 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 42.816 568.378 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(For instance, it would be fascinating to explore some of this material within a comparative study of )] TJ ET BT 64.016 554.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(propaganda from other regimes. Is the type of propaganda found in the )] TJ ET BT 406.940 554.117 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Vlkischer Beobachter)] TJ ET BT 64.016 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(qualitatively different from that of, say, )] TJ ET BT 256.652 539.861 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Pravda)] TJ ET BT 291.980 539.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in the USSR? Perhaps, in such a context, wider )] TJ ET BT 64.016 525.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parallels could be drawn, and deeper ideas about the power of cultural propaganda mined, which do )] TJ ET BT 64.016 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(not merely conform to prevalent notions of Nazi exceptionalism.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 374.972 511.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(10\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 374.972 509.955 m 434.960 509.955 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Other reviews:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(History Today)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2013/04/nazi-interpretations-western-culture)] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.016 455.187 m 417.980 455.187 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 420.980 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3])] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 451.855 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 434.075 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Source URL:)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 104.672 434.075 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1535)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 104.672 432.681 m 328.316 432.681 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 407.704 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Links:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 393.304 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([1] http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/item/49504)] TJ ET BT 34.016 378.904 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([2] http://www.luc.edu)] TJ ET BT 34.016 364.504 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [([3] http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2013/04/nazi-interpretations-western-culture)] TJ ET endstream endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 69 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 302.9717 766.8775 356.9597 778.7575 ] >> endobj 69 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 35 0 R >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 71 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 320.9837 724.1095 374.9717 735.9895 ] >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 38 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 73 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 64.0157 624.3175 118.0037 636.1975 ] >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 43 0 R >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 75 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 393.6557 581.5495 447.6437 593.4295 ] >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 46 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 77 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 374.9717 510.2695 434.9597 522.1495 ] >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /GoTo /D 51 0 R >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 79 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 34.0157 455.5015 417.9797 467.3815 ] >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.historytoday.com/blog/2013/04/nazi-interpretations-western-culture) >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 81 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 104.6717 432.9955 328.3157 444.8755 ] >> endobj 81 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/1535) >> endobj xref 0 82 0000000000 65535 f 0000000008 00000 n 0000000073 00000 n 0000000119 00000 n 0000000363 00000 n 0000000400 00000 n 0000000577 00000 n 0000000659 00000 n 0000004961 00000 n 0000005070 00000 n 0000005180 00000 n 0000005289 00000 n 0000008850 00000 n 0000008978 00000 n 0000009062 00000 n 0000009153 00000 n 0000016917 00000 n 0000016947 00000 n 0000017075 00000 n 0000017111 00000 n 0000017141 00000 n 0000017267 00000 n 0000017303 00000 n 0000017394 00000 n 0000025155 00000 n 0000025185 00000 n 0000025313 00000 n 0000025349 00000 n 0000025379 00000 n 0000025507 00000 n 0000025543 00000 n 0000025641 00000 n 0000033526 00000 n 0000033556 00000 n 0000033684 00000 n 0000033720 00000 n 0000033750 00000 n 0000033877 00000 n 0000033913 00000 n 0000033943 00000 n 0000034069 00000 n 0000034105 00000 n 0000034196 00000 n 0000041324 00000 n 0000041354 00000 n 0000041482 00000 n 0000041518 00000 n 0000041548 00000 n 0000041674 00000 n 0000041710 00000 n 0000041836 00000 n 0000050835 00000 n 0000050865 00000 n 0000050993 00000 n 0000051029 00000 n 0000051157 00000 n 0000051212 00000 n 0000051340 00000 n 0000051395 00000 n 0000051523 00000 n 0000051578 00000 n 0000051706 00000 n 0000051776 00000 n 0000051904 00000 n 0000051959 00000 n 0000052086 00000 n 0000052141 00000 n 0000052267 00000 n 0000057744 00000 n 0000057872 00000 n 0000057927 00000 n 0000058055 00000 n 0000058110 00000 n 0000058237 00000 n 0000058292 00000 n 0000058420 00000 n 0000058475 00000 n 0000058603 00000 n 0000058658 00000 n 0000058785 00000 n 0000058914 00000 n 0000059042 00000 n trailer << /Size 82 /Root 1 0 R /Info 5 0 R >> startxref 59138 %%EOF