%PDF-1.3 1 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Outlines 2 0 R /Pages 3 0 R >> endobj 2 0 obj << /Type /Outlines /Count 0 >> endobj 3 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [6 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 30 0 R 38 0 R ] /Count 5 /Resources << /ProcSet 4 0 R /Font << /F1 8 0 R /F2 9 0 R /F3 10 0 R >> /XObject << /I1 11 0 R >> >> /MediaBox [0.000 0.000 595.280 841.890] >> endobj 4 0 obj [/PDF /Text /ImageC ] endobj 5 0 obj << /Creator (DOMPDF) /CreationDate (D:20141221034555+00'00') /ModDate (D:20141221034555+00'00') /Title (Baal's Priests: The Loyalist Clergy and the English Revolution) >> endobj 6 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 12 0 R 15 0 R ] /Contents 7 0 R >> endobj 7 0 obj << /Length 4445 >> stream q 381.750 0 0 120.000 34.016 687.874 cm /I1 Do Q 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Published on )] TJ ET BT 99.356 676.469 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Reviews in History)] TJ ET BT 190.016 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \()] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 197.012 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 197.012 675.075 m 357.332 675.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 357.332 676.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\))] TJ ET 0.502 0.502 0.502 RG 0.75 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 34.391 653.743 526.499 1.500 re S BT 34.016 615.321 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Baal's Priests: The Loyalist Clergy and the English Revolution)] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.067 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(The clergymen who suffered during the 1640s and the 1650s for their loyalty to King Charles I have long )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.811 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(awaited a full study. This is somewhat surprising, given that John Walker?s manuscripts in the Bodleian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.555 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Library, Oxford, which form the basis of Fiona McCall?s new study, have now for a century been easily )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.299 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(accessible to scholars. A calendar by G. B. Tatham was published in 1911, and A. G. Matthews? ?revised? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(companion to John Walker?s )] TJ ET BT 176.660 202.043 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The Sufferings of the Clergy during the Grand Rebellion)] TJ ET BT 447.992 202.043 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( was published in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1948.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 61.016 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(1\))] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 61.016 186.393 m 75.008 186.393 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 75.008 187.787 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( As McCall is acutely aware, she is arguably the first scholar since Matthews to make systematic use )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.531 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(of the Walker manuscripts, rather than merely using them for case studies of individual clergymen, or to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.275 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(seek evidence to support particular points.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Following the publication in 1702 of Edmund Calamy?s )] TJ ET BT 307.352 133.019 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Account)] TJ ET BT 346.676 133.019 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of those ministers ejected from their )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.763 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(livings following the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, between 1704 and the publication of )] TJ ET BT 493.304 118.763 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(The )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.507 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sufferings of the Clergy)] TJ ET BT 148.352 104.507 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1714, John Walker was sent ?over a thousand letters? \(p. 9\), together with some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.251 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary correspondence and legal documents dating back to the 1640s and the 1650s, which detailed )] TJ ET BT 34.016 75.995 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the travails of those clergymen who had suffered for the royalist cause. Many of the accounts were vivid in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.739 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(their detail, having frequently been written by correspondents who were either members of the sufferer's )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.699 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Review Number:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.443 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1540)] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.187 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publish date:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 541.931 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Thursday, 30 January, 2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.675 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Author:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.419 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Fiona McCall)] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.163 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(ISBN:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 484.907 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9781409455776)] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.651 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Date of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.395 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2014)] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.139 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Price:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 427.883 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(75.00)] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.627 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Pages:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.371 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(317pp.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.115 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 370.859 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Ashgate)] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.603 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Publisher url:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.347 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(http://www.ashgate.com/isbn/9781409455776)] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.091 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Place of Publication:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 313.835 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Farnham)] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.579 Td /F3 12.0 Tf [(Reviewer:)] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.323 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(James Mawdesley)] TJ ET endstream endobj 8 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F1 /BaseFont /Times-Roman /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 9 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F2 /BaseFont /Times-Italic /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F3 /BaseFont /Times-Bold /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding >> endobj 11 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 509 /Height 160 /Filter /FlateDecode /DecodeParms << /Predictor 15 /Colors 3 /Columns 509 /BitsPerComponent 8>> /Mask [ 255 255 255 255 255 255 ] /ColorSpace /DeviceRGB /BitsPerComponent 8 /Length 3280>> stream x[EQ㎦fVttҒ +3O{?lGDQԯDrB^.ϯ%~'0۠/2>0AG_>0j0GCfE67>rB^}@  !&y+r?INp:erc b8f=rQC!~-Wf^^zF[)G 2ޯe7V_Go3Ke GEGOo8rώ#\1ZY~N6^H}yLxS-!:412V+u\-LSO?xVvZ|GjǮT_8EYJF=Tw^ 7GxfN/S:Ʌ~ʟtt?5n÷J'JcF-GVξx{rO~tJd;#a\7}|~y'>}c2C vR}f׈**h.)_&@pfzjsx:5;S\vKhM5j=!Cn+h"u]a EUN]jn=k<,:Ք>sU!ni~6EJ)¦72?G}[y}_vc$t?iSܟ2Zݞ,VN?_`='RFK1A2qv&X_lLRWY'%:I㢖zb_UEx\>&ɆBˏ~K@ \gYØU4}$8Dv!'Q'*+Εj(UCGo[#< 2Ja(sZi9fZKE Rn`u\9r^Zmɯ׹}mstO4uc~#'jEvۼ Dx[z ޏQ4KL5,5u3>i^uÒ-53ba ~,~/pyt1fMU'CVm:qv~=Y'Es"WsφG?l_kN5}],Ow7 uh`xƫ?zMl7ٻv$A(4Dl(wwH} ?=[=S;yC]^BK>㕪9`Z'Wj;E|:bf>kCԘ#RY,iv쵗~}n'"1u" *uO΄/2^Sxr(!/DD\~mJyZ!MmrA!#u[if|99WB WΡpp}w}sh#,\ &:%˳X?D3 %W0cC?o̲^} F3XLVn]Cߖiϧ!7}yZJ#P7]=)7Ρp;>> Ye^xx{Oafw{ ;>4gfLt ʊ:q%#r/)pv!O4wGh|dS ӣݽހ-gVUC'pBxrB^} 7JA^} /'8!`:r?}}],X  }6y!`/~Br?}Q< >k7vx"] ,' .3jn{-i}|~%-};b6#U)7繎kiEw 㤳:E}[޼c"rꬊ7Dc$~"/Y&zSd:tFȌCrʙ`7u .#[-<)j ?TGS(j~oTup(hjU4PlJ=}|it.ҽ@\wʨuXÞZcx18Wo<~ikOg,ވ\^?EneyZcc0[R١z|zv7_m:_n]a?osS3~j^ hD.a_X'KfBX6w wݶ"Oa:,bvhrWH[uCF-Xfc}>x+Rz)2N-B 7y^٨;[/vg? | |2Sve}=o䑰j[vWjF0{굦?VI~}xM(_TlG__+]:#к?S} c>GŸD7 !w{S{B =x7a?oE#)+Gz:o_4Q<;n?\tt7?mGCџQGu4kņOF>F?#} hP&ђߴM#u!.СtL2^#o nIk_i.~7tr@n 1P~3?.[]=S5b߮~Yo^HFH YBi8a4iom>CKgMy*;?zqEӕ` >zB9iFzC?XF?ޟIܰ펉A}{I5ᄊx%ez#Mp@rߎpi]IOVjzuJt\۰f׺u5><,J~PTJp1)}){9N {!`/> endstream endobj 12 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 13 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 197.0117 675.3895 357.3317 687.2695 ] >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Action /S /URI /URI (http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews) >> endobj 14 0 obj [6 0 R /Fit] endobj 15 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 16 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 61.0157 186.7075 75.0077 198.5875 ] >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Contents 18 0 R >> endobj 18 0 obj << /Length 7693 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(family or their clerical successor in the incumbency where they suffered. Clergymen were often imprisoned: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Richard Towgood, the vicar of St. Nicholas? parish in Bristol, was imprisoned in a cell with over 50 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(prisoners \(p. 126\), and George Buchanan, the vicar of Kirkby Lonsdale in Westmorland, was imprisoned at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lancaster for three years \(p. 123\). Clergymen were often the targets for plunder, though Thomas Grey, the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(vicar of Ponteland in Northumberland, was fortunate in having sympathetic parishioners willing to hide his )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(moveable goods \(p. 113\). Clergymen's families often shared in their sufferings. Paul Prestland, the rector of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Market Deeping in Lincolnshire, lived for six months in a barn with his wife and five children \(p. 164\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frances King, the daughter of John Manby, ejected as rector of Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, recalled that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(other children in the parish were prompted by their parents to exclude her from their games \(p. 37\). None of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(this is to suggest that these clergymen simply accepted their lot as mere sufferers for their king. Jonathan )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Swift, the grandson of Thomas Swift, the vicar of Goodrich in Herefordshire, claimed that his grandfather?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(setting of a trap in a river resulted in the deaths of 200 of the enemy \(p. 107\), and McCall has calculated that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(no fewer than 150 of the Walker accounts include acts of aggression by the ?sufferer? \(p. 201\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McCall?s book opens with a context-setting chapter, which outlines the legal bases which were established )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by the authority of Parliament for the removal of ministers accused of royalism and scandalous actions, as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well as some of the work undertaken on this topic by, for example, Ian Green and James Sharpe. Whilst the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chronological outline covers all of the major committee establishments and ordinances, I think that it would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(have benefited from being interwoven with a general account of the civil wars and republic: the execution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles I in January 1649 is omitted from McCall?s chronology, and it is not made clear when governance )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(without a monarchy commenced \(pp. 4?8\). Table 1.1, which illustrates the geographical distribution of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ejections, is interesting, but the regions listed need defining: what are the ?Home Counties? or the ?East )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Midlands?, for example \(p. 13\)? It becomes clear during this chapter that McCall has a keen interest in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(familial dimension of the ejections as recorded in the Walker manuscripts, incorporating concepts such as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(memory and trauma, and these aspects are further explored in chapter two. In many respects, this is the best )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(chapter in the book. McCall traces the place of the accounts sent to Walker in the context of what was by the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(early 18th century a developing ?Cavalier? memory, as accounts recalled how pivotal and highly symbolic )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(life cycle events, such as pregnancy and childbirth, were disrupted by the interventions of hostile persecutors )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(pp. 29?30\). Indeed, female contributors sent to Walker several very detailed accounts \(pp. 34?41\). McCall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is particularly strong when dealing with issues of memory. Some of Walker?s correspondents were anxious )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to guarantee the veracity of their accounts, including signatures by elderly parishioners who claimed to be )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(able to remember the events described \(p. 49\). Other correspondents were less forthcoming, with even some )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(sons of ejected clergymen claiming that they could not recall their fathers? sufferings \(p. 50\), though one )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(son, William Nicolson, the Bishop of Carlisle, was keen to secure a place for his father Joseph amongst )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Walker?s sufferers, despite another of Walker?s correspondents, Hugh Todd, pointing out that Joseph )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicolson?s clerical career had actually progressed quite nicely during the 1650s \(pp. 45?6\). However, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(despite inconsistencies \(such as William Nicolson and Hugh Todd?s differing portrayals of Joseph )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Nicolson\), McCall is happy to treat the Walker manuscripts as a generally reliable corpus of materials \(pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(46?7\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 230.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter three moves back in time to consider the pre-Civil War situations of the clergy who would go on to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 216.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suffer for their king. McCall presents some particularly telling findings, using contemporary materials )] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surviving in collections other than the Walker manuscripts. In tables 3.3 and 3.4, she shows that in Wiltshire )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Leicestershire, the higher the value of the living, the more likely it was to be sequestrated during the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1640s and the 1650s \(pp. 100?1\). Also of value are tables 3.1 and 3.2, which use the surviving petitions sent )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to Parliament between 1640 and 1643, and also the records of ejections in Essex, Cambridgeshire, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Leicestershire and Wiltshire, to evaluate the respective extents to which accusations of immorality and of the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(use of condemned religious practices \(such as the ?Laudian? ceremonialism pressed upon the Church of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England during the 1630s, given that shorthand label due to William Laud?s tenure as Archbishop of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Canterbury from 1633\) were used against clergymen. It is unfortunate, though, that these tables are not )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(immediately comprehensible to the reader, and would have benefited from having a full explanation and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(apparatus presented perhaps as an appendix; in particular, table 3.2 suffers from not having sub-headings )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(such as ?Total ceremonialism?\) highlighted in the manner in which they are set in bold type in table 3.1. )] TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 22 0 R 25 0 R 28 0 R ] /Contents 20 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Length 8603 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(However, the hard work which McCall undoubtedly undertook in creating these tables does pay off with )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(some insightful observations, such as that in Leicestershire, only a third of ejected ministers were accused of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(supporting the ?Laudian? innovations, with others being targeted for resisting subsequent religious changes, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as the introduction of the )] TJ ET BT 182.000 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Directory for Public Worship)] TJ ET BT 323.660 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( in 1645 \(p. 90\). This is an important finding, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(but in her analysis, McCall follows a line propagated by \(amongst others\) Ian Green of a mainly )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?conservative conformist? body of royalist clergymen, couched between two extremes of ?Laudians? and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?puritans?, who would suffer for their loyalty to the king during the civil wars \(pp. 90?2\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 463.952 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 463.952 709.539 m 477.944 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 477.944 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( Yet, in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Cambridgeshire, 25 out of 28 clergymen in McCall?s survey were accused of ?ceremonialism?, which would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(suggest a more complex relationship between clergymen and the Laudian innovations \(table 3.2, p. 85\). )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Here, I think that some of the gaps in McCall?s secondary reading become evident. No works by Patrick )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Collinson, Kenneth Fincham, Peter Lake, Nicholas Tyacke, or Tom Webster are cited in the book, and I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(think that at least some of these authors? works could have led to a more sophisticated understanding of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laudianism. Rather than a rigid tripartite conceptualisation of ?conformist?, ?Laudian? and ?puritan?, I think )] TJ ET BT 34.016 611.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that Anthony Milton?s argument that ?Laudianism? is best seen as a ?process? with which clergymen )] TJ ET BT 34.016 596.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(interacted at various points would have been useful: a clergyman may only have complied with the Laudian )] TJ ET BT 34.016 582.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(innovations over certain issues and out of obedience to his episcopal superiors, but to his opponents seeking )] TJ ET BT 34.016 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(to build a compelling case against him, this could easily have been construed as ?ceremonialism?.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 503.948 568.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 503.948 566.979 m 517.940 566.979 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter four contains some very instructive examples of the variety of ways in which loyalty to the royalist )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(cause was manifested, and is supplemented by a very useful tabulation of the forms of activism of which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergymen were accused, using the same sample of petitions used in the tables in chapter three \(table 4.1, pp. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(105?6\). Whilst much of this chapter is useful in providing an overview of the nature of clerical royalism )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the 1640s and the 1650s, caution should be exercised with table 4.2, which illustrates sequestrations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(by county \(pp. 130?1\). In the first instance, ?sequestration? was a formal legal process, whereas a significant )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(proportion of ejections were enacted by informal means, such as following harassment; thus, the term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(?ejection? rather than ?sequestration? would have been more appropriate. Sadly, for northern England at )] TJ ET BT 34.016 428.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(least, the proportion of sequestered livings \(here following McCall?s usage\) in each county is unreliable. In )] TJ ET BT 34.016 413.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Lancashire, for example, McCall claims that 18 out of 36 livings were sequestered, giving a proportion of 50 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 399.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(per cent. However, McCall uses as the basis for her statistics an Elizabethan list of parishes preserved in the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 385.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Stowe manuscripts in the British Library. In reality, the Commonwealth commissioners identified 60 )] TJ ET BT 34.016 371.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(parishes in Lancashire in 1650, meaning that the proportion of parishes affected by ejection was closer to a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(third.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 59.684 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 59.684 355.395 m 73.676 355.395 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 73.676 356.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( This problem may arise from the fact that for her total number of Yorkshire parishes, McCall )] TJ ET BT 34.016 342.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(amalgamates two figures in the manuscript for ?Yorke? and ?Richmond?, but the figure for Richmond may )] TJ ET BT 34.016 328.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(well refer to the archdeaconry of Richmond, which included Lancashire north of the River Ribble \(as well as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 314.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the parts of southern Cumberland and southern Westmorland situated in the diocese of Chester\), and would )] TJ ET BT 34.016 299.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(thus explain the low number of parishes given for Lancashire. Also, McCall claims that she has found over )] TJ ET BT 34.016 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(50 additional parishes affected by ejections which were missed by A. G. Matthews in his )] TJ ET BT 463.616 285.509 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Walker Revised)] TJ ET BT 538.592 285.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(p. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(10\), yet her statistics in table 4.2 are based upon )] TJ ET BT 267.980 271.253 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Walker Revised)] TJ ET BT 342.956 271.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(. An appendix of these additional parishes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 256.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and their incumbents would have been a valuable addition to this book \(and an important supplement to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 242.741 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Walker Revised)] TJ ET BT 108.992 242.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\), and one cannot help but wonder what impact the inclusion of these additional parishes )] TJ ET BT 34.016 228.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(particularly if they were concentrated in a particular region\) would have had on her tabulation.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 202.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapters four and five complement each other, examining how ministers responded to ejection, and how )] TJ ET BT 34.016 187.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(they coped with the humiliations and loss of status which often ensued from such a fall from grace. Many )] TJ ET BT 34.016 173.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ministers were subjected to violence, which were often recreated within the accounts which were sent to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 159.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Walker \(pp. 154?60\). A variety of sources are used in these chapters used to explore the sufferings of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 145.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(clergymen and their families, including contemporary petitions to various county quarter sessions and later )] TJ ET BT 34.016 130.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(petitions to the Corporation for the Sons of the Clergy, and also the records of Parliament?s Committee for )] TJ ET BT 34.016 116.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Compounding with Delinquents. In particular, throughout the book, McCall makes extensive use of two )] TJ ET BT 34.016 102.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(diaries preserved in the Bodleian Library: that of Thomas Wyatt, the vicar of Ducklington in Oxfordshire, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 88.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(who managed to avoid ejection despite apparent royalist sympathies, and the less fortunate Richard Drake, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 73.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rector of Radwinter in Essex, who lost his living after several intense confrontations with his parishioners, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 59.669 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and who described some of his experiences in Latin in his diary. It is unfortunate, though, that McCall never )] TJ ET endstream endobj 21 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 23 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 463.9517 709.8535 477.9437 721.7335 ] >> endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 24 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 26 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 503.9477 567.2935 517.9397 579.1735 ] >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 27 0 obj [19 0 R /Fit] endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 29 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 59.6837 355.7095 73.6757 367.5895 ] >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 33 0 R 36 0 R ] /Contents 31 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Length 8213 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(once cites John Walter?s excellent reconstruction of the politics of Drake?s ejection at Radwinter, and this )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(does raise some further questions about the extent to which she fully engages with the secondary literature )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(surrounding this topic.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 142.352 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(5\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 142.352 766.563 m 156.344 766.563 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 156.344 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( One example of this will suffice. McCall includes in chapter five a fascinating )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(comparison of the account by the royalist newsbook )] TJ ET BT 287.312 753.701 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mercurius Rusticus)] TJ ET BT 380.972 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( of the ejection of Henry Fowler as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(rector of Minchinhampton in Gloucestershire, which she correlates with other sources in the Walker )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(manuscripts, and to the published churchwardens? accounts \(pp. 150?3\). She then attempts to support these )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correlations with the example of Thomas Wright, the rector of Wilmslow in Cheshire, claiming that the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mercurius Rusticus)] TJ ET BT 127.676 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( account of Wright?s ejection is supported by other parish sources \(p. 153\). However, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McCall?s source for this claim \(Judith Maltby?s )] TJ ET BT 268.328 682.421 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prayer Book and People)] TJ ET BT 386.636 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\) actually makes no such claim, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and the churchwardens? accounts for Wilmslow \(which McCall cites via Maltby without apparently )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(consulting the original manuscript in the Cheshire Record Office\), though acknowledging disruption during )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the period, do not substantiate the )] TJ ET BT 199.004 639.653 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Mercurius Rusticus)] TJ ET BT 292.664 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( account as McCall supposes.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 434.312 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 434.312 638.259 m 448.304 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 448.304 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It is thus unfortunate )] TJ ET BT 34.016 625.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that the strong case study of Minchinhampton is undermined by a much weaker case study of Wilmslow. )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Chapter seven offers a corrective to anyone who may think that the restoration of the monarchy under )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Charles II in 1660 might have represented a triumphal return to their livings of ministers who had suffered )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(during the preceding two decades. Whilst Walker?s correspondents sent to him some dramatic accounts, )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(such as that of Robert Clarke, the vicar of Andover in Hampshire, who confronted the intruder during a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(service, before preaching ?an excellent sermon of forgiving injurys? \(p. 250\), other ministers were faced )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(with dilapidated parsonages and parochial difficulties, with Rowland Haywood, the ejected vicar of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 513.605 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Frodsham in Cheshire, apparently thinking better of returning to his former parish \(p. 256\). The conclusion )] TJ ET BT 34.016 499.349 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which follows contains an interesting comparison between the ejected clergy of the 1640s and the 1650s and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 485.093 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the clergymen ejected during the early 1660s, though McCall?s contention that after the restoration )] TJ ET BT 34.016 470.837 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(settlement, ?the Anglican clergy were tolerated as a least-worst solution? by the new ?power brokers? is )] TJ ET BT 34.016 456.581 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(strange, and requires further explanation, especially as its location in the final paragraph of the book means )] TJ ET BT 34.016 442.325 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that it is hardly hidden away \(p. 270\).)] TJ ET BT 34.016 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(In )] TJ ET BT 47.012 416.069 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Baal?s Priests)] TJ ET BT 116.684 416.069 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, Fiona McCall has written a valuable study which will once again direct historians? )] TJ ET BT 34.016 401.813 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attentions towards the Walker manuscripts, and in terms of extended quotations from the manuscripts which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 387.557 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(highlight the variety of information contained within them, McCall?s book provides more scope than either )] TJ ET BT 34.016 373.301 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Tatham or Matthews. She displays an impressive knowledge of the Walker manuscripts, and spots some nice )] TJ ET BT 34.016 359.045 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(details amongst them. There are some problematic issues with her methodology though. At no point does she )] TJ ET BT 34.016 344.789 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(define what she means by a ?loyalist? clergyman, and if this is used as a synonym for ?royalist? \(a term )] TJ ET BT 34.016 330.533 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(which she uses, for example, on p. 143\), is the term ?loyalist? really preferable to the much more widely )] TJ ET BT 34.016 316.277 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(used term of ?royalist?? She also uses the term ?Anglican? equally uncritically, with the only attempt at a )] TJ ET BT 34.016 302.021 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(definition being as an explanatory note to table 3.2 \(p. 86\). This would not necessarily be a problem, but )] TJ ET BT 34.016 287.765 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McCall attempts to construct an argument whereby ?Anglican? rationalism and stoicism influenced the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 273.509 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(attitudes of suffering clergymen, but surely Christ?s own example \(as noted by McCall herself\) was far more )] TJ ET BT 34.016 259.253 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(influential than any kind of particularly ?Anglican? mindset, the existence of which in mid 17th-century )] TJ ET BT 34.016 244.997 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(England is highly debateable.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 218.741 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are also some problems with McCall?s usage of the Walker manuscripts, which, though far from )] TJ ET BT 34.016 204.485 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undermining the work?s value, are nevertheless worthy of discussion. Her habit of using ellipses in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 190.229 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quotations \(nine ellipses are used in one five line long extract on page 205\) does raise the issue of what text )] TJ ET BT 34.016 175.973 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(has been left out, and what relevance it may have had. Also, an unintended consequence of viewing the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 161.717 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(royalist clergy through the lens of the Walker manuscripts is that those presbyterian clergymen who came )] TJ ET BT 34.016 147.461 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(into royalism after the regicide, and for whom the restoration settlement provided a dilemma, are here )] TJ ET BT 34.016 133.205 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ignored, for their royalism was hardly the royalism which Walker sought to discover. At times, quotations )] TJ ET BT 34.016 118.949 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(allegedly by ejected clergymen \(for example, the statement attributed to Christopher Hindle on page 210 that )] TJ ET BT 34.016 104.693 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(ejected clergymen were reputed to be ?the filth, and off-scouring of the world?\) are presented as fact by )] TJ ET BT 34.016 90.437 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(McCall, and she does not consider the possibility that they could be the constructions of Walker?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 76.181 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(correspondents: indeed, the reconstruction in the same account of Hindle by George Ogden, Hindle?s )] TJ ET BT 34.016 61.925 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(successor as vicar of Ribchester in Lancashire, of a whole sermon by Hindle surely raises questions about )] TJ ET endstream endobj 32 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 33 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 34 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 142.3517 766.8775 156.3437 778.7575 ] >> endobj 34 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 35 0 obj [30 0 R /Fit] endobj 36 0 obj << /Type /Annot /Subtype /Link /A 37 0 R /Border [0 0 0] /H /I /Rect [ 434.3117 638.5735 448.3037 650.4535 ] >> endobj 37 0 obj << /Type /Action >> endobj 38 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 3 0 R /Annots [ 41 0 R 44 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 51 0 R 53 0 R 55 0 R 57 0 R 59 0 R 61 0 R 63 0 R 65 0 R 67 0 R ] /Contents 39 0 R >> endobj 39 0 obj << /Length 9244 >> stream 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg 0.000 0.000 0.800 RG 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d BT 34.016 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(the possible use of artistic licence by Ogden.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 248.648 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 248.648 795.075 m 262.640 795.075 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 262.640 796.469 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( In contrast, McCall virtually ignores the collections of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 782.213 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(contemporary manuscripts which were sent to Walker concerning clerics such as Isaac Allen, the rector of )] TJ ET BT 34.016 767.957 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Prestwich in Lancashire, and Joseph Bentham, the rector of Broughton in Northamptonshire \(pp. 127, 206\). I )] TJ ET BT 34.016 753.701 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(also cannot help but wonder if, given the generally negative reputation of scholars in England at this time \(as )] TJ ET BT 34.016 739.445 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(explored by Steven Shapin\), some of Walker?s correspondents are mocking the poor cleric?s efforts: )] TJ ET BT 34.016 725.189 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Christopher Jellinger, the German migr intruder at South Brent in Devon, apparently spent the night at the )] TJ ET BT 34.016 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(bedside of a newly married couple, praying that they might have ?tens of Millions? of children \(p. 245\)!)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 533.600 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 533.600 709.539 m 547.592 709.539 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 547.592 710.933 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( It )] TJ ET BT 34.016 696.677 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(may be possible that if such stories did originate during the mid 17th century, rather than as attempts to )] TJ ET BT 34.016 682.421 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mock Walker, their origins may lie in localised attempts to subvert the ministry of intruders through )] TJ ET BT 34.016 668.165 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(mocking them, and that these mockeries, over the next 50 years, gained the status of truth. It may be telling )] TJ ET BT 34.016 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(that this account of Jellinger was not included by Walker in the printed )] TJ ET BT 377.636 653.909 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Sufferings of the Clergy)] TJ ET BT 491.972 653.909 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, a text which )] TJ ET BT 34.016 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(is rather neglected by McCall.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 178.988 639.653 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(9\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 178.988 638.259 m 192.980 638.259 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 34.016 613.397 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(There are some small errors in the text: Isaac Allen was a minister in Lancashire, not Cheshire \(p. 216\), and )] TJ ET BT 34.016 599.141 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Guy Carleton was a future dean of Carlisle, not bishop as is here claimed \(p. 213\). The index lacks in )] TJ ET BT 34.016 584.885 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(quality: the reference to Nathaniel Ward, the curate of Staindrop in Durham, leads nowhere, and the intruder )] TJ ET BT 34.016 570.629 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(at Greystoke in Cumberland named as ?Dr. Gilpin? in both the index and the main text \(p. 252\) was Richard )] TJ ET BT 34.016 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Gilpin, a prominent congregationalist with a )] TJ ET BT 249.668 556.373 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dictionary of National Biography)] TJ ET BT 412.676 556.373 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( entry. Whilst McCall has )] TJ ET BT 34.016 542.117 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(undoubtedly done a great service to historians of the 17th century in highlighting the treasures of the Walker )] TJ ET BT 34.016 527.861 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(archive, this book is hardly the final word on either clerical royalism, or the Walker manuscripts.)] TJ ET BT 34.016 492.963 Td /F3 18.0 Tf [(Notes)] TJ ET BT 48.816 462.346 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(1.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(G. B. Tatham, )] TJ ET BT 135.344 462.341 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Dr. John Walker and The Sufferings of the Clergy)] TJ ET BT 374.996 462.341 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1911\); A. G. Matthews, )] TJ ET BT 64.016 448.085 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Walker Revised: Being a Revision of John Walker?s Sufferings of the Clergy during the Grand )] TJ ET BT 64.016 433.829 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Rebellion 1642-60)] TJ ET BT 153.008 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Oxford, 1948\).)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 231.656 433.829 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(1\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 231.656 432.435 m 285.644 432.435 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 419.578 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(2.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 419.573 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(I. M. Green, ?The persecution of ?scandalous? and ?malignant? parish clergy during the English Civil )] TJ ET BT 64.016 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(War?, )] TJ ET BT 95.996 405.317 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 221.996 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, xciv \(1979\), 507?31.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 327.980 405.317 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(2\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 327.980 403.923 m 381.968 403.923 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 391.066 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(3.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 391.061 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Anthony Milton, ?The creation of Laudianism: a new approach?, in )] TJ ET BT 391.292 391.061 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Politics, Religion and Popularity )] TJ ET BT 64.016 376.805 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(in Early Stuart Britain: Essays in Honour of Conrad Russell)] TJ ET BT 354.368 376.805 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, eds. Thomas Cogswell, Richard Cust )] TJ ET BT 64.016 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(and Peter Lake \(Cambridge, 2002\), pp. 162?84.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 292.640 362.549 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(3\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 292.640 361.155 m 346.628 361.155 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 348.298 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(4.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 348.293 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Lancashire and Cheshire Church Surveys, 1649?1655,)] TJ ET BT 327.668 348.293 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( ed. Henry Fishwick, Record Society for the )] TJ ET BT 64.016 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Publication of Original Documents relating to Lancashire and Cheshire, i \(1879\), passim.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 492.632 334.037 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(4\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 492.632 332.643 m 546.620 332.643 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 319.786 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(5.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 319.781 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Walter, ?Affronts & Insolencies?: the voices of Radwinter and popular opposition to )] TJ ET BT 64.016 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Laudianism?, )] TJ ET BT 132.008 305.525 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(English Historical Review)] TJ ET BT 258.008 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(, cxxii \(2007\), 35?60.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 361.328 305.525 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(15\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 361.328 304.131 m 421.316 304.131 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 291.274 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(6.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Judith Maltby, )] TJ ET BT 137.024 291.269 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(Prayer Book and People in Elizabethan and Early Stuart England)] TJ ET BT 454.676 291.269 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [( \(Cambridge, 1998\), )] TJ ET BT 64.016 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(pp. 213?14; Cheshire Record Office, Chester, P123/3466/9/2.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 359.984 277.013 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(6\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 359.984 275.619 m 413.972 275.619 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 262.762 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(7.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Bodleian Library, Oxford, MS J. Walker, c. 3, fo. 4r.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 317.636 262.757 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(7\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 317.636 261.363 m 371.624 261.363 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 248.506 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(8.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 248.501 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Steven Shapin, )] TJ ET BT 139.016 248.501 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(A Social History of Truth: Civility and Science in Seventeenth-Century England)] TJ ET BT 64.016 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(\(Chicago, IL, and London, 1994\), p. 171.)] TJ ET 0.000 0.000 0.800 rg BT 261.992 234.245 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(Back to \(8\))] TJ ET 0.24 w 0 J [ ] 0 d 261.992 232.851 m 315.980 232.851 l S 0.000 0.000 0.000 rg BT 48.816 219.994 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(9.)] TJ ET BT 64.016 219.989 Td /F1 12.0 Tf [(John Walker, )] TJ ET BT 131.000 219.989 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(An Attempt towards recovering an Account of the Numbers and Sufferings of the Clergy )] TJ ET BT 64.016 205.733 Td /F2 12.0 Tf [(of the Church of England, Heads of Colleges, Fellows, Scholars, & c. who 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